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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

한일경상논집검색

The Korean-Japanese Journal of Economics & Management Studies


  • - 주제 : 사회과학분야 > 경영학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1226-3877
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 39권 0호 (2008)

도요타자동차의 글로벌 경영전략 -마더공장시스템과 글로벌 네트워크 전략-

권혁기 ( Hyuck Ki Kwon )
한일경상학회|한일경상논집  39권 0호, 2008 pp. 3-25 ( 총 23 pages)
6,300
초록보기
The purpose of this article is to figure out the Toyota`s global strategy in terms of mother plants system and global network. The Implications from the investigations are as follows. First, Toyota established mutually supportive links among plants in Thailand, Indonesia, South Africa, and Argentina under the IMV project, which seeks to build an optimized production and supply system. Second, Toyota is moving forward with a broad list of measures to strengthen the international competitiveness of production, including stepping up the pace of personnel training to increase the self-reliance of overseas manufacturing companies. In addition to Japan, Toyota is developing GPCs in USA, UK, and Thailand. Third, Toyota is introducing the "global link production system" to enable flexible responses to global demand shifts. This System has the advantage of flexible production capacity around the world and wil center on toyota`s core global models ; the Corolla, Camry, Yaris and IMV series. It is evidence of the steady evolution of Toyota`s global production networks(GPN) and shift to globally integrated enterprise(GIE).

일본 기업집단의 주식상호보유 형성과 변화에 관한 연구

차일근 ( Il Kun Cha )
한일경상학회|한일경상논집  39권 0호, 2008 pp. 27-59 ( 총 33 pages)
7,300
초록보기
Mutual stocks holding is based on continuing business relation peculiar to japan and built up through a reciprocal transaction. The speciality of mutual stock holding in business groups is from organizations which are easy to be conducted the reciprocal transaction. However, It has been continually decreasing after 1990 that the mutual stock holding rates of the businesses which have special mutual stock holding. The main causes are usually change of system, change of business recognition to the risk of stock holding and change of relationship between businesses. The change of system is seen as the most direct cause of rapid decreasing mutual stock holding. However the most fundamental cause can be said that rapid decreasing of reciprocal transaction based on continuing business transaction made mutual stock holding. It actually means the lost of business groups` essential function that the rapid decreasing of mutual stocks holding which is the representative symbol of business groups` unity and the reciprocal transaction based on the continuing transaction which is business groups` purpose. Such changes of the business groups which are root of japanese business system suggest over all big changes of business relation in Japan which has the peculiar of continuing business relation. the continuing transaction relationship between businesses have various effects but form closed market as one oh the big problem. The such change of Japanese business groups after 1990s is said that japanese market has been rapidly changing to open market.

한국내 일본계 외국인투자기업의 경영행태 - 비 일본계 외투기업과의 비교분석-

김주헌 ( Joo Heon Kim ) , 설원식 ( Won Sik Sul )
한일경상학회|한일경상논집  39권 0호, 2008 pp. 61-85 ( 총 25 pages)
6,500
초록보기
This study empirically compared management behaviors of Japanese subsidiaries in Korea with those of subsidiaries from other countries using mail survey data. Japanese subsidiaries showed a general tendency toward localization in various aspects. First, they source(ratio of locally sourced input) and produce(ratio of locally produced sales) more locally than other foreign subsidiaries in the Korean market. They also showed a lower(higher) level of standardization(local adaptation) in marketing strategies. Between the bipolar points of `sticks to general Korean practices` and `sticks to Headquarters` practices` regarding management practices in Korea, Japanese subsidiaries are closer to the former, while the other subsidiaries are closer to the latter. Similar patterns also appear in the decision making location, which means Japanese subsidiaries tend to make decisions more locally at the subsidiary level. All these findings were reconfirmed in the regression analyses controlling for the equity ratio, which implies that higher localization level of Japanese subsidiaries is not just a result of their lower equity ratios.

