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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

한국미생물·생명공학회지검색

Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters


  • - 주제 : 자연과학분야 > 생물
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : - / SCOPUS
  • - ISSN : 1598-642x
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 : 산업미생물학회지(~2001)→한국미생물·생명공학회지(2002~)
논문제목
수록 범위 : 40권 2호 (2012)
4,500
초록보기
Quorum sensing (QS) is a cell-to-cell communication system, which is used by many bacteria to regulate diverse gene expression in response to changes in population density. Bacteria recognize the differences in cell density by sensing the concentration of signal molecules such as N-acyl-homoserine lactones (AHL) and autoinducer-2 (AI-2). In particular, QS plays a key role in biofilm formation, which is a specific bacterial group behavior. Biofilms are dense aggregates of packed microbial communities that grow on surfaces, and are embedded in a self-produced matrix of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS). QS regulates biofilm dispersal as well as the production of EPS. In some bacteria, biofilm formations are regulated by c-di-GMPmediated signaling as well as QS, thus the two signaling systems are mutually connected. Biofilms are one of the major virulence factors in pathogenic bacteria. In addition, they cause numerous problems in industrial fields, such as the biofouling of pipes, tanks and membrane bioreactors (MBR). Therefore, the interference of QS, referred to as quorum quenching (QQ) has received a great deal of attention. To inhibit biofilm formation, several strategies to disrupt bacterial QS have been reported, and many enzymes which can degrade or modify the signal molecule AHL have been studied. QQ enzymes, such as AHL-lactonase, AHL-acylase, and oxidoreductases may offer great potential for the effective control of biofilm formation and membrane biofouling in the future. This review describes the process of bacterial QS, biofilm formation, and the close relationship between them. Finally, QQ enzymes and their applications for the reduction of biofouling are also discussed.

Glutathione S-Transferase에 융합한 재조합 Hybrid Peptide Gaegurin-LL37의 대장균에서의 발현

바야르바트이쉬반질 ( Bayarbat, Ishvaanjil ) , 이재학 ( Jae Hag Lee ) , 이순열 ( Soon Youl Lee )
4,500
초록보기
항균 펩타이드(Antimicrobial peptides(AMPs)는 그람 양성, 그람 음성 세균과 진균병원체에 대항하는 생명체에서 중요한 역할을 하는 물질이다. 인간의 Cathelicidin 항균 펩타이드는 임상학적으로 사용할 수 있는 여러 가지의 생물학적 활성을 가진다. 항균 펩타이드의 생산 비용은 재조합 방법으로 낮출 수가 있다. 대장균은 저렴하며 손쉬운 조작이 가능하기 때문에 다른 재조합 단백질처럼 항균 펩타이드의 발현에 훌륭한 숙주가 될 수 있다. 그러나 대장균에서의 항균 펩타이드의 과발현은 항균 펩타이드가 과발현 되었을 때 대장균에 독성을 보일 수 있으므로 어려움이 보고가 되어있다. 본 연구에서는 이러한 문제점을 극복하고자 항균 펩타이드를 Glutathione S-transferase(GST) 결합 단백질에 융합하여 항균펩타이드의 독성을 감소시키도록 설계하여 발현을 시도하였다. 이 때 발현한 항균 펩티드는 LL37과, gaegurin4과 LL37의 잡종 펩타이드 GGN4-LL37(GL32로 명명)를 GST에 융합되도록 벡터를 구축하고 설계하여 대장균에서 GST 융합단백질로 발현시켰다. 융합 단백질은 친화력 컬럼을 사용하여 분리하고 GST를 절단하여 항균펩타이드 만을 분리하였고 분리한 펩타이드는 웨스턴 블롯팅으로 확인하였고 그람 양성, 그람 음성 세균에 대하여 항균 활성을 나타내는 것을 확인하였다.

