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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

정신간호학회지검색

Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing


  • - 주제 : 의약학분야 > 간호학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1225-8482
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 23권 4호 (2014)
초록보기
Purpose: This study was conducted to develop an expert competency model for preventing adolescent addictive behavior and to analyze educational needs of psychiatric mental health nurses in Korea. Methods: The process involved competency modeling using to the expert’s delphi construction and analyzing validity using to the development of the expert competency scale. Participants were 441 experts and 137 psychiatric mental health nurses in 2 cities. Results: The expert competency model for preventing adolescent addictive behavior included positive self-worth, capability of adolescents comprehension, environment comprehension capability of adolescent, capability of inner motivation, perception of personal competency, communication skills with adolescent, addiction comprehension capability, and addiction management skills. The developed expert competency scale demonstrates good reliability and validity. Psychiatric mental health nurses’ highest educational needs from expert competency scale were addiction management skills and communication skills with adolescents. Conclusion: The study findings indicate that the expert competency model for preventing adolescent addictive behavior has good validity and reliability when applied to adolescents. It provides the first step toward developing an education program or guidelines for experts including psychiatric mental health nurses.

Mental Distress of Children in Kirogi Families

( Sung Hee Shin ) , ( Hee Seung Choi ) , ( Mi Ja Kim )
4,000
초록보기
Purpose: The specific aims of the present study were to compare Kirogi children``s mental distress and psychosocial factors between short-term (ST) and long-term groups (LT), and to identify predictors of mental distress in the two groups. Methods: A sample of 107 Kirogi children living in the U.S. participated in this cross-sectional study and completed the following questionnaires: Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children, Somatic Symptom Scale, Self-Esteem Scale, Parent-Child (P-C) Relationship Satisfaction Scale, Parent-Adolescent Communication Inventory Social, Attitudinal, Familial, and Environmental Scale, and Social Support Scale. Results: The LT group reported higher scores on depression and anxiety, and lower scores on self-esteem and P-C relationship than the ST group. Higher scores on somatic symptoms were found in the ST group. Problematic mother-child communication and dissatisfaction with father-child relationship were significant predictors for mental distress. Self-esteem predicted depression and anxiety in the ST group; particularly self-esteem was a significant predictor for anxiety in both groups. Discrimination and process-oriented stress were significant predictors for depression and anxiety in the ST group. Conclusion: Results of the present study reveal the needs for school-based mental health programs for the increasing number of Kirogi children vulnerable to mental distress.

Korean Housewives Living through Depression: A Grounded Theory Study

( Jeong Seop Lee ) , ( Duck Shin Shin ) , ( Seon Hee Choi ) , ( Han Na Kim ) , ( Kunsook S. Bernstein )
4,000
초록보기
Purpose: This study was conducted to generate theoretical constructs on depression from the study data by examining and interpreting Korean housewives’ experience with depression to elicit its meaning, understand it better, and develop empirical knowledge on it. Methods: The data were collected in a community public mental health center between April 1, 2012 and September 30, 2012 using in-depth interviews and theoretical sampling. The participants were 12 women aged 40-64 years who scored 7 or higher in the Korean version of the 21-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (Kim, 1980). Collected data were analyzed by grounded theory methodology using open, axial, selective coding process. Results: It was found that the basic socio-psychological process of Korean housewives`` living through depression could be summarized into the following four phases: (1) the vanishing of the self into thin air, (2) becoming an empty shell, and (3) searching for the meaning of life, (4) fulfilling of an empty shell. Conclusion: This study may enhance the culturally elusive understanding of Korean housewives`` experience with depression. As they are living through a hollow empty shell which looks normal on the outside, so can’t get support from their families. It``s important to educate their families about depressive phases.
4,000
키워드보기
초록보기
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to verify the validity and reliability of a 14-item Resilience Scale (RS-14) by applying it to Korean university students. Methods: The original English version of the RS-14 was translated into Korean, and the Korean version of the RS-14 was confirmed with back-translation. This was a methodological study, and data were collected from 273 students. Principal components factor analysis and Pearson correlation coefficients were used to test validity; Cronbach``s . coefficient was used to test reliability. Results: Factor analysis of 14 items revealed 2 factors with a total variance of 55.43%. The new scale correlated significantly with self-esteem (.48, p<.001) and depression (-.44, p<.001). Cronbach``s coefficient was .905. Conclusion: The results indicate good validity and reliability for the Korean version of the RS-14. Future studies will need to further test this scale by applying it to different study populations.
키워드보기
초록보기
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate effects of a cinema therapy-based group reminiscence program on depression and ego integrity of elderly people in a nursing home. Methods: A nonequivalent control group pretest posttest design was conducted. The participants were 45 elderly people from one nursing home, 23 in the experimental group, and 22 in the control group. They were recruited from a nursing home in G city. The cinema therapy program was provided for 90 minutes once a week for 10 sessions. Data were collected from June to August, 2013. Data were analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 20.0. Results: After the intervention, the group who participated in the showed increased self-integrity (t=4.29, p<.001) and decreased depression (t=5.01, p<.001) compared to the control group. Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that the group reminiscence program using the cinema as in this study is effective in increasing ego integrity and decreasing depression of elderly people in nursing homes.
4,000
초록보기
Purpose: This study was done to provide fundamental data required to establish interventions to enhance job satisfaction of newly-employed nurses by understanding the relationship between self-leadership, organizational commitment, and job satisfaction, and by identifying mediating effects of organizational commitment. Methods: Research participants were 210 nurses from four university hospitals and who had less than 12 months of work experience. Data were collected from September 27 to November 4, 2013 through self-administered questionnaires and analyzed using SPSS/WIN 19.0 and AMOS 19.0. Sobel tests were conducted to determine the significance of mediation in the model. Results: Self-leadership and organizational commitment, self-leadership and job satisfaction, organizational commitment and organizational satisfaction were positively correlated. Organizational commitment mediated the relationship between self-leadership and job satisfaction. Conclusion: Study results indicate greater organizational commitment and job satisfaction with results in higher self-leadership, and better job satisfaction results in more organizational commitment. Results also reveal that self-leadership has a direct influence on increases in job satisfaction as well as, indirectly influencing job satisfaction through organizational commitment as a mediator, confirming the need to develop intervention programs that enhance self-leadership and organizational commitment as a practical effort to increase job satisfaction in newly-employed nurses at their clinical practice sites.
4,000
초록보기
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the correlation among hope, physical symptoms, depressive mood, and quality of life and to examine the influence of hope on quality of life in young adults and patients in their prime who are on hemodialysis. Methods: A secondary analysis using survey data was performed for 100 patients from 20-55 years of age treated in 10 local hemodialysis clinics. To measure hope, physical symptoms, depressive mood, and quality of life, Herth Hope Index, revised symptom scale, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and Satisfaction with Life Scale were utilized. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-tests, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient, and multiple regression. Results: There were differences in the scores for hope according to income, job, and religion. Statistically significant relationships were found between hope and depressive mood, and between hope and quality of life. Hope predicted quality of life with the explanatory power of 43.4%. Conclusion: Results indicate that hope is a protective factor which has the potential to provide a clinically useful approach to helping patients with hemodialysis, especially, in young adults and patients in their prime. Interventions that support and facilitate hope need to be developed and tested.

