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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

정신간호학회지검색

Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing


  • - 주제 : 의약학분야 > 간호학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1225-8482
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 25권 4호 (2016)

어선원의 자아존중감, 스트레스, 사회적 지지가 삶의 질에 미치는 영향

박혜서 ( Park Hye Seo ) , 현미열 ( Hyun Mi Yeul )
4,000
초록보기
Purpose: This study was done to examine the relation of self-esteem, stress, social support, and quality of life on fishermen`s and to identify factor influencing quality of life. Methods: Data were collected from 120 the fishermen`s who trained at the sailors educational institution located in Busan, Korea. The collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, and stepwise multiple regression. Results: The quality of life shows a positive correlation with self-esteem and social support, and a negative correlation with stress. The results of multiple regression analysis show that significant variables influencing the quality of life are stress, self-esteem, social support, and job satisfaction. And these variables explained 62.7% of the varience in quality of life. Conclusion: The study results suggest that stress is the main factor influencing fishermen`s quality of life and therefore a variety of interventions designed to lower stress levels are needed. In addition, comprehensive programs that can increase the levels of fishermen`s self-esteem, social support, and job satisfaction need to be implemented.

정신간호사의 감성지능과 공감이 촉진적 의사소통능력에 미치는 영향

오은정 ( Oh Eun-jung ) , 이명하 ( Lee Myung Ha ) , 고성희 ( Ko Sung Hee )
4,600
초록보기
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among emotional intelligence, empathy and facilitative communication ability of psychiatric nurses. Methods: Participants were 173 conveniently selected psychiatric nurses from 10 hospitals in Korea. Data were collected from June to September, 2015 through self-reported questionnaires. Results: Facilitative communication ability was significantly different depending on educational level (t=6.06, p=.003). There were significant positive correlations between emotional intelligence and facilitative communication ability (r=.61, p<.001), and also between empathy and facilitative communication ability (r=.63, p<.001). In the multiple regression, except for education level, emotional intelligence (β=.17, p=.003) and empathy (β=.21, p=.000) explained 38.2% of the variance in facilitative communication ability. Conclusion: These findings indicate that emotional intelligence and empathy are important factors in psychiatric nurses` facilitative communication ability. Accordingly, to improve the facilitative communication ability of psychiatric nurses, educational programs based on development of emotional intelligence and empathy are necessary.
초록보기
Purpose: This study was conducted to identify the effects of empathy, communication ability and attitude toward mental illness on psychiatric nurses` image for nursing students. Methods: Participants were 349 nursing students from two universities in G metropolitan city. A survey was conducted from June 10 to 30, 2016, using a self-report questionnaire. Data were analyzed using t-test, one way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression with SPSS/WIN 20.0. Results: The level of psychiatric nurses` image for nursing students was 4.03±0.46. Models including the variables, empathy, communication ability and attitude toward mental illness explained 30.0% of the variance in the image of psychiatric nurses. Attitude toward mental illness was the most influential factor (β=.28, p<.001). Conclusion: Based on the outcomes of this study, steps should be taken to design intervention programs that emphasize a positive image of psychiatric nurses for nursing students.

성인대상 알코올중독 예방중재의 통합적 고찰: 핵심요인 탐색

강경화 ( Kang Kyonghwa ) , 김성재 ( Kim Sungjae )
4,800
초록보기
Purpose: The aim of this study was to describe the core components of interventions for prevention of alcoholism in adults and to present basic information for developing intervention programs for problem drinkers. Methods: The key words, `alcoholism` and `prevention` were used to search peer-reviewed evidence through ten electronic databases. Six electronic databases in English and four in the Korean language were searched to identify studies done between January 2005 and December 2015. Results: Examination of the fifteen articles revealed six kinds of interventions for prevention of alcoholism: Screening, Brief intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT); Brief Negotiate Interview (BNI); Motivational Enhancement Therapy (MET); Screening Interventions Program for Sensible Drinking (SIPS); Stepped Care (SC) and Alcohol Reduction Program. Interventions were mainly focused on assessment of drinking behavior, investigation of alcohol-related problems, building a motivation for change, exploring the expectancies of drinking alcohol, strengthening change of behavior and continuous monitoring using motivational interviewing, empathetic feedback and coaching strategy. Conclusion: Findings show that the core components of interventions for prevention of alcoholism in adults are client-tailored approaches, formation of motivation to change, and continuous monitoring of behavior change. Motivational intervention is necessary to develop practical strategies to promote motivation to change for problem drinkers.

남성 알코올의존 환자의 사회적 문제해결능력에 영향을 미치는 요인

김미영 ( Kim Mi Young ) , 변은경 ( Byun Eun Kyung )
4,600
초록보기
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the factors affecting social problem-solving ability in alcohol dependent men in outpatient treatment facilities. Methods: Participants were 148 men dependent on alcohol who were outpatients at 5 hospitals for mentally ill patients in G City. Data were collected from May 1 to June 30, 2016 using self-report questionnaires. Abstinence self-efficacy, existential spiritual well-being, alcohol insight, unconditional self-acceptance, and social problem-solving ability were investigated. For data analysis t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression were employed. Results: Mean score for social problem-solving ability was 18.28±5.27. Social problem-solving ability had a positive correlation with abstinence self-efficacy, existential spiritual well-being, and unconditional self-acceptance. Factors affecting social problem-solving ability in these men were unconditional self-acceptance, lack of sleep disorder, existential spiritual well-being, and religiousness. The explanatory power was 57%. Conclusion: In planning an intervention for social problem-solving ability for alcohol dependent men, it is important to employ strategies which provide enhancement of self-acceptance as a healthy countermeasure to the low level of unconditional self-acceptance and to provide educational interventions for physical health or sleep deprivation for the patients with these problems along with low social problem-solving ability.

