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영어영문학21검색

English21


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1738-4052
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 : 영어영문학(~2003)→영어영문학21(2004~)
논문제목
수록 범위 : 26권 4호 (2013)

포스트콜로니얼 관점에서 본 『하얀 이빨』

김연정 ( Yeon Jeong Kim )
6,000
초록보기
Zadie Smith`s White Teeth (2000) features characters from a variety of ethnicities, races and classes living in modern Britain who have emigrated primarily from former colonial countries. Smith demonstrates how these individuals mediate their identities according to tradition and the present, and highlights the cultural and racial hybridity of white Britons and other immigrants in an increasingly diverse world. This study uses Smith`s work as a backdrop to examine how first-generation immigrants are influenced by colonial history in post-colonial Britain, and reiterates that younger generations are a cultural and racial hybridity that transcend culture, class, and gender boundaries. Furthermore, this study reflects on the ideal existence for citizens of colonial descent in the everyday reality of a multi-cultural British society.

굴욕의 지점에서 찾는 자기담지와 이방인 수용의 문제 -쿳시의 『슬로우 맨』

김현아 ( Hyun Ah Kim )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  26권 4호, 2013 pp. 25-47 ( 총 23 pages)
6,300
초록보기
Many critics have remarked upon J. M. Coetzee`s novels from dichotomous perspectives, mostly using either political or apolitical analyses. This tendency reflects a deep-rooted notion that Coetzee`s writings would be most properly analyzed from post-colonial perspectives, regardless of the writer`s true intentions. This standardized criticism causes need for an original investigation differing from earlier studies. This paper, therefore, focuses how the themes of Coetzee`s novels have changed, with Slow Man displaying the rhetoric of hospitality and self-recognition, realized through the effect of a disability. Coetzee`s so-called “Australia novels”, Elizabeth Costello, Slow Man, and A Diary of a Bad Year are a watershed that should not be seen solely through historical and political perspectives, as the importance of the theme of an individual, not a political theme, is highlighted. Slow Man, among the three novels, depicts individual narratives about ageing, disability, and immigration. This novel is a means of magnifying various relationships such as moving to Australia, contact with strangers, and the nature of hospitality. Through these themes, Coetzee presents his readers with a new narrative, with a new subject, in a new space. Slow Man begins as Paul Rayment is knocked off his bike and has his legs amputated. Because of his disability, he hires a nurse to care for him. The woman, Marijana Jokic, is a married Croatian immigrant with children. Slowly, Rayment comes to love Marijana. However, his love isn`t confined to erotic love, but instead he develops his love in a paternal way, wanting to protect her and her family. Expanding his love into hospitality for an “Other”, Rayment contemplates self-reflection and acceptance for “the Other”. To emphasize this process, Coetzee introduces Elizabeth Costello, main character of his another novel Elizabeth Costello, who in Slow Man wants Rayment to hurry up and become someone for her latest novel. As Rayment realizes her aim, he first rejects her and feels repulsion at her appearance. But, confronted with an existential dilemma through his accident, he comes to accept his strange guest as a performer of “conditional hospitality” and “unconditional hospitality”, as defined by Jacques Derrida.

영국 식민지 경영의 두 얼굴 -코난 도일의 탐정 소설에 나타난 귀환자들의 성격분석

문상화 ( Sang Wha Moon )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  26권 4호, 2013 pp. 49-63 ( 총 15 pages)
5,500
초록보기
Characters in Sherlock Holmes series are connected with the British Empire that controlled the land and the people of uncivilized countries. The characters return to their homeland with dismally distorted figures, or with fame and riches acquired from the conquered. Conan Doyle shows his cool-headed attitude towards two distinctive groups. In the novels, any people included these two groups is not saved from their wicked acts in the uncivilized country, England. Doyle`s objective stance towards cases comes from his belief in British Empire. He believed that, though British Empire suffered from some difficulties coming from the management of the empire, the difficulties should not affect the tranquil lives of England. With the belief in the stability of British, two group`s characters, victims and murderers, should be removed in the world of Sherlock Holmes.

