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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

지역사회간호학회지검색

Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing


  • - 주제 : 의약학분야 > 간호학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : - / SCOPUS
  • - ISSN : 1225-9594
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 23권 1호 (2012)

초기 청소년의 가출 충동에 영향을 미치는 요인

류승희 ( Seung Hee Ryu ) , 박경숙 ( Kyung Sook Park ) , 서민숙 ( Min Sook Seo )
4,700
초록보기
This study carried out a preliminary analysis of available literature and used the ecological approach to define a research hypothesis with focus on individual, family, and school variables related to early adolescents` urge to run away. This study also aimed to examine the influence of each of these variables in order to build a forecast model showing which variables have more influential on early adolescents` urge to run away. Methods: Materials were collected from 433 male and female fifth- and sixth-grade students at two schools in Gyeonggi Province. Analysis was carried out using SPSS/WIN 18.0. Frequency analysis, x2-test, t-test, correlation analysis and logistic regression analysis were conducted. Results: The results indicate that personal factors related to runaway impulse are gender and previous runaway attempts, family-related factor family functionality, and school-related factor the area of stress from study. Conclusion: Based on the study results as above, individual, family, and school interventions need to be developed.

한국인의 대사증후군에 대한 생활습관 요인의 영향

임미영 ( Mee Young Im ) , 이영란 ( Young Ran Lee ) , 한숙정 ( Suk Jung Han ) , 조정민 ( Chung Min Cho )
4,000
초록보기
The purpose of this study was to estimate the effects of lifestyle factors on metabolic syndrome (MS) among Korean adults (age≥20). Methods: A total of 7,798 subjects (weighted subjects=37,215,961) were recruited from the 2009 Fourth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES IV-3). Data were analyzed by t-test, x2-test, and logistic regression in consideration of strata, cluster and weight as national data using the SAS 9.1 program. Results: The prevalence of MS by definition of AHA/NHLBI and waist circumference cutoff points for Koreans was 22.4%. The mean clinical MS score for MS patients was 3.4, but the mean score for the non-MS group was 1.2 out of 5.0. Among the lifestyle factors, smoking (OR=1.024), stress (0.546≤OR≤0.587) and drinking (OR=1.005) had significant influence on the MS risk and MS scores, but exercise did not. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that further research is necessary on the effect of lifestyle factors on MS risk and nurses should focus on effective programs about smoking, stress and drinking for the prevention and reduction of MS risk.

에어로빅 운동 프로그램이 경로당 노인의 기동성, 낙상 효능감, 균형, 스트레스에 미치는 효과

추수경 ( Su Kyung Chu ) , 이정열 ( Chung Yul Lee ) , 유장학 ( Jang Hak Yoo )
4,000
초록보기
This study was conducted in order to investigate the effects of an aerobic exercise program on mobility, fall efficacy, balance, and stress in the elderly at senior centers. Methods: This research was conducted as a quasi-experimental pretest and posttest control and experimental comparison study. The subjects were 41 senior residents (Exp.=18, Cont.=23) who aged above 65 at senior centers in S City. The period of time for data collection and intervention was from August 25 to December 5, 2008. Results: Mobility (t=-3.10, p<.01) in the experimental group were significantly higher than those in the control group without an aerobic exercise program. However, fall efficacy (t=1.28, p=.207), balance (t=-.53, p=.602; t=.36, p=.723), stress (t=-1.32, p=.199) in the experimental group was not significantly higher than that in the control group. Conclusion: These findings confirmed that aerobic exercise programs make a contribution to improving mobility in the elderly at senior centers.
4,000
키워드보기
초록보기
The purpose of this paper was to compare community health status by region and to investigate related factors using community health and social indicators. Methods: Data were collected from statistics of local districts that were provided by KNSO and KCDC. ANOVA and correlation were analyzed using PASW 18.0. Results: The standardized cancer mortality rate was higher in metropolitan areas than in other areas. On the contrary, the mortality of respiratory disease, traffic accident, and suicide were higher in rural areas. Small cities and county districts showed higher prevalence in obesity prevalence than metropolitan areas. Metropolitan areas presented higher prevalence in alcohol drinking during the previous month, perceived stress, and seat belt use. The age-adjusted standardized mortality rate was correlated with higher prevalence of smoking, obesity, percentage of the elderly, number of beds, number of social welfare facilities, number of registered cars, lower percentage of financial independence, number of doctors, and percentage of water supply service & sewage. Conclusion: Since significant differences in mortality rate and prevalence of health risk behaviors exist between regional areas and the mortality rate was correlated with other social indicators and health indicators, health policies and social policies considering these differences should be develop and implemented to the communities.

시설 노인과 재가 노인의 다면적 건강상태와 건강관련 삶의 질 비교

현혜진 ( Hye Jin Hyun ) , 장애경 ( Ae Kyung Chang ) , 유수정 ( Su Jeong Yu ) , 박연환 ( Yeon Hwan Park )
4,600
초록보기
The aim of this study was to compare the factors of health-related quality of life in older adults according to the type of residency. Methods: A cross-sectional comparative study was conducted. The subjects were 114 institutionalized older adults and 99 community dwelling older adults. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews by nurses using structured questionnaires composed of SF-36 (ver.2) and CGA-SF. Results: The institutionalized older adults had more health problems and experienced lower quality of life compared to community dwelling older adults. Factors influencing health-related quality of life for institutionalized older adults were social support, educational level, and ADL, which explained about 25.7% of the total variance, while thoseof community dwelling older adults were IADL, experiencing fall, and weight loss, which had explanatory power of 31.8%. Conclusion: These results indicate that differentiated nursing strategies according to the type of residency are required to promote health-related quality of life for older adults.

