The objective of this research is to compare the internal and external innovation activities among four type of innovation performance in SMEs. Based on 2014 SMEs Technology Statistics Survey. This study considered that internal resource are R&D workforce Intensity, core technological level, internal R&D investment. and external resource are collaboration, technology adoption, use of industry inside information and external information. As a result, It showed differences in the factors that influence the type of innovation performance. In detail, Firstly, R&D workforce intensity, core technological levels, technology adoption and use of industry inside information have effects on the sales performance. Secondly, R&D workforce, use of industry inside and external information play important roles in performance of product quality improvement. Thirdly, core technological levels, collaboration and use of industry external information are important to improve the performance of cost reduction. Finally, Internal R&D investment, collaboration, technology adoption and use of industry inside and external information are positively associated with performance of productivity. Based on the above findings, it will be expected to provide a practical guide that local SMEs when planing the innovation activities.