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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

동남아시아연구검색

The Southeast Asian Review


  • - 주제 : 사회과학분야 > 인문지리
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1229-6899
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 23권 3호 (2013)

베트남 살쾡이 파업의 양상과 원인: 남부 빈즈엉(Binh Duong)을 중심으로

채수홍 ( Su Hong Chae )
한국동남아학회|동남아시아연구  23권 3호, 2013 pp. 1-48 ( 총 48 pages)
12,300
초록보기
Taking the cases of Korean garment factories in Binh Duong area, this study aims to explain the phases and causes of the wildcat strikes that have rapidly expanded recently in Vietnam. For the purpose, this study raises several questions as follows. Why the strikes sometimes increase and decrease other times? Why the factory workers prefer a wildcat strike even though it is politically risky, unproductive, and complicated? By the same token, why the foreign management cannot or will not preemptively preclude the wildcat strikes that are usually predictable and the workers are mostly able to accomplish their demands? While answering these questions, this study explores the economic, political, and socio-cultural conditions of the wildcat strikes respectively. Based on the fieldwork in around 30 Korean owned garment factories and the interview with around 100 Vietnamese factory workers in Binh Duong, this study confirms several findings on the phases and causes of the strikes in the area in specific and in Vietnam in general. First, the annual trends of the wildcat strikes reflect the macroeconomic conditions in which the consumer prices and the labor market in Vietnamese economy and business conditions in the world economy are pivotal. Second, however, the influence of macroeconomic conditions on both the management and the workers in the garment factories are differential, depending on the financial situations of the multinational corporations and the workers` capability of reproducing their household economies. Thirdly, the possibility of the wildcat strike in each factory is relatively independent on the financial conditions of a factory and rather associated with the stable political structure and active political processes within the factory that enable the management and the workers to efficiently communicate each other. Lastly, the necessity of establishing political stability in a factory arises from the distinctive social and cultural characteristics of the multinational corporation in which foreign managers and native workers inevitably live in separate and different socio-cultural worlds.

인도네시아 산림 모라토리엄 분석: 산림 거버넌스를 중심으로

장상경 ( Sang Kyung Jang ) , 배재수 ( Jae Soo Bae )
한국동남아학회|동남아시아연구  23권 3호, 2013 pp. 49-92 ( 총 44 pages)
11,900
초록보기
In May 2010, Indonesia and Norway signed a Letter of Intent on “Cooperation on Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation(REDD).” In the LoI, Norway agreed to offer Indonesia a sum of USD 1 billion with a view to encourage Indonesia to significantly contribute to the successful implementation of REDD+. On 20 May 2011, correspondingly, Indonesia announced the 2011 ‘Forest Moratorium’ (the Presidential Instruction No. 10/2011) which was valid for the following consecutive two years. By means of the 2011 ‘Forest Moratorium’, Indonesia aimed at significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation, forest degradation and peatland conversion. In so doing, it also sought to improve forest governance. Meanwhile, concerned stakeholders also raised various questions about the effectiveness of the ‘Forest Moratorium’. As an extension of the 2011 ‘Forest Moratorium’, Indonesia announced the 2013 ‘Forest Moratorium’(the Presidential Instruction No. 6/2013) for another two-year period on 13 May 2013. Indonesia`s ‘Forest Moratorium’ is concerned with stakeholders at various levels, who may play a role of significant ‘agent’ in the process of implementing the ‘Forest Moratorium’. This mechanism of the ‘Forest Moratorium’ should be understood in the light of forest governance. Employing stakeholder approach, therefore, this article attempts to analyze Indonesia`s ‘Forest Moratorium’ in the light of forest governance. In this regard, it analyzes the detailed contents of the ‘Forest Moratorium’, the process of making the ‘Forest Moratorium’, current development of the Indicative Moratorium Map for suspension of new concessions on forest land, and contesting views of various stakeholders. At the same time, it also talks about how ‘weak’ forest governance had influence upon Indonesia`s ‘Forest Moratorium’. In so doing, this article consequently attempts to evaluate Indonesia`s ‘Forest Moratorium’ and also put it into perspective in terms of improving forest governance. The 2013 ‘Forest Moratorium’ fundamentally represents a radical policy that is designed to suspend new concessions on forest conversion for another two-year period and its detailed contents attempt to reflect on various stakeholders from related industries and environmental NGOs. However, there are challenging factors in the process of implementing the ‘Forest Moratorium’, that is, ‘weak`` forest governance and also a discrepancy between forest planning maps designated by central and regional governments. The announcement of the 2013 ‘Forest Moratorium’, as an extension of the 2011 ‘Forest Moratorium’, may functionally strengthen and improve Indonesia`s forest governance. However, at the same time, there is a practical limit due to the fact that it is merely a Presidential Instruction that lacks legal binding.

