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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

특수교육재활과학연구검색

Journal of Special Education & Rehabilitation Science


  • - 주제 : 사회과학분야 > 교육
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1738-7205
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 40권 2호 (2001)

장애인 삶의 질(QOL)의 연구동향

박재국 ( Park Jae-kook ) , 이미숙 ( Lee Mi-sook )
6,000
초록보기
The quality of life has become a major interest in modem society. The study on the quality of life is dealt with in many study areas, but there are few studies dealing with showing the complex and comprehensive concept of the quality of life. Especially, there is a great lack of researches about the quality of life for the people with disabilities. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to scrutinize the concept of quality of life and to examine how the study on the quality of life for the people with disabilities has been conducted. Furthermore, this research intends to suggest the study direction of the quality of life for the people with disabilities. In order to clearly understand the concept of quality of life, several definitions about the quality of life were studied. As a result, The perspective of the quality of life was divided into objective, subjective, and both objective and subjective views. Also the study on the quality of life was .dealt with in various study areas. Based on such studies, the content of the researches are divided into 4 groups : Components of the quality of life for the people with disabilities, evaluation of the quality of life for the people with disabilities, relationship between influencing factors and the quality of life for the people with disabilities, application of programs to enhance the quality of life for the people with disabilities. As a result of these studies, the study direction is as following. There should be developed Korean Quality of Life Scale for the people with disabilities which could concurrently measure the objective side and subjective side of the quality of life. Also, there should be developed programs and policies whi.ch could improve there various conditions that influence the quality of life.

日本における障害者QOLの現狀と課題 -障害者のQOLと硏究の動向を中心に-

藤田和弘 ( Kazuhiro Fujita ) , 조홍중 ( Cho Hong Joong )
4,800
초록보기
재활 분야에 있어서 삶의 질의 개념이 도입된 것은 1979년 미국에서 개최된 제56회 미국재활 의학회에서 최초로 제기되었으며 그 후 1980년 제14회 미국재활 국제대회, 1982년 제4회 국제재활 의학회 등에서 삶의 질에 대한 문제가 본격적으로 제기되였다. 삶의 질에 대한 개념은 보통 다음의 3가지 견해로 요약할 수 있다. 첫째 견해는 삶의 질은 객관적인 평가에 의해서 규정된다고 하는 견해이다. 둘째 견해는 삶의 질은 주관적인 평가에 의해서 규정된다고 하는 견해이다. 셋째 견해는 전술한 양자의 입장을 통합시키는 입장, 즉 개인의 주관적 평가와 함께 생활환경에 대한 객관적인 평가를 하는 것이 삶의 질이라고 보는 입장이다. 삶의 질의 구성요소는 첫째 객관적 삶의 질과 주관적 삶의 질로 구분되며, 객관적 삶의 질은 다시 생물레벨의 삶의 질, 개인레벨의 삶의 질, 사회레벨의 삶의 질로 구분되고, 주관적 삶의 질은 실존레벨의 삶의 질로 구성된다. 삶의 질 척도의 분류는 첫째, 평가자 관점에서 본 분류, 둘째, 피평가자 관점에서 본 분류, 셋째, 평가 목적의 관점에서 본 분류, 넷째, 삶의 질의 구성요소의 관점에서 본 분류, 다섯째, 표준화된 척도인가 그렇지 않는가에 따른 분류로 구분된다. 삶의 질 척도개발의 당면과제는 첫째, 심리 · 교육 · 복지분야의 척도개발이 필요하다. 둘째, 임상현장과 재활서비스 프로그램에 적용 가능한 척도의 개발이 필요하다.

외국의 특수교육 재정제도

정봉도 ( Chong Bong Do )
6,200
초록보기
This study was conducted to analyze the special education finance systems of four countries: the United States, Denmark, Australia, and Canada. Each country has an educational finance system adequate for its specific situation, but the special educational finance systems are somewhat different among the countries. However, you can find the following in common: (1) Increasingly, there are no school fees and traffic expenses for the special education. To ensure substantial educational opportunities for students with disabilities, the State tends to provide all the disabled students with free education. (2) To make the special educational finance system more complete and stable, the State tends to control the grant system for special educational finances. (3) With allowing a local autonomous entity to control the special educational finances autonomously and flexibly, the central government makes a financial support to offer special educational programs and associated services on the minimum level and reinforces financial obligations. (4) The natural, social, and economic causes should be considered in distributing the special educational finances to reduce the regional differences. A graded distribution is better than standardized one.

