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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

영어영문학21검색

English21


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1738-4052
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 : 영어영문학(~2003)→영어영문학21(2004~)
논문제목
수록 범위 : 22권 4호 (2009)

답습과 이념보다는 도전과 탐구정신 -『독일의 정체』를 근거로-

고지문 ( Ji Moon Koh )
6,600
초록보기
This paper examines Walter Abish`s How German Is It (1980) and his writing philosophy and technique embodied in the novel. Abish`s philosophy and technique are based on his contention that imagination and use of language are absolutely more important than the representation of truth and reflection of reality. Furthermore, his philosophy and technique try to challenge readers` automatic acceptance of conventions and ideology by bringing a sudden change to their consciousness. Abish believes that the Germans` automatic acceptance of Hitler`s unreasonable New Order had brought about the genocide of Jews. Therefore, he contends that the best way to overcome and prevent such tragedy lies in imagination and use of language that can subvert readers` dull consciousness. His imagination and use of language embodied in How German Is It emphasize variability, uncertainty, and discontinuity rather than constancy, certainty, and continuity. Germany in his novel was a product of his imagination as Abish had never been to Germany before publishing the novel. In this imaginative novel, he created a main hero, Ulrick Hargenau, whose existence is full of variability, uncertainty, and discontinuity. Hargenau is a good embodiment of reforming our consciousness to become more open to challenges and inquiries.

정치적 서사로서의 멜빌 로맨스의 성격

고창석 ( Chang Suk Koh )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  22권 4호, 2009 pp. 31-48 ( 총 18 pages)
5,800
초록보기
American romance, unlike European romance which is usually melodramatic based on the typical love story, is to tell the truth, exploring metaphysical matters such as free will, justice, democracy, humanity and civilization. In particular, the main concern of Melville`s romance delineates human being`s identity and `life in life` and an individual`s political voice for the reform and enlightenment of American society. One of the important purposes of Melville`s romance is, also, to represent human characteristics through the recollections and meditation of the relations between man and history developed in his narratives. To present this effectively, Melville adopts his own romance style with various techniques including irony, allegory and paradox, which implies his attempt to resist the constraints of imperfect language, hypocritical religion, and social injustice. As for its important features, Melville suggests the implications of moonlight, gray, light, shadows, and white as symbolic or metaphorical elements. Those elements enable his discourse to project the internal or hidden mystery and inscrutability of humans and society; this results in contributing to making up a foundation for American romance as a powerful genre for the philosophical and political narrative. Melville`s romance with other American writer`s contributes to making American fantasy, and helps set a new agenda for the literary studies of not only America but other worlds.

『올리버 트위스트』 다시 읽기 -바흐친의 시각으로-

문상화 ( Sang Wha Moon )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  22권 4호, 2009 pp. 49-63 ( 총 15 pages)
5,500
초록보기
Oliver Twist has a distinctive characteristic meaning a pastoral atmosphere in a horrid city. Dickens uses this contradictory strategy of novel writing in order to show Victorian people`s ambivalent attitudes toward the pastoral. The contradictory strategy, in Bakhtin`s words, "the struggle of genre" meaning a genre in a genre, is shown by the outlaws and their leader Pagin in the criminal underworld of London. In Oliver Twist, Pagin is interpreted as a shepard for his lamb meaning the pickpockets. Pagin cares the petit criminals, gives them boarding and sleeping places and, educates the skills for their survivals like a shepard caring the cattle. Even though there are many critics emphasizing the immorality of Pagin, he seems to be a protector for the loafers who is destined to be executed in a jail. The reason why Dickens uses this pseudo-pastoral is he wants to show the real situation of his society, and to ask for the awakening of his contemporary people.

