글로버메뉴 바로가기 본문 바로가기 하단메뉴 바로가기

논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

동남아시아연구검색

The Southeast Asian Review


  • - 주제 : 사회과학분야 > 인문지리
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1229-6899
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 21권 2호 (2011)

15-16세기 동남아 해상무역의 특성과 변화: 포르투갈의 진출과 영향을 중심으로

김동엽 ( Dong Yeob Kim )
한국동남아학회|동남아시아연구  21권 2호, 2011 pp. 1-41 ( 총 41 pages)
11,600
초록보기
Southeast Asia developed maritime trade from the early period due to the suitable physical and cultural conditions. The land consists of peninsular and archipelago, and located at the junction of the two monsoons in South China Sea and India Ocean. The people inherit cultural openness to receive outer influences positively. When Portuguese came to Southeast Asia in 16th century, the region had already enjoyed certain level of commercial development and sociocultural dynamics through the long time experience of interactions with outer world. The Portuguese contact to Southeast Asia was more of participation and assimilation than of conquest and rule experienced in South America. It was due to the higher level of spiritual and material civilization existed in Southeast Asia. Portuguese brought several new elements into Southeast Asia such as colonization and new weapons, Cartaz system and commercial monopoly, and Catholic mission and Casado policy. These new elements, however, did not impact much on the existing Maritime trade that played an important role to change the sociocultural structure of Southeast Asia. Even though Portuguese contact itself did not make significant differences in Southeast Asia, it was meaningful in a sense that it opened a path and left a model case for the more powerful Europeans who came soon after her.

근대 동남아불교의 힌두문화 수용 -태국 라마끼엔의 힌두신화와 불교적 변용

김진영 ( Chin Young Kim )
한국동남아학회|동남아시아연구  21권 2호, 2011 pp. 43-75 ( 총 33 pages)
7,300
초록보기
The article focuses on the impact and Acceptance of Hindu culture in Modern Southeast Asian Buddhism. The purpose of this study is to examine critically the influential epic Ramayana on Siam culture, Thai Ramayana version ``Ramakien``, reveal instances of Buddhist Modification. The Ramayana by the great sage Valmiki is considered by Indians to be the first great literary work to be produced in India. The influence of this work is to be seen not only through centuries but even in other countries, such as Thailand where there are modified modern versions. In this paper, I have three objectives: (1) I may discuss the epic Ramayana of India gave birth to the Ramakien of Thailand. In modern times Valmiki`s epic was made to fit the spiritual trends current in the new Chakri dynasty, which were themselves based on Brahmanic tradition and Theravada buddhism. With regarding to the structure of the Traibhumi cosmography, and the relationship between merit and power implied by this cosmography ranks all beings from demons to deities in a hierarchy of merit which accrues according to karma the actions of past lives. (2) I analyze how to have attempted to dissect the Hindi and Thai version of the Ramayana. The Hindu concept of kingship is also depicted in the life of Rama. The Hindus see in Rama the norm of a true Hindu life characterized by the Caste and Dharma. In Thai transformed version, it does not preach Hindu values of personal or social life. The Ramakien emphasized that the Buddhism were higher than all other laws, and that the King is regarded as the incarnation of Phra Ram, and thus is also the narration of the righteous buddhist ruler. (3) I discuss how cultural or social contexts can influence the structure of the royal Wat. The whole epic was painted by the order of Rama I in the galleries of the Wat Phra Keo. In other words, it is the very centre of the dynastic cult enshrining the Emerald Buddha, the most iconic expression of the Ramakien tradition were officially amalgamated. Rama I was continued the process of elaborating and stabilizing the complex religious pattern, with Buddhism at the pinnacle. My finding will support the idea that the Ramakien is particularly appealing to the Thai people because it presents the image of an ideal king, Rama, who symbolizes the force of virtue or dharma while Thotsakan represents the force of evil. Eventually the force of good prevails. Being Buddhists, the Thai poets bring into the story the Buddhist philosophy(especially, the law of cause and effect, karma). This paper examines the role of the Hindu epic Ramayana in the historical and cultural contact between Hindu India and Buddhist Southeast Asia. It should now be possible to evaluate what elements of Hindu culture were transmitted into Thai through the Rama story.

