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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

한국미생물·생명공학회지검색

Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters


  • - 주제 : 자연과학분야 > 생물
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : - / SCOPUS
  • - ISSN : 1598-642x
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 : 산업미생물학회지(~2001)→한국미생물·생명공학회지(2002~)
논문제목
수록 범위 : 46권 1호 (2018)

Properties of Gul Jeotgal (Oyster Jeotgal) Prepared with Different Types of Salt and Bacillus subtilis JS2 as Starter

( Jeong A Kim ) , ( Zhuang Yao ) , ( Hyun-jin Kim ) , ( Jeong Hwan Kim )
4,500
초록보기
Gul (oyster) jeotgals (GJs) were prepared using different types of salt (23%, w/v): purified salt, solar salt aged for 3 years, and bamboo salt crystalized 3 times. One set of GJs was fermented with Bacillus subtilis JS2 (106 CFU/g), while the other GJ set was fermented without starter. During fermentation for 24 weeks at 15℃, the starter GJs showed 10-fold higher bacilli counts than the no-starter GJs, where the maximum bacilli count was 8 × 103 CFU/g. All 28 bacilli strains isolated from the 6-week GJs were identified as B. subtilis by using a RAPD-PCR, indicating that some of the B. subtilis JS2 cells remained viable. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and yeasts were present at low levels, 101 -102 CFU/g. LAB with protease activities isolated from 10- week samples were identified as Enterococcus species. The isolates obtained at 16 weeks were all Staphylococcus species. The GJs with bamboo salt showed higher pH and lower titratable acidity (TA) values than the other GJs due to the strong alkalinity of bamboo salt. The amino-type nitrogen in the GJs increased slowly during the fermentation. At 24 weeks, the GJs with purified salt showed the highest amino-type nitrogen (412-430 mg%), followed by the GJs with solar salt (397-406 mg%) and GJs with bamboo salt (264- 276 mg%). Meanwhile, the GJs with bamboo salt showed the highest ammonia-type N (63-67 mg%), followed by the GJs with purified salt (49 mg%) and solar salt (48 mg%).
4,500
초록보기
The aims of this work were to characterize and determine bioactivities of crude exopolysaccharide (EPS) extract from Bacillus tequilensis PS21 isolated from milk kefir from Kampaeng Petch, Thailand. B. tequilensis PS21 produced 112.1 mg dried EPS/l from initial 80 g/l lactose in modified TSB media at 52 h, with EPS product yield of 8.9 mg EPS/g lactose and specific product yield of 0.3 mg EPS/mg biomass. The FTIR result confirmed EPS to be a protein-bound polysaccharide and SEM analysis showed the morphology to be a grainy appearance with an uneven surface, covered with pores. HPLC analysis determined EPS as a heteropolysaccharide consisting of five sugar units with the following molar ratios; xylose (17.65), glucose (2.54), ribose (1.83), rhamnose (1.23), and galactose (1). Chemical components of this EPS were predominantly carbohydrate at 697.8 mg/g EPS (65%), protein 361.4 mg/g EPS (34%), and nucleic acid 12.5 mg/g EPS (1%). The EPS demonstrated antioxidant activities at 57.5% DPPH scavenging activity, 37.2 μM Fe(II)/mg EPS and 34.9 μM TEAC μM/mg EPS using DPPH, FRAP and ABTS assays, respectively. EPS also exhibited anti-tyrosinase activity at 34.9% inhibition. This work represents the first finding of EPS produced by Bacillus sp. from Thai milk kefir which shows potential applications in the production of antioxidant functional foods and whitening cosmetics. However, optimization of EPS production for industrial exploitation requires further study to ascertain the economic potential.

