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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

정신병리학검색

The Korean Journal of Psychopathology


  • - 주제 : 의약학분야 > 정신과학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 연간
  • - 국내 등재 : -
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1225-5300
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 14권 1호 (2005)

한국어판 소아청소년 기질성격검사의 신뢰도 및 타당도 연구

하지현 ( Jee Hyun Ha ) , 유희정 ( Hee Jeong Yoo ) , 조인희 ( In Hee Cho ) , 류인균 ( In Kyoon Lyoo ) , 신재공 ( Jae Gong Shin ) , 김지현 ( Ji Hyeon Kim ) , 홍계현 ( Kye Hyun Hong ) , 최소현 ( So Hyun Choi )
4,000
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초록보기
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory(JTCI), which is a child and adolescent version of Temperament and Character Inventory. Method: JTCI was translated to Korean and applied to 796 children(male=402, female=394, age=11.0±0.9), and their parents. Internal consistency was calculated by Cronbach`s α. A test-retest study was done after 3 months with 115 subjects. Factor analysis for the temperament and character factors were performed using principal component analysis, rotating factor varimax. Results: Cronbach`s α values of the JTCI scales ranged from .52 to .77 for the temperament scales except persistence(.09), and from .47 to .65 for the character scales. Test-retest correlation was relatively low. Factor analysis of temperament showed 3 factors out of 4 temperament scales, but couldn`t extract clear differentiations in character dimension. Intercorrelation between 7 factors were clear each other significantly. Female showed higher reward dependence, persistence, self-directedenss and cooperativeness than male. Discussion: Although reliability is relatively low, this study suggests JTCI is a useful tool to evaluate biosocial model of personality in children population. Character dimension should be assessed with the careful consideration of their development.

한국어판 Eating Disorder Inventory의 요인구조

김철민 ( Cheol Min Kim ) , 박제민 ( Je Min Park ) , 김성곤 ( Sung Gon Kim ) , 김명정 ( Myung Jung Kim ) , 강철중 ( Cheol Joong Kang ) , 김지훈 ( Ji Hoon Kim )
4,000
초록보기
Objective: As a pilot study to develop a screening tool for eating disorders(EDs), the authors delineated factor structure and discriminant validity of the 64-item Korean version of Eating disorder inventory(EDI). Method: The EDI was administered to 1,217 Korean girls` high school students. Principal component analysis, one-way ANOVA and Receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve analysis on EDI total and subscale scores were done. Diagnosis of EDs was based on a self report questionnaire derived from the Structured interview for DSM-IV. Result: Thirteen factors were extracted, explaining 58% of total variance but could be restructured into nine. Item construction was comparable with the Garner et al`s report except Interoceptive awareness subscale. Significant differences were noticed among diagnostic groups in the EDI total scores and subscale scores of drive for thinness, body dissatisfaction, bulimia/overeating and emotional/interpersonal problem. Other subscales such as interoceptive awareness, perfectionism, fear of maturity, interpersonal distrust and personal ineffectiveness failed to differentiated diagnostic groups. ROC curve analysis revealed dissatisfactory sensitivity and specificity of EDI as a screening tool. Moreover, EDI failed to detect AN type of EDs, showing greater usefulness for BN type. Conclusion: These data suggest that a new screening tool comprising ED- specific subscales would prove enhanced sensitivity and specificity for detecting different diagnostic groups of EDs for non-clinical population.

주의력결핍과잉행동장애의 아형에 따른 기질 및 성격 변인의 차이

유한익 ( Han Ik K. Yoo ) , 김진용 ( Jin Yong Kim ) , 전정원 ( Jeong Won Jeon ) , 박수빈 ( Su Bin Park ) , 홍진표 ( Jin Pyo Hong ) , 김성윤 ( Seong Yoon Kim ) , 김창윤 ( Chang Yoon Kim ) , 류인균 ( In Kyoon Lyoo )
4,000
초록보기
Objectives: This study was performed to identify temperament and character factors in children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD) according to diagnostic subtypes, which were assessed using the Kiddie-Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia-Present and Lifetime Version(KSADS-PL). Methods: Ninety subjects with ADHD(72 males, 10.07±2.73 years) were diagnostically assessed with the KSADS-PL given separately to mothers about their children and to children about themselves. The JTCI was applied to measure temperament and character factors. Separate JTCI data were obtained from mothers about their children and from children about themselves. Basic demographic data were also obtained. Results: More girls were diagnosed as predominantly inattentive type of ADHD(p=.048). Even after adjusting the influence of sex, combined and predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type of ADHD group showed higher Reward Dependence(p<.001) and Persistence(p=.007), and lower Self-Directedness(p=.048) and Cooperativeness(p=.004), and younger age(p=.038) than predominantly inattentive group. Conclusion: Temperament and character factors were significantly associated with ADHD subtypes.