메주로부터 지질분해 효소 생산 균주의 분리 및 배양학적 특성

윤혜주 ( Hye Ju Yun ) , 이유정 ( You Jung Lee ) , 여수환 ( Soo-hwan Yeo ) , 최혜선 ( Hye Sun Choi ) , 박혜영 ( Hye Young Park ) , 박희동 ( Heui Dong Park ) , 백성열 ( Seong Yeol Baek )
4,500
초록보기
For screening of useful enzymes producing microorganisms from Meju, we isolated high lipase producing strains and their lipolytic enzyme activities were then tested. The lipolytic enzyme activities of isolated microorganisms were therefore tested on the Y124 strain. The gene sequence analysis of ITS from Y124 strain revealed Yarrowia lipolytica. Lipase production by the Y124 strain was studied in media containing various carbon sources. The Y124 strain drastically increased lipolytic enzyme activity in YPO media containing olive oil, as well as in YPDO media containing both olive oil and glucose. Maximal lipase production was achieved in YPD (yeast extract-peptone-D-glucose) media containing 0.7% olive oil when cultured at 30oC for 8 hrs. The lipase produced from the Y124 strain showed the highest activity in p-NPO (p-nitrophenyl octanoate (C8)), amongst the various p-nitrophenyl esters.

Thermoplasma acidophilum 유래 α-glucosidase로 부터 생산된 glycosynthase 돌연변이 단백질의 개선된 당전이 효율

황성민 ( Sung Min Hwang ) , 서성화 ( Seong Hwa Seo ) , 박인명 ( In Myoung Park ) , 최경화 ( Kyoung Hwa Choi ) , 김도만 ( Do Man Kim ) , 차재호 ( Jae Ho Cha )
4,500
초록보기
Glycosynthase는 친핵성 아미노산을 비친핵성 아미노산으로 치환하여 당전이 산물의 가수분해를 막아서 당전이 효율을 증가시킬 수 있다. 이전 연구에서 본 실험실은 열에 안정하고 산에 강한 Thermoplasma acidophilum 유래의 α-glucosidase (AglA)가 당전이 활성이 있음을 입증하였으나 시간이 지남에 따라 당전이 산물이 가수분해 되었다. 이러한 AglA의 당전이 효율을 개선하기 위하여 친핵성 아미노산인 아스파라긴산을 글리신으로 치환하였다. 이 치환된glycosynthase는 니켈 친화력 크로마토그래피를 통하여 정제되었으며, 정제된 돌연변이 단백질의 배당체를 합성하는 능력이 말토오스를 공여체로 그리고 p-nitrophenyl-α-D-glucopyranoside(pNPαG)를 수용체로, 그리고 pNPαG가 당공여체 및 수용체로 이용될 수 있는지 검사하였다. Glycosynthase를 이용한 당전이 산물의 수율은 약 42.5%를 보였으며 시간이 지남에 따라서 가수분해되지 않았다. 박막 크로마토그래피법을 이용한 반응산물의 분석은 수용체의 높은 농도에서 기존의 효소보다 많은 양의 배당체를 합성할 수 있음을 보여주었고, 특히 중성보다 낮은 pH 영역에서 가장 높은 활성을 보여줌을 확인하였다. 이러한 결과는 glycosynthase가 산업적으로 배당체를 합성하는데 유용성이 크다는 것을 나타낸다.