인동덩굴 추출물과 분획물의 항산화 활성 및 산화적 스트레스에 대한 세포 보호 효과

이예슬 ( Ye Seul Lee ) , 윤믿음 ( Mid Eum Yun ) , 이윤주 ( Yun Ju Lee ) , 박영민 ( Young Min Park ) , 이상래 ( Sang Lae Lee ) , 박수남 ( Soo Nam Park )
5,100
초록보기
DPPH를 이용한 인동덩굴 추출물의 자유라디칼 소거활성(FSC50) 측정 결과, 인동덩굴 에틸아세테이트 분획물 (77.25μg/ml)이 50% 에탄올 추출물(152.00 μg/ml)보다 약 2배 높은 활성을 나타내었다. Luminol 발광법을 이용한 인동덩굴 추출물의 활성산소 소거활성(총 항산화능, OSC50) 측정 결과, 인동덩굴 에틸아세테이트 분획물(0.33 μg/ml) > 인동덩굴 50% 에탄올 추출물(1.12 μg/ml) > L-ascorbic acid (4.95μg/ml) 순서로 높게 나타났다. 1O2으로 유도된 적혈구 파괴에 대한 세포 보호 효과(τ50) 측정 결과, 인동덩굴 추출물의 농도에 의존적으로 세포 보호 효과가 나타났으나, 고농도에서는 세포 보호 효과가 감소하는 경향을 나타내었다. 인동덩굴 50% 에탄올 추출물은 10 μg/ml의 농도(46.0 min)에서, 인동덩굴 에틸아세테이트 분획물은 1 μg/ml의 농도(52.3min)에서 가장 높은 세포 보호 효과를 나타내었다. 인동덩굴 추출물 및 분획물의 세포 독성 평가 결과, 본 실험에서는 0.4-12.5 μg/ml의 농도 범위를 설정하여 세포 보호 효과를 평가하였다. 과산화수소로 유도된 각질 형성 세포인 HaCaT세포 보호 효과는 인동덩굴 50% 에탄올 추출물 및 에틸아세테이트 분획물 12.5 μg/ml의 농도에서 각각 70.0, 78.6%의 세포 생존율을 나타냈으며, 대조군(65%)과 비교하여 유의한 세포 보호 효과를 가지고 있음을 확인하였다. UVB를 조사한 HaCaT 세포의 세포 내 ROS 소거 활성에서 인동덩굴 50% 에탄올 추출물 및 에틸아세테이트 분획물 모두 농도 의존적으로 ROS를 소거하였으며, 12.5 μg/ml 농도에서 각각 45.2, 63.3%의 ROS 소거율을 나타내었다. 이를 통해 인동덩굴 에틸아세테이트 분획물이 50% 에탄올 추출물보다 높은 세포 내 ROS 억제능이 있음을 확인하였다. TLC와 HPLC 크로마토그램을 이용한 인동덩굴의 에틸아세테이트 분획물의 성분 분석을 통해 caffeic acid, luteolin, apigenin, coumaric acid를 확인하였다. Caffeic acid와 luteolin의 뛰어난 환원력과 킬레이팅 작용이 인동덩굴 추출물의 활성산소 소거활성과 세포 보호 효과에 크게 기인했을 것으로 사료된다. 인동덩굴 50% 에탄올 추출물과 에틸아세테이트 분획물의 총 페놀성 화합물 및 총 플라보노이드 함량 측정 결과를 통해, 인동덩굴 에틸아세테이트 분획물이 50% 에탄올 추출물보다 많은 페놀성 화합물, 플라보노이드를 함유하고 있기 때문에 더욱 우수한 항산화 활성을 나타내었음을 확인하였다. 본 연구에서는 자외선에 의해 생성되는 다양한 ROS에 대한 인동덩굴 추출물 및 분획물의 항산화 활성을 평가하였고 이상의 결과를 통해 인동덩굴 추출물이 식물유래 천연 항산화제로서 가치가 있음을 시사하였다. 뿐만 아니라, 인동덩굴의 항산화 기능성 화장품 소재로서의 개발 가능성을 확인하였다.