입사전 연수교육 효과의 한·일 비교

박경열 ( Kyung Yeol Park )
한일경상학회|한일경상논집  39권 0호, 2008 pp. 87-108 ( 총 22 pages)
6,200
초록보기
This study examines the effectiveness and issues of pre-entry training programs, based on a questionnaire survey conducted on the manufacturing companies in Korea and Japanese Manufacturing Companies, regarding the following issues: ① recognition of the effectiveness of pre-entry training in eight management and human capital factors including maintenance of motivation, improvement of skills, etc. ② the differences in effectiveness of pre-entry training by type (on-line, camp, on-the-job, or other training), ③ issues of pre-entry training programs, and ④ impacts of pre-entry training on the retention rate of new graduate employees. The results of a comparative study regarding effectiveness in pre-entry training for both Korean and Japanese companies are as follow. First, building human relationships and networks as the most effective human capital factor shows the highest rate for both Korean and Japanese corporations. However, the effectiveness of pre-entry training in reducing early job hopping rate and enhancing professional business skills is doubtful. Second, there is a difference between Korean and Japanese companies, in terms of human capital factors which show the effect of pre-entry training. Korean companies are successful in efficiency of business training and development, whereas Japanese companies are effective in reduction of withdrawing from formal entrance. Third, the most widely used form of pre-entry training in Korean manufacturing companies is group training such as camp training and study tour of the company, while that in Japanese companies is individual training such as online training and correspondence program. In addition, group training is likely to be very efficient at building human relationships and networks, but individual training tends to have an effect on maintaining motivation and improving basic business skills. Forth, the major issues of pre-entry training programs are scheduling without interrupting the studies of recruits and high cost.

퇴직연금제도에 있어서의 수급권보호 -한국, 일본, 미국의 비교-

이민환 ( Min Hwan Lee ) , 김정렬 ( Jung Ryol Kim )
한일경상학회|한일경상논집  39권 0호, 2008 pp. 109-133 ( 총 25 pages)
6,500
키워드보기
초록보기
Korea has introduced new retirement pension(corporate pension) system since December 2005 in order to enhance retirement allowance payment and reduce the uncertainty of future incomes. For this purpose, it is necessary to establish some schemes or laws for guaranteeing payment. One of the schemes discussed is corporate pension guarantee scheme, which has been established in the U.S. and the U.K. for protecting members of corporate defined benefit scheme whose firms become insolvent with underfunded pension plans. We consider the establishment of a defined benefit pension guarantee system for Korea, based on experiences of the US and Japan. We find establishing corporate pension guarantee scheme makes huge social and economic costs, caused by moral hazard of firms and operation of the scheme. We suggest it requires the firms make full and independent external accumulation of funds for future payments as an alternative for protecting members.

상호 에이전시관계와 평가지표 구조: 일본의 하청관계, 사업부제, 정부조직에 대한 함의

최강식 ( Kang Sik Choi )
한일경상학회|한일경상논집  39권 0호, 2008 pp. 135-160 ( 총 26 pages)
6,600
초록보기
In this paper, we explain such reciprocal relationships under different organizations in terms of optimal tradeoff between incentive-provision and risk-sharing. We analyze a simple model of principal and agent, in which two firms play interchanging roles of agent and principal, and show that optimal contracts can provide more incentives in reciprocal relationships. We show that reciprocal relationships alleviate or strengthen moral hazard. In fact, the optimal incentive coefficient for the second-period agent increases because the inference from the first-period results in more uncertainties. We observe reciprocal relationships among firms in the subcontractor system to explain some features.

한국 기업의 고용조정속도에 관한 연구 -한·일간 비교 연구를 위한 기초-

최종일 ( Jong Il Choe ) , 이영수 ( Young Soo Lee )
한일경상학회|한일경상논집  39권 0호, 2008 pp. 161-182 ( 총 22 pages)
6,200
초록보기
Using the firm-level panel data from 1991 to 2006, we analyzed the change of korean firms` employment adjustment under the implementation of labor market flexibility policy after financial crisis in 1997 and the change of given condition for global market and technology. Our empirical results show that speed of Korean firms` labor adjustment became faster than before financial crisis. We could interpret this finding as increasing labor market flexibility after finacial crisis. However the speed is various as industry. After the financial crisis, we could find that the adjustment speed of light industries became faster but heavy industries became slower. The reason why heavy industries became slower is that employment adjustment to attain the optimal production is not need to be achieved by domestic production or employment, in the circumstance allowing of abroad production and intermediate goods import. These results imply that policy of labor market flexibility affected light industries but did not affect the heavy industries including mainstay industries for Korea.
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