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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

다문화와 평화검색

Multiculture & Peace


  • - 주제 : 사회과학분야 > 사회학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 연3회
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 2092-576X
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 4권 1호 (2010)

권두언: 수록 논문 안내

김호
4,500
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한국인의 다문화 인식 현황: 연령별 비교를 중심으로

서운석 ( Woon Seok Suh )
6,900
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Multiculturalism is the acceptance or promotion of multiple ethnic cultures, applied to the demographic make-up of a specific place, usually at the neighborhoods, cities or nations. The policy of multiculturalism is often contrasted with the concepts assimilationism and social integration. This study analyzes and evaluates Koreans` perception on multicultural society base on survey research data on their attitudes towards the Chinese, South East Asian, Japanese, Taiwanese, European and North American. For achieve this object, this study analyzes how would Korean feel about having members of the people from the foreign countries or regions as working associates, neighbors and close kins by marriage. Contrary to common sense, Koreans are likely to have on higher plane of perception on multicultural society. But survey data supports that Koreans have a little different perception on multicultural society by age groups. Generally, young persons cope with multicultural society in a positive attitude than old persons. But young persons` multicultural perception is still biased in that it is open to foreigners from Japan, Europe and North America but not to those from developing countries such as China and South East Asia. Lastly, this study shows that Koreans have a little different perception on globalization by age groups too. However, the causality is not clear in different perception on multicultural society by age groups from the foreign countries or regions. This will be another research topic.

몸짓언어 학습활동을 통한 다문화 교육: 초등학교 3학년 학생들을 대상으로

최권진 ( Gwon Jin Choi ) , 김선옥 ( Seon Ok Kim )
7,700
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An international communication competence such as commanding a foreign language plays an important role in conversing with foreigners or in understanding other cultures mutually. Non-verbal symbolic systems for communication like etiquettes, behaviors, manners, attitudes are important means for understanding the intentions of the interlocutors. As much as a language is of importance in communication, non-verbal communication devices are important because they help to interpret the message conveyed by a language. Body language is a form of non-verbal communication, consisting of body poses, gestures, and eye movements. This research examines the six functions of body language: repetition, substitution, supplementation, emphasis, control and contradiction. The paper then studies some characteristics of body language and maintains that it shows racial(national) traits, phases of the times, and age, profession, sex, religion and so forth. Multicultural education is an teaching strategy to realize the democratic values by solving social discrimination triggered by cultural differences and it is a series of teaching process to respect and understand cultural diversity. The multicultural education has developed through the historical phases of nativism, assimilation, meltingpot and multiculturalism. After looking into the theoretical backgrounds on multicultural education and body language, the paper designs a teaching plan for multicultural understanding by way of activities of exploring body languages. It then analyzes the results after implementing the plan in a third grade classroom of 33 students of a Seoul elementary school. The objective of the plan is to increase the students` interests in other countries and help them to have an active attitude toward multicultural behaviors. The classroom activities are focused body languages for expressing greetings, oaths and feelings. The class goes on with activities for prompting motivation and for understanding and mastering various body languages. It ends with a simple quiz and with writing thoughts on the classroom activities. The results show that the students have got to know that they can communicate with foreigners via body language and the cultures in the world are various and different. The classroom experiments reveal that further multicultural teaching on various multicultural subjects, for example, traditional music, traditional dance, etc., is required in order to promote multicultural understanding.
7,200
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본 연구는 이주자가 거주하지 않는 순수 노동자 계층 거주 환경과 다문화가 공존하는 이주자 거주 환경에서 청소년 하위문화의 양상과 그 표출 형식의 차이점을 확인하는 데 초점을 두고 있다. 비교연구의 목적을 달성하기 위해 연구에서는 고전적인 두 연구를 분석 자료로 삼았다. 하나는 1977년 영국의 사회인류학자인 Paul Willis의 연구인 『노동학습: 노동자 계층 출신 청소년은 어떻게 노동계급 직업을 선택하는가』와 다른 하나는 프랑스 사회학자들인 Dubet와 Lapeyronnie가 1992년 출간한 『도시 변두리 지역: 민주사회의 붕괴』이다. 이 두 연구는 연구의 시점이 약 15년 차이가 있으며, 서로 다른 환경을 연구 대상으로 삼고 있기에 연구 결과와 그해석에 있어서 상이한 결론에 도달하고 있다. 하지만 공통적으로두 연구는 청소년 하위문화를 연구하기 위해 참여관찰과 심층 인터뷰와 같은 질적 접근을 하고 있다. 따라서 문화연구에 절실히 요구되는 특정 문화집단 성원들의 삶과 체험을 그대로 연구 분석의 내용으로 삼고 있어서 해석의 설득력과 이해를 증진시키고 있다. 두 연구에서 내리고 있는 연구결과는 상이한 환경에 기반을 두고 있어서 맥락을 고려한 일반화 가능성을 제공해 주고 있다. 먼저 Willis의 고전적인 연구는 노동자 계층 출신의 청소년들이 학교에서 반(反) 문화를 형성하면서 저항하는 삶의 실천을 기록하고 있다. 연구 결과는 사뭇 비극적인데, 노동계층 출신 청소년들은 자본주의 사회의 주요 모순인 정신노동과 육체노동의 이분법을 정확히 꿰뚫고 있으면서 기존의 규율을 위반하는 저항문화를 실천하지만, 자본주의 사회의 또 다른 구조적 모순인 가부장적 질서에 편입하여 남성적인 육체노동을 선호하는 덫에 걸리고 만다. 이로써 노동 계층의 재생산은 자연스럽게 이루어진다. 말하자면 노동자로의 재생산은 노동계층 청소년들의 자발적인 선택의 결과라는 것이다. 이 연구는 고전적인 마르크스주의 주요 개념들인 노동, 분업, 계급 등을 그대로 활용하고 있는 것이 특징이며, 분석대상으로 삼고 있는 청소년 거주환경이 민족적 이질성이라는 변수가 개입하지 않은 1970년대 말, 이른바 `정상 노동문화 환경`(Scharfer)이라는 점에서 프랑스의 연구와 대조된다. Dubet와 Lapeyronnie의 연구는 1990년 초반 이미 북아프리카와 아랍에서 건너온 이주민들로 구성된 다민족적, 다문화적 복합-중층 환경을 대상으로 하고 있다. 이 연구에 따르면 청소년 하위문화는 전통적인 노동자 계층의식이 무너진 참담한 상황을 보여 준다. 연구자들이 명명한 `자포자기`(la galere)가 가장 적절한 표현으로 보인다. 일상적인 폭력과 가난 그리고 무너진 연대의식 등은 그들의 문화를 특징짓는 비관적인 결론이다. 이 연구는 다문화사회라는 최근의 사회현상이 전통적인 노동연대와 반드시 조화를 이루지는 않을 수도 있음을 보여 주는 중요한 연구 사례이다.
5,800
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Although it is true that refugees are migrants, there is a huge difference in that the migration has been forced. There are lots of refugees who have suffered extremely from torture, sexual violence, etc. Also, refugees cannot receive protection from their country of nationality, and they consistently live with the fear that someday they will be deported to their country where they will be persecuted. They are also physically and mentally weak because of the prolonged refugee procedures. Therefore the social integration for these people is different in task and direction from the general migrants who come to our country with intention. We should start our discussion by identifying the rights listed in the Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, and taking a look at which rights are not actually ensured in Korea. Afterwards, we will see whether the rights ensured to refugees should be broadly interpreted, and what further measures should be taken for the sufficient enjoyment of these rights, and furthermore, what other rights for the social integration should be ensured. In the end, refugees should be ensured with similar rights as nationals. It is important to approach the task and direction of social integration of refugees by securing their rights. This is especially true in situations where even the basic rights listed in the Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees are not ensured to refugees. Without securing refugees` rights, we cannot solve the problem of integration of refugees just by a beneficial approach. It is hard to imagine refugees integrating into the society with a self-sustained living while they are dependent people with beneficial needs. However, our government consistently focuses on the beneficial approach, without ensuring their rights. The foundation for social integration of refugees is our society`s welcome attitude. How can we arouse the public for a more welcome attitude? First of all, we have to inform the public that we have the moral and legal obligation of protecting refugees, because they are people who are not able to return to their country in fear of persecution. Also, we should inform them that protecting refugees helps bring peace to the world. For this, the media has a great and important role. But the last stage of integration is by personal relationships. Therefore, it is important to become good friends with refugees.