Glycogen Metabolism in Vibrio vulnificus Affected by malP and malQ

( Ah-reum Han ) , ( Yeon-ju Lee ) , ( Tianshi Wang ) , ( Jung-wan Kim )
5,100
초록보기
Vibrio vulnificus needs various responsive mechanisms to survive and transmit successfully in alternative niches of human and marine environments, and to ensure the acquisition of steady energy supply to facilitate such unique life style. The bacterium had genetic constitution very different from that of Escherichia coli regarding metabolism of glycogen, a major energy reserve. V. vulnificus accumulated more glycogen than other bacteria and at various levels according to culture medium and carbon source supplied in excess. Glycogen was accumulated to the highest level in Luria-Bertani (3.08 mg/mg protein) and heart infusion (4.30 mg/mg protein) complex media supplemented with 1% (w/v) maltodextrin at 3 h into the stationary phase. Regarding effect of carbon source, more glycogen was accumulated when maltodextrin (2.34 mg/mg protein) was added than when glucose or maltose (0.78-1.14 mg/mg protein) was added as an excessive carbon source to M9 minimal medium, suggesting that maltodextrin metabolism might affect glycogen metabolism very closely. These results were supported by the analysis using the malP (encoding a maltodextrin phosphorylase) and malQ (encoding a 4-α-glucanotransferase) mutants, which accumulated much less glycogen than wild type when either glucose or maltodextrin was supplied as an excessive carbon source, but at different levels (3.1-80.3% of wild type glycogen). Therefore, multiple pathways for glycogen metabolism were likely to function in V. vulnificus and that responding to maltodextrin might be more efficient in synthesizing glycogen. All of the glycogen samples from 3 V. vulnificus strains under various conditions showed a narrow side chain length distribution with short chains (G4-G6) as major ones. Not only the comparatively large accumulation volume but also the structure of glycogen in V. vulnificus, compared to other bacteria, may explain durability of the bacterium in external environment.
4,500
초록보기
Gram 양성세균의 생육을 억제하는 세균을 청주시 무심천 토양에서 분리하였으며, 16S rRNA 유전자 염기서열 분석 결과 Pseudomonas otitidis PS로 동정하였다. PS 균주는 0.5%의 glucose가 포함된 1% soybean meal 배지에서 2차 대사 산물로서 최대 약 0.1%의 수율로 항생물질을 생산하였다. 항생물질 성분은 ethyl acetate로 추출하였으며, Staphylococcus aureus KCTC 1261에 대한 minimum inhibitory concentration은 2 μg/ml이었다. 이 성분은 siderophore 활성을 띠어서 chrome azurol S 평판배지에서 주황색 halo를 나타내었으며, 철이 제거되면 생육 억제 효과는 감소하였다. Ascorbic acid 같은 환원제를 첨가하거나 혐기적 환경에서는 항생물질 활성을 잃으므로 PS 항생물질은 활성산소를 방출하여 bactericidal activity를 갖는 것으로 보인다.
4,500
초록보기
The chitosanase gene (btbchito) of Bacillus thuringiensis BMB171 was cloned and heterologously expressed in the yeast Pichia pastoris. After purification, about 300 mg of recombinant chitosanase was obtained from the 1-1 culture medium with a specific activity of 240 units/mg. Results determined by the combined use of thin layer chromatography (TLC) and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) showed that the chitooligosaccharides (COSs) obtained by chitosan (N-deacetylated by 70%, 80%, and 90%) hydrolysis by rBTBCHITO were comprised of oligomers, with degrees of polymerization (DP) mainly ranging from trimers to heptamers; high molecular weight chitopentaose, chitohexaose, and chitoheptaose were also produced. Hydrolysis products was also deduced using MS since the COSs (n) are complex oligosaccharides with various acetyl groups from one to two, so the non-acetyl COSs (GlcN)n and COSs with more acetyls (> 2) were not detected. The employment of this method in the production of high molecular weight COSs may be useful for various industrial and biological applications, and the activity of chitosanase has great significance in research and other applications.

Janthinobacterium sp. 유래 저온활성 lipase의 발현, 정제 및 효소 특성 연구

박성호 ( Sung-ho Park ) , 박성주 ( Seong-ju Park ) , 최종일 ( Jong-il Choi )
4,500
초록보기
본 연구에서는 극지에서 유래한 Janthinobacterium sp. PAMC25641로부터 분리한 리파아제 유전자를 클로닝 하고 과발현시켜 정제하였으며, 이 분리한 재조합 리파아제 효소의 생화학적 특성에 대해 분석하였다. 이 효소는 15℃ 이하의 온도에서 장시간 활성을 유지하는 효소로서 산업적으로 활용될 가능성이 높을 것으로 기대된다.

