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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

동남아시아연구검색

The Southeast Asian Review


  • - 주제 : 사회과학분야 > 인문지리
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1229-6899
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 18권 1호 (2008)

동남아시아와 한국 현대시

윤영천 ( Young Chon Yoon )
한국동남아학회|동남아시아연구  18권 1호, 2008 pp. 1-36 ( 총 36 pages)
7,600
초록보기
The purpose of this study is to generate wide-ranging discussion on modern Korean try and explore b suggestions by investigating ``reflection of Southeast Asia`` and ``poetic consideration on Southeast Asia`` in modern Korean poetry including North Korean poetry. Southeast Asia has appeared in micro Korean poetry since 1941 when Japan waged the Pacific War against U.S. and when Korea had been colonized by Japan for about 30 years. Therefore, most of the poetic works in this period are pro-Japanese, which is directly related to deformed modernity that Korea and the Southeast Asian countries experienced. The regional history of Southeast Asia can be divided into 3 periods: (1) a period when western imperialism was replaced by Japanese colonialism during the Pacific War, (2) a period when western imperialism was restored, and (3) a period when Southeast Asian countries achieved independence from 1945 to the late 1950s. Following the periods, the poetic relation between Korea and Southeast were intricately developed The Korean poetry created during the (2) and (3) periods shows strong solidarity kit small and powerless Southeast Asian countries that had suffered from political and economic pressure. The historical experience of Korea`s participation in the Vietnam War made South Korean poetry extended spatially and diversified qualitatively. It should be noted that as the number of migrant workers and .women married to Korean men from Southeast Asian countries has increased since the mid l990s poetic works dealing with their lives have been produced.

식민주의 시기 및 일본 점령기 타이 역사의 평가

조홍국 ( Hung Guk Cho )
한국동남아학회|동남아시아연구  18권 1호, 2008 pp. 37-71 ( 총 35 pages)
7,500
초록보기
There exist many studies on the era of colonialism and Japanese occupation which belong to the most sensitive period of Thai modern history. They are mostly basal on either inside or outside viewpoint. The inside viewpoint explains that the Thais have actively coped with the threats of colonization and successfully led the modernization of the country. The outside viewpoint, on the contrary, interprets that Thailand, even though it preserved its dependence in reality stood under Western economic domination after concluding the Bowring treaty in 1855 with Great Britain. Seen from the inside viewpoint, the pro-Japanese policy of the Thai government under the premiership of Phibunsongkhram was a kind of recourse to the last resort which was aimed to save Thailand`s sovereignty. The outside viewpoint, by comparison, points to the then Thai leaden` tendency of nationalism and militarism and criticizes that the Thai government pursued a expansionist policy in Mainland Southeast Asia through the cooperation with Japan. In Thai society dominates the inside viewpoint. So pro-Western activities or pro-Japanese collaboration carried out privately or on the level of the government have hardly aroused negative reactions among the Thais. Even pro-Japanese collaborators including Phibunsongkhram wet all declared not guilty in the war crimes trial, and a critical evaluation of Thai history during the Pacific War, especially the relationship between Thailand and Japan, has been neglected.

