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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

동남아시아연구검색

The Southeast Asian Review


  • - 주제 : 사회과학분야 > 인문지리
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1229-6899
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 12권 1호 (2002)

< 쎄파 쿤창쿤팬 > 을 통해 태국사회 읽기

김영애(Young Aih Kim)
한국동남아학회|동남아시아연구  12권 1호, 2002 pp. 1-43 ( 총 43 pages)
11,800
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In the time when there were no characters or those who can be literate are so few, people handed their story down from mouth to mouth, and the story tellers(later reciter or singer) would put the historic scene, Episodes or accidents of their times into their story help their listener understand more and make them interesting. Therefore, their society` s value was reflected in the oral traditional literature of epos. The story of Khunchang Khunphaen, one of the great works in thai literature is a true triangular love story between three persons, a beautiful woman, Wanthong and two lovers, Khunchang and Khunphaen. This story would be handed down orally by story tellers for about 500 years in front of crowds on festival days, and it was recollected and born as a perfect literature work by Rama the VI in 1917. The object of this study is the reconstruct of society at that time through the study about the ways of life and social conceptions and beliefs in the work "Khunchang Khunphaen," so there are some conclusions. First, Thai was more prefer to be government officials than any jobs. They believed that good jobs brought honor or fame and wealth. This is changing now around the educated class in a big city while industries develop and jobs specialize. Second, at that time, incantations was widely liked and believed, People told fortune with their dreams or peculiar changing of animals and plants and use charms and amulets. This is supported by many characters who use incantations in this story. Now, incantations like amulets, charms still have survived. Third, in the era of the Kingdom of Ayuthia entering the novice-hood for 6-13 years old boys was thought be regarded as the pursuit of learning such as reading, writing and composing, which is regarded as one way of being government officials. This is supported by that only educated class could enter government service. Now this inclination was partly not changed but a Buddhist temples have turned into a school, and unscientific curriculums like inclination was gone since Rama the V. Forth, the era of the Kingdom of Ayuthia was the society of Brahman culture, specially, the high society was. So ceremonies related to Royal family was Brahman` s ceremony. And now that Brahman` s was changed to Buddhist monk` s ceremony or concepts of the two culture have been mixed. Fifth, the ways of life of thai in Ayuthia which was mentioned in this story was not changed much now. Only unscientific and insanitary factors was modernized. Sixth, thai women regardless of her social position could be sold with loans, bestowed as gift or reward or was married to a man disregarding woman`s will. So it was natural to buy and sell women freely. Now it is almost rooted out, but it was thought that bad custom of past still survive little now because buying and selling people(especially woman) happen frequently.

태국의 선거제도와 정당체계

이병도(Byung Do Lee)
한국동남아학회|동남아시아연구  12권 1호, 2002 pp. 45-79 ( 총 35 pages)
7,500
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This study is to analyze interaction between electoral system and political party system in Thailand. It has been usually accepted that electoral system affects the type of party system. In party system, I employed Sartori`s party system model. The transformation of Thailand`s party system may be divided into three phases : The first phase is 1932-1973, second phases is 1973-1976, and third phase is 1976-2001. During the period, Thailand political party system continuously sustained a competitive multiparty system irrelevant with electoral system and no single party appeared to be capable of forming a majority government by itself. As a result, theory of western scholars about interrelation between electoral system and political party system cannot be applied to the party system change in Thailand. On the contrary, three factors - electoral behavior factor, political culture factor, and a political actor`s factor - have influenced upon the Thailand`s party system.

말레이 민족주의의 형성과 전개과정 ( 1896 - 1941 )