인간의 이동을 중심으로 본 한국 속 "동남아 현상"

김홍구 ( Hong Koo Kim )
한국동남아학회|동남아시아연구  21권 2호, 2011 pp. 77-123 ( 총 47 pages)
12,200
초록보기
Recently, Southeast Asian people, its food, natural sceneries and so on have been increasingly exposed to Korean people through mass media and multi-cultural events. At the same time, Koreans can frequently encounter Southeast Asians in their everyday lives. Thus, specific images and discourses of Southeast Asia has been established in our society, which creates a new social trend called ``Southeast Asia phenomena``. In short, ``Southeast Asia phenomena`` means a totality of Korean people`s experience of Southeast Asian and their perception on the region. On the one hand, ``Southeast Asia phenomena`` is a result of inflow of Southeast Asians and their culture into Korea. On the other hand, it is also a consequence of Korean people`s understanding of Southeast Asia from their trip to Southeast Asia or from their interactions with Southeast Asian people. This article aims to analyze the origin and diffusion of ``Southeast Asian Phenomena`` in Korea in the context of Southeast Asia focusing on 4 topics, that is, migrant workers, overseas investments, retirement migration, study-abroad categorized as human movement. This article is also about a country-by-country comparative analysis both at the macro level and the micro level. At the macro level, overseas investments and trade, human exchanges, positive perception to Koreans which considered to be the structural causes become a strong mechanism playing a important bridge role between Korea and Southeast Asia. So these create the high probability of the emergence of ``Southeast Asian Phenomena`` At the micro level which is more direct causes of ``Southeast Asian Phenomena``, the economic cause is the most important common cause for 4 Southeast Asian Phenomena. Additionally, Korean wave is also remarkable common cause creating ``Southeast Asian Phenomena`` even it is not the origin in the context of Southeast Asia. The diffusion of ``Southeast Asian Phenomena`` is different by the topics and the elements contributing to create the favorable situation for the diffusion are not only overseas investments and trade, human exchanges at the macro level but also policy elements at the micro level. The relative differences of the causes of ``Southeast Asian Phenomena`` in the country-by-country analysis are found. Regarding overseas investments in Vietnam and Cambodia, the economic degree of freedom in Cambodia is higher than in Vietnam. Even Korean Wave has had the longer history in Vietnam, but the favorable perspectives on Korean Wave are stronger in Cambodia. For migrant workers from Vietnam and Indonesia, the economic causes in Vietnam are more significant than in Indonesia. The impact of Korean Wave is stronger in Vietnam than in Indonesia. In case of study-abroad, the social-cultural elements and policy elements are more diverse in Malaysia than in Korea. For the Korean retirees who immigrate to the Philippines and Malaysia, the economic causes in the Philippines is more significant in Malaysia.

양대 경제위기와 달러화 현상: 캄보디아, 라오스, 베트남 사례 연구

나희량 ( Hee Ryang Ra )
한국동남아학회|동남아시아연구  21권 2호, 2011 pp. 125-153 ( 총 29 pages)
6,900
초록보기
본 논문에서는 아시아 경제위기(1997-2000)와 글로벌 경제위기(2007-2010)의 양대 경제위기 이후 진행된 동남아시아 지역의 달러화 현상에 대해 후발국이면서 체제전환국 성격이 강한 캄보디아, 라오스, 베트남을 중심으로 분석하였다. 이를 위해 로하스-수아레즈(Rojas-Suarez 1992) 모형을 활용하여 양대 경제위기의 위 3개국의 달러화 현상에 대한 영향을 비교 분석하였다. 동 모델에 의하면 경제위기는 자국화폐에 대한 신뢰를 떨어뜨려 자국 화폐가치에 대한 예상평가절하율(예상환율상승률)이 크면 클수록 자국화폐 대비 달러화에 대한 수요는 증가될 것으로 예상된다. 분석 결과 아시아 경제위기의 경우 모델의 예상대로 자국 화폐의 예상평가절하 시 달러화의 수요를 나타내는 탄력성 계수가 통계적으로 유의하였다. 국가별로는 캄보디아, 라오스, 베트남의 순서로 탄력성이 크게 나타났으며 이는 각 국의 달러화 수준과 비례하는 결과이다. 이에 비해 글로벌 경제위기의 경우에는 캄보디아를 제외하면 탄력성 계수가 유의하지 않은 것으로 나타났다. 또한 캄보디아의 경우에도 탄력성 계수가 아시아 경제위기의 경우에 비해 감소된 것으로 나타났다. 이러한 결과는 달러화 현상에 있어서 아시아 경제위기에 비해 글로벌 경제위기의 영향이 상대적으로 작다는 것을 의미한다. 이는 동남아시아에 대한 글로벌 경제위기의 부정적 영향이 상대적으로 작았다는 기존의 연구들의 주장과 일치한다.

