In this paper, we study “Foreign Cookery in Korean,” particularly its orthography and vocabulary. “Foreign Cookery in Korean” was translated in 1899 by Mr. Underwood from Mrs. Crawford`s “Foreign Cookery in Chinese.” The book consists of 16 categories and 271 recipes. In terms of Western cookery, the content is arranged in order food course service. For example: soup, main dishes (meat and fish), salads and desserts (pickles, custard, pastry, cakes, coffee, and so on). Each recipe is proceeded by both Arabic and Chinese numerals and the recipes include both ingredients and cooking methods. In particular, there are many recipes about breads and desserts like pies, tarts, pastries, puddings, custards, and cakes, account for about 70% of recipes.
In orthography, the spacing of the words in this text is comparatively good. But one syllabic-bound noun, which is related with various units, is mostly affixed with front words. In case of tensed sounds, `ㅅ-series` consonant clusters are mostly used, with the exception of the consonant clusters `뚝겁게` that were used once. `[s`]`(tensed `s`) are written by `ㅆ` such as `쏘쒜지,` `쏘다,` and the like. In the case of aspirated sounds, `Jungcheol` writing is used, for example, `ㅋ` sounds are written by `ㄱ-ㅎ,` `ㅍ` sounds are written by `ㅂ-ㅎ,` and so on. If aspirated sounds are final consonants, `ㅅ-ㅊ` are used. So `압 헤` means `앞에` and `갓치` means `같이`. That is a mark of the Early Modern Korean writing system.
This text shows special foreign language vocabulary in Modern Korean. Some words are transliteration words, like `차콜레잇트,` `카피,` `와퍼쓰,` and the like. Likewise, some words are translated literally such as `오믈렛,` `케이크,` and `소시지` into `계란쌈,` `우유□, ` and `고기□. ` Food ingredients and cookware are Western style because the recipes are about Western dishes. Cookware is categorized separately according to dishes or cooking methods like `glass (류리 잔), glass bottle (류리 병), glass plate (류리 접시),` `tin cover (양철 □에), frying pan (번쳘)` or `iron bowl, Chinaware.` Basic seasonings are usually used `salt (소곰)` and `sugar (사탕/셜당).` Addition spices include flavorings, gravy, and fruit juice.