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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

환경정책검색

N/A


  • - 주제 : 사회과학분야 > 기타(사회과학)
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1598-835x
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 25권 0호 (2017)

Ecological Modernization as Global Industrial Revolution

( Martin Janicke )
6,700
초록보기
This article uses the concept of “Industrial Revolution” to underline the extraordinary speed and the global scale of ecological modernization (EM). The focus is on clean energy technologies, the core of this dynamic change. In several countries there is not only an unexpected speed of clean energy diffusion but also a policy feedback, indicated by more ambitious targets. The highest degree of change so far has been achieved by the power sector of the European Union. Beyond environment and climate related concerns there are two main explaining factors: first, the polycentric system of multi-level global governance as a “multi-impulse system” supporting a broad innovation and lesson-drawing; second, the lesson to be learned is about the co-benefits of EM which can be attractive for relevant actors. There are however clear limits of the current state of EM regarding its environmental effectiveness and its distributional equity. Ecological modernization needs to be completed by structural change away from resource-intensive and environmentally disruptive branches, infrastructures and life styles. This remains a big challenge.

Re-Thinking the Future

( Geoff O’brien )
6,200
초록보기
The first Industrial Revolution marked a step change in resource use. Since then there have been significant technological changes accompanied by an ever-growing resource use and waste and pollution production. The fourth Industrial Revolution builds on the third Industrial Revolution that was known as the Digital Revolution. The fourth revolution will see more and more people and technologies connected along with advances in techniques, such as robotics. Some believe that this will allow us to improve the way we manage our activities and reduce the environmental impacts. However, evidence shows that environmental impacts are increasing and will continue to do so. In order to reduce impacts a stricter environmental policy is needed. This article will posit that a more fundamental reform is needed. It will show that the problem lies with economic policy. The article will look at how resources for the production of communications media are gathered, the manufacturing process, the resources need to operate them and the disposal practices. It will show that economic policy is causing growth of the media sector and this will require more resources. If there is a serious desire to reduce the environmental impacts of the sector then fundamental economic change is needed.

The 4th Industrial Revolution, Smart Cities, and Sustainable Urban Regeneration: A Perspective Study

( Choongik Choi ) , ( Chun-il Kim )
6,600
초록보기
The 4th Industrial Revolution is a new wave of digital innovation. Driverless cars, smart robotics, internet of things (IoT), and other technological changes are happening in our daily life. The notion of smart cities is closely related to the new industrial revolution. We might think of the emergence of smart cities as the realization of the 4th industrial revolution in the spatial context. Many cities around the world are preparing to be smart cities via urban regeneration. In recognizing these changes, this paper tries to understand what the new industrial revolution brings to us, how the new digital revolution acts in our cities, and how urban regeneration can utilize the advent of the new wave of the groundbreaking innovation. This study illustrates why smart technologies are necessary in the urban regeneration process, and what the opportunities and threats in the decentralized and self-generating framework in the new era. We observe that the top-down decision-making procedure might be inefficient. Equally, the fully decentralized and fragmented system will increase the level of risk in the urban regeneration projects. The key element of success is the capacity of the central and local government to build the communication infrastructure and to facilitate the interplay among the participation in the projects.
초록보기
The Fourth Industrial Revolution is expected to greatly influence green space, leisure, land use, transportation use and service, and related residential choice. In the face of the Fourth Industrial Revolution that calls on the construction of a new environmental policy and management system and the prediction of changes in the urban environment and human behavior, the purpose of this study is to examine how to improve research validity for a better construction/prediction and to provide considerations for an appropriate use of big data. Using the case of Google Flu Trends, this study argues that the first limitation of big data is that they draw only correlation, not causality, which increases the chance of the misestimation. As the second limitation of big data, their lack of scientific sampling is discussed, using the cases of a Twitter survey about Hurricane Sandy and Boston’s StreetBump (pothole response) program. Then, this study examines which conditions are required to improve research validity, through an analysis of previous studies on the built environment-travel behavior relationship. As for studies on the relationship, the hottest topic in the current literature is residential self-selection: Individual features work as a confounder that makes the relationship spurious. The spurious relationship accordingly causes the built environment effect to be misestimated. In this sense, considering the four conditions for constructing internal validity or causality -- causal mechanism, covariation, nonspuriousness, and time precedence -- this study critically evaluates the methods of previous studies, including regression-based approaches such as OLS and 2SLS regression, longitudinal design including panel analysis, quasi-longitudinal analysis and recursive and nonrecursive structural equation modeling, and consonant-dissonant matching. Also investigated are two recent models that actively measure the level of residential self-selection, propensity score matching and sample selection model. As a result, previous studies turn out to have delivered mixed results regardless of methodology. Specifically, they are not in agreement regarding the magnitude of the confounding effect of residential self-selection. This study ends by highlighting the fact that as a validity threat, selection bias lowers not only internal validity, but also external validity through its interaction with an explanatory variable, suggesting further research on the generalizability of analytical results.

Are Smart Cities Sustainable? Toward the Integration of the Sustainable and Smart City

( Taedong Lee )
한국환경정책평가연구원|환경정책  25권 0호, 2017 pp. 129-151 ( 총 23 pages)
5,800
초록보기
Are smart cities sustainable? This study aims to seek how the concepts and applications of the smart city and the sustainable city can be integrated. Smart city policy practices tend to principally focus technological or economic aspects. However, superficial application of cutting-edge information communication technologies or the internet of things may not transform the city into a place for better quality of life and co-existence with the ecosystem. The sustainable smart city framework that combines sustainability (economic, environmental, and social) pillars with good governance can provide commonly shared visions and practices for urban development. However, an empirical assessment of the Korean Smart City Act suggests that current policies focus more on economic and technological benefits from implementation of smart cities. Environmental and social research and practice require mainstreaming of seemingly neglected components of sustainability for current and future urban policy formation.
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