PCR-DGGE를 이용한 구기자-맥문동 막걸리의 발효 과정과 저장 기간 중 효모와 세균 균총의 변화

민진홍 ( Jin Hong Min ) , 남윤규 ( Yun Gyu Nam ) , 주정일 ( Jung Il Ju ) , 정재홍 ( Jae Hong Jung ) , 이종수 ( Jong Soo Lee ) , 김하근 ( Ha Kun Kim )
4,500
초록보기
In this study, we investigated the microbial flora changes in Gugija-Liriope tuber Makgeolli during fermentation and storage periods. We brewed Gugija-Liriope tuber Makgeolli for a week through twostagefermentations and stored the fermentation broth for a month at 4oC or 20oC. We collected the samples periodically and analyzed microbial flora changes using viable cell counts and PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE). Yeast viable cells were seen to have decreased to 13% of pre-storage levels after storage for 15 days at 20oC; however significant changes were not observed during storage at 4oC. Prolongation of storage time dramatically decreased the availability of viable cells. Yeast viable cell numbers had decreased to 38% of pre-storage levels at 4oC and 4.8% at 20oC after storage for 30 days. The results of the DGGE profile for yeast showed that Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Saccharomyces sp. were the predominant strains at the beginning of fermentation and throughout the whole period of storage. Viable cell counts for total bacteria had decreased to 36% of pre-storage levels after storage for 15 days but did not significantly change for the full 30 days of storage at 4oC. Similarly, viable cell counts for bacteria had decreased to 5% while viable cell numbers did not significantly change for the full 30 days at 20oC. Viable cell counts for lactic acid bacteria were performed and the results were similar to those for total bacteria. The results of the DGGE profile for bacteria showed that Weissella cibaria was the predominant strain at the beginning of fermentation. However it had disappeared by the end of fermentation, and Lactobacillus fermentum and Pediococcus acidilactici became the predominant species during storage.
5,100
초록보기
피부재생에 대한 지방줄기세포 배양상등액(ADSC-CM)의 효능에 대한 연구를 진행하였다. ADSC-CM이 피부재생에 기여하는 기작은 명확하지 못하지만, ADSC-CM은 다양한 분비물을 포함하고 있고 따라서 피부트러블 처리를 위한 훌륭한 재료이다. 저 산소 상태에서 생산된 ADSC-CM, 즉 advanced adipose-derived stem cell protein extract (AAPE)는 피부재생에 보다 좋은 재료이다. 본 연구는 피부 재생에 결정적 역할을 하는 인체 primary 세포인 섬유아 세포(HDF)와 케라티노사이트(HK)를 이용하여 AAPE의 효능을 검증하였다. 0.32 μg/ml AAPE에서 콜라겐 합성이 관찰 되었으며 AAPE는 stress fiber 형성을 강화하였다. DNA microarray 결과에서는 세포증식, 세포이동, 세포부착, 상처반응에 관여하는 133개의 유전자 발현이 조절되는 것을 알았다. Antibody array를 통해 CD54, FGF-2, GM-CSF,IL-4, IL-6, VEGF, TGF-β2, TGF-β3, MMP-1, MMP-10, 그리고 MMP-19와 같은 MMP, 성장인자, 사이토카인등25개의 알려진 단백질이 포함되어 있다는 것을 알았다. 따라서, AAPE는 HK의 세포생물학적 기능을 활성화 할 수있다고 사료되며 HDF에서는 콜라겐 합성을 유도하였다. 이러한 결과는 AAPE가 피부재생에 임상적 적용이 가능하 리라는 것을 의미한다.

구제역 가축 매몰지 침출수의 물리 화학적특성과 유기물질 성상분석

강미아 ( Meea Kang ) , 김미선 ( Mi Sun Kim ) , 최병우 ( Byung Woo Choi ) , 손호용 ( Ho Yong Sohn )
4,500
초록보기
Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is one of the most notorious and contagious viral diseases afflicting cloven-hoofed animals. In this study, the physicochemical properties of leachate from a FMD landfill site at 773-1, Waryong, Andong, Korea and the ground water from 777, Waryong, Andong, Korea, were analyzed for 1 year from December 10th 2010 to November 17th 2011. The leachate was collected from the FMD landfill site during March, May, July, September and November, 2011 and changes in pH, brix, water content, insoluble solids, crude proteins, crude lipids, total and reducing sugars and ash content were determined. Considering the annual profiles of temperature and rainfall at the FMD landfill site, the dramatic changes in the physicochemical properties of the leachate from March to July, and especially from May to July, such as increases in pH, and a rapid reduction of brix and organic matter, may be closely linked to the growth of microorganisms in the leachate. The sharp decreases in the concentration of biominerals, such as Mg, Ca, and Fe from 1073, 4311 and 56.2 ppm in March to 151, 78, and 0.1 ppm in November, further suggest that decreases in organic matter in the leachate result from degradation by microorganisms originating from the intestines of the livestock. Analysis of the profiles of the organic materials in the leachate revealed that the properties of the leachate were similar to those of excremental matter-derived water. These results could be applied to a number of fields for the analysis of organic matter behavior, the development of the degradation process, and risk analysis in the environment for hygiene and food industries, of leachate from FMD landfill sites.