아편, 주석, 고무: 페낭 화인사회의 형성과 전개, 1786-1941

강희정 ( Hee Jung Kang )
한국동남아학회|동남아시아연구  23권 3호, 2013 pp. 93-134 ( 총 42 pages)
11,700
초록보기
This paper examines the formation and evolution of Chinese society in Penang over 155 years. Since it was ruled by the British in 1786, many immigrants gathered in Penang. Among them, much of the population was Chinese. It could be offered to clarify the historical process of the development of Chinese society in Penang by paying attention to the three items - opium, tin, and rubber. All the conflict and friction over these products were main causes of prosperity and decay for the Chinese society in Penang. In the early 19th century, the Chinese colossus could get their capital accumulation by taking advantage of ‘opium farm’. They amassed their fortune through development of tin mines newly discovered in Perak during the late 19th century. It was the age of Chinese Colossuses deeply connected with Chinese secret societies. After the rubber plantations were developed by the Western capital in the early 20th century, the age of Chinese Colossuses was gradually fallen down. From this point of view one can be provided a new perspective on the history of Penang and the Chinese society of its own. The three scopes for history enable us to make a new interpretation about the issue of stratification within Chinese society in Penang. Especially this research focused on the economic characteristics of Chinese secret societies as ‘social capital’, and on the identity conflicts between traditional Strait Chinese(peranakan) elite and emerging sinkeh Chinese merchants. The identity problem between ‘Laokeh’ and ‘Sinkeh’ in the early 20th century was intentionally exaggerated by modern researchers. Their conflicts seems to be caused by different economic interests rather than identity. We need to consider again the rise and fall of Chinese society in Penang with flexible thinking.

서울 A대학 동남아시아 유학생의 학업 경험에 대한 탐색적 연구

김지훈 ( Jee Hun Kim )
한국동남아학회|동남아시아연구  23권 3호, 2013 pp. 135-179 ( 총 45 pages)
12,000
초록보기
This study explores the study experiences of Southeast Asian students at a reputable Korean private university in Seoul. In particular, this study focuses on difficulties and coping strategies of both non-native speaker of English and native-speakers of English who are working for their undergraduate or postgraduate degrees. Interviews of fourteen students from five Southeast Asian countries were collected and analyzed by NVivo 9. Thematic analysis result shows that many students, particularly non-native speakers of English, had much more difficulties than their counterparts, in contemporary Korean university context, where internationalization indices-driven strategies including expanding courses conducted in English language. Also, this study observes and documents contrasting patterns of different degree of difficulties experienced by students, depending on their degree levels and majors. Undergraduate students in science and engineering majors had the greatest degree of difficulties among all. In contrast, their graduate counterparts seem to have less difficulties. This might be related to the fact that graduate students in science and engineering majors are mostly working with their peers in their own labs, which provides institutional support. Coping strategies of students show that international students, facing unfavorable or unfriendly treatments by their Korean peers, developed innovative strategies, including using the internet technology to catch up with the classes that they could not fully understand. As a whole, adaptation process of international students do not seem to be passive or one-way. This study also provides policy implications for international students, particularly, who can be categorized as linguistic and ethnic minorities.

이슬람 부흥의 전개와 영향: 인도네시아의 사례

김형준 ( Hyung Jun Kim )
한국동남아학회|동남아시아연구  23권 3호, 2013 pp. 181-215 ( 총 35 pages)
7,500
초록보기
The purpose of this paper is to examine the process of Islamic change in Indonesia since the 1970s, which is commonly called ``Islamic resurgence`` or ``Islamization.`` A brief analysis of the reasons for Islamic resurgence is followed by discussions on its long-term effects on the life of Indonesian Muslims. Shift in the ways Islamic matters have been treated in public, gradual realization of what Islamic groups have demanded in non-religious areas, stipulation of local regulation based on shariah and spread of radicalism are to be investigated one by one. With these examinations, it will be argued that the most significant change throughout the last four decades has been the surge of Islam as a reference point to interpret everyday life of Muslims. The dichotomy of ``Islamic`` and ``non-Islamic`` is instated as a key in Islamic discourse and the Quran and Hadith, as a criterion to judge whether certain views and behavior are Islamic or not. These have strengthened the position of scripturalism in Indonesian Islam. Islamic resurgence has also resulted in the acceleration of the diversification of Indonesian Muslims. Muslims with radical, fundamental, reformist, traditional and liberal views coexist, competing for stronger social and religious influences. As radical and fundamental groups have been more active in dealing with socio-political affairs recently, whether their active involvement will result in wider influences over the ordinary Muslims is the key to understand the future dynamics of Indonesian Islam.

인도네시아 정당체계의 연속성과 정치균열의 문제: 도시부문 설문조사를 바탕으로

최정욱 ( Jung Ug Choi )
한국동남아학회|동남아시아연구  23권 3호, 2013 pp. 217-256 ( 총 40 pages)
8,000
초록보기
This study addresses the issue of the continuity in Indonesia`s party system with respect to Islam, authoritarian legacy and income, using the urban-based individual face-to-face survey data. The existing studies focus on the historical continuity of the Indonesian party system between the 1955 and 1999 democratic elections. Yet, this study deals with the continuity and discontinuity between the pre-transitional 1997 election and the transitional 1999 election. It finds that the effect of Islam is largely independent of the democratic transition: Islam-oriented voters under the authoritarian rule tend to remain in the Islamic camp even during and after the democratic transition, while most of the secular voters prior to the democratic transition continue to shun any Islamic parties during the democratization. The effect of authoritarian legacy is also found to be meaningful, even if not as sticky as Islam. Finally, the variable of income is significant. Contrary to the popular belief, the PDIP is not a party of the urban poor but the PPP is the urban poor`s favorite choice. This implies the linkage between poverty and political Islam.

서평 : 인도네시안 드림, 코리안 드림

오명석 ( Myung Seok Oh )
한국동남아학회|동남아시아연구  23권 3호, 2013 pp. 257-262 ( 총 6 pages)
4,500
키워드보기
초록보기
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