이슬람의 유입과 자바 무슬림의 능동적 대응: 종교 텍스트에 대한 분석을 중심으로

김형준 ( Hyung Jun Kim )
한국동남아학회|동남아시아연구  21권 2호, 2011 pp. 155-182 ( 총 28 pages)
6,800
초록보기
The purpose of this paper is to examine the process of Islamization in Java, focusing on religious discourse among Muslim intellectuals. How Islamic tradition and knowledge have been perceived and utilized and how they have interacted with those of non-Islamic origin will be discussed. For this, three Islam-related books written in different phases of Islamization are to be analyzed: Babad Tanah Jawi compiled by Mataram court in the 17th century, Serat Cabolek written by a court poet in the late 18th or early 19th century, and Fikih Anti-korupsi published by reformist and scriptural organization of Muhammadiyah in 2006. Babad portrays conversion to Islam as a process which does not demand a dramatic outward change in religious practice. Scriptural tradition of Islam and the dichotomy between what is Islamic and what is not were not mentioned in order to explain conversion. Spiritual and mystical enlightenment was emphasized heavily, and for this, the importance of non-Islamic traditions was fully acknowledged. Serat tells us that this period was characterized by the surge of scriptural and shariah-minded Islam, maintenance of non-Islamic traditions, clashes between scriptural Islam and old religious traditions, and Javanese efforts to harmonize these. In Fikih, non-Islamic tradition is replaced by scriptural Islam and disappears totally. Interpretations based on the Scriptures, however, do not monopolize it and are used together with mode of analysis from the West. It is too much to call this ``intellectual syncretism``, in that Islamic Scriptures and Western knowledge do not mix but stand side by side. Three books under examination reveal that the process of Islamization in Java has not been uniform. It has been conditioned and shaped by local socio-cultural and historical circumstances, where active engagement and intellectual exercise of Javanese Muslims have played key roles. Even Islamization in the last few decades is not an exception. The surge of scripturalism and fundamentalism does not simply bring about a move to Arabization. Interacting with local intellectual and socio-cultural milieu, this has produced a sort of intellectual hybridity, which is unique to Muslim society of Java.