스토리텔링과 공감을 통한 언어 교육 및 정체성 형성 -월라 캐더의 『나의 안토니아』읽기

손정희 ( Jeong Hee Sohn ) , 김여진 ( Yeo Jin Kim )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  26권 4호, 2013 pp. 65-82 ( 총 18 pages)
5,800
초록보기
This paper attempts to show that storytelling is important in language learning and identity formation for those who (im)migrated to the West in Willa Cather`s My Antonia. Jim Burden and Antonia Shimerda share the same need to settle down in a totally new place, although they differ in nationality, language and culture. Experiencing the language barrier as a primary obstacle to overcome, Antonia makes an effort to learn English. On the other hand, when Jim is isolated when other immigrants communicate with their own language, Antonia translates their stories into English. Through many other examples, the novel shows that language serves as a necessary tool for communication and adaptation. Futhermore, storytelling plays a significant part in one`s identity formation. Many characters with (im)migrant backgrounds gain an opportunity to establish their identities by telling stories about their present life and past memories. Throughout the novel, it is poignantly suggested that storytelling serves as an effective way for language learning and identity formation.

관계의 정치와 울스턴크래프트

유경훈 ( Kyoung Hoon Yoo )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  26권 4호, 2013 pp. 83-120 ( 총 38 pages)
7,800
초록보기
This article explores politics of relationship that Mary Wollstonecraft invents so as to struggle for the intersubjective recognition. Wollstonecraft, in a letter to George Dyson, expressed her concern that he failed to give Maria, a fictional character of her novel, due recognition. She tried to figure out the cause of his failure and found out a way to settle the issue. If there were discrepancies in recognizing the other, closing the gap requires a massive transformation of perception in such a way that demands equality and freedom between sexes and classes. Wollstonecraft realized that distinction, prevalent in society, forms a symbolic diving line producing a sensible web of inclusion or exclusion with which people recognize others. Thus, in order to change a normative framework of intersubjective recognition, she initiated a cultural and political revolution debating with Rousseau, Burke, Smith, and Aristotle who were the major sources of the contemporary recognition established in society. In doing so, she emphasized the importance of friendship as a symbol of politics of relationship that would be the base of establishing virtuous society.

카리브 노예여성의 구술서사와 문화적 정체성 -『메리 프린스의 생애』

이경순 ( Kyung Soon Lee )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  26권 4호, 2013 pp. 121-141 ( 총 21 pages)
6,100
초록보기
The History of Mary Prince is the first narrative of the life of an enslaved African-descended Caribbean woman in the British West Indian colonies. Published in England in 1831, this valuable autobiography has been read as the literary ancestor of much of Caribbean women`s writing today. This paper aims to examine textual production of The History of Mary Prince, focussing on the multi-layered text, and the assertion of the cultural identity, in terms of the postcolonial and gender relations. Unable to purchase her freedom from her owner, Prince dictated her life story to Susanna Strickland, and Thomas Pringle edited her narrative for publication as an anti-slavery tract. This paper is to restore authorial agency to Prince as the primary voice and activist force in the narrative rather than assign that role to Pringle. The combination of oral and written forms and the number of voices operating in the narrative suggest the need for a multi-layed theory of reading. Therefore, firstly, this paper reads it against the grain of the colonial archive as a new form which reflects precisely the cultural limitations and contradictions inherent in a situation where oral and literate cultures meet. Secondly, from silence to a recognition of the power of the word and of the voice, the internal development of the narrative is analyzed. While Prince`s original language, Creole, is partially lost in translation from an oral to a written text, the central focus of her narrative is slavery as a lived historical and cultural reality. Through her distinct voice, the slave narrative as evidence of victimization and document of legal history, is transformed into a triumphant narrative of emergent Caribbean cultural identity and the gendered subjectivity.

