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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

동남아시아연구검색

The Southeast Asian Review


  • - 주제 : 사회과학분야 > 인문지리
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1229-6899
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 24권 3호 (2014)

아세안공동체와 동아시아공동체

박사명 ( Sa Myung Park )
한국동남아학회|동남아시아연구  24권 3호, 2014 pp. 1-44 ( 총 44 pages)
11,900
초록보기
This study is a theoretical reflection on the relationships between the ASEAN Community and an East Asian community envisioned by the East Asia Vision Group (EAVGⅠ) and proposed by the EAVGⅡ to be launched in 2020 as the East Asia Economic Community. It is based on the eclectic perspective of ``middle-ground constructivism``, focusing on interaction between material and ideational factors, on one hand, and between static structures and dynamic processes, on the other. While independent variables include political power in realism, economic interest in liberalism and cultural identity in constructivism, dependent variables, i.e. the relationships between the two communities, encompass ``monistic expansion`` in constructivism, ``dualistic interdependence`` in liberalism, and ``pluralistic competition`` in realism. It is concluded that their ultimate relationships will be shaped in the intersubjective political process of regionalism, which actively construct, as well as passively reflect, the interdependent economic structure of regionalization.
8,000
초록보기
This study examines the military role of the 3,000 Long Mon soldiers in the history of Vietnam. These Ming refugees have been understood as the remnants of Ming troops against Manchurian invasion of China, though their career in China as pirates have also been known in previous studies. Official view on these Ming refugees of the Nguyen dynasty is that they were sent to My Tho and Bien Hoa, and that they opened arable land, built market places to attract overseas traders, and the spread of Han or Hoa air began by their settlements. In other words, the economic development of My Tho and Bien Hoa area was attributed to the contribution of the 3,000 Ming refugees. However, author of this study claims that the main contribution of these Ming refugees was not economic development of ``Lower Cambodia`` region, but the territorial expansion of Vietnam by the military means. As the background of the conflicts between Vietnam and Cambodia, chapter one of this article reviews the military intervention of Vietnam to the Cambodian civil wars based on the Vietnamese official records. By examining the operation routes of Vietnamese troops, author made a clear conclusion that the region from Bien Hoa to the west had not been the part of Vietnamese territory until the Vietnamese court sent the 3,000 Ming soldiers to My Tho and Bien Hoa in 1679. In the chapter two, author examines the Ming refugee group in My Tho. Among the leading figures of this group, power struggle occurred. In 1688, the vice commander Hoang Tan assassinated the commander Duong Ngan Dich. Hoang moved his soldiers to the upper area of the Mekong causing Cambodian king to doubt Vietnamese invasion of Cambodia started. The commander of the Vietnamese troops ended Hoang``s leadership and put the soldiers of Hoang under the leadership of Tran Thuong Xuyen, another leader of Ming refugee solders who had stationed in Bien Hoa. The chapter three traces Tran Thuong Xuyen and his soldiers who were called Long Mon soldiers - tuong si Long Mon by the court chronicle of Vietnam. From 1689 to 1730s, the Long Mon soldiers were found in every war between Vietnam and Cambodia as the form of the vanguard under the command of Tran Thuong Xuyen. The contribution of Tran Thuong Xuyen and his soldiers was impressive until the Bien Hoa and Ha Tien were connected together by the new lands of Vietnam in ``Lower Cambodia`` in 1732. Author concludes that the role of the 3,000 Ming refugees in the field of agriculture and trade was not as big as the court chronicle claims. More contribution of the soldiers was in the field of military operation to convert the most of the lands of Lower Cambodia to those of Vietnam. They were properly used as the tool of oppressing the resistance of Cambodia, a barbarian - man- country from the point of Vietnamese view. But to the eyes of Vietnamese court, the Long Mon soldiers also could have been another barbarians if we remember Vietnamese tactic of ``di man cong man (to strike barbarians by barbarians)`` The fact that the Ming refugees had been pirates in the South China Sea and the Gulf of Tonking was an enough reason for the Vietnamese kings to regard the Chinese soldiers as to be man.