대학원 수준의 특수교사 양성 교육과정의 편성 및 운영에 대한 실태 분석

최성규 ( Choi Sung Kyu ) , 김병하 ( Kim Byung Ha )
5,500
초록보기
The philosophy of inclusion in the field of special education may emphasize the needs to educate the teachers who are working for ordinary schools without special school teacher`s license. Therefore twenty graduate schools and three special education graduate schools open educational opportunities to get special teacher`s license in now. The purpose of this study was to analyze the situations on organization and management of curriculums for special teacher`s education for ordinary teachers at graduate level. 280 graduate students were participated for this study. A questionnaire which was consisted with thirty questions, fifteen questions were about organization of curriculums and the other fifteen questions were for management of curriculums was developed for this study. The results of this study were that (a) in curriculum organization, most graduate students responded negative attitudes rather than positive attitudes; and (b) in curriculum management, most graduate students also expressed negative attitudes. Therefore this study suggested that organization and management of curriculums for special teacher`s education program for the ordinary teachers at graduate level is considered what is the problems and how to develop the curriculum for the needs of the students.

전문 행동치료사 양성을 위한 기초연구

정옥남 ( Chung Ok Nam ) , 김정일 ( Kim Jeongil ) , 이원령 ( Lee Won Ryeong ) , 이상복 ( Lee Sang Bok )
5,400
초록보기
A behavior therapist is a certified and trained professional who is required to have highly technical knowledge in devising/implementing a behavioral program for each individual. The purpose of this study was to offer practical information attesting the importance of behavior therapists in our society and immediate needs of professional training programs for them. It also was to elucidate the functional aspects of behavior therapist, which facilitates more practical scheme of systematic behavior therapist training programs. The data of this study manifested pressing needs of behavior therapies for individuals with disabilities whose population reaches 3.09% out of the entire population in Korea. About 7,700 behavior therapies are needed for 78,625 individuals with disabilities staying in residential rehabilitation institutes. Also, about 1,200 behavior therapies are urgently needed for 24,380 children with disabilities in 134 special education schools. To meet the immediate needs for individuals with disabilities, we need about 9,000 behavior therapists at present. Additionally, 18,468 schools, through kindergartens to high schools, in Korea demands about 36,936 behavior therapists, 2 behavior therapists per each school. Accordingly, we need around 45,936 behavior therapists at a rough estimate in 2001. The study analyzed the function, immediate needs, and importance of behavior therapists and suggests that it is pressing to establish an authorized credential system for behavior therapists.

노인성 질환자의 삶의 질 제고를 위한 의사소통 문제 연구

강수균 ( Kang Soo Kyoon ) , 김동연 ( Kim Dong Yeun ) , 석동일 ( Seok Dong Ll ) , 조홍중 ( Cho Hong Joong ) , 최경희 ( Choi Kyung Hee )
6,100
초록보기
Owing to the rapid aging population, there is an increase in disorders among the elderly. Among them, there are a large number of communication disorders, accompanying with such disorders as senile dementia, apoplex, and laryngectomee. These diseases are not going to end up completing the recovery with medical treatment in the first place, but it is necessary to have linguistic rehabilitation so that the patients can deal with communication difficulties, which is an essential right to live. According to this research, the more aged they are, the less performative the communication skills of the elderly patients are. Especially, among disorders in the elderly, it was found that the elderly with apoplex lack practical communication skills, as in moving and greeting, and that the elderly with senile dementia showed comparatively better results in their practical communication skills than with apoplex. From the results of this research, it is shown that linguistic skill rehabilitation to improve communication in elderly patients is an essential factor to improving their quality of life. Accordingly, in order to improve the living quality for the elderly, who have diseases and disorders, a wide range of development in linguistic skill rehabilitation programs is required, and it is found that accurate and various programs to that effect are necessary to be developed in order to apply the developed programs to pertinent cases regarding types and status of disorders in the elderly.

