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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

법학논집검색

Ewha Law Journal


  • - 주제 : 사회과학분야 > 법학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1226-2005
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 6권 1호 (2001)

량심(良心)의 자유(自由) 소고(小考)

김문현 ( Moon Hyun Kim )
5,600
초록보기
1.Der Rechtsbegriff des Gewissens im Art. 19 des Koreanischen Verfassungsrechtsenthalt das Bewubtsein vom sittlich Guten oder Bosen und Weltanschauung. Die Motivationen des Gewissensentscheidung konnen im religiosen oder nichtreligiosen, wissenschaftlichen, weltanschauulichen Bereich liegen. 2. Gewissensfreiheit ist gewahrleistet als ein hochstpersonliches Individualrecht. Imubligen sind Trager des Grundrechts der Gewissensfreiheit die naturlichen Personen. Aber Gewissensfreiheit ist nicht nur Einzelpersonen, sondem auch Personenverneinigungen zuzuerkennen. Vor allem schliebt der rechtsbegriff des Gewissens im koreanischen Verfassungsrecht Weltanschauung ein, so kann Personenverneinigungen, insbesondere juristischen Personen Trager des Gewissensfreiheits sein. 3. Der Inhalt der Gewissensfreiheit ist nicht auf die Freiheit des ``forum internum`` beschankt und die Freiheit der Gewissensverwirklichung davon ausgeschlossen. Die Gewissensfreiheit enthalt, dab Bildung von Gewissensuberzeugungen sich frei vollziehenkann, dab niemand von der offentlichen Gewalt zu einem Verhalten rechtlich gezwungen werden darf, das dem Gebot des eigenen Gewissens widerspricht, und dab mann verhalten sich seinem Gewissen entsprechend kann. 4. Gewissensfreiheit ist nicht Unbegrenzte Freiheit. Gewissensverwirklichungsfreiheit kann gewib nicht anachische Freiheit bedeuten. Gewissensverwirklichungsfreiheit wird durch Art. 37 Ab. 2 Verfassungsrecht eingeschrankt. Aber Gewissensfreiheit ist typische Minerheitsrechte und enthalt Toleranz fur Minoritat. Demokratische Mehrheitsentscheidung wird durch freiheitsrechtlichen Minortatenschutz gezugelt. Gewissenstatschaft und ziviler Ungehorsam sein strafbar. Aber im einigen Situationen mubes nach Ubermabvervot getoleriert werden.

낙태에 관한 헌법해석론 -미국의 논의를 중심으로-

석인선 ( In Sun Seok )
5,700
초록보기
This article will explore the legal bases in which the constitutional question of abortion rights must be decided. Whether abortion is thought to involve sexual morality or reproductive responsibility and whether it is analyzed as a question of a woman`s right to privacy, of sex equality, or of state protection of potential life, issues of gender inequality and of the devaluation of woman pervade the entire field in ways that have not been adequately examined. Most works on constitutional theory offer interpretative strategies designed to elucidate the meaning of various constitutional provisions. Abortion policy implicates women`s privacy and equality. Typical analyses of Roe v. Wade conclude that, properly interpreted, the Fourteenth Amendment does or does not protect Abortion rights. Some Scholars focus on the equal protection clause in analyzing restrictions on abortion and emphasizing that the restrictions on abortion are one kind of state action forbidden by the equal protection rather than privacy doctrine. Chapter Ⅱ exarnines the traditional analysis that a degree of freedom to choose abortion is a right protected by the privacy guarantees implicit in the due process clause of the fourteenth amendment. this analysis is both appealing to and problematic for those concerned with improving the role and status of women. Chapter Ⅲ considers the main alternative analysis, which would ground women`s rights regarding abortion in the equal protection clause of the fourteenth amendment. A sex equality analysis raises the issue whether equal protection necessarily requires comparing women to men or whether sex equality should mandate an end to the subordination of women to men. ChapterⅣ examines several debates about whether abortion rights may imply the confluence of privacy and equality concerns by arguing for gender equality under the banner of privacy doctrine and equality arguments with the goal of increasing women`s privacy-related liberty. This article analyzes that for several decades abortion policy has been a focus of legal debates over regulating human reproduction. The right to privacy dominates discussions of constitutional abortion law, but connections between abortion rights and ideals of gender equality have not gone unnoticed. Despite the problems with and the debate surrounding privacy doctrine on general, it would be problematic to exclude from the right to privacy a women`s interest in choosing to have an abortion. Finally, I seek to suggest a possibility of that abortion rights may imply the confluence of privacy and equality concerns by arguing for openness to privacy under the banner of the equal protection.
5,700
초록보기
This article aims to seek for the solution of the problems like minor woman`s contraception, abortion, prostitution by examining the women`s right to privacy first, and then the major cases and theories of the U.S. Women`s right to privacy of which constitutional status is different from that of men in terms of physical characteristics, social roles, experience, etc. and to protect such right by developing the legal theory for the protection of right to privacy. In the U.S., the right to privacy has been acknowledged by the tort theory under the Common Law tradition. It was, in its initial stage of development, considered as Privacy interest on an individual basis and has included rights of contraception, abortion, refusal to medical treatment, etc. after the Supreme Court acknowledged the right of contraception at the decision of Griswold in 1965. The right to privacy has been developed as a constitutional right to include the right to decision and the right to personal secrecy even though the constitutional status has been changed and raised some criticism. This article contains the review on whether the restrictions on minor women`s rights are legitimate, with regard to the limit of the women`s right to privacy. First, the contraception problems. Carey v. Population Services International case has made to acknowledge the right of the minor`s contraception as the right to privacy as like adult women. Second, the abortion problems. The minor women`s right of abortion have been accepted as legal right as like adult women`s by Planned Parenthood v. Danforth case, 1976. Yet recently, Lots of states statutes describe the right with regard to parental notification and consent and judicial bypass procedures. The content of these statutes, however, violate the privacy of the minor women neglecting the interest of them and the special character of abortion decision. Third, the prostitution problems. The privacy to decide to prostitute has never been accepted and is is not worth to the constitutional protection. So, the minor women`s privacy right to prostitute would be denied. In Conclusion, the minor women have the privacy right to contracept, and to abort and have not the privacy right to prostitute, as the major women. To acknowledge the privacy right of women, it is important to regard the scope of "women" containing the role of motherhood, social meaning of the acts like prostitution, abortion and contraception, and the physical characteristics more than the division of majors and minors.