미얀마의 식민지 시대의 재평가 -식민주의의 정치적 유산과 청산

박장식 ( Jang Sik Park ) , 김인아 ( In A Kim )
한국동남아학회|동남아시아연구  18권 1호, 2008 pp. 73-107 ( 총 35 pages)
7,500
초록보기
This paper examines the political legacy of colonialism in Myanmar and scrutinize its aspects especially on die resolution of colonialism with both of inner and outer perspectives having been represented. For the analysis of Myanmar-inner perspective in particular, the contents of Myanmar History textbooks currently used at middle and high schools in Myanmar are studied as reflecting the viewpoint of the military regime. In this paper, it is emphasized that the political and economical legacies derived from the British and Japanese colonial rules gave the modem Myanmar deep impacts on the formation of Myanmar, but they have not been resolved clearly because of the military intervention since 1962, which might be regarded as a kind of the legacy. In conclusion, we suggest that their political resolution seem to be quite a lot erased or not to be remained in memory of Myanmar people after the long term of military rule.
11,700
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This study examines how the Burmese are integrated in the social system of Mae Sot, a Thai town in the Thailand-Myanmar Borderland, although they lack proper legal status It attempts to overcome the conventional description of them as victims and thus passive actors. It reveals that the Burmese, regardless of whether they are illegal residents, constitute the border society as prominent members. This study suggests that it is quite necessary to take into account illegality or informality as a norm to achieve an adequate explanation of societal formation in the border town. Furthermore, it proposes that the integration of these legal and illegal parts gives a holistic understanding of the society. This study first traces the historical formation of the border social system. It discovers that the multitudinous migration in the late 1980s abruptly expanded the social system and subsequently increased illegality or informality. It goes on to explore the border social system in the sectors of administration, economy and education. This study discloses that the state does not monopolize governance in the town, observing that other regimes such as migrants` own firm of administration and an international refugee regime also take port in the governance In dealing with the town`s economy, this study focuses on Burmese smugglers and border trade. It points out that smuggling is a part of regular economic activities in the border and much volume of goods is traded in informal ways, which constitutes legitimate border trade in its own measure. This study pays special attention to migrant schools because others came to have their own educational institution. It observes that migrant school are positively recognized by the stare as regular educational organizations. Throughout this study, it is shown that informality or illegality is very much contained in the border social system It is crucial to integrate both informality or illegality and formality or legality to have a holistic understanding of the town.

베트남 철강산업의 변화 및 전망: 경제개방에 따른 영향을 중심으로

나희량 ( Hee Ryang Ra )
한국동남아학회|동남아시아연구  18권 1호, 2008 pp. 151-180 ( 총 30 pages)
7,000
초록보기
The purpose of this study is to examine the change in Vietnamese steel industry using the economic theories-theories of comparative advantage and infant industry protection. Each theory asserts the free and protective trade policy respectively. It is believed that the Vietnamese steel industry changes the path from protective trade policy to free trade policy. The change seems to be consistent with the economic reform and open door policy of Vietnamese government, so called Doi Moi policy. This study discusses both theoretical and practical issues concerning the development of steel industry of Vietnam. For the study, first we see the current Vietnamese steel industry and its characteristics. Then we look into the policy for steel industry and trade theories to apply them to Vietnamese steel industry. In general, for latecomer developing countries like Vietnam, international economic integration is both an opportunity and a challenge. Strong foreign influence acts as great pressure and incentive to change, and if this influence is properly guided and utilized, the country can enter a new age of dynamism and prosperity. However, facing this powerful force without adequate preparations is risky and may lead to macroeconomic instability, social strain and nation wide crisis. The government policy to develop the steel industry follows infant industry protection oriented policy before 1995. However, the feasibility of import protection for latecomers is constrained by accelerated international integration. Then, Vietnamese government gradually adopts comparative advantage oriented open door policy after mid of 1990s. Finally, after around 2007, more large-scale projects funded by foreign capital have been proposed which means the open door policy is matured. The new phase demands that the government takes new approaches such as promoting competition and controlling the trade liberalization process, evaluating proposed projects with foreign investment, and expanding the role of business associations. The development of Vietnamese steel industry through open door policy seems to be inevitable. However, its manner and timing must be carefully designed in order to maximize the benefits and minimize the costs for the development of steel industry.