언어ㆍ행동문제 분석에 따른 발달장애아 가정지원 인터넷 서비스 개발

신윤희 ( Shin Yoon-hee ) , 유은정 ( Yoo Eun-jung ) , 이상복 ( Lee Sang-bok ) , 이효신 ( Lee Hyo-shin ) , 전헌선 ( Jeon Hun-sun )
6,700
초록보기
The purpose of this study was to develop internet service program to support scientific and optimal educational program through on-line behavioral analysis with IEP linkage to families of children with developmental disabilities. The study illustrated the complete process of developing the service program software, its activities, the main outcomes, and guidelines for systematic and effective application. The results of the study showed as follows. Fist, the internet service program developed in the study provides a definite on-line system to assemble all the available data on each individual. It helps all the concerned user refer to the data for facilitating maximized multidisciplinary collaboration and efficient information management as well. Second, it offers clarity and flexibility in revising information on the individuals and managing related information. Third, it provides on-line complete behavior analysis through technological process which is the basis of individualized educational program.

교원섬유의 특성과 다양한 인자에 대한 반응

박래준 ( Park Rae-joon ) , 서태수 ( Seo Tae-soo ) , 전경희 ( Jun Kyong-hee )
4,800
초록보기
This article provided information for characteristics of collagen for a reader. Collagen appeared general characteristics as elasticity, viscosity and plasticity. Collagen also appeared special characteristic when collagen was applied thermal agent, stress and therapeutic agents. Remodeling in open wound is a biologic process. Balance of formation and disorganization in new formation tissue showed the rate of remodeling. It developed adhesion, hypertrophic scar and keloid scar.

뇌졸중 및 치매노인의 실용의사소통능력에 관한 연구

강수균 ( Kang Soo Kyoon ) , 조홍중 ( Cho Hong Joong )
6,300
초록보기
The aged with apoplexy and dementia cannot spend daily living independently because of physical aging and accompanying diseases and need the relations with others for protection. In particular if they have dementia, their ability to memory will be remarkably reduced and they are characterized by communicative disorder. Thus the aged with apoplexy and dementia need language rehabilitation training rather than finishing their treatment in primary medical treatment. Accordingly this study conducted CADLT(Communicative Ability in Daily Living Test) for language rehabilitation training of the aged with apoplexy and dementia. CADLT is to examine functional communication and classified into 10 subitems: (1) figure use for reading and writing, (2) language act, (3) the content of verbal and non-verbal, (4) role-playing, (5) deviation, (6). the relationship depending on communitive behavior, (7) transmission by means of non-verbal signs, (8) looking in the face, (9) a sense of humor, and (0) use of metaphor. For evaluation, caregivers was also participated and questioned what is possible in daily living systematically. CADAL did not examine whether question was correctly answered, but was there basic behavior or general communicative ability to answer correctly. But this test could not distinguish if alternative augmentative communication system should be used. The view to evaluate included two: (1) is the helpful reaction to communication represented? and (2) how accuracy it is.

장애아동의 우정에 관한 연구

박계신 ( Park Gye Shin )
6,600
초록보기
The purpose of this study was to examine social relationships and friendships of children with disabilities and to find out problems. The method of this study was literature research. Therefore, Korean literature and foreign literature (articles, journals, books, etc.) about social relationships and friendships of children with disabilities were analyzed. The results of this study were as follows. First, children with disabilities are not often given the opportunity to interact with other typically developing children. Second, children with disabilities may need some assistance in acquiring friends. Unfortunately, when assistance is given, an emphasis is placed on teaching the child a set of social skills. Third, an emphasis is placed on changing the children with disabilities or attempting to make him or her "normal". Fourth, it is often believed that children with disabilities are not capable of developing meaningful relationships with others. This study also addresses some suggestions for further research on social relationships and friendships of children with disabilities.
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