독도의 벼과식물로부터 분리된 Enterobacter spp.에 의한 고추의 흰별무늬병에 대한 전신유도저항성

손진수 ( Jin-soo Son ) , 마릴린수마요 ( Marilyn Sumayo ) , 강현욱 ( Hyun Uk Kang ) , 김병수 ( Byung Soo Kim ) , 권덕기 ( Duck Kee Kwon ) , 김사열 ( Sa Youl Ghim )
4,500
초록보기
This study`s aim is to isolate and characterize plant growth promoting Enterobacter species for the biological control of gray leaf spot in pepper. Screening was carried out from the rhizosphere of Agropyron tsukushiensi var. transiens (Hack.) Ohwi in Dok-do. Rhizobacterial isolates were partially identified by 16S rDNA sequencing and Enterobacter species were tested for plant growth promoting capabilities and the induction of systemic resistance in pepper against gray leaf spot caused by Stemphylium solani. Isolates were tested for production of indole-acetic acid and siderophore, and for phosphate solubilization. The application of isolates was effective in controlling gray leaf spot in pepper with E. asburiae (KNUC5007) and E. cancerogenes (KNUC5008 and KNUC5010) having the highest efficacy in reducing gray leaf spot severity. This is the first report of the biological control of gray leaf spot in pepper using rhizobacteria and it is hoped that this study will increase the utilization of Enterobacter species as plant growth promoters and biocontrol agents.

35종 해조류 추출물의 병원성 세균 및 Candida sp. 진균에 대한 항균 활성 평가

김미선 ( Mi Sun Kim ) , 권경진 ( Kyung Jin Kwon ) , 이민진 ( Min Jin Lee ) , 안선미 ( Seon Mi Ahn ) , 손호용 ( Ho Yong Sohn )
4,500
초록보기
In the course of this study aimed at the development of functional food ingredients from seaweeds, the in vitro antimicrobial activities of methanol extracts prepared from 35 different seaweeds (17 phaeophyta, 11 rhodophyta and 7 chlorophyta) were determined against food-borne diseases and pathogenic microorganisms including multi-drug resistant (MDR) Pseudomonas sp. and Candida sp. Based on disc-diffusion assays at 500 g/disc concentration of the methanol extracts, Ishige okamurai, I. foliacea, Sargassum confusum, and S. yamade exhibited strong antibacterial activities in a broad-spectrum, except against Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In addition to the latter four seaweeds, Ecklonia stolonifera, E. cava and Eisenia bicyclis also demonstrated antifungal activity against C. albicans. Among these 8 selected seaweeds, I. okamurai, I. foliacea, and S. yamade exhibited strong hemolytic activity (55-93%) at 500 g/ml against human RBC. Organic solvent sequential fractions using hexane, ethylacetate and butanol, and water residues were prepared from the 8 selected seaweeds and their anti-Candida sp. activities were further determined. The ethylacetate and butanol fraction of I. okamurai, and the hexane fraction of I. foliacea demonstrated antifungal activity against MDR-pathogenic Candida sp. Although the solvent fractions had no activity against MDR-Pseudomonas sp., our results suggest that seaweeds, especially Ishige okamurai, I. foliacea, S. confusum, and S. yamade could be developed as broad-spectrum antimicrobial ingredients.

다양한 환경조건을 가진 토양의 메탄산화세균 군집 특성

김태관 ( Tae Gwan Kim ) , 박현정 ( Hyun Jung Park ) , 이상현 ( Sang Hyon Lee ) , 김평화 ( Pyeong Wha Kim ) , 문경은 ( Kyung Eun Moon ) , 조경숙 ( Kyung Suk Cho )
4,500
초록보기
서울 근교의 민물 습지(FW), 해수습지(SW), 산림 토양(FS) 그리고 매립지 복토(LS)의 메탄산화세균 군집을 clone library/sequencing 기법을 이용하여 분석하였다. 메탄산화세균인 Methylocaldum, Methlyococcus과 Methylosinus는 FS와SW에서 풍부하였으며, Methylobacter와 Methylomonas는 FW에서 풍부하였고, Methylocystis와 Methylomicrobium은 LS에서 우점하였다. 메탄 산화가 관찰되기 전까지 필요한 lag phase는 각 토양별로 유의적으로 차이가 있었고, 메탄산화속도는 FW≥LS≥SW>FS순이었다. 이러한 결과들은 토양의 환경조건은 메탄산화세균의 군집과 메탄산화능에 영향을 미치는 중요한 인자임을 시사한다.
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