정보수용자로서의 어린이의 권리보장과 권리보호

박선영 ( Sun Young Park )
5,700
초록보기
Tremendous development of science and technology has made possible for us to access mass media and mass channels in everyday life. In consistence with this new trend, some scholars raise their voice for reorganization of related legal systems in a society. However, it is true that no one makes any voice of making legal and systematical instruments for children and the youth in a rapidly changing society. Look back on the last century, various media, especially violence, excessive commercialism, and the yellow journalism through the broadcast media, implanted their distorted sense of values, and mislead them to anti-social actions. Consequently, it is not very hard to say that there have not been so many tries to protect children and the youth from the various media. Now, children and the youth confront with the new various developed media, such as satellite telecommunications, digital broadcasts, and electronic publications. Moreover, it is anticipated with easy that "no border broadcast media" may threaten the social permanency and the identity of children and the youth. Since 1990`, in some developed countries, children has been recognized as independent information consumers. Those countries have provided a series of works for making wholesome and beneficial media for children in social and cultural aspects. The United Nations("UN") adopted the "UN Convention on the Rights of the Child" in 1989. The United States("US") enacted the "Children`s Television Act of 1990" in 1990. From the late 1990, many countries in EU, including France, Germany, England, Spain, and the Netherlands, enacted media acts or broadcast acts, and amended some related acts to obligatorily insert "Regulations for Children and the Youth." This Article tries to find a solution for creating limited rights of access which furnish the legal and systematical instruments for children as information consumers under the new circumstance with the advent of various media.

공동주댁(共同住宅)의 관리규약(管理規約)에 관한 법적 고찰

최금숙 ( Keum Sook Choe )
6,100
초록보기
Recently, several legal problems has been rising in the management of the common apartments. For example, some managers of the apartments are appointed by the apartment construction companies and they work for the companies, not for residents. The residents want to manage their apartments themselves, but they don`t know much about information of that. And they don`t have much experience about the management, so they have some damages. There is a decision of Korean Supreme Court about the apartment management, and that decision held that the debt of the manager who was appointed by the construction company was not the debt of residents of the apartment. I think that this decision is right because the residents didn`t have any opportunity about controlling that debt. This thesis is the study on the several legal problems of the apartment management. And this study is about the provisions of Korean Civil Law and other several laws about the apartment management rules. The contents of these provisions are not sufficient for protecting residents of common apartments and some are apt to be misused by the construction about that. The apartment management rules are made by the decision of the residents, but the procedures of making those are also able to be misused by the construction companies or management companies. So the procedures of protecting residents are needed. And also the residents of common apartments are needed to act actively for their apartments management.

