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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

지역사회간호학회지검색

Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing


  • - 주제 : 의약학분야 > 간호학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : - / SCOPUS
  • - ISSN : 1225-9594
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 25권 4호 (2014)

여대생 음주동기와 문제음주 측정도구 개발

위성욱 ( Wie Seoung Uk ) , 정문희 ( Jung Moon Hee )
4,700
초록보기
Purpose: The purpose of the study is to develop a tool that can identify drinking motives and measure the degree of problem drinking in female university students. Methods: From June 25th, 2012 to September 21st, 2012, a methodological study was carried out on this subject. A basic questionnaire was made based on research literature and interviews with 8 female university students. The subjects who participated in the survey for factor analysis were 397 female university students from 2 universities in G Metropolitan City. Results: Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted using PASW and AMOS 18.0. The developed tool was found to be acceptable in terms of construct validity and modeling suitability. The questionnaire comprised 16 questions on drinking motives in 4 sub-categories including ‘relief’ (4 questions), ‘friendship’ (3 questions), ‘consolation’ (4 questions), and ‘escape’ (5 questions). Problem drinking consisted of 11 questions in 3 different sub-categories including ‘loss of control,’ ‘health hazards,’ and ‘sexual hazards.’ Conclusion: The questionnaire was proved to have reliability and validity. Finally, the researcher suggests that this questionnaire is adequate for assessing drinking motives and problem drinking of female university students.

일 지역 노인의 사회적 건강결정인자와 건강 관련 삶의 질과의 관계

김정희 ( Jung Hee Kim ) , 이현경 ( Hyeon Kyeong Lee ) , 이정열 ( Chung Yul Lee ) , 조은희 ( Eun Hee Cho )
4,600
초록보기
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the social determinants of health (SDH) associated with health-related quality of life (HQOL) among the community-dwelling elderly, based on the conceptual framework of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health (CSDH). Methods: A survey was conducted with 199 elders aged 65 years or older sampled through convenient sampling. Data were collected through face to face interviews by trained interviewers using a structured questionnaire, which included scales of the residential area, social support, sense of community, social network, health behaviors, and HQOL. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and stepwise multivariate regression. Results: Major SDH affecting HQOL included the participants’ residential area, sense of community, and health behavior. The HQOL of the elderly residing in the B area with a low rate of basic livelihood security recipients was higher than that of those residing in other areas. Conclusion: CSDH framework was useful to determine the factors associated with HQOL among the community-dwelling elderly. In addition to their health behavior, their sense of community was found to be a SDH of HQOL, indicating the need of health promotion programs tailored to the characteristics of residential areas and strategies to enhance involvement in community activities.

남녀 체질량지수에 따른 관상동맥질환위험도(Framingham Risk Score-Coronary Heart Disease) 영향요인

박광옥 ( Kwang Ok Park ) , 서지영 ( Ji Yeong Seo )
4,600
초록보기
Purpose: This study was to investigate factors influencing the Framingham risk score-Coronary heart disease (FRS-CHD) according to gender and body mass index (BMI) of adults who participated in the 5th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V-3). Methods: This study used a cross-sectional design with secondary analysis with KNHANES V-3. The FRS-CHD scores were measured with ages, sex, blood pressure, cholesterol, high density lipoprotein, smoking, and diabetes mellitus. With demographic characteristics, family history of ischemic heart disease, types (intensity) and days of physical activities, perceived stress, drinking, menopause (in female), and BMI scores were measured. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, Pearson’s correlation coefficients, and multiple regressions. Results: FRS-CHD was significantly associated with types (intensity) and days of physical activities, educational level, occupation, and marital status, explaining 19.1~76.8% of the variance in men. FRS-CHD was significantly associated with types (intensity) and days of physical activities, menopause, and education level, explaining 55.0~59.5% of the variance in women. Conclusion: Factors influencing FRS-CHD were significantly different according to gender and BMI. To reduce the risk of coronary artery disease, it is necessary to develop gender-specific physical activity programs according to BMI.

여대생의 콘택트렌즈 착용 및 관리 실태에 따른 안구건조증과 눈 피로

허선 ( Her Sun ) , 김계하 ( Kim, Kye Ha )
4,600
초록보기
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine dry eye syndrome and ocular fatigue according to the status of contact lens wearing and management among female university students. Methods: The subjects were 195 female university students wearing contact lenses. Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) and Virtual Reality Symptom Questionnaire (VRSQ) were used to determine the level of dry eye syndrome and ocular fatigue. The SPSS/WIN 21.0 program was used for analysis of data. Results: Significant differences in the level of dry eye syndrome were observed according to the period of case solution change (F=3.36, p=.037) and the reasons for the change of lens (F=4.56, p=.004). In ocular fatigue, significant differences were observed according to the price of lens (F=3.53, p=.031), rinse in storing lens in a case (t=-2.57, p=.011), and learning about contact lens (t=-2.01, p=.046). A significant positive correlation was observed between dry eye syndrome and ocular fatigue in the subjects. Conclusion: The results of this study show that some subjects have problems in wearing and management of contact lenses. Therefore, an education program related to contact lenses should be provided to contact lens wearers to improve the status of wearing and management of contact lenses.

저소득층 노인의 유헬스 서비스 이용경험

최한나 ( Han Na Choi ) , 김정은 ( Jeong Eun Kim )
4,700
초록보기
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to understand low-income elders’ experiences of community-based u-Health services. Methods: Qualitative data were collected from 11 participants. All interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim. The transcribed data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Results: Three themes and eight sub-themes emerged as a result of analysis. The three main themes were ‘recovered confidence and health condition,’ ‘trial and error in change,’ and ‘hope.’The eight sub-themes were ‘the burden and efforts to overcome it in using bio-signal device,’ ‘ambivalence due to changing lifestyle,’ ‘increase of care time, decrease of pressure’, ‘conflict under environmental constraints,’ ‘difficulty in prioritizing health management,’ ‘discouragement in handling new devices,’ ‘desire not to be a burden to their children-gradual fulfillment of learning needs,’ and ‘long for broadening coverage range of services.’ Conclusion: The findings of this study demonstrate that low-income elders among the participants have different needs in using u-Health services. Therefore, health professionals need to give personalized education to deal with their conflicts and requirements, especially emotional and environmental support in order for them to successfully accept the u-Health services for self-care.

영유아 자녀를 둔 취업모와 전업모의 건강증진행위 비교

백희정 ( Baek Hee Chong )
4,000
초록보기
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare health promoting behavior between working and non-working mothers with infants and toddlers, and to investigate factors affecting the mothers’health promoting behavior. Methods: This descriptive study was conducted through conveniently sampled 403 women who visited the child health clinics at two public health centers. The questionnaire included the Health Promoting Life Style Profile (HPLP) and a visual analogue scale for subjective health status. ANCOVA, one-way ANOVA, correlation analysis, and stepwise multiple regression were conducted using SPSS ver. 21. Results: Working mothers’ average HPLP score (2.30±0.37) was higher than non-working mother’s (2.15±0.37). The score of the physical activity subscale was lowest among the subscales and there was a difference between the two groups. Subjective mental health status was the only predictor of working mothers’health promoting behavior, and it explained 23.2% of variance in health promoting behavior. Subjective mental health status, education, and age were the predictors of non-working mothers’ health promoting behavior and they explained 27.2% of variance in health promoting behavior. Conclusion: According to the findings, both working and non-working mothers’ health promoting behaviors were low. To promote mothers’ health, it is necessary to develop diverse community health promotion programs to support mothers.
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