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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

영미문화검색

ENGLISH & AMERICAN CULTURAL STUDIES


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : -
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1598-5431
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 17권 3호 (2017)

이종문화에 걸치는 다리: 캐서린 패터슨의 『테라비시아의 다리』

카오리타네다 ( Kaori Taneda )
한국영미문화학회|영미문화  17권 3호, 2017 pp. 1-16 ( 총 16 pages)
5,100
초록보기
Katherine Paterson (1932-) is an American writer known for children`s novels. She won two National Book Awards and Hans Christian Andersen Award, and two Newbery Medals. She often writes about lonely children who are not understood by those around them, and they seem to reflect the author`s childhood experiences. Paterson was born in China on her father`s missionary duties, and she could speak both Chinese and English as native tongues. Bridge to Terabithia is the story of an unlikely friendship between a city girl, Leslie Burke, and a country boy, Jesse Aarons. Leslie is a new girl in the fifth grade class. Including Leslie, Jesse empathizes the three women who cannot adapt themselves to the surroundings at Lark Creek Elementary School―Miss. Edmunds, Janice Avery, and Leslie. They are uncomfortable with the mainstream culture in the rural area, and they cannot manage things as they wish. Nobody takes notice of their opinions, and they spend their days in isolation: they are treated as Others. In her acknowledgments of the novel, however, Paterson uses the Japanese word, banzai! for the people there. It means, in spite of Leslie`s death, this story is not about a tragedy but about finding delight moments in our mortal lives. By writing this novel, Paterson, as well as Jesse, becomes the bridge to interact with Others.

Re-Imagined Community in Courtney Hunt`s Frozen River

부경숙 ( Kyungsook Boo )
한국영미문화학회|영미문화  17권 3호, 2017 pp. 17-37 ( 총 21 pages)
5,600
초록보기
This essay uses Kimberle Crenshaw`s theory of intersectionality to analyze and discuss Ray`s and Lila`s journeys in Courtney Hunt`s 2008 film, Frozen River, to argue that director Courtney Hunt explores the notion of borders in her film in order to suggest intersectionality as an approach to restoring motherhood for working class women who have been pushed out of domesticity. The film suggests that intersectional understanding can only be achieved through multiple border crossings, and shows how Ray and Lila are able to move beyond seeing each other primarily as racially different Others and begin to identify with each other as mothers through the intersectional understanding they gain as a result of their border crossings. Further, the film reveals that it is through the perspective of motherhood that they are able to humanize and empathize with not just each other but also with other marginalized women across ethnic, racial, religious, and national boundaries, and that it is this solidarity of motherhood that allows them to value all motherhood, rather than only their own. While it is intersectional understanding and the shared positionality of being a mother without the conventional patriarchal protection of husbands or fathers that allows Ray to make a choice that preserves both her own and Lila`s motherhood, it must be noted that the film denies intersectional identity and space to Lila at the end. The film does reimagine communities around motherhood rather than blood or legal familial units, racial identifications, or marital relations, but the reimagined community of motherhood presented at the end of the film fractures Lila`s identity while it preserves Ray`s. Thus, the re-imagined community of motherhood constructed at the end of the film is one predicated upon denial of non-white intersectional identity and space, and therefore, very limited in its ability to conceive of new forms of community.
5,600
초록보기
The 2005`s Newbery Medal Winner, Cynthia Kadohata`s Kira-Kira, is known that the title of work uses Japanese onomatopoeia: `kira-kira`. In this paper, I would like to compare it with another work using Japanese onomatopoeia: Kenji Miyazawa`s “Yamanashi” (The Wild Pear), for explaining the role and limitation of using onomatopoeia in works. Two works are effective for using onomatopoeia that makes a usual word to show a different aspect. Especially, Kadohata`s Kira-Kira is the main theme of story in which a girl grows up through the difficult time. In this story, onomatopoeia `kira-kira` has a very important role which shows the way of seeing the world in the new light. I would refer to the viewpoint of a reader who speaks English usually, and point to successfulness of using onomatopoeia and its limitation. Comparing Kadohata`s work with Kenji Miyazawa`s work is useful to clearly show the problems of using onomatopoeia and impossibility of translation.

뉴베리상 연쇄: 레베카 스테드의 『너를 만날 때』 와 매들린 랭글의 『시간의 주름』

치아키아사이 ( Chiaki Asai )
한국영미문화학회|영미문화  17권 3호, 2017 pp. 61-77 ( 총 17 pages)
5,200
초록보기
America`s highest honor for children`s books, the John Newbery medal was established in 1922, and claims to be the first children`s book prize in the world. In its long history, there are numerous outstanding books which have a strong influence on children and children`s literature. Almost 50 years after Madeleine L`Engle`s classic children`s book A Wrinkle in Time(1962) won the Newbery medal, the prestigious American prize was won by a novel in which A Wrinkle in Time plays an important role. Rebecca Stead`s When You Reach Me(2009) tells the story of a twelve-year-old New Yorker Miranda, caught up in reading L`Engle`s time-and-space-travelling tale. Miranda begins to receive notes that she believes are from the future and which could help prevent a tragic death. In this paper, I will discuss three issues. First, I will describe how time travel and `tesseract` work in the story of A Wrinkle in Time. It is essential to understand the effective use of first-person narration by the main character Miranda in When You Reach Me. Secondly, I will examine how A Wrinkle in Time is incorporated in the story of When You Reach Me. The classic novel is vital both to the progression of the mystery in the latter and development of each character. Thirdly, I will consider intertextuality and the New York City setting of When You Reach Me. I firmly believe that Newbery award books are highly significant in the world of children`s literature in the United States.