Multiculturalism in Postmodern Age

모리미치카토 ( Kato Morimichi )
6,200
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Multiculturalism has been a hotly debated subject since the 70` of the last century. It has been approached mainly from the point of view of political philosophy such as liberalism or Marxism. This led to a debate about “Political correctness” or “ultural wars” which often gave an impression of a sterile partisan issue. In this paper we try to take a different approach of hermeneutical multiculturalism based on the hermeneutic theory of experience offered by Gadamer. The paper consists of 7sections. In the first introductory section, we point out the problem concerning the debate on multiculturalism in the United States since the 70`s. This leads to a proposal to take the issue of multiculturalism from a wider historical context. In the second section, through a historical overview we locate the genesis of multiculturalism in the end of modernity. Even though the world has been multicultural since the primordial times, the multiculturalism as an affirmation of multicultural situation is something new. In the third section, we will discuss the ethics of multiculturalism. It lies in the acknowledgement of the human condition such as temporality, historicity and frailty which was often neglected by “trong”theories of modernity. In the fourth section, we deal with the contemporary threats to multiculturalism such as the “lash of civilizations”after the 9.11 Multiculturalism in Postmodern Age 147 and the standardization of education. In the fifth section, we point out the problems of globalization which lies behind the standardization, and the challenge it poses to multiculturalism. In the sixth section, we show the main feature of hermeneutical multiculturalism through the hermeneutical concepts of horizon and experience. In the finally section, we point out the role that humanities could play for multicultural education.

이문화 이해의 윤리를 향해

이나가시게미 ( Inagasigemi ) , 이미림역 ( Mi Lim Ryee )
6,900
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