미얀마-중국 관계의 변화: 헤징과 균형

장준영 ( Jun Young Jang )
한국동남아학회|동남아시아연구  24권 3호, 2014 pp. 85-120 ( 총 36 pages)
7,600
초록보기
This paper aims to not only explore changes and challenges of Myanmar and China relations since launching of the new government in Myanmar but prospects future bilateral relations based on the current exchange. While Myanmar has been defined as satellite state, pawn of China since 1990’s, two sides had maximized their national interests on the aspect of reciprocity: a political stabilization for Myanmar vice versa an exclusive economic interests for China. Myanmar has been trying to escape from Chinese influence when Myanmar recognized that China would try to intervene Myanmar’s internal affairs in 2007. After take of the new government, Myanmar considered to rebuild the bilateral relations. Furthermore, Myanmar has chance to pursuit her national interests among the potential power countries. Meanwhile, the new government of Myanmar had strived to normalize the foreign relations with China. The investment of China has sharply declined, anti-Chinese emotions has emerged in popular. The ambition of the Chinese authority is not clear that China has been tapping Myanmar’s intention to make a military alliance. Basically the traditional negotiation strategy of China which was a state to state, has been challenged. Reversely Myanmar has changed her foreign strategies into hedging, coming forward improve the relations with confrontation states. Offsetting the influence of China, Myanmar aims to promote her value and strengthen the right to speak in the region. Finally Myanmar wants to revitalize the original foreign policy, non alignment, which has been perpetuated since independence.

인도네시아 한인 기업의 언어 사용과 의사소통

강윤희 ( Yoon Hee Kang )
한국동남아학회|동남아시아연구  24권 3호, 2014 pp. 121-158 ( 총 38 pages)
7,800
초록보기
This study explores the issues of language and communication in a multinational corporation by analyzing a case of a Korean company called Melody located in Java, Indonesia. More specifically, this paper discusses (1) Korean staff``s strategies to facilitate their communication with Indonesian workers in the workplace, and (2) the patterns and values of communication in Melody``s inter-cultural communication with the local. Based on my ethnographic field research in Melody in 2013, this paper demonstrates how Korean staff members utilize various strategies to complement their limited linguistic competence in Indonesian. It discusses how the Koreans evaluate and justify their ways of communication in the workplace as being more ``practical`` and ``efficient,`` the communication style that is believed to contribute to high productivity of the corporation. In the mean time, Indonesian workers value more on relational communication than the Korean staff``s tendency of ``vertical`` top-down communication of work directions and confirmation. On the other hand, the inter-cultural communication between Melody and the local residents is often carried out through the company``s various CSR (corporate social responsibility) programs. The values of communication emphasized in such inter-cultural communication and CSR discourses are ``education`` and ``religion,`` emphasizing the values of ``culture,`` not those of practical and economic benefits. These competing values and attitudes toward language and communication, in turn, demonstrate the ways in which different ways of interactions are forced to operate according to various contexts in the multinational corporation. Therefore, this study highlights the importance of communicative competence, the knowledge of social appropriateness in using a specific style of language and communication as a crucial way of localization and adaptation in a transnational workplace.
12,300
초록보기
본 논문은 인도네시아 북부술라웨시 미나하사 (Minahasa) 지역(region)에 살고 있는 토모혼 (Tomohon) 지역주민 간에, 즉 ‘상상된 (imagined)’ 토착 공동체들, 마을단위들 또는 하부종족들 (sub-ethnic groups) 간에 나타나는 다층적 맥락들을 면밀히 검토해보고, 이러한 다층적 맥락들이 어떻게 사회문화적 정체성에 영향을 미치는지 분석한다. 특히, 사회문화적 정체성의 다층적 맥락들, 즉 근원적인 문화적유대감 및 토착 공동체들의 공간적 변화들에 대한 분석을 통해서 종족성 연구에서 중추적 역할을 해온 프레드릭 바스 (Fredrik Barth)학파의 이론적 토대의 문제점을 제기한다. 또한 본 논문은 토모혼지역이 지역분권화와 지방자치의 영향 하에 2003년 ‘kotamadya (자치시)’로 승격된 이후 강화되어온 하부지역적 (sub-regional) 맥락들을 감안하여 광범위한 의미에서의 미나하사 지역주의나 국가단위의 민족주의적 관점 보다는 토모혼 공동체들 간에 존재하는 하부지역적 요소들의 역동성에 초점을 맞추고자 한다. 논문의 주요내용은 다음과 같다. 첫째, 토착적인 창조설화와 미나하사 지역의 근원적 구성과정등을 검토하면서 토모혼 주민들의 근원적인 정체성, 즉 ‘미나하사사람들’로서의 정체성의 형성요인들을 살펴본다. 둘째, 토착 공동체들의 공간적 변화에 따른 사회문화적 정체성의 추이를 살펴보기 위해서 식민지시대 이래의 행정단위 변화를 살펴보면서 현대적 행정공간단위인 ‘토모혼’ 지역의 내부적 그리고 외부적 형성과정을 심도 있게 살펴본다. 셋째, 앞서 언급한 토모혼 주민들의 다양한 사회문화적 정체성의 다층적 맥락들에 대한 현재적 해석을 시도하면서 세 가지 유형의 정체성, 즉 ‘상상된 정체성’, ‘종족-인지적 정체성’ 그리고 ‘공간기반 정체성’을 제안하고, 더불어서 이들 세 가지 유형의 정체성들이 현대 토모혼 지역에서 어떻게 경합하여 표출되는지를 살펴본다. 마지막으로 본 논문은 토모혼 지역 주민들의 다양한 정체성의 변화를 주민들의 ‘의식’과 ‘인식’의 관점에서 재조명하면서 결론은 맺는다.