베트남의 주변국 인식과 동아시아 지역협력

채수홍 ( Su Hong Chae )
한국동남아학회|동남아시아연구  18권 1호, 2008 pp. 181-211 ( 총 31 pages)
7,100
초록보기
This study examines the relationship between Vietnamese historical perspectives, images, and public discourses on neighboring countries and Vietnamese governmental decisions on East Asian regional cooperation. For the purpose, this study attempts to explore following four themes. First, based upon the interviews with Vietnamese diplomats, scholars, and governmental officers who are specialized in neighboring Southeast Asian countries, this study seeks to find the typical images, emotions, perspectives that Vietnamese have on neighboring countries and people. Especially, this study focuses on Vietnamese perspectives on four neighboring countries such as Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, and China. Second, this study examines how Vietnamese explain the historical grounds of their perspectives, images, and emotions on neighboring countries and people. It is explored what kinds of historical facts and events are specifically remembered and constructed to justify their explanations. Third, this study attempts to analyze how their interpretations on regional histories or historical memories on neighboring countries are associated with the contemporary political economic conditions and international environments that Vietnam maintains. Finally, this study explores the implication of Vietnamese (differentiated and hierarchical) historical perspectives on neighboring countries in understanding Vietnamese government`s decision makings on East Asian regional cooperation and East Asian community building processes. As a result, this study finds that Vietnamese has distinct consciousness on the power relationship with the neighboring four countries. Vietnamese have a strong belief that they are victors to some countries and victims to other countries. In such a victor/victim framework, Vietnamese describe Lao as a malleable and weak neighbor, Cambodian as a resistant and weak neighbor, Thai as a conflicting and competing neighbor, and Chinese as a dominating and powerful neighbor. This study argues that the hierarchical images on the neighboring countries that Vietnamese have make a conscious and unconscious influence on Vietnamese governmental decision makings on East Asian regional cooperation and East Asian community building processes.
7,000
초록보기
This article deals with the rise of ethnic Vietnamese group in the field of the ceramic industry in southern Vietnam during the middle of the 19th century. In general, it has been believed that this industry had been under the control the ethnic Chinese of this region. But the author tries to find clues to the change in which the ethnic Vietnamese were rising in the field of this job. The change would lead us to an important argument on the issue of the social change of the southern society during that century before the French advance. In the chapter two, ``Appearance of ceramic artisans in Bien Hoa`` the author explains the ethnic complexity of the industry. This region was under the influence of the Cham ceramic tradition before the migration of the ethnic Vietnamese reached In addition to the two ethnic groups, the Chinese artisans of the Ming refugees during the 17th century also jointed the ceramic industry in Bien Hoa The mixture of the three ethnic traditions led to the products of the characteristic Dong Nai ceramics. However, the ethnic balance was broken at the end of the 18th century when the Tay Son uprising ruptured this area slaughtering huge numbers of southern Chinese. The Cham tradition had been diluted with the increase of Chinese/Vietnamese population in the Dong Nai region. The result was to see the situation that the Doug Nai ceramic industry began to be transferred to the hands of ethnic Vietnamese artisans. On the other hands, Chinese artisans revived their business in the Saigon area The chapter three with the title of ``Development of Saigon and the Bien Hoa ceramics`` provides evidence for the development of the Bien Hoa ceramic industry in related with the urbanization of the Saigon city during the first half of the 19th century. The urbanization increased the consumption of industrial articles including kinds of ceramics. But the author points out the fact the development of the foreign/domestic trade that appeared in this region also contributed to enhance the level of the demands for the ceramic products. The new brand name of the ``Bien Hoa ceramics`` both in domestic and overseas markets during this time can be interpreted as an indication for the rise of this industrial sect during this time. The chapter of ``Southern features of the artisan society in Bien Hoa`` introduces the special features of ceramic society of southern Vietnam such as gender, education, and rituals. Many of the features were different from these of Bat Trang in northern Vietnam The artisans of southern Vietnam declined with the advance of French power, and by the challenge from the Chinese artisans as a result. However, the Bien Hoa ceramic artisans had another chance to recover its power by the help of French colonial government. It was the endorsement of the value by the authority. The French government provided not only finance but also advanced skills. The result was the quick development of the Dong Nai ceramic industry. But the important fact is that the friendly consideration of the French authority was not from nothing but from the tradition of the Bien Hoa ceramics that bad been acknowledged by the consumers of the market economy.

Book Review : Hoang Anh Tuan. Silk for Silver: Dutch-Vietnamese Relations, 1637-1 700. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 2007.

최병욱 ( Byung Wook Choi )
한국동남아학회|동남아시아연구  18권 1호, 2008 pp. 243-249 ( 총 7 pages)
4,500
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