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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

영어영문학21검색

English21


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1738-4052
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 : 영어영문학(~2003)→영어영문학21(2004~)
논문제목
수록 범위 : 15권 0호 (1999)

시와 풍경의 해독 -Seamus Heaney의 『어둠으로 들어가는 문』

김재준 ( Jae Joon Kim )
7,400
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The Idea of poetry as a point of entry into the buried life of feeling, or as a point of exit for it, is prevalent through Door into the Dark. In a comment on Death of a Naturalist Heaney told that poetry`s origin lay in energies that came from his personal remembering. But in Door into the Dark the energies of his poetry`s origin are found equally in language and landscape of the community he belongs to. This means that the scope of the poetry of the second book comes to be deeper and wider than the first book`s. In Door into the Dark Heaney to probe past the autobiographical and into the ancestra1, into the possibility that the sources of psychic and/or spiritual truth lie buried in language and landscape of his community. The strata of memory buried in language and landscape require Heaney to face an actual dread of ``losing`` himself to the primal or instinctual. When Heaney tried to forge the ``uncreated conscience`` of his race in his poetry, he found out that he should step into the dark to erase his strongly established self from his poetry. This means that he can expand and transcend himself only by losing himself. Losing-himself will help him get multiple viewpoints to make his poetry less partisan and more powerful. He asserts that he ``will uncode all landscapes`` just when he is able to see ``things founded clean on their own shapes and learn to lose himself while we are in the dark center of the landscape. The word ``uncode`` suggests the land`s secret, buried history that awaits one who can uncode. Heaney shows that there is an analogy between the secret, hidden activity of the poet and the secret, and hidden activity of the blacksmith and the thatcher. They all are kind of musicians in the sense that they are able to leave the audience surprised by creating the useful, meaningful, ordered things from nothing or the dead things. So Heaney`s uncoding is not only uncovering something buried in landscape but also creating the new meaning of the place. Uncoding all landscapes, Heaney shows how life and death in the human and natural world are inevitably and mysteriously intertwined. He finds thingness in human life and human quality in the things. He finds the beginning and ending of his life in the landscape, and he finds there is just one cycle between both worlds.

고대영어 모읍 삽입 규칙에 관하여

안수영 ( Soo Young Ahn )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  15권 0호, 1999 pp. 35-51 ( 총 17 pages)
5,700
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This study is to cover vowel changes in Old English in which a vowel is inserted, as can be seen in such phenomena as breaking where a back vowel is added, diphthongization caused by back umlaut, and palatal diphthongization. It is unique that only the high vowels including /i/ and /u/ are inserted in the phenomea. This can be described as ~{a} insertion in dependency phonology. It is further suggested that this feature may be observable not just in Old English but throughout the history of the English language and let us make some predictions abut the trend of language change.

Age Factor in the Development of Bilinguality and Second Language Learning

김병철 ( Byung Chul Kim )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  15권 0호, 1999 pp. 53-66 ( 총 14 pages)
5,400
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This paper looked into the relationship between the age factor and the development of bilinguality and second language learning. In the process, the following conclusions were reached. First, the avaliable evidence does not consistently support the hypothesis that younger second language learners are globally more efficient and successful than older learners. Second, nor is it possible from the evidence that older second language learners are globally more efficient and successful than younger learners. Third, with regard to the notion that different age-group excel in different aspects of second language learning the evidence does not consistently support the hypothesis that younger learners are inevitably more efficient than older learners in the phonetic and phonological domain. Fourth, concerning the hypothesis that those who begin learning a second language in childhood in the long run generally achieve higher levels of proficiency than those who begin later in life, there is some good supportive evidence and no actual counter-evidence. Finally, the available evidence only minimally supports the idea that there are age-related differences in the process of language.

King Lear에 나타난 인간의 본질과 Karma

심재만 ( Jae Man Shim )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  15권 0호, 1999 pp. 67-92 ( 총 26 pages)
6,600
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To understand man`s intrinsic attributes, we have to know the essence of e power which enables man to live. What is the energy that sustains man? It may be said that it is energy which man gets by food which is physically needed to sustain the body. But man`s survival will which drives the man`s body does not derive from this kind of energy. It is from man`s energy to survive that gives him the energy and desire to exist. Man continues to live day after day by the energy of his desire. If there is no desire, man loses his will to live. So, it may be said that the ceaseless human desire has sustain him throughout history. Man, by his ceaseless desire, is continually trying to prove himself using destructive methods in order to succeed in his speech and behavior. Because of man`s destructive verbal abuse and behavior. man has accumulated negative karma, this negative karma causes more desires which cause harm to mankind, by the chain of cause and effect, incessantly causing a negative experience in reincamation. I attempt in this thesis to define the principles of karma and reincarnation by studying how the karma of man`s speech and behaviours which man`s vain desire has produced appears in real life, and to explain the substantial destiny of the characters in drama through the principles of karma and reincarnation.

