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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

> 한말연구학회 > 한말연구 > 40권 0호

한말연구검색

Korean Language Research


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 국어학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1229-4500
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 40권 0호 (2016)

상황상에 따른 연결어미 "-어서"의 의미 분화

강계림 ( Kay Lim Kang )
한말연구학회|한말연구  40권 0호, 2016 pp. 5-31 ( 총 27 pages)
6,700
초록보기
This study proposes that the meanings of conjunction marker ``-ese`` are divided according to aspectual features of precedeing clause situation. Further, all of these meanings are based on imperfective function of ``-ese``. As an imperfective function, ``-ese`` presents internal time structure of a situation, like a preliminary phrase or a resultant phrase, as well as a ongoing phrase Therefore, ``-ese`` means ``Precedence`` with [+resultant] as an aspectual feature in a preceding clause situation, locating a view point at the resultant phrase of a situation. Also, ``-ese`` means ``Method`` with [+telic] and [-resultant], focusing on the ongoing phrase of a situation. Meanwhile, ``-ese`` can mean ``Cause`` with any kind of situation aspects, based on a background function in a discourse level. ``-ese`` of Precedence is compared with ``-ko`` which has the similar meaning as a perfective marker. Perfective is defined as absence of imperfective meaning. Therefore, imperfective marker ``-ese`` is used in continuous situation, while perfective marker ``-ko`` is used in neutral.

한국 신문 보도문의 "개입(Engagement)" 표현에 대한 연구

김병건 ( Byeongkeon Kim )
한말연구학회|한말연구  40권 0호, 2016 pp. 33-61 ( 총 29 pages)
6,900
초록보기
We explored ``Engagement`` in Korean, based on Appraisal Theory with newspaper reports in < Donga-ilbo >, < Joongang-ilbo > and < Hankyoreh- Shinmun >. ``Engagement`` provides the means for the authorial voice to position itself with respect to, and hence to ‘engage’ with, the other voices and alternative positions construed as being in play in the current communicative context. ``Engagement`` in Korean is divided into four, as follows. First, we cover ``Disclaim`` by which some prior utterance or some alternative position is invoked so as to be directly rejected, replaced or held to be unsustainable. This is the domain of negation and concession/counter- expectation. This is most typically achieved through words as anida, anta, motada, eopda, etc. and geuleona, hajiman, etc. Second, ``Endorse`` is a sort of ``Proclaim``. We refer to ``Endorse`` by which propositions sourced to external sources are construed by the authorial voice as correct, valid, undeniable or otherwise maximally warrantable. This is most typically achieved through periphrastic constructions as X-e ttareumyeon, X-reul bomyeon, X-e/eseo (bodeunsi), josa/hwagin gyeolgwa, etc. and words as natanada, deureonada, josadoeda, bakhyeojida, hwagindoeda, etc. Third, ``Entertain`` is a expression by the authorial voice. It indicates that its position is but one of a number of possible positions. This is most typically achieved through periphrastic constructions as -neun jeonmangi jibaejeogida, -eul ganeungseongi nopda, -eul manhada, -eul sudo issda, -eul geoseulo boida, -eul geoseulo gwancheugdoeda, -eul geoseulo yesangdoeda, etc. Fourth, We deal with ``Attribute`` which disassociates the proposition from the text’s internal authorial voice by attributing it so some external source. This is most typically achieved through periphrastic constructions as -go gangjohada, -go malhada, -go balghida, etc. and -neun gwancheugi naoda/issda/…, -neun mali naoda/issda/…, -neun somuni naoda/issda/…, etc

중세국어 문법 연구의 현황과 전망

김유범 ( Yupum Kim )
한말연구학회|한말연구  40권 0호, 2016 pp. 63-85 ( 총 23 pages)
6,300
초록보기
This paper aims to survey the studies on middle Korean grammar done so far and to suggest the new directions for better studies. For almost 100 years we have studied middle Korean grammar with fervor. Thanks to this we could understand a lot of things about middle Korean grammar and also find interesting issues to debate. Some issues, mainly on several (pre)final endings(-□-, -오-, -으시-, -잇가/-잇고) of middle Korean, evoked heated arguments among researchers. Although all of them not introduced, a number of brilliant studies brought us to wonderful understanding of the secret properties in middle Korean. For the future studies on middle Korean grammar I suggest the three directions as follows: the studies of middle Korean grammar in view of ⅰ) a base of phonology, ⅱ) diachronic information, and ⅲ) linguistic typology. I hope that young and devoted researchers will continue to study middle Korean grammar enthusiastically as we have done so far.