Genomic Analysis of Actinomyces sp. Strain CtC72, a Novel Fibrolytic Anaerobic Bacterium Isolated from Cattle Rumen

( Akshay Joshi ) , ( Gowdaman Vasudevan ) , ( Anupama Engineer ) , ( Soham Pore ) , ( Sai Suresh Hivarkar )
4,500
초록보기
A xylanolytic and cellulolytic anaerobic bacterium strain CtC72 was isolated from cattle rumen liquor. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain CtC72 shared only 97.78% homology with its nearest phylogenetic affiliate Actinomyces ruminicola, showing its novelty. The strain could grow on medium containing xylan, carboxymethyl cellulose and avicel producing CO2, acetate, and ethanol as major fermentation products. The whole genome analysis of the strain CtC72 exhibited a broad range of carbohydrate-active enzymes required for the breakdown and utilization of lignocellulosic biomass. Genes related to the production of ethanol and stress tolerance were also detected. Further there were several unique genes in CtC72 for chitin degradation, pectin utilization, sugar utilization, and stress response in comparison with Actinomyces ruminicola. The results show that the strain CtC72, a putative novel bacterium can be used for lignocellulosic biomass based biotechnological applications.

Actinobacteria from Cow Feces: Isolation, Identification and Screening for Industrially Important Secondary Metabolites

( Preeti Semwal ) , ( Vinay Rawat ) , ( Pushpendra Sharma ) , ( Mamta Baunthiyal )
4,500
초록보기
Actinobacterial strains isolated from Cow feces were studied for their antifungal attributes against phytopathogens and industrially important enzymes. A total of 30 Actinobacterial strains were obtained from 10 samples of cow feces. All the strains were belonging to the genera Streptomyces on the basis of morphological and chemotaxonomic analysis. During preliminary screening, out of 30 strains, 15 strains (50%) showed antifungal activity against five fungal phytopathogens including Aspergillus niger, Fusarium solani, Fusarium oxysporum, Macrophomina phaseolina and Rhizoctonia solani. While, isolate GBTCF-26 was found to be most active against R. solani with 62.2% inhibition of fungal mycelium, GBTCF-09 was prominent against F. solani and F. oxysporum with percent inhibition of 61.1% and 58.8%, respectively. Out of 30 strains, 19 (63.3%), 16 (53.3%), 11 (36.7%), 10 (33.3%), 4 (13.3%) and 8 (26.7%) strains were producing amylase, caseinase, gelatinase, lipase, chitinase and cellulose, respectively. The selected strains, GBTCF-09, GBTCF- 21 and GBTCF-26, were identified as Streptomyces sp. on the basis of their 16S rDNA sequence. The study supports the idea that the Actinobacteria from unique niches (Cow feces) possess the production potential of industrially important enzymes including bioactive molecules.

CO2 농도 상승 효과에 의한 고추 세균점무늬병 발병 양상 분석

장종옥 ( Jong-ok Jang ) , 김병혁 ( Byung-hyuk Kim ) , 문두경 ( Doo-gyung Moon ) , 고상욱 ( Sang-wook Koh ) , 좌재호 ( Jae-ho Joa )
4,500
초록보기
CO2의 상승은 식물 병원성 미생물의 발병력과 기주 식물의 저항성에 영향을 미칠 것이며, 기주와 병원체의 상호 작용에도 영향을 미칠 것으로 예상된다. 본 연구는 CO2 상승환경에서 기주와 병원체간의 상호 작용을 연구하기 위하여 고추(Capsicum annuum)와 세균점무늬병을 유발하는 X.euvesicatoria를 이용하였다. 고추 식물체의 병저항성 관련유전자인 CaLRR1, CaWRKY1, CaPIK1 그리고 CaPR10 유전자를 quantitative RT-PCR로 분석한 결과 800 ppm에서 CaLRR1, CaPIK1 그리고 PR10 유전자의 발현이 감소하였으며, negative regulator인 CaWRKY1 유전자는 발현이 증가하였다. 400 ppm과 800 ppm의 CO2 농도에서 이병엽률과 발병도를 확인 한 결과 800 ppm에서 발병도가 증가된 것을 확인하였다. 이들 결과는 미래의 CO2 농도가 증가 된 환경에서 고추와 고추의 주요 피해 병원균인 X. euvesicatoria에 의한 고추 세균점무늬병의 발병 양상을 이해하는 기초 자료로 활용할 수 있을 것이다.
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