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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

한일경상논집검색

The Korean-Japanese Journal of Economics & Management Studies


  • - 주제 : 사회과학분야 > 경영학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1226-3877
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 56권 0호 (2012)

일본 기업 임금체계의 역사적 변화에 관한 연구

김환일 ( Hwan Il Kim )
한일경상학회|한일경상논집  56권 0호, 2012 pp. 3-51 ( 총 49 pages)
12,400
초록보기
In Japan, few historical researches on the pay structure in Japanese companies have been systematically implemented. The pay structure has been continuously changed. The seniority, in Japan, has been a key factor to decide the pay structure, but the number of companies adopting the performance -based pay structure such as annual salary system is steadily increasing. In other words, there is a tendency that companies substitute their seniority -based pay structure, increasing base pay according to the employee`s educational attainment, length of service or age, for performance-based pay structure, increasing base pay according to the employee`s competence and performance. Since the mid-1980s a number of companies have reduced or eliminated the seniority-based pay. Particularly since the mid-1990s a number of companies have not only reduced or eliminated the skill-based pay system but also adopted the annual salary system, the job-based pay system & pay structure by job classification. Under this circumstance, the primary purpose of this research is to give a tip for Japanese companies and academia who want to improve their pay structure by systemizing the change and its characteristics of pay structures in Japanese companies through the review on previous researches, statistical data and case study. Surely, this research could present companies in need with strategies and tactics to improve their pay structures by studying how the pay structure has been changed according to circumstance and managerial situation. Major characteristics of the changes of pay structures are as follows: first, performance-based pay structure such as annual base pay, job-based pay structures, pay structure by job classification are expanding while seniority -based pay structure & skill-based pay structure are gradually shrinking; second, specific items consisting of pay are simplified; third, the proportion of the standard pay(base pay, a fixed term pay) is increasing; fourth, The pay structure by the life stages is composed differently of several elements. fifth, allowances have a wide variety, and they are reduced or eliminated; finally the bonus are reduced or eliminated, and the variable bonus are widely used.

에너지혁명기 일본 석탄산업의 노동운동 -석탄정책전환투쟁을 중심으로-

정진성 ( Jin Sung Chung )
한일경상학회|한일경상논집  56권 0호, 2012 pp. 53-89 ( 총 37 pages)
7,700
초록보기
Tanro, the largest and most robust labor union in the Japanese coal-mining industry, fiercely resisted the radical rationalization of coal-mining companies during the Energy Revolution. Two separate labor struggles characterized this resistance. First, the Miike Dispute(1959-1960), the biggest labor dispute after WWII, set the stage for the Struggle for Coal Policies(Seisaku-tenkan-touso, 1960-1963). At the Miike Dispute, full-time employment was the most important issue, however, at the Struggle for Coal Policies, protection from the competition with substitute energy, i.e. petroleum, and support for unemployed miners and their communities were the central issues. In this way, the Struggle for Coal Policies was the first labor movement to acknowledge industry decline. However, the Struggle for Coal Policies failed to protect the industry. Although the struggle resulted in some support to unemployed miners and their communities, these changes unintendedly accelerated the retirement and outflow of miners to other industries, weakening the labor movement. The Struggle for Coal Policies focused on government negotiations and resulted in union stagnation, failing to maximize the energy of labor at the workshops.

혁신을 통한 한국 반도체 산업의 일본 추월 메커니즘 사례

장혁준 ( Hyul Joon Chang ) , 남기석 ( Gi Seok Nam )
한일경상학회|한일경상논집  56권 0호, 2012 pp. 93-110 ( 총 18 pages)
5,800
초록보기
In 1990s when Samsung`s semiconductor business began to rise, major changes have occurred such as high uncertainty of technology, sudden changes in market, and the increase in diversity. Those were entirely different from what have been since then. Samsung as a late-comer anticipated this new environmental change, taking into account the management resources of their own. In addition, he established appropriate strategy for its environment and began to move into the innovation process. More specifically, the strengthening of the process architecture team is conducted with the innovation of organization aimed at synchronizing marketing, development, and production. He, thus, made it possible to be equipped with the system of low-cost, accurate information, and high speed by reducing the mismatching risk of strategy and organization. This study sheds light on the importance of foresight for the internal and external change about the business environment and executing power of innovation, even in the hi-tech semiconductor industry which is prone to pursue only cutting-edge technology and the economy of scale. Moreover, it is worth to pay attention to the openness which is one of the thought-provoking fundamentals to support the innovation achieved by the innovators, the essential external resource.

중국(中國),일본(日本) 간 철강산업(鐵鋼産業)의 무역구조(貿易構造)에 관한 연구(硏究)

유준 ( Jun Liu ) , 한기조 ( Ki Jo Han )
한일경상학회|한일경상논집  56권 0호, 2012 pp. 111-127 ( 총 17 pages)
5,700
초록보기
This paper examines the steel industry`s intra-industry trade(IIT) of China by disentangling vertical from horizontal IIT in trade with Japan during the period of 2000-2008. The steel industry`s vertical intra-industry trade(VIIT) of China is larger than the horizontal intra-industry trade(HIIT) and the steel industry`s high quality vertical intra-industry trade(VIITH) of China is not larger than the low quality vertical intra-industry trade(VIITL) in trade with Japan, implying that the steel industry`s product quality of China still less competitive than Japan. But although the China steel industry still has comparative disadvantage to Japan, Chinese steel industry`s low quality VIIT of semi-products and bars & sections in trade with Japan has decreased slowly and its high quality VIIT has increased very slowly in the 2000`s. This implies that Chinese steel industry`s comparative advantage and quality have been increasing little by little.
12,000
초록보기
This study proposes a new hypothesis (multiplicity of production structure) on the structure and characteristics of the Joseon steel industry in wartime, with focus on the anthracite iron business that had been run since 1943 by Riwon Cheolsan Corporation, the largest steel company in Joseon during the interwar period. Actually, since 1943, Riwon Cheolsan had been a major unit of the small-blast-furnace iron-making project the imperial government pushed forward in the Joseon territory. The steel company executed the construction of a steel mill with five 20-ton blast furnaces with loan funds from international financial institutions, Industrial Facilities Corporation and Wartime Financial Bank. However, unlike initially planned, the construction and operation of the steel mill made slow progress due to technical problems in anthracite iron-making and wartime shortages of materials. Accordingly, it was inevitable to accumulate capital rapidly through loan finance. Such poor performance of the iron-making business was mostly attributed to the intrinsic characteristics of the anthracite iron-making process scientific experimental research. So to speak, the use of anthracite coal with low burst strength as fuel for steel mill operations hindered the reducing process in blast furnaces and thus the steel mill required design alterations and additional investment in facility extension. Nippon Steel Corporation`s Cheongjin steelworks during wartime featured the modern steel technology of large-blast-furnace iron-making based on economies of scale, whereas the anthracite iron-making process of Riwon Cheolsan just relied on incomplete technology lacking economic rationality. Consequently, Nippon Steel Corporation`s Cheongjin steelworks can be characterized as a peacetime economic model, while Riwon Cheolsan`s anthracite steel mill can be considered to represent a wartime economic model characterized by abnormality and imbalance in wartime.
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