표준 외래어 정립을 위한 정책 분석과 대안

박동근 ( Donggeun Park )
한말연구학회|한말연구  40권 0호, 2016 pp. 87-112 ( 총 26 pages)
6,600
초록보기
The purpose of this study is to investigate previous policies and usage of standard loanword in Korea and to find problems and alternatives from a position of supporting the necessity of regulating standard loanword. The current standard language of Korea is following < Korean standard language regulation >(1988) that the nation notified, but < Korean standard language regulation >(1988) is only stipulating pure Korean words(native word) and standard language of Sino-Korean words. However, letters are used for writing words that < loanword orthography > without regulation standard language regulation is unstable by nature. As a result, considerable differences have arisen between the use of loanword and regulation, and many errors are occurring in the language used by the public. This is not only an obstacle in accurate communication, but becomes a factor that the language society distrusts the language standard. Therefore, this study considered that < standard loanword regulation > that conforms to the < standard language regulation > needs to be prepared as a fundamental countermeasure for solving discordance between the linguistic reality and loanword orthography.

담화에 나타난 "그래서" 연구

전영옥 ( Young-ok Jeon )
한말연구학회|한말연구  40권 0호, 2016 pp. 113-146 ( 총 34 pages)
7,400
초록보기
Graeseo’ is a conjunctive adverb that is commonly used for both spoken and written languages, but has hardly been studied as an independent topic. This study investigates the syntactic aspects and semantic functions of ‘Graeseo’ in spoken language, such as conversations and speeches. ‘Graeseo’ is differently used in spoken languages from written, such as its location, conjunction unit or by the conversation participant, and plays diverse semantic roles thereby. In spoken languages, just as in written, ‘Graeseo’ is used to connect two sentences when the preceding one indicates causes or reasons. This causational connection leads development of the conversation or speech. In other cases, ‘Graeseo’ is used to present supplementary, detailed or repeated explanations, sequential relations or simple connection in spoken languages. When a speaker uses ‘Graeseo’ in the context where there is no causational relations, it could be seen that s/he desires to emphasize that her/his speech is cohesive and coherent. That is, ‘Graeseo’ is a useful means to connect one``s speech by causational relations and help maintaining the right to speak.

한국어 듣기에서 상위인지 의식에 대한 연구

정대현 ( Dae Hyun Jung )
한말연구학회|한말연구  40권 0호, 2016 pp. 147-176 ( 총 30 pages)
7,000
초록보기
Based on sociocultural theory, this article outlines a small-scale study exploring metacognitive awareness of Korean language listening. In each of five lessons, six pairs of advanced-level, adult, KFL learners participated in a sequence of tasks involving the explicit verbalisation of strategies as part of a pedagogical cycle designed to stimulate their metacognitive awareness of the processes underlying L2 listening. Peer-peer dialogue was the central mechanism mediating the construction and co-construction of metacognitive awareness, and it also acted as the primary unit of analysis. The qualitative and quantitative analysis of the pairs’ dialogue and corresponding diary entries illustrated that through, and in, dialogue as part of a structured pedagogical cycle, learners were afforded, and exploited, opportunities to enhance their metacognitive awareness of L2 listening.

15세기 "-오-"의 이형태로서의 "-과-" 재고

정수현 ( Suhyeon Jeong )
한말연구학회|한말연구  40권 0호, 2016 pp. 177-201 ( 총 25 pages)
6,500
초록보기
The pre-final ending in Korean of the 15th century, ``-O-``, takes part in composing NP-embedded sentences by putting in front of ``-n``, ``-l``, and ``-m``, but ``-O-`` appears in connective suffix and final endings as well. According to the standard and basis, there is a list of ending forms involved with ``-O-`` and allomorph. Various scholars stated that when ``-O-`` appears with ``-si-``, ``-deo-``, and ``-geo-``, it is written into ``-sha-``, ``-da-``, and ``-ga-``, but there is still not enough explanation about these allomorphs, especially about ``-gua-`` and ``-ro-``. In middle Korean, ``-gua-`` appears in ``-guara``, ``-guaida``, ``-guandai``, ``-guandyeo``, ``-guadyeo``, and ``-guadai``. Because ``-gua-`` appears relatively limitedly, there is difficulty in understanding its function. ``-gua-`` may be explained as a union of ``-geo-`` and ‘-O-’ according to existing opinions, but it doesn``t appear very convincing. This study set standards for problems and direction of studies on ``-gua-``. (1) Do ``-gua-`` sentence structures have something in common? Is there semantic similarity or syntactic similarity? If same function cannot be found, the form needs to be ruled out. (2) Is it possible to analyze ``-gua-`` of the 15th century? It was identified that ``-gua-`` of the 15 century is impossible to analyze. (3) If it si possible to analyze, is it ``-geo-``+``-O-``? An explanation that the result of a combination of ``-geo-`` and ``-O-`` being ``-ga-``, ``-gua-`` sounds a little unconvincing. (4) Then, can a hypothesis that it is a combination with a prefinal ending ``-go-`` not ``-geo-`` be proposed? There is ``-go-`` in old Korean language, but it may not be proved by limited literature. It is because compositions that correspond to ``-gua-`` and ``-ga-`` did not appear in Seokdokkugyol.