중환자실 간호사의 임종간호수행에 영향을 미치는 요인

고문정 ( Ko Mun Jung ) , 문소현 ( Moon So-hyun )
4,600
초록보기
Purpose: This study was a descriptive research to assess the level of and the relationship of related factors in the performance of end-of-life care by intensive care unit (ICU) nurses. Methods: Participants were 238 ICU nurses from university and general hospitals. Data were collected, using structured questionnaires, and collected data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test, Pearson correlation coefficients, and multiple regression analysis with SPSS/WIN 22.0. Results: There were significantly positive effects between performance of end-of-life care and end-of-life care attitudes. Performance end-of-life care was negatively associated with end-of-life care stress and obstacles. Factors that significantly influenced ICU nurses` performance of end-of-life were end-of-life care stress, medical team in obstacles related to end-of-life care, and end-of-life care attitudes, which explained about 53% of the variance in the performance of end-of-life care. Conclusion: Findings indicate that hospital organizations should carry out stress management and counseling programs in order to lower ICU nurses` end-of-life care stress, and to enhance end-of-life care attitudes. In addition, concern needs to be given to the medical team which was one of the obstacles to end-of-life care. It is also necessary to decrease the heavy workload and increase the communication with medical workers.
4,000
초록보기
Purpose: This study was done to evaluate the relationship of stress, coping skill, suicide risk, and suicidal ideation according to treatment phases in patients hospitalized with schizophrenia. Methods: Participants, 111 patients hospi-talized with schizophrenia, were selected from three psychiatric hospitals in G province. Data were collected from March 5 to April 15, 2016 and analyzed using t-test, x2 test, Fisher`s exact test, Pearson correlation coefficient, one-way ANOVA, and Scheffe`s test analysis with the SPSS/WIN 18.0 program. Results: Based on NOSIE-30, the treatment phases were divided into Beginning, Intermediate, and Completion stages. Patients in the Intermediate stage showed a higher stress level (F=5.13, p=.007) and active coping skills (F=6.70, p=.002) than patients in other stages. They also showed the highest suicide risk (F=7.42, p=.001), and the patients in the beginning stage had the highest suicidal ideation (F=20.20, p<.001. There were significant relationships between study variables at each stage. Conclusion: The findings from this study show differences in levels of stress, coping skill, suicide risk, and suicidal ideation according to treatment phases and indicate the need to develop suitable nursing intervention pro-grams according to patients` treatment phases.

비판적 사고 성향과 공감 능력이 간호대학생의 문화적 역량에 미치는 영향

송은주 ( Song Eun Ju ) , 양야기 ( Yang Ya Ki ) , 박숙경 ( Park Sook Kyoung )
4,000
초록보기
Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the effects of critical thinking disposition and empathy on cultural competency in nursing students. Methods: The participants were 199 nursing students from D, H, and W universities in J province. Data were collected from April 1 to May 30, 2016, and analyzed using SPSS/WIN 21.0. Results: The mean score for critical thinking disposition was 3.53±0.37, for empathy, 3.73±0.33, and for cultural competency, 3.23±0.40. Critical thinking disposition showed a positive correlation with cultural competency (r=.32, p<.001) and empathy showed a positive correlation with cultural competency (r=.31, p<.001). Critical thinking disposition showed a positive correlation with empathy (r=.36, p<.001). Significant factors that influenced cultural competency were critical thinking disposition, empathy, foreign residents in the family, and participating in cultural education. These variables explained 18% of cultural competency. Conclusion: These findings indicate that critical thinking disposition and empathy enhancement programs should be developed to increase cultural competency in nursing students. There is also a need for further studies to examine effects of developed programs.

간호대학생의 정신장애인에 대한 사회적 거리감과 태도

이소영 ( Lee So Young ) , 이경희 ( Lee Kyunghee )
4,600
초록보기
Purpose: The aim of this study was to explore factors associated with the social distance attitudes of nursing students towards adults with mental disorders. The relationship between social distance and attitudes toward adults with mental disorders was also examined. Methods: A descriptive research was conducted to describe the characteristics of the population and the data were collected from September 22 to October 2, 2014. The sample included 359 participants. Social distance was measured by a modified version of the Social Distance Scale and CAMI was used to assess attitudes towards adults with mental disorders. Results: Participants showed less authoritarian, more benevolence, less social restrictiveness in attitudes towards adults with mental disorders. The participants also showed a positive community mental health ideology. More importantly, the attitudes towards people with mental disorders was the strongest predictor (β=.67), explaining 35% of the social distance. Conclusion: With a deeper understanding of social distance as related to attitudes towards people with mental disorders, it is possible to create targeted interventions with the overall goal of minimizing the social distance and authoritarianism and of facilitating benevolence among nursing students.
4,000
초록보기
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the level of sexual assertiveness in women students in nursing and also, to investigate factors that influence sexual assertiveness. Methods: In this study, 373 women students in nursing who were enrolled in a university in B city, Korea and who gave written consent completed the questionnaire between May 15 and May 30, 2016. Data were analyzed using t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression. Results: The level of sexual assertiveness in the women students in nursing was 54.84±5.82. Sexual assertiveness showed negative correlations with gender role stereotypes (r=-.37, p<.001), and permissiveness of dating violence (r=-.15, p<.005), and a positive correlation with self-esteem (r=.36, p<.001). Models including the variables explained 18% of the variance for sexual assertiveness. Gender role stereotypes and self-esteem were the influential factors. Conclusion: Based on the outcomes of this study, it is necessary to design intervention programs that emphasize sexual assertiveness of women students in nursing.
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