거버넌스와 이주: 필리핀 잠재적 이주노동자에 대한 연구

오윤아 ( Yoon Ah Oh )
한국동남아학회|동남아시아연구  21권 2호, 2011 pp. 183-216 ( 총 34 pages)
7,400
초록보기
이 글은 잠재적 이주노동자들이 거버넌스에 중요성을 부여하는 정도가 이주의도가 없는 경우와 비교하여 어떻게 다른지를 필리핀의 자료를 이용하여 분석한 연구이다. 2011년 기준으로 전 세계 인구의 3.2퍼센트가 국제이주자이며 이들이 본국에 보내는 노동송금은 4천 4백억 달러에 달한다. 기존연구에서 파악하듯 세계인구이동의 대부분을 차지하는 노동이주의 주요 결정요인은 출신국과 이주대상국의 소득격차, 기존 이주 네트워크, 이주대상국의 이주정책 등을 포함한 경제적 요인들이다. 그러나 대규모 송출국들이 대부분 경제적 저발전과 취약한 정부(ineffective government)의 구조적인 문제를 함께 가지고 있다는 점에 착안한다면 비록 경제적 고려가 우선시 되는 노동이주에 있어서도 잠재적 이주자들이 "정치적"으로 여타의 사회와 구분되는 특수한 정치적 태도를 가질 수 있다고 생각할 수 있다. 이주자들의 정치적 태도를 올바르게 이해하는 것은 노동이주가 송출국에 미치는 정치적 영향을 분석하는 데 있어 매우 중요하다. 해당 이주자들의 부재와 이들이 본국으로 보내는 노동송금이 송출국 정치에 영향을 미칠 수 있는데 그 영향의 방향은 이주자의 기본적인 정치적 관심과 의제에 따라 달라질 것이기 때문이다. 이러한 배경에서 이 글은 다음과 같은 연구 질문에 답하고자 한다. 첫째, 이주노동의사가 있는 시민들이 취약한 정부능력에 대한 염려가 그렇지 않은 경우보다 높은가? 둘째, 이러한 관계가 성립된다면 그 관계는 민주주의에 대한 지지를 저해하는가? 이 연구는 2002년과 2003년 필리핀에서 실시된 전국적 설문조사인 Social Weather Survey 자료와 2008년 및 2009 년 필리핀 현지조사에서 수집한 인터뷰와 2차 자료를 근거로, 정부능력에 대한 평가와 이주노동의사의 관계를 분석하였다. 연구결과, 기존 연구가 제시하는 통제변인들을 감안하더라도 효과적인 정부운영이 필리핀이 당면한 가장 중요한 과제라고 생각할수록 해외로 취업할 것을 고려할 가능성이 높은 것으로 나타났다. 또한 다행히도 이러한 태도가 민주주의에 대한 원칙적인 지지에는 영향을 미치지 않는 것으로 드러났다. 그러나 효과적인 정부에 대한 관심이 이주노동을 고려하는 시민들에게 높다는 사실은 장기적으로 이들이 해외로 이주할 경우 정부개혁을 요구하고 추진할 국내적 정치적 기반이 줄어들 수 있다는 부정적 함의를 가지기도 한다.

중국의 영향과 동남아의 대응: 상호적 접근시각

박사명 ( Sa Myung Park )
한국동남아학회|동남아시아연구  21권 2호, 2011 pp. 217-261 ( 총 45 pages)
12,000
초록보기
This study is an attempt to construct a basic framework of analysis about China`s political and economic influence on Southeast Asia through traditional Sinocentrism, anti-colonial nationalism, Cold War socialism and post-Cold War capitalism. As to the historical status of Southeast Asia vis-a-vis external forces such as India, China and the West, the colonial discourse tends to put excessive emphasis upon its dependence, and the posy-colonial discourse upon its autonomy. However, this study elucidates the political and economic interactions between China and Southeast Asia in a dynamic perspective, focusing on their reciprocal interactions beyond the essentially static dichotomy of autonomy and dependence. Chinese influence on Southeast asia can be divided into active and reactive one, with the former referring to direct and intended consequences and the latter to indirect and unintended consequences. In the historical process of active and reactive influence, both China and Southeast Asia were fundamentally proactive actors. Thus, the autonomy or dependence of Southeast Asia is just a question of relative one, with its actual extent and degree varying with specific spatial and temporal conditions.