홍석준(Seok Joon Hong)
한국동남아학회|동남아시아연구  12권 1호, 2002 pp. 81-108 ( 총 28 pages)
6,800
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This paper examines the processes of formation and development of the image of `modern` East Asia(including Southeast Asia) in terms of the description and analysis of the formation and development of Malay nationalism. It investigates the speciality of the image of `modern` Malaysia in perspective of the development of Malay nationalism. I intend to examine the interaction between the British colonialism and Malay nationalism from 1892 to 1941, when that time would be regarded as the peak period of the British colonial dominance. The British colonialism had an influenced on the almost all aspects of the Malaysian society(Malaya society, at that time) in general, on the Malays` everyday lives in particular. That influence remains in the contemporary Malay society and culture strongly. In this sense, I will argue whether the outcome of the British colonialism would discontinue the history and culture of Malay society in Malaysia, or not. From the Malays` point of view, I investigate how the Malays recognize the outcome of the British colonialism, and what are the influences of the British colonialism on the Malays` everyday lives. From the historical perspective, the background of appearance of British colonialism and the Malays` responses to that in perspective of Malay nationalism will be examined. Especially I will pay attention to the responses of the Malay nationalists to the British colonial policy and governance. The most Malay nationalists who were the Ulama(the Islam leaders or Islamic religious scholars) in that time, could afford to keep the traditional customs(adat) and Islam under the circumstances of the British colonial regime. In this regard, the Malay Islam gave the best contribution to the development of Malay nationalism. In conclusion, I would like to emphasis that the image of modem Malaysia would not be dealt with the concept or definition of `modern` which would be derived from the Western cultural or intellectual traditions. It is necessary to deal with the image of modern Malaysia in perspective of the originality of Malay nationalism. In order to understand the Malay nationalism properly, I suggest that the explanation of the formation and development of Malay nationalism can be given, not by the concept of `modern` originated from the Western world, especially from the British colonial worldview, but by the concept of `modern` generated from the Malay world or the Malay culture in itself.

경제적 위기와 정치적 결과 : 한국과 말레이시아

조진만(Jin Man Cho),진영재(Young Jae Jin)
한국동남아학회|동남아시아연구  12권 1호, 2002 pp. 109-147 ( 총 39 pages)
7,900
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The purposes of this paper are to illustrate the different policy choices that Malaysia and Korea have adopted to get over East Asian economic crisis of 1997 and to review how different economic policy choices of both countries have influenced over the political development. To prove these assumptions, this paper puts both economic crisis of 1997 and policy choices of Malaysia and Korea as independent variables. Setting elections, political parties, and civil societies of each countries as dependent variables for political consequences, this paper tested whether different policy choices of Malaysia and Korea resulted in different political outcomes. This paper suggests that political consequences of Malaysia and Korea was less affected by their policy choices, while economic crisis of 1997 was seen to be a relatively dominant denominator for political development of these countries.

베트남의 권리의식과 정치변화

정연식(Yeon Sik Jeong)
한국동남아학회|동남아시아연구  12권 1호, 2002 pp. 149-180 ( 총 32 pages)
7,200
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The widely shared expectation among Vietnam specialists that Vietnam would be no exception to the global trend of democratization in the 1990s turned out to be a mere speculation. Despite the introduction of a market economy and the following economic development, the hegemonic communist party of Vietnam is still in power. This article challenges the existing approaches of democratization and proposes instead an analysis on people`s perception of rights. From a dialectical point of view, this article contends that the best barometer of democratization and the ensuing consolidation process is the gap or contradiction between the official concept of rights sanctioned by the state and people`s perception of rights. In this perspective, Ho Chi Minh`s thought on freedom and rights along with the constitutional codes on rights are analyzed in a chronological order. The result is that the official concept of rights has recently been liberalized, turning back to the liberal spirit held by Uncle Ho in the early years of revolutionary struggle. For people`s perception of rights, a survey was conducted on workers and college students in Vietnam. The survey result shows that their perception of rights has also been expanded but not to the extent to which a serious contradiction between the official concept of rights and their perception of rights is to emerge. It seems that therefore a dramatic democratization is not very likely to near future. Nevertheless, the survey yielded a promising finding that students are likely to resist the state encroachment on their rights.

정체성 위기와 서구 대중문화의 수용 : 타이완과 필리핀의 사례 비교

김성건(Sung Gun Kim),박희(Hee Park),이헌석(Heon Seok Lee),최유식(Yoo Sik Choi),황선주(Seon Joo Hwang)
한국동남아학회|동남아시아연구  12권 1호, 2002 pp. 181-228 ( 총 48 pages)
12,300
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The purpose of this paper is to compare empirically Taiwan and the Philippines in terms of identity crisis and acceptance pattern of Western(especially American) popular culture. To achieve this goal, the study has proposed historical experience, national identity and cultural policy as independent variables. Also it has suggested acceptance pattern of Western popular culture and cultural transformation as dependent variables. From this basis, the authors have made a special effort to carry social values survey (in February, 1999) among the university students in the two countries. The sample size of each country was 120. It was nearly impossible for the authors to choose the representative sample among the population of two countries. So focusing on the young people who are usually the most sensitive to the influence of Western popular culture in developing Asia, the authors have finally matched Taiwanese students with Philippine students. As a result, the authors could find a significant difference in acceptance pattern of Western popular culture in two countries: assimilation`(in J. W. Berry`s acculturation framework) in the case of the Philippines; `integration` in Taiwan.