K-SADS-PL을 사용하여 평가한 주의력결핍과잉행동장애 외래 환자의 공존질환에 대한 연구

김진용 ( Jin Yong Kim ) , 유한익 ( Han Ik K. Yoo ) , 고진경 ( Jin Kyung Goh ) , 전정원 ( Jeong Won Jeon ) , 홍진표 ( Jin Pyo Hong ) , 김성윤 ( Seong Yoon Kim ) , 김창윤 ( Chang Yoon Kim )
4,000
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초록보기
Objectives: This study was performed to assess the comorbidity and associated emotional and behavioral manifestations in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD) subjects, and the parenting stress and sense of competence in their mothers. Method: To investigate the comorbid conditions of ADHD, 102 ADHD patients(82 males, 9.58±2.65) and their caregivers visiting outpatient clinic were interviewed using the Korean version of Kiddie-Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia-Present and Lifetime. The Korean-Child Behavior Checklist, Children`s Depression Inventory, and Revised Children`s Manifest Anxiety Scale(RCMAS) were used to measure the psychopathologies in the subjects. The Parenting Stress Index/Short form and Parenting Sense of Competence Scale were also applied to the caregivers of ADHD patients. Results: Eighty-four(82.4%) of ADHD subjects had comordid psychiatric disorders. Comorbid oppositional defiant disorder, anxiety disorders, tic disorders, and elimination disorders were accompanied with ADHD in 54.9%, 24.9%, 19.6%, and 12.7%, respectively. Mean scores of Social Problems, Total Behavior Problems, and RCMAS were significantly higher in comorbid ADHD group than pure ADHD group. Parents of ADHD patients with comorbidity reported higher parenting stress and lower parenting sense of competence. Conclusion: Majority of ADHD patients had comorbid psychiatric conditions, and more psychopathologies and related parenting complications were associated with comorbidity.

DES-K로 측정한 해리경험에 따른 기질성격특성의 차이

이정식 ( Jung Sik Lee ) , 조성민 ( Sung Min Cho ) , 김태학 ( Tae Hak Kim ) , 김계희 ( Kye Hee Kim ) , 송진우 ( Jin Woo Song )
4,000
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초록보기
Objectives: There are individual differences in the dissociative experience. The Authors approach the question about whether this difference is nature or nurture. The present investigation sought to explore the relationship between personality trait and dissociation. Method: Seventy-nine Korean university students(16 males and 63 females) had completed DESK(Dissociative Experience Scale-Korean version) to examine the ability of dissociation, Eye-roll Sign which is suggested the biological marker of dissociative ability by Spiegel, and TCI-K(Temperament and Character Inventory-Korean version) in order to evaluate personality trait. We divided the students into two groups(high DES group≥20 and low DES group<20) to evaluate the differences in TCI-K. Pearson`s correlation test, t-test and regression analysis were used for statistical analysis. Result: 1) In high DES-K group, score of self-directedness in TCI-K is higher than low DES-K group. There were statistically significant correlations between self-transcendence in TCI-K and amnesia subscale, absorbtion-imaginative involvement subscale in DES-K and total DES-K scale. Scores of self-transcendence in TCI-K was predicted for DES-K scores. 2) In high DES group, scores of Eye-roll Sign and squint subscale were higher than low DES group. There was no correlation between DES-K and Eye-roll Sign except weak correlation between depersonalization-derealization subscale in DES-K and gaze subscale in Eye-roll Sign. 3) There were statistically significant differences in TAS-K(Tellegan Absorbtion Scale-Korean version) and NHQ(Natural Hypnotic Experiences Questionnaire) between high DES-K group and low DES-K group. Also, there were statistically significant correlations between TAS-K and NHQ scale and DES-K. Conclusion: Although character dimension of TCI-K was related with dissociation, there was no difference in temperament dimension of TCI-K, and no correlation between DES-K and Eye-roll Sign. These results suggests that trait theory of dissociation is questionable and needs more investigations.

유방암 진단 후 보이는 우울증상과 기질 및 성격특성에 대한 연구

김신희 ( Shin Hee Kim ) , 한오수 ( Oh Soo Han ) , 엄태문 ( Tae Moon Erm ) , 김진용 ( Jin Young Kim ) , 안세현 ( Sei Hyun Ahn )
4,000
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초록보기
Objectives: First, the objective of the present study was to investigate the differences of temperament and character traits between depression group(n=27) and non-depression group(n=29) in Breast Cancer patients. Second, it was to explore the effect of those factors on depression in breast cancer patients. Methods: Of the 115 subjects, 56 individuals were completed the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale(HDRS-17) with clinician and Korean version of Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI). Results: depression group showed significantly higher ``Harm avoidance``, and lower Self-directedness` score as compared to non-depression group. The stepwise linear regression analysis showed ``HA1(worry and pessimism)`` was the only significant predicting variable for depression. Conclusion: These data suggest that temperaments and characters should be considered in studies investigating depression from acute stressful events.
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