한,태 여성시의 텍스트성 비교 -페미니즘적 관점에서-

임명숙 ( Myung Sook Lim )
한국동남아학회|동남아시아연구  21권 2호, 2011 pp. 263-291 ( 총 29 pages)
6,900
초록보기
The purpose of this study is to see and compare the contemporary Korean-Thai female poems from a feminine standpoint to newly clarify the textuality of their poems. The textuality defined in this manuscript is the text of Korean-Thai contemporary female poems. To newly clarify the textuality of their poems are to go against the existing discussion method and to newly read out the text as re-vision method. This discussion is to analyse deeply how the central exis composing a text which is the identity of woman in a body, appearance of uttrance, or action of abjection is exposed in gender space and to identify the poem`s textuality. In other words, through in-depth analysis of the text of poems, which are very complicated as a skein of yarn, place a high value of Korean-Thai female poems. Transcending time, nations and races, if the text of female poem would not free from a biased male-dominated thinking or make a mystery of female poem textuality without critics or tend to be stereotype the text of poem as pathos of female, it would not get out from man-centered reading. To escape from the state of sexual discrimination, the new reading method was seriously analysed and found out that the female text poems not only implicate sexual discrimination but also link to expansive cultural and social structure. And for that reason, this study raise a question to male-dominant sexual discriminated norm. It is very significant that through this elaborate and in-depth text poem analysis, a creation process of female poem is traced. Eventually, the comparative study on Korean-Thai female poems is meaningful and worthy in regard to the contribution to promotion of cultural exchange between korea-Thai two nations and furthermore extend to East Asia to make a basement for the vitalization of Asia comparative literature.
7,500
초록보기
소말리아 해적 문제는 전례가 없는 단계에 다다랐다. 2010년 까지만 해도 445대가 넘는 선박이 해적들로부터 피해를 당했으며 1,181여명의 사람들이 몸값을 위해 인질이 되어야 했다. 그러나 소말리아만이 해적문제가 이슈화 되는 곳은 아니다. 지난 20년간 동남아시아의 해적 문제도 큰 이슈가 되어 왔다. 본 논문은 해적 행위의 원인, 영향, 그리고 유형의 분류에 대한 분석을 위해 두 가지의 사례 연구를 통해 이를 살피려 한다. 각각의 해적 관련 사례가 서로 다른 특징들을 가지고 있으나 현재 신문이나 인터넷 상의 보도뿐만 아니라 학문, 법률상의, 그리고 공식적 문서들에서 얻어지는 정보들을 이용해 분석한 결과 해적 행위의 원인은 대부분 육지에서 발견된다는 것으로 결론을 낼 수 있다. 본 논문을 통해 제 국가들은 경제, 안보, 지리적인 이유의 이해를 달리 하여 해적 행위를 근절하려 한다는 것을 살펴본다. 또한 현재의 해적 행위에 대한 대응적 접근은 전체론적으로 육지에서의 원인에 근거하여 다루어지는 것이 아니라 바다에서의 해양법 시행에 집중되어 있다. 이는 해적의 소탕을 위한 과정이라기보다는 여전히 문제를 내포하고 있을 수밖에 없다는 점을 지적 하고자 한다.

문헌에 보이는 미얀마 흑유대호(黑釉大壺, 일명 Martaban Jar)에 대한 연구

김인규 ( In Gyu Kim )
한국동남아학회|동남아시아연구  21권 2호, 2011 pp. 329-358 ( 총 30 pages)
7,000
초록보기
The pottery and porcelain of Myanmar is very various such as Celadon, Black glazed large Jar and White galzed Jar painted Green Colour. In these Myanmarese Ceramics, Black glazed large Jar is very important to understand the Character and Role of Myanmar Ceramics. The description on the Black glazed large Jar of Myanmar is seen in several Books such as a travel essay of Ibun Battuta, Duarte Barbosa, The book of Duarte Barbosa: A Account of the Contries Bordering on the Indian Ocean and their Inhabitants, Jan Huygen van Linschoten, Volker, T., Porcelain and the Dutch East India Company These descriptions on the Black glazed Jar in these Books are important evidence to discovery the existence of it and its Types and Price and Use. The appearance of Black glazed Jar of Myanmar is considered in the Middle of 14C with the description of the Book of Ibn Battuta. Furthermore, Excavated from the Shipwreck of China in the Sinan, Chellanamdo, it is certain that the Black glazed large Jar was already existed in the early of 14C. And it was considered that the Shipwreck of China in the Sinan, Chellanamdo was started from Ninbo(寧波) of China to the destination of Japan with the Inscrition made Bamboo. So we know that The route of Ninbo→Korea→Japan is very important in the Trade Ceramics of East Asia in 14C. And The size of Black glazed Jar has 3 types, Large, Middle and Small. The large type is used as a Tools for Water and Oil. The small type is the personal bottle for drinking. The Price of Black glazed Jar of Myanmar was changed as times go by. The price of the late of 16C and the early of 17C is 30 prolin and the late of 17C is 8 Prolin. The price of the Black glazed Jar of Myanmar in the late of 16C and the early of 17C is estimated 3 times for the price of the late of 17C. and This change of the price of Myanmarese Black Glazed Jar is decided on the Demand and Supply. and the Black glazed Jar of Myanmar was mainly used for the tools for Morpin in the year of 1620 and for Salt and Sugar in the year of 1640 and for Water and Oil in the late of 17C.
1