보건진료원들이 지각하는 보건진료소 30년간의 활동경험과 성과

김춘미 ( Chun Mi Kim ) , 전경자 ( Kyung Ja June )
4,700
초록보기
The purpose of this study was to identify community health nursing activities that community health practitioners perceive and their achievements in community by reviewing the community health nursing activities that community health practitioners have done for the last 30 years. Methods: This study was a qualitative study. Thirty one community health practitioners were interviewed using the focus group interview method and data were analyzed using content analysis. Data were collected from April to June in 2011. Results: Community health practitioners perceived themselves as "Community Vitalizers" and 9 categories were identified. They were ``ground to explore new nursing areas``, ``assimilation to community``, ``ground to establish community diagnosis``, ``everyday life health management in the community``, ``increased accessibility to medical services for the residents``, ``enforced health practices for the residents``, ``reinforced self-reliance of community``, ``commitment to making a happy village`` and ``mental fence of the community.`` Conclusion: This study was meaningful in that it explained the unique identity of the community health practitionersand could be used as important basic materials in the process of re-establishment of the roles of Health Offices. Hereafter in-depth study on community competence reinforcement should be made to identify the roles of community health nurses.

초등학교 6학년 아동의 음주 영향요인

홍연란 ( Yeon Ran Hong, ) , 도은영 ( Eun Young Do )
4,000
키워드보기
초록보기
The purpose of this study was to identify factors influencing 6th graders` alcohol drinking. Methods: Data were collected by questionnaires from 524 6th-graders in G City. The data were analyzed using SAS 9.1.3 programme. Results: Of the children, 63.7% had no education about drinking, implying that drinking prevention education is not done properly in elementary schools. In addition, 70.6% of the children experienced drinking. Among those who had drinking experience, 24.9% experienced the first drinking before entrance into elementary school and this was the highest percentage. Logistic regression analysis showed that the predictors are religion, family type, mother`s drinking frequency, and alcohol attitude. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that complementing home environment and parenting education would be effective for reducing children`s drinking. Also, it is recommended that drinking prevention programs for children should be developed in consideration of various factors affecting children`s drinking including the factors identified in the present study, and the effectiveness of those programs should be assessed.

일 지역 이동형 방문보건 전산시스템의 재구축과 활용의 효과

박남희 ( Nam Hee Park ) , 장랑 ( Rang Jang ) , 김정영 ( Jung Young Kim ) , 김명수 ( Myoung Soo Kim )
4,600
초록보기
The aim of this study was to evaluate the process and outcome of a mobile computerized system for individual home visiting healthcare. Methods: A nonequivalent control group non-synchronized design was employed for this study. The newly constructed system was administered to 80 healthcare providers in the experimental group for 8 weeks. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis, t-test, and ANCOVA with the SPSS 18.0 program. Results: In the process stage, the difference in the frequency of computerized information usage between the experimental and control groups was significant as 8.88±3.20 and 7.08±2.92, respectively (t=3.90, p<.001). In the outcome evaluation stage, all kinds of healthy lifestyle such as alcohol use, nutrition, weight management and mental health were not improved. Conclusion: The findings of this study showed that the revised mobile computerized system was an effective device for individual visiting healthcare providers. Further advanced strategies for using this system should be developed and applied in a broad range of community healthcare.

하나원 입소 북한 이탈주민의 개인적 특성과 건강 신념이 건강 행위에 미치는 영향

전정희 ( Jeung Hee Jeon ) , 박영숙 ( Young Suk Park )
4,000
키워드보기
초록보기
The purpose of this study is to provide base data for preparing plans that North Korean (NK) Refugees can adjust themselves to our society with a healthy mind after they get over their health problems using the Health Belief Model, knowing the relationship between individual characteristics and health beliefs, and health behavior. Methods: The subjects were 304 NK adult refugees in Hanawon. Data were collected by demographic questionnaire, health behavior scale, self-efficacy scale, perceived benefit scale, perceived barrier scale, perceived seriousness, perceived sensibility, and individual characteristics. Results: The factors influencing the health behavior of NK refugees were perceived benefits, self-efficacy, the period in the third country and experience in being expelled to NK, and these variables were describing 31.4% of the health behaviors of refugees. Conclusion: The perceived benefits and self-efficacy of health belief and specific experiences related to refugee affected NK refugees` health behavior.

재가 허약노인을 위한 운동 프로그램 연구

박영임 ( Young Im Park ) , 이강이 ( Kang Yi Lee ) , 김태임 ( Tae Im Kim ) , 전명희 ( Moung Hee Jeon ) , 김동옥 ( Dong Oak Kim ) , 김지현 ( Ji Hyun Kim )
4,600
초록보기
This study was conducted to examine the effects of exercise on physiological, physical and psychological functions of the frail elderly. Methods: The research design was a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. Data were collected from September 9 to October 10, 2009. The subjects were 56 frail elders who agreed to participate in this study and each subject was randomly assigned to either the experimental group (n=28) or the control group (n=28). The exercise program was provided to each subject in the experimental group twice in a week for 6 weeks. Data were analyzed with frequency, x2-test, Kolmogorov-Smirnor test and independent t-test using SPSS/WIN 12.0. Results: There was a significant improvement in psychological functions in the experimental group compared to the control group (t=1.726, p=.045). Conclusion: The exercise program showed the effects to improve the psychological functions of the frail elderly with chronic disease. In recommendation, this exercise program could be utilized as a health promoting program for the frail elderly.
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