베케트의 극에 나타난 그로테스크 미학

방찬혁 ( Chan Hyeok Pang )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  22권 4호, 2009 pp. 65-82 ( 총 18 pages)
5,800
초록보기
Up to now, critical approach on Samuel Beckett`s plays tended to revolve around the characteristic elements of absurdity. This paper, however, attempts to show how aspects of grotesque reveal in his plays. According to John R. Clark, Samuel Beckett is doubtless the greatest purveyor of grotesque in our century. In this respects, it is required to review the conception of grotesque. According to M. M. Bakhtin, one of the essential principle of grotesque realism is degradation, that is, the lowering of all that is high, spiritual, ideal, abstract. These ideas are linked with a transfer to the material, to the sphere of earth and body in their indissoluble unity. Besides, the bodily element in the grotesque is deeply positive. It is true that Beckett`s plays have just regarded as a tragicomic absurdity, not grotesquerie. In spite of similarity between the aspects of grotesque and tragicomedy, therefore, it is worth while to distinguish the concept of tragicomedy from the grotesque. Though both manifest a dissatisfaction with rational categories, tragicomedy remains within these categories while the grotesque exposes them and simultaneously transgress them. In this light, Beckett`s plays reveal grotesquerie as well as tragicomic condition. In other words, the grotesque in the plays of Samuel Beckett plays a subversive part, which are theatrically substantiated through those grotesque image as the mound of Happy Days, the reference to Zeno`s heap of Endgame, and the image of dog related to characters in Waiting for Godot. And also in this process, the grotesque as a dramatic metaphor reveals its deterritorial function which blaze a trail to a new territory for drama through changing epistemological attitude to the world and human being.
5,800
초록보기
The purpose of this paper is to examine how the violent mechanism of mankind in J. Spinelli`s Wringer unfolds and develops, and what influence on children`s abnormal growth the evil-pretending violence can make. In Wringer a group of men in a `peaceful` country village who appear to be very `normal and moral seemingly` commit bloodcurdling and violent behaviors by shooting the flock of pigeons competitively which have been captured in a big cage under the name of `Pigeon Day`, a traditional festival. Protagonist Palmer, nine-year old boy, takes part in wringing the necks of `not-yet-dead` pigeons in order to become a brave wringer through his peers` incessant pressure. In this context the behavior of wringer can be regarded as even more `brutal than lion that tends not to kill the defeated enemy`. Because violence and power are twins, and power contains an intrinsic impulse to grow up, power is creative. In this respect, if men`s power pursuit can be thought of as a desire to dominate others, the powerful and violent behavior toward weak pigeons in Wringer can be considered as power impulse in a literal sense. But this cannot be justified or beautified as a `life-promotion function` or `an intrinsic impulse to grow up` from the concept that K. Lorenz has found in animal system, because violent behavior to shoot and kill the innocent pigeons is no more than a result of thoughtless play-instinct of men, and so it is not only far from the revolutionary cause to overthrow an unfair and unreasonable government. but also does not seem to be related to `creative madness` which Fanon, one of violence admirers, referred to who advocate the mechanism of destruction and creation in nature positively. At the end of Wringer, the scene in Palmer`s dream that millions of pigeon "pinched the edges of the town, plucked it up and flew away with it in their beaks", appears to be a very problematic. This suggests that any form of evil-pretending violence can not be justified or embellished despite plausible pretexts for play-instinct or power-pursuit desire of mankind.

저자의 저작권 논쟁 -18세기에서 워즈워스까지-

주혁규 ( Hyeuk Kyu Joo )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  22권 4호, 2009 pp. 101-122 ( 총 22 pages)
6,200
초록보기
Based on the historical development of authorial rights and copyright, this essay aims to analyze crucial points that have greatly contributed to establishing the idea of the author`s copyright. The author was first permitted to own a copyright, limited as it was, only after the introduction of the Statute of Anne of 1710. The crucial turning point in the development of the modern authorship was the rulings of 1774, which rejected the London booksellers` claim to the perpetual copyright, a claim that hid a scheme to control authorial property unlimitedly under the aegis of copyright. After this landmark decision in the House of Lords, the author`s proprietary right to his works becomes more apparent. The ramifications of the eighteenth-century literary property debate is instrumental in constructing the modern idea of the author. Far from being timeless and universal, the concept of the private authorship mostly grows out of Romanticism, which espouses originality and self-representation. William Wordsworth, in his effort to live by the pen and later to promote his writings in the literary market, identifies himself as a proprietory author. For him, the author is not only an economic agent, but a lawful owner of a special kind of commodity, the work. His idea of copyright suggests that Romantic doctrine of originality and the logic of commodification are mutually implicated.

