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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

다문화와 평화검색

Multiculture & Peace

  • - 주제 : 사회과학분야 > 사회학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 연3회
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 2092-576X
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
수록 범위 : 3권 2호 (2009)

권두언: 수록 논문 안내


Multicultural Life in New Testament Times

안드레아스린데만 ( Andreas Lindemann )
In this paper, I ask for a picture of real Life of Christians in the multicultural world of the imperium Romanum during the first two centuries CE. Christians Lived in a mostly hostile society but interpreted their situation as a challenge for their Lives. I start with three short preliminary remarks, arguing first on New Testaments texts where the differences between "Christians" and non-Christians are marked sharply (e.g. the gospel of John or Romans 12:1-2), second on the characteristic religious pluralism in the Roman empire in the first and second centuries, third on the "absoluteness" claimed by Christians and Jews. In part two, I give a short survey on the self interpretation of the first community in Jerusalem and then of Pauline Christianity, taken primarily from the Pauline Letters and the Acts of Luke, at Last from the Letter to Diognetus. Christianity rapidly became a phenomenon of "globalization", because there is no "Christian nation" and no "Christian country" and no distinctive "Christian society". But Christian communities were distinguishable from others, recognized as a matter of its own. Who wants to persuade others, cannot keep them in distance but must approach them and at the same time has to be recognizable from outside. This in a conclusion is illustrated by 1 Corinthians ch. 14 where Paul shows that Christian preaching shall be understood by others.


쿠스모토토시오 ( Toshio Kusumoto )
The foundation of international cultural exchange in our county is sister city agreements, which are signed between Local municipalities and foreign cities. In 1956, Dwight D. Eisenhower, the US President, proposed "People to People Program" to promote international cultural exchanges between cities in the US and around the world. The basic philosophy behind the program was that the international cultural exchange among citizens concerned would promote mutual understanding; concomitantly it would promote world peace. One of the most important scheme in President Eisenhower`s program was to develop sister city agreements among foreign municipalities. Today, the same philosophy still stands. Different from diplomatic activities between governments, which are directly affected by national interests, sister city agreements are Less affected by foreign policies. To the contrary, sister city agreements often promote more grass-root cultural exchanges between cities and citizens. In Japan, before the end of world war Ⅱ, it was quiteunusual for a Local municipality to sign a sister city agreement with a foreign city. The first sister city agreement signed by a Japanese city was between Nagasaki and St. Paul. Minnesota, in 1955. Japan in 1955 was still a devastated and confused country after being defeated in the war. Strict government regulations on foreign currency Limited the ability to travel abroad for the average citizen; however, for the heads of municipalities and citizen this sister city agreement provided a rare opportunity to experience the outside world. The international cultural exchange between sister cities covers various aspects of societies, such as education, high culture, sports, health care, industry and administration. Through sister city agreements, a city can expect an increased number of opportunities for the international cultural exchange of citizens. The expectations for world peace were high when the cold war ended after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Unfortunately, such optimistic expectations have been proved to be only an illusion. Confrontations provoked by racial, religious or national interests, which Lead to confusion and dispute, are often observed today. In such chaotic situations, mutual understanding and cooperation between individual citizens, which differ from inter governmental diplomatic relationships, should have even more important significance. Through a sister city agreement, two cities and their citizens interact with each other to create close friendship and a sense of solidarity. Thus, sister city agreements may contribute to world peace through a grass-root cultural exchange of citizens. In 1974, Kobe and Riga, the capital of the Latvian Republic, signed a sister city agreement. While under control of the Soviet Union, its citizens were strictly prohibited from making free contact or having exchanges with foreigners. However the sister city agreement has provided citizens of Riga, who were not ordinarily allowed to travel to western countries, the opportunity to visit Kobe. After Latvia obtained independence from the Soviet Union in 1990, one Riga citizen Looked back and commented; "Before 1990, it was impossible to make a free contact with foreign countries for the people of Latvia. The sister city, Kobe, provided the only window, through which people of Latvia could glance at the western world". When the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake hit Kobe in 1995, many countries kindly forwarded necessary aids to the hard-hit city. The aids items from sister cities were the most needed in the city at that time. The reason sister cities could provide appropriate aid items was the strong ties between the cities. The strong ties established before the earthquake made communication easy so that information on what were the urgent necessities could be easily communicated. This paper studies the history and the present situation of international cultural exchange of sister cities, the present situation of the sister city agreement between Japan and Korea, and the significance and the tasks of sister city agreements.