자살시도경험이 있는 조현병 환자의 자살사고 관련요인

김미영 ( Mi Young Kim ) , 전성숙 ( Seong Sook Jun )
4,000
초록보기
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore factors which contribute to suicidal ideation in people with schizophrenia who have experienced at least one suicide attempts. Methods: The participants for this study were 138 people with schizophrenia who had made attempts at suicide. Data were collected from April 15 to May 7, 2014 using self-report questionnaires which included questions on Suicidal Ideation, Self-Esteem, Depression, Family Support and the Internalized Stigma Inventory. Data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and hierarchical regression with the SPSS/WIN 18.0 program. Results: The average score of suicidal ideation in the patients with schizophrenia who had experienced suicide attempts was 12.2±6.08. Factors which predicted suicidal ideation in these patients included self-esteem, depression and suicide attempts and these factors explained 44.0% of the variance in suicidal ideation. Conclusion: The results indicate that development and application of intervention programs, which can help to increase self-esteem levels and decrease depression levels among patients schizophrenia that have experienced suicidal attempts is a first priority.

다중회귀와 회귀나무를 활용한 군인 우울 예측 연구

우정희 ( Chung Hee Woo ) , 박주영 ( Ju Young Park )
4,000
초록보기
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore status and level of depression, anxiety and self esteem in Korean soldiers and identify effective statistical methods that account for and predict their depression. Methods: A cross sectional study design was employed. Data were collected from five hundred thirty four soldiers in Gang-won Province and analyzed using stepwise multiple regression and Classification and Regression Tree (CART) with SPSS/WIN 18.0 program. Results: The mean scores for depression, anxiety and self-esteem were 10.7±9.75, 38.5±10.16 and 31.7±5.20 respectively. Around one-forth (23.6%) of participants were above mild depression level. Major variables showing significant correlations were anxiety, self-esteem, duration of military service and the number of ventilation activities. Anxiety, self-esteem and duration of military service accounted for 62.3% of the variance in depression according to multiple regression. In CART analysis, predicting factors in the high risk group were high level anxiety and uncertain plan after discharge from military. Conclusion: The result of this study showed that anxiety was major factor of soldiers’ depression both in multiple regression and CART. Also, CART applied in this study was an effective method in screening a risk group of soldiers’ depression.

심리적 탄력성과 자기 통제력이 대학생의 자살생각에 미치는 영향

임숙빈 ( Sook Bin Im ) , 허명륜 ( Myoung Lyun Heo ) , 김세영 ( Se Young Kim ) , 안혜영 ( Hye Young Ahn ) , 강샛별 ( Saet Byul Kang ) , 김미송 ( Mi Song Kim ) , 문혜미 ( Hea Mee Mun ) , 박선하 ( Sun Ha Park ) , 원아랑 ( A Rang Won ) , 이지혜 ( Ji Hye Lee ) , 조미소 ( Mi So Cho )
4,000
초록보기
Purpose: The study was done to examine undergraduate student`` suicidal ideation and to identify influences of individual characteristics including psychological resilience and self-control on suicidal ideation. Methods: Data were collected from 400 students in 11 universities in D city from May 1 to June 30, 2011. Data were analyzed with t-test, one-way ANOVA and Pearson` correlation using SPSS 19.0. Results: Of the students, 11.3% reported suicidal ideation levels higher than average. Woman students and those with high career anxiety, perceived poor health condition and bad relationships showed higher points on suicidal ideation. Suicidal ideation was also negatively correlated with psychological resilience and self-control. Conclusion: Over 10.0% of students need careful attention on suicidal ideation, especially counselling service related to suicide prevention for students with poor health, high career anxiety, and bad relationships. Various programs should be developed to promote psychological resilience to improve health and relationships, as well as job guidance for students. It is also suggested the students`` experiences be examined to determine how they overcame suicidal ideation.
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