협동학습을 통한 중학생의 독해능력 향상에 관한 연구

김귀석 ( Gui Seok Kim ) , 김경훈 ( Kyung Hoon Kim )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  22권 4호, 2009 pp. 123-141 ( 총 19 pages)
5,900
초록보기
The purpose of this study is to research middle school student`s reading problems and to suggest how to improve their reading competence through the use of the cooperative learning. For this research, we proposed three research questions of study as below. First, what difference is there in English reading competence between pretest and post test? Second, what different is there in the English reading competence according to gender? Third, what difference is there in the English reading competence according to English proficiency? The subject of a sample survey was 37 second graders of an middle school in Kwangju. The students had been taught through cooperative learning for 10 weeks. The data needed for this study was obtained by the questionnaires with 25 questions about the English reading. The data analyzing method was t-test through the statistics program SPSS 12.0. Based on the result of this study, cooperative learning approach was effective in improving the students` reading competence. Studying English reading through cooperative learning led the students to be present in classes with interests. In conclusion, it is necessary to develop various cooperative activities in concordance with Korean students` interests and proficiency.

영어 수동구문과 다중투사

박세영 ( Se Young Park )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  22권 4호, 2009 pp. 143-156 ( 총 14 pages)
5,400
초록보기
This paper aims to account for the structure of English passive constructions within both Minimalist theory and functional-pragmatic theory. In functional-pragmatic theory we can lead to the conclusion that the subject of passive constructions is a topic, not a subject. In Minimalist theory the subject of passive constructions is placed in a position generated from split projection of CP, while the subject of active constructions is placed in Spec of TP. Although it is generally accepted that the topic is situated in CP, in this paper I argue that the landing site of a topic is not in CP but in TP. To be specific, if we accept Park(1996)`s Outer Spec-Head Agreement(OSHA), the topic is situated in SPEC of TP, Outer SPEC of TP. If there is no need for a topic to move to CP over TP for its landing site, the topic in SPEC of TP comes out of an analysis based on the Minimalist theory, I can assert. Furthermore, SPEC of TP has the advantage to provide landing sites of elements placed between C(omplementizer) and Spec of TP that we examined through Korean, English, and Polish examples.

수준별 과업 중심의 수업을 통한 초등영어 읽기 쓰기 지도와 효과 분석

정행 ( Haeng Jung ) , 노영신 ( Young Shin Noh )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  22권 4호, 2009 pp. 157-178 ( 총 22 pages)
6,200
초록보기
This paper aims to examine the effects of level-differentiated-task-based teaching on the development of primary school students` English reading and writing skills. A total of 75 sixth graders (38 students of a control class, 37 students of an experimental class) were participated in the study. They were divided into an advanced group and a remedial group in a class, respectively. Each group of the experimental class was taught for 10 weeks (twice a week) through different reading and writing tasks for this study which were developed to fit for the students` different levels. To find out the results of the study, reading and writing tests, a questionnaire, and self-evaluation were administered at the end. The findings of the study are as follows; 1) level-differentiated teaching had a positive effect on the literacy development of the advanced group while it didn`t influence the learning of the remedial group. 2) level-differentiated teaching contributed a lot to the students` interests and confidence in English in an advanced group but not in a remedial group.

Theoretical Perspectives on Materials Evaluation and Selection in English Language Teaching

김해동 ( Hae Dong Kim )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  22권 4호, 2009 pp. 179-199 ( 총 21 pages)
6,100
초록보기
This paper aims to clarify the meaning of the term `materials` in the context of English language teaching and define materials evaluation and selection to differentiate it from materials development and adaptation. On the basis of a literature review, the definition of `materials` is suggested in terms of their physical and functional aspects. In regards to a physical form, `materials` cover a coursebook, potential coursebooks, workbooks or activity books, supplementary teachers` books, resource books, reference books, audio cassettes, video cassettes, newspapers, journals, CALL software, CD-Roms, Internet web-site, email in addition to one-off materials, i.e. photocopied handouts prepared by teachers, `teach-yourself` materials, `home-study` materials, and `self-access` materials. With regard to functional aspects, materials are intended to facilitate learner`s language learning in any way. We have attempted to extend our perception of materials evaluation through the discussion of conceptual development in definitions of educational evaluation, and included the activity of selection as evaluation by considering its pragmatic value. Based on our recognition of definitions and relevant remarks in the literature, we propose the following definition of materials evaluation: Materials evaluation is a decision-making process, which may involve making a judgment about the success of certain materials through empirically valid and reliable ways of information collection and/or about relative merit of some competing materials through a systematic process of information collection with regard to users in particular circumstances (or findings of language learning research).
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