『로드 짐』의 서술전략

이만식 ( Man Sik Lee )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  26권 4호, 2013 pp. 143-163 ( 총 21 pages)
6,100
초록보기
Lord Jim is considered as one of the pioneers of British modernism due to its characteristic narrative strategy. However, the ethical implication of its narrative strategy has not been fully studied. The omniscient narrator is replaced by Marlow, character narrator, in chapter 5 in order to provide a language system suitable to the state of Jim`s soul which could not be rendered by the Official Inquiry in the police court. Marlow`s attitude to Jim is more important than Jim`s action, because Jim is a simple character. Conrad used narrative techniques such as multiple narrative points of view and inversion of temporal chronology so as to emphasize the psychological development of Marlow towards Jim rather than the linear process of Jim`s story. Marlow`s attitude towards Jim had changed from curiosity to understanding, and then to sympathy, and then to trust, and then to pity until Jim became a symbolic figure to produce another story than that of other officers of the Patna. As Marlow tried to find a practical solution for Jim`s case with a sense of responsibility, Stein offered a position of a trading-clerk in Patusan to Jim. Patusan became a second chance to Jim, who became a successful hero like one in the story book. In spite of Jim`s brilliant achievement, Marlow could not get rid of the suspicion that the world outside the West could not be a place of destination for Jim. The intrusion of the imperial West as a person of Brown into Patusan made Jim to realize that he could not escape from the guilty past. The spoken language of Marlow is replaced by his written language in chapter 36. This narrative change indicates that the spoken language, upon which western metaphysics is based, has lost its power of public communication and that Jim`s tragedy is not a personal failure but rather that of community, for which the practical remedy has not been found out yet and could not be expressed in a public language.

은유로서의 극 공간 -마리아 아이린 포네즈의 초기극

정병언 ( Byung Eon Lung )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  26권 4호, 2013 pp. 165-182 ( 총 18 pages)
5,800
초록보기
This essay examines spatial division as a metaphor for class struggle and social inequality in Maria Irene Fornes`s early plays?Tango Palace, Promenade, and Dr. Kheal. Drawing on Pierre Bourdieu`s theory of symbolic violence, it analyzes how theatrical space is the product of social forces, observing that class difference influences the spatial arrangement on their stages. This gentle violence legitimizes domination by conveying the ideas of the ruling class, thus forcing the lower classes to remain trapped in their differentiated space. By spatializing the mechanism of this violence as an effective means of oppression, Fornes allows the audience to recognize the ways in which the lower classes have been illegitimately placed within the physical and imaginative frame of the ruling class. Instead of providing answers to these class discriminations, Fornes`s early plays pave the way for metaphorically challenging the audience to act out against ruling class domination.

남성적 시적 전통의 극복-실비아 플라스의 시에 나타난 파편화된 신체

홍옥숙 ( Ok Soak Hong )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  26권 4호, 2013 pp. 183-203 ( 총 21 pages)
6,100
초록보기
Sylvia Plath has been regarded as a woman poet who attempted to overcome the male-dominant literary tradition and to find her own poetic voice in the 1950`s and early 1960`s when feminism did not emerge yet. In order to identify the nature of the male-centered poetic tradition, this article pays attention to the Petrarchan love convention, in which the male poet idealizes his mistress and weakens her power at the same time. Plath, well-versed in the literary convention of the past as an English major, appropriates the technique of blazon, which was a staple of male poets. This technique of blazon, which seemingly idealizes the poet`s mistress, actually fragments her body and catalogues her body parts, thus showing off the male poet`s power over her. Plath`s father, who has exerted influence on her as a powerful male muse, is in turn emasculated through the same technique. However, her poems also abound with images of fragmented and incapacitated female body parts. This fragmented female body represents the marginalized voice of Plath among the male-dominant literary tradition. Therefore the image of fragmented body of both men and women can be interpreted as the process in which a marginalized woman-poet symbolically overcomes her passive role through dissecting and breaking up the most potent male, that is her father.

<제거>의 이중 목적어 구조

박한기 ( Han Ki Park )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  26권 4호, 2013 pp. 205-225 ( 총 21 pages)
6,100
초록보기
This paper has collected, analyzed and classified double object constructions headed by verbs. Verbs of such as forgive, pardon, excuse and condone take two objects to form the double object construction {A v<α> H X}, where X is taken away from H. Thus {A forgive H X} means “A takes away the punishment for X from H.” Verbs of such as ask, charge, fine and envy construct the double object construction {A v<α> H X}, where A wants X from H. Thus {A charge H X} means “A asks to take X away from H who owes X to A.” Verbs of such as take and steal extend their meaning synecdochically to construct the double object construction {A v> H X}, where X is taken away from H. Thus {A steal H X} means “A takes X away from H by stealing X.” Verbs of such as kill, slay, lose and cost also extend their meaning to construct the double object construction {A v> H X}, where X is taken away from H. Thus {A lose H X} means “A takes X away from H by destroying X, which was useful to H.”
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