한국어 문법 현상과 역전태- 단체명사 주어, 주체 존대, 능격 동사를 중심으로 -

정해권 ( Hae-gwon Jeong )
한말연구학회|한말연구  40권 0호, 2016 pp. 203-224 ( 총 22 pages)
6,200
초록보기
In the linguistic typological perspective, Korean grammatical phenomena may have relations to linguistic universalities. This study aims reanalyse the group noun subjects, subject honorific expressions, and so-called ergative verbs constructions as voice phenomena parallel with inverse voice. According to the universal nominal hierarchy, the first person pronoun (speaker) is the most topical and frequently coded as a subject. However inverse voice shows that the patient as subject is more topical than the agent, but the agent retains considerable topicality in the nominal hierarchy. Furthermore, Inverse voice represents the default cultural values of a community which are coded in a different linguistic form and are reversed for specific communicative purposes (Maldonado 2007). Similarly, a group noun subject and a honorific subject cannot be a first person. Subjects of so-called ergative verbs in Middle Korean have supernatural powers and are socially remote roles such as kings or generals. So group noun subjects with case marker eyse, subject honorific markers kkeyse and -si-, and so-called ergative verbs represent the way the norm has been reversed.

문법의 규범적 관점과 해석

정희창 ( Hui Chang Jeong )
한말연구학회|한말연구  40권 0호, 2016 pp. 225-250 ( 총 26 pages)
6,600
초록보기
Descriptive contents and attitude varies depending on descriptive viewpoint of grammar. Grammatical attitude of school grammar, language norms, and normative dictionary not describes grammar as it is but selects and adjusts depending on given viewpoint. Normative viewpoint needs standard of grammar technology, because only grammatical phenomenon is not a basis for grammar technology. As principle needed when grammar is normatively described, this thesis suggests two principles such as first, target and application scope of grammar technology should be obvious, and second, a result of grammar technology should be expected. The researcher thinks that these principles are commonly showed in normative grammar technology used in present norms, dictionary, school grammar, and grammar for Korean education, and will be a starting point of in-depth discussion about normative viewpoint of grammar. If language is like a continuously-changing organism, the appropriateness of the viewpoint understanding grammar fixedly at one point and viewpoint can be admitted. There is high probability of this viewpoint to be suited to fields needing regular system, procedure, and completeness such as education, learning, and evaluation. In the future, this scope can be expanded to a relation with descriptive grammar and a relation with grammar ability needed in speech community. This discussion will help not only in enlarging the understanding of normative grammar but also in understanding a relation with descriptive grammar and grammar wholly.

한국어의 의외성 범주의 실현과 그 양상

조용준 ( Yongjoon Cho )
한말연구학회|한말연구  40권 0호, 2016 pp. 251-278 ( 총 28 pages)
6,800
초록보기
This paper concerns mirativity and mirative markers in Korean. Mirativity is a semantic category employed to mark an utterance as conveying information which is new or unexpected to the speaker. On the other hand, the mirative refers to the crosslinguistic grammatical phenomena related to mirativity. In Korean, It has been argued that endings -kwuna, -ney, and -te- belong to the miratives, but we argue that the prefinal ending -te- is not eligible for the Korean mirative marker, due to its violence of the recency effect. There have been some controversies over the definition of mirativity in Korean. We argue that the disjunctive definition, given by DeLancy (1997; 2001; 2010), needs to be maintained to subsume and identify the range of mirative meanings typologically. We also argue that mirative meanings can be extended pragmatically based on its context and speakers`` intention.
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