History, Language, and the Representation of Animals: Reading The Voyages of Dr. Dolittle by Hugh Lofting

( Yoko Ikesue )
한국영미문화학회|영미문화  17권 3호, 2017 pp. 79-93 ( 총 15 pages)
5,000
초록보기
This essay examines the critical assessment of Hugh Lofting`s The Voyages of Dr. Dolittle as a winner of the Newbery Medal by focusing on three points: the viewpoint of the narrator, language as a communication tool between animals and humans, and the representations of the war and imperialism in the Western history. I conclude that this story encourages children to be objective observers for the hidden and negative aspect of their own history and provide readers with the importance of coexistence with others.

『뒤집어졌지만 다시 제자리로』에서의 (무)조건적 환대의 (불)가능성

이은아 ( Eun-a Lee )
한국영미문화학회|영미문화  17권 3호, 2017 pp. 95-120 ( 총 26 pages)
6,100
초록보기
Thanhha Lai`s Inside Out and Back Again, which received the Newberry Honor Award in 2001, is about the Vietnam War and war refugees moved to seek asylum from their war-torn country of Vietnam. When the Vietnam War broke out, most Vietnamese were exposed to violence, such as rape, piracy and forced labor, and they hurried away from their country after the defeat of South Vietnam. But even when they immigrated to the United States as war refugees, they were discriminated and despised by Americans. These things show that Vietnam war refugees were weak and poor others in many ways. This article examines the (im)possibility of (un)conditional Hospitality in Inside Out and Back Again through Jacques Derrida`s ethical writings on hospitality. Derrida mentioned two kinds of hospitality, one is a conditional hospitality and the other is a pure and unconditional hospitality, hospitality itself. He emphasizes realization of the latter, unconditional hospitality. If `unfamiliar` people of different nationalities, languages and cultures come into our home, how should we welcome the guest? Especially when a stranger coming to our home is a stranger who is not identified, what should we do? Even so, Derrida lets us offer them unconditional hospitality without any condition or expectation. It is possible only when we give up our rights, our own property, our authority and duties. This is the possibility of the impossibility of hospitality, and the realization of boundless love.

「철학자」에 나타난 그로테스크 연구 : 타인의 삶과 좌절된 정체성을 중심으로

이종문 ( Lee Jong-moon )
한국영미문화학회|영미문화  17권 3호, 2017 pp. 121-142 ( 총 22 pages)
5,700
초록보기
In “The Philosopher”, Sherwood Anderson deals with a story of Dr. Parcival who has a view of life or a philosophy of his own by a limited experience of childhood. Parcival lives according to the distorted values affected by his mother and elder brother, but it is merely the lives of others, not by his own life. A line of conduct or a philosophy of his own he tries to explain to the young reporter George Willard is that he could be a superior person if he hated and despised others. His cynical philosophy is clearly evident when he refuses to go out and attend a dead girl in Winesburg. Although he acts on philosophy based on his own superiority and contempt for others, he feels guilty for denial of a medical treatment as a doctor and fears the revenge of townspeople. I can highly appreciate the value of “The Philosopher” in that Anderson depicts a story of grotesque artistically who lives a life by the values of others, fails to communicate with the surrounding people, and finally lose a chance to correct a distorted philosophy and to restore a separated relationship with others.

“새로운 캐릭터 문화산업 만들기”: 『위니 더 푸우』와 『푸우 코너에 있는 집』

이충수 ( Choong Soo Lee )
한국영미문화학회|영미문화  17권 3호, 2017 pp. 143-167 ( 총 25 pages)
6,000
초록보기
The writer who created Winnie-the-Pooh and The House at Pooh Corner was Alan Alexander Milne. The characters occupy an important place to share in the form of culture of people. The characters are now being created and disappearing repeatedly. However, the character that started as a fairy tale from the time of childhood is a character that recalls the nostalgia with the memories of childhood even after becoming an adult. We understand the character of the Disney company which has the most loved and fans in the world and try to find a way to share literature and culture by trying to create a new character culture industry in literature. The characters in Winnie-the-Pooh are used in various fields such as animation, clothing, stationery, toys and publishing. Character culture industry is an industry that uses characters to fuse with culture. The character culture industry is expanding into all areas of life because it is extended to all areas where emotion is applicable as well as animation, games, cartoons and fancy. Characters are effective in reminding images in publications, visual media, corporations, organizations, organizations, sports clubs, and increasing visibility of product images. Winnie the Pooh is the first appearance. A bear doll brought by Christopher Robin is not an animal. In fairy tales, animals usually appear personified. However, here, bear dolls are personified and appear as heroes. In countries such as the United States, Japan, and Europe, the character culture is developed constantly through character development, character image, and continuous management to develop brand character. In order to revitalize the cultural industry, it is urgent to cultivate professional manpower such as scenario writer and character designer. It is necessary to create a unique atmosphere in which we can create a new culture industry with the world`s culture by moving away from the cultural industry centered on Japan and Disney. It is difficult for any one person to make efforts to raise and maintain the character brand value. Therefore, a foundation should be laid for a cultural enterprise with strong capital and technical power with systematic and comprehensive management capability. We should not hesitate to make animations to animate the images by applying letters and pictures that are embedded in the works in order to make the arts, plants, and characters in the fairy tale into a cultural industry and personify them for the times.
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