가정폭력(家庭暴力)의 실태(實態)와 법적 고찰

권정희 ( Jung Hee Kwon )
5,300
초록보기
Recently, there is a growing social awareness about family violence in our society. ``Special Act for the Punishment of Family Violence`` and ``Act for the Prevention of Family Violence and the Protection of Victims``, were enacted in Nov. 1997 and enforced in July, 1998. ``Special Act for the Punishment of Family Violence`` was amended in Dec. 1998 by the efforts of women`s organization. The enactment of the special Acts for prevention of family violence provoked the social concern to the problem of family violence, which was regarded as the personal matter within the family so far, to be a social matter. Movement was made positively for social responsibility and role for violence extermination within the family. For a long time, the women and children were not treated as individual human beings, but recognized as possessions of husband or father under patriarchism of protecting and supporting them. Family violence to wife and child by a husband might always happen under this patriarchism. Systematized of division of the public law and the private law since the modern age, the nation would not step into the family affairs because the family was regarded by privacy matter. Family violence was consciously neglected and any social blame and punishment were not made for it. It was treated as a quarrel or matter of man and wife. With the recognition that the personal is the politic, there has been a growing reflection not to neglect the basic human right and the dignity of human in the family relations between husband and wife, parents and child. So it must secure the dignity of human and the right of pursuit happiness personally. Especially, the problem of family violence is not a protective object of privacy at all. The enactment of these laws means that the family violence is accepted as the social problem rather than the privacy one. So, one can report the crime of family violence, not as another`s matter any more but as a social creme suppressed by the public power. It brings the recognition change of the people to the family violence. This recognition change makes a possibility of an early discovery of the family violence and gets the victims help from the relevant organization by revealing it. It has an effect of prevention against the family violence by punishing assaulters and giving a disadvantage to them. Also, early intervention of police can prevent the case of family violence to be deepened, diffused and developed to a serious criminal case and to make an assaulter, The thevictims of the family violence take part in the correction, edification programs such as consultation, remedy order and have social support.

인터넷에 있어서의 저작권의 보호

강봉석 ( Bong Seok Kang )
5,000
초록보기
Das Internet hat sich in den letzten Jahren fast explosionsartig entwickelt. Das Internet bietet dabei vor allem in den Bereichen Information saustausch, Marketing, Dienstleistung oder Telearbeit okonomisch grobe Chancen, Infolge der raschen Entwicklung des Internets sind digitalizierte Werke ohne zeitliche-ortliche Grenzen durch kommunikationsnetze weltweit durchsucht und ubermittelt worden. Dabei haben viele Rechtsfagen insbesondere im urheberrechtlichen Bereich sich entstanden: z.B. urheberrehctlicher Schutz beim Link, bei Vervielfaltigung der geschutzten Werke, bei Kopierung der HTML-source und Haftung der Provider fur Urheberrechtsverletzung usw. Diese rechtlichen Probleme werden im Beitrag naher untersucht. Um auf diese rechtlichen Fragen zu antworten, ist es erforderlich, gegenuberstehende Interessen zu harmonieren: d.h. die Interesse der Urheber und die der Benutzer. Beim Interesse der Benutzer handelt es sich insbesondere um fair Use Doctrine, die sich im amerikanischen Rechtsprechung entwickelt hat.

共謀共同正犯

이재상 ( Jae Sang Lee )
5,000
초록보기
Es ist eine allgemeine Tendenz in der rechtsvergleichenden Hinsicht, die Grenze der Mittaterschaft zu erweitern. Denn angesichts siner leitenden Rolle und uberragenden Funktion der Tatbeitrags ist es sachgerecht und kriminapolitisch sinnvoll, nicht nur den Bandenchef, der die Plannung und Organisation der Tatbegehung ubernimmt, sondern Komplizen, der zwar bei der Tatausfuhrung nicht beteiligt, aber eine wesentliche Funktionen bie der Tatverwirklichung ansubt, als Tater zu bestrafen. Diese Tendenz ist in Deutschland durch die Anerkennung der Mittaterschaft, die nur im Vorbereitung- sstadium rnitwirkte, und mittelbaren Taterschaft durch die Organisationsherrschaft erreicht. In Japan und Korea nimmt die Rechtsprechung seit lange die Mittaterschaft durch Verabredung an, so wird auf die objektive Komponente der Mittaterschaft praktisch verzichtet. Wahrend die herrschende Meinung in Japan diese Form der Mittaterschaft seit der hohstgerichtlichen Entscheidung von 16. Juli. 1982 anerkennt, ist sie in Korea von der h. M. abgelehnt. Da die Wesensmerkmale der Mittaterschaft in der funktionallen Tatherrschaft oder Mitherrschaft liegt, ist sie aber als Mittaterschaft anzuerkennen, wenn die Verabredung die schwere, wesentliche Funktion zur Plannverwirklichung aufweist, obwohl die blobe Beteiligung an der Verabredung nicht dazu ausreicht.