John Updike의 Rabbit 시리즈와 실존주의

한영식 ( Young Shick Han )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  15권 0호, 1999 pp. 93-120 ( 총 28 pages)
6,800
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Since the first of his novel, The Poorhouse Fair(1959), John Hoyer Updike has made many other publications has been the Rabbit Series that had been created aver a cycle of 10 years and they are all recognized as the criticism of the late 20th century American society. One reason the series were so recognized by many literary scholars was because it had described the agony and conflict within the American home and the life of the middle class people. From the end of the 1990`s to that of the 1980`s, the character of Harry "Rabbit" Angstorm, has been an example of these conflicting and agonizing lifestyles of the late American Society. Harry Angstrom, the hero of the Rabbit Series, represents the reality of human being struggling for existence and dangerous to understand the world of Updike`s wide and various works with the limited theme of alienation. This study will describe aspects of Existentialism that Harry, the hero of the Rabbit Series, feels through his behavior and consciousness in the modern American Society. In Rabbit, Run, Harry is in the existential dilemma. As he becomes more excessive with the existential self-consciousness, Harry`s feeling of alienation becomes deeper and more serve. This type of alienation that Harry is feeling is an aspect of mental alienation than that of the physical or environment conditions that can also cause alienation, In Rabbit Redux, Harry, who rejects to be restricted to a standard of values other than his own inherent self and inner desires, exerts the independent self-will to choose and to be responsible to all matters. However, he becomes the existence of isolation and alienation for security to which cannot be permitted as results of alienation. In Rabbit Is Rich, Harry feels the conflict and the sense of alienation in relations to his son because of his sense of guilt, anger and jealousy towards his son. Rabbit at Rest, the last work of the "Rabbit" Series, is mainly composed of Harry`s death Accordingly, it deals with how Harry accepts the absurdity of death, when he searches for the meaning of life and existential identity. Harry`s agony and wandering are rooted in the Western individualistic existentialism Harry seceded from home and social consolidation was to exercise his right as a liberated subject, but the constant struggles of isolation and alienation becomes the reality which cannot be governed by the relative existence and the consequence resulting in the existential absurdity. That is, it leads to his feelings of emptiness and fear of death.

The Prelude에 대한 정신분석적 고찰

김영순 ( Young Soon Kim )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  15권 0호, 1999 pp. 121-149 ( 총 29 pages)
6,900
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A work of psycho-analysis puts itself at the orders of precisely the highest and most valuable cultural trends, as a better substitute for the unsuccessful repression. While the work of Wordsworth is actually going on, his wishes are destroyed by the rational mental activity of the better impulses that are opposed to them What he have to get rid of is to a great extent only the consequences arising horn earlier stages of the ego`s development. Repression is replaced by a condemning judgement carried out along the best lines. A work of psycho-analysis not only makes itself become possible for the unconscious instincts revealed by id, ego and superego that works in the mind of a poet but also enables his wishes become useful purposes. A child should take his parents as the first objects of his love. But his libido should not remain fixated to these first objects; later on, it should merely take them as a mode, and should make a gradual transition from them on to extraneous people when the time for the final choice of an object arrives. Wordsworth learned to live with the fact of his mother`s loss and to compensate for his loneliness by finding in solitude his intimate and affectionate relationship with Nature. His unconscious feelings, protected into Nature and enacted, were given expression and found relief. To the extent that the child found contentment in his activities he could seem whole to himself and at home where he felt his heart was, in Nature. In this way, the trauma of separation and the loss of the true love were expressed in denied form, in activities fixated upon repressed experiences. Fixated activities will decide whether advance in the developmental path of the libido is to fail. If frustration and attraction in reality which opposes the new object-choice and reduces its value for the person concerned are sufficiently strong, the general mechanism by which the neuroses are formed comes into operation. In The Prelude, the poet is unconsciously compelled to return to infantile trauma. Unable to ignore the disturbance he continues to feel about loss and growth in his own past, he unconsciously expresses the doubts he feels compelled to deny, and still achieves m lasting composure. In observing what Freud called the fantasies and conflicts of the Oedipal period of growth, it seems there must be Wordsworth`s need to deny all loss that forced upon him. So he could not but create his work, The Prelude, as a mental production, not an autobiagraphy. Consequently there is a young poet standing alone in the middle of his ordeal in our minds forever. Because his repressed unconsciousness is influenced by invisible reality in his mental activities that is the pursuit of wholeness.

월리엄 블레이크의 상상적 인간론

오문길 ( Moon Kil Oh )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  15권 0호, 1999 pp. 151-164 ( 총 14 pages)
5,400
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Blake`s vital message to us today concerns the awakening of Albion, the opening of the spiritual Eye of every man and woman. It also concerns the transformation of the Spectre, the reasoning power, so that it works for us, for our Divinity, and not against it. Laws devised by rationalism, devoid of heart -understanding for the individual, divorced from inner experience, and treating men and women as outside objects, are inhuman Imagination, Christ, Blake maintains acts with love and compassion, overcomes alienation, wheres the moral laws of State religion, invented by the selfhood, by Satan and Accuser, are remote from and destructive of creative life. Spiritual man is not forced to follow the revelation of his intuitive imagination. He follows it because he lows it. Christ, the inspiring spirit within man, is the God of Compassion and Mercy. Instead of appearing as source from without, Christ will be experienced by Man within. Man will then have passed through Eternal Death and awakened to Eternal Life.
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