현대 한국사회의 새로운 상담방향 모색: 다문화적 접근을 중심으로

김태호 ( Tai Ho Kim )
The modern Korean society has swiftly changed to a multi-ethnics/cultural society due to increasing numbers of incoming foreign Laborers, students, and international marriages. In addition to common survival efforts for adjustment with foreign social regulations made by foreign Laborers and students, international marriage women are facing various psychological and cultural conflicts with interpersonal and communicational difficulties and are in need of counseling. The counseling services of the multicultural family supporting centers have focused on the assimilation of international wives` to the Korean cultural values and Life-styles. The multi-cultural counseling approach as new counseling model, therefore, is desperately required to help develop their own national/cultural identity. The multi-cultural counseling approach emphasizes counselors` abilities to be aware of the clients` cultural values, Life-styles, gender roles which may be quite different from the counselors`. Multicultural counselors should not only respect the clients` different cultural values and Life-styles, but also use counseling traditional theories and skills accustomed to their clients. It is also suggested that counseling psychologists are provided with good Learning opportunities such as multicultural counseling seminars and case studies along with supervision of assignments to participate in multicultural counseling services at the center of multicultural family supporting so that counselors may improve their own multicultural counseling knowledge and skills. It is also suggested that counselor education curriculum be revised and enlarged to include contents of multicultural counseling competencies.

일본 문화 관광 산업의 성공사례: 한큐(阪急) 그룹과 다카라쓰카

이성재 ( Sung Jae Lee )
The City of Takarazuka near Osaka is the representative city of culture and tourism in the Kansai region of Japan. This city is crowded with people who come to see the theater, to do shopping and to enjoy the holidays with their family on weekends. Within 30 minutes` distance, Takarazuka attracts the family tourists and is very popular with its convenient facilities such as the hotels near the river. What was the reason Takarazuka become the representative cultural area of Japan? To understand this, we should pay attention to Kobayashi Ichizo who planned all the Leisure facilities and realized them. Kobayashi wanted to make the newly-appearing salary men of middle-class into the consumers of culture. In order to attain this goal, the essential business was to construct the rail roads and to develop Land for housing Lots on a Large scale. The important thing to him was not the art for the small group of privileged class, but the art for the whole people. He thought that the admission fee had not to be burdensome in order that the culture became familiar to people. In the case of the Large-scale performances such as Kabuki or Opera, the solution should be not to raise the admission fee but to multiply the spectators without raising the admission fee. In this background, he planned to build a Grand Theater to admit thousands of people. His Life offers a reference revealing how the current culture industry of Japan develops. He conducted the various businesses in order to give the mass of people the opportunity to enjoy their Life of Leisure and his businesses are deeply rooted in Japanese Society until these days. The first terminal-department in Japan Linking rail station and shopping, the feminine theater of Takarazuka for the dreams and fantasy for women, and the family Land for enjoying Leisure time in suburbs show well his vision.

한국 인권영화의 흐름과 경향: 2000년대 인권영화를 중심으로

류훈 ( Hoon Ryoo )
Korea has made much progress on human rights over the decades and the situations now in 2009 are far better than before. However, despite the improved awareness of human rights issues in society and the diminished political oppression of human rights, there are still people who suffer under human rights violations. Recently, Amnesty International made a statement that there still remains room for improvements on human rights in Korea, which reminds us that there are sill many instances of human rights violations happening in Korea now. Films always reflect the times and what is happening in contemporary society and culture. Films also absorb the Lives and sufferings of people Living in the times. As a result, many films are interested in describing human desires and depicting the conflicting situations between the individual desires and the social systems. In those films, people`s desires are often oppressed by the social prejudices and systems. By analyzing the stories of human rights films we can draw on the implications of the times that they intend to deliver. Human rights films (the term recently gained wise use in Korea) since the 1980s have always been a watch-dog of our times. Films in the military regime depicted people who were victimized by the political oppression. Human rights films in the Late 1990s sympathized those who Lived to fulfill their small desires. Human rights films have taken different forms and characteristics reflecting the political and social changes of the times and constantly appealed to the difficulties that individuals face to Live their everyday Lives. This paper presents how Korean human rights films have changed in its characteristics by closely examining the film arassa directed by hwangwon and some other Korean films on human rights. The present paper has its significance in investigating the major trends and characteristics of human rights films in Korea, which have not gained much academic interest in the field.

아시아 실험영화에 대한 사례분석 1

김계중 ( Gye Joong Kim )
This is almost initial research focused on the issues of experimental films in Asia. There must have been any research done regarding with other forms of art in its cultural or/and historical context, or maybe with very closely video art. However experimental film, the specific boundary of the meaning of it used here is tried to be Limited to the discourse of cinema. The history of cinema started in Asia in very early age as the Western but the experimental film history is radically different or maybe hardly active one`s ever existed. There are differences according to the context of each cultural area or historical division, especially Japan has developed well before other countries started to be doing so. However there must be a standard platform template which we have to develope for the academic research on The theoretical approach should be maybe Long before this became aware of and besides there is accumulated study which can be used analyse this issue. But I tried not to attempt it at once but rather cautiously started with case study. This was motivated by the official meeting held in the section `Asia Forum` during Experimental Film and Video Festival in Seoul.