한국과 싱가초르에서의 인적자원 개발의 실제

장영철(Young Chul Chang) , (Boon Nga Tay)
한국동남아학회|동남아시아연구  12권 1호, 2002 pp. 229-270 ( 총 42 pages)
11,700
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인적자원관리의 중요성이 증대됨에 따라, 인적자원개발 기능의 성과증진에 대해 보다 광범위한 책임을 지도록 변모해야 한다 성과개선은 모든 조직들의 목표가 되고 있기 때문에 인적자원개발 전문가 또는 스태프들의 역할도 조직에서 변화선도자와 전략적 기획가와 같은 활동들을 포함하게 될 것이다. 한국기업들에서는 훈련개발 기능이 전략적 기능이 되어 간다는 조짐을 발견하기가 힘들다. 인적자원개발 담당자들의 전략적 기획가 또는 변화선도자로서 역할 수행을 하기 위한 역량들이 한국 경영자들에게 중시되고 있다는 실례를 거의 찾아볼 수가 없다. 한국에서 인적자원개발 전문가들은 주로 훈련개발프로그램 운영을 위한 기술적 역량에 초점을 맞추는 경향을 보이고 있어서 학습과정의 관리와 같은 보다 차원 높은 역할 수행엔 주의를 기울이지 못하고 있는 실정이다. 따라서 인적자원개발 전문가들도 왜 경영자와 종업원들이 학습을 해야 하며, 어떻게 해야 할 지에 대한 이해를 높이는데 기여함으로서, 그들의 훈련개발 활동들의 중요성을 증대시키게 될 것이다. 이를 위해선 인적자원개발 전문가들이 전략적으로 중요한 프로젝트와 기술변화에 참여하고 이해하는 것이 매우 중요하게 된다. 한국기업들에서 인적자원개발 기능은 대응적인 역할로 특징지워진다. 대부분의 기업들은 경력개발, 가상훈련, 필수 훈련크레딧제도 등 보다 선도적 인적자원개발 활동들을 채택하고 있지 않다. 이는 많은 기업들이 인적자원개발을 전략적 관점에서 접근하고 있지 않고, 훈련개발을 임기웅변식 또는 여유자원이 가용할 시에 실시하는 정도에 그치고 있음을 나타내는 것이다. 보다 전략적 접근을 위해선, (1)훈련 니즈(Needs)와 사업계획간의 연계, (2) 핵심 성공요소들의 확인, (3) 요구되는 역량들의 확인, (4) 결과와 현재의 기여에 초점을 맞추는 노력들이 이루어져야 할 것이다. 싱가포르의 경우는 정부가 경제성장의 잠재력이 있는 영역을 확인하고, 그를 뒷바침할 인적자원개발을 위한 정책적 조치들을 설정하는 적극적 역할을 한다. 최근 싱가포르 정부는 미래 경제개발에 필수적인 전략산업들을 지정하고 이를 뒷받침 할 교과 및 학문적 발판을 공교육체계에서 강화하기 위한 일련의 조치들을 취했다. 뿐만 아니라 싱가포르 정부는 향후 경제는 지식기반이 될 것으로 예측하고, 그에 걸맞은 숙련노동력의 개발을 통해 세계적 경쟁력을 유지하려는 조치들을 취했다. 특히 맨파워 21정책에 따르면 21세기 인력개발을 위한 6가지의 전략들이 명시되었다. 그 중 하나가 미래 인적자원 니즈(Needs)를 충족시키기 위해 외국인력의 고용을 전략으로 천명하고 있는 것이다. 한국과 싱가포르의 경험에서 살펴 본 바에 의하면, 훈련개발과 프로그램들이 잘 설계되고 실시된다고 해서 인적자원개발이 궤도에 오른 것이 아니라는 점이다. 중요한 것은 종업원들이 기업과 사업에 대해 보다 포괄적인 이해를 할 수 있게 되고, 그에 입각해서 그들의 역할을 이해하고, 기업이 처해진 환경을 읽어 나감으로서 학습의 필요성과 중요성을 터득해 나가는 역량을 함양해 나가도록 하는 것이다.
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