재태한인의 특성과 태국에 대한 인식

김홍구 ( Hong Koo Kim )
한국동남아학회|동남아시아연구  24권 3호, 2014 pp. 207-252 ( 총 46 pages)
12,100
초록보기
This research analyzes demographic characteristics, socio - economic characteristics, language ability, national pride, perceptions of Thai people and Thailand of Koreans in Thailand. This research was written based on findings from a sample of 458 respondents who were selected from the population of Bangkok, with a standard deviation of ±4.6 p at 95% confidence level. The data collection was conducted from August to October 2013, spanning over 90 days. Because of the limited nature of this survey, it may not be fully applicable to the entire Koreans in Thai society. Analyses included an overall frequencies analysis as well as chi-square analyses using variables such as gender, income and age. I propose three suggestions from this research. The first suggestion is the need to open free lecture for the lower income groups who do not possess a good Thai language ability. The higher income groups could speak Thai more fluently (23.95%) in contrast with the lower income groups(10.35%). However, the rate of positive perceptions for having a mind to learn(very much and much) was higher for lower income groups(low, lower-middle, 81.45%) in contrast with the higher income groups(64.6%). Language is the vital instrument to live a successful life abroad. So I suggest that Korean Embassy in Thailand or Korean Cultural Center in Thailand or the Korean Association in Thailand should open free lectures for the lower income groups who do not possess a good Thai language ability. The second suggestion is the need to develop the program for reducing the income gap. Respondents above middle income groups comprised of 73.8% of the total sample population, and the lower income groups made up 26.2%. Economic disparity among the respondents can cause some social disharmony. In this regard, I suggest that Korea government develop the program to reduce the economic disparity or support for settlement for social harmony. The third suggestion is the need to provide systematic educational and cultural programs to better understand Thai culture and Thai people. 81.7% of the respondents strongly agreed or agreed to the statement “I like Korean?”, while 54.5% among the respondents expressed positivity(strongly agree, agree)towards the statement “I am favorable to Thailand.” While Koreans take pride in their own national pride overall, their perception of the Thai is lacking. In this regard, I suggest that Korean government provide systematic educational and cultural programs to better understand Thai culture and Thai people to raise the awareness.

아세안 경제공동체 탄생에 대한 기대와 현실

이충열 ( Choong Lyol Lee )
한국동남아학회|동남아시아연구  24권 3호, 2014 pp. 253-303 ( 총 51 pages)
12,600
초록보기
We review the recent development of ASEAN Economic Community and try to evaluate it. At first, we check the historical background of ASEAN economic community and later examine what ASEAN did to build its economic community for the past decade. For this purpose, we investigate score card of ASEAN integration and several economic indicators including intra-trade volumes. In addition, we reviews the several survey result done by various economic agents across the country. From this comprehensive analysis, we support the view that the building procedure of ASEAN economic community by 2015 is behind the schedule and that this view is also quite widely acknowledged by many economic agents. To find the reasons for this problem, we investigate the detailed integration process of several sectors. We think that it may be caused by fundamental problems of ASEAN member countries such as wide disparity of economic size or personal income of each member country. At the same time, idealistic and unrealistic and less concrete plan also can be another reason for it. Despite all these problems, we cannot deny that ASEAN builds a very remarkable achievement for advancing its economic integration and cooperation for the past decade and that it should be evaluated very positively.

서평 : 한국의 동남아 연구자들이 현지에서 온몸으로써낸 지역연구의 길

이한우 ( Han Woo Lee )
한국동남아학회|동남아시아연구  24권 3호, 2014 pp. 305-317 ( 총 13 pages)
5,300
키워드보기
초록보기
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