처의 성적 자기결정권 보호 -부부강간죄의 성립여부에 관한 고찰-

장영민 ( Young Min Chang ) , 손지선 ( Jee Seon Son )
5,300
초록보기
The problem of marital rape is one of the central issues of protection of women`s right by the criminal law. There are no explicit provisions in the korean criminal law against marital rape. On this reason, it is needed to deploy the means of protecting married woman`s sexual autonomy. The purpose of establishing the regulation against marital rape is protection of woman`s sexual automy and sexual autonomy should be conceived of as one of the basic human rights and the rights of pursuing happiness. It took a long time for us to recognize wife`s right of sexual automony and to reach a consensus to accuse the husband of rape when wife`s right is infringed by him. The reason why it took so long a time is as follows. The first is the patriarchally distorted way of thinking about marriage and sexuality. Second is that common consciousness of law has been effected in conceiving vilolent sexual intercourse in conjugal relation as cirme because, it was thought, marriage premises the sexual relations. The concept of ``charateristics of conjugal relations``, that is suggested as the basis for not recognizing marital rape as a crime, is so changeable and unclear according to the time and culture. Today sexuality means not keeping one`s sexuality passively from any intrusion, but freely dertermining it positively. Because it is the same as to a married woman, husband doesn`t have a right to demand a violent sexual intercourse with his wife. The criminal law and the related laws regulating sexual and domestic violence provide a procedure of dealing the criminals in the Family Court, not in the Criminal Court. By that procedure it is possible to take special measure towards crimianals on the consideration of the special characteristics of crimes occurred in domestic relationships.

새로운 돈세탁 유형과 태처방안 -전자화폐를 이용한 돈세탁을 중심으로-

원혜욱 ( Hye Wook Won )
5,700
초록보기
Der International Monetary Fund schatzt, dass die jahrlichen Gewinne des weltweiten organisierten Verbrechen uber 500 Mrd. US $ betragen. Da diese Gelder aufgrund ihrer illegalen Herkunft "gewaschen" werden mussen, besteht eine der wirksamsten Waffen im Kampf gegen kriminelle Organisationen interessanterweise nicht im direkten behordlichen Eingreifen wahrend des deliktischen Geschehens, sondern in der Bekampfung der Geldwascherei. Viele Experten befurchten nun, dass neuartige Internetzahlungsmittel die diesbezugliche Arbeit der strafverfolgungsbehorden stark erschweren konnten. Dieser Beitrag mochte dieses problem anhand von warenden Beispielen diskutieren und bislang vernachlassigte Gefahrenpotentiale aufzeigen. Unter "Cybermoney" versteht man Geldzeichen, mit denen Zahlungen uber Computernetzwerke wie das Internet vorgenommen werden konnen. Im folgenden wird von einem eigentlichen "Netzgeld" ausgegangen, bei dem es sich vorausbezahlte elektronische Zahlungseinheiten handelt, die von einer Bank oder Nichtbank emittiert und als Zahlungsmittel anstelle von Bargeld verwendet werden konnten. Das Netzgeld wird dabei vom Benutzer auf PC-Festplatte gespeichert und zur Abwicklung von Zahlungen Durch Dialog zwischen den beteiligten Rechnern verwendet, wobei kryptographische Verfahren vor Falschungen Schutz bieten sollen. Die Zahlungen mit dieser Art von Cybermoney werden wie bei Bargeld anonym durchgefuhrt. Unter geldwascherei versteht man Handlungen, die dazu geeignet sind, die Ermittlung der Herkunft, die Auffindung oder die Einziehung von Vermogenswerten zu vereiteln, die aus Verbrechen stammen. In diesem Zusammenhang konnte Cybermoney eine Rolle spielen, zu geldwaschen. Obwohl viele derzeit praktizierten Strategien zur Bekampfung der Geldwasche von Handlungsablaufen und Modellen geleitet sind, werden neue Mabnahmen im Kampf gegen die Geldwasche mit Cybermoney erforderlich. Es stellt sich deshalb in diesem Aufsatz die Frage nach neuen Mabnahmen im Kampf gegen Geldwasche im zeitalter von Cybermoney.
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