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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

영어영문학21검색

English21


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1738-4052
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 : 영어영문학(~2003)→영어영문학21(2004~)
논문제목
수록 범위 : 27권 2호 (2014)
6,800
초록보기
This paper is concerned with Coetzee``s intention of experimenting with new subjects through the movement of his spatial background, centering on the novels The Master of Petersburg and Slow Man. These novels are based in Russia and Australia, in contrast to South Africa where Coetzee placed his past novels. The Master of Petersburg treats the subtle tension between a revolutionist devoting his attentions to history, and a writer criticizing “blind revolution”. Following this course, Coetzee raises the question whether Dostoyevsky``s reproach of a revolutionist can be indeed justified in a complex way. Coetzee, that is, confuses the reader by not giving Dostoyevsky moral legitimacy. The Dostoyevsky Coetzee creates is obsessed with a desire for writing and eventually comes to betray everyone around him, including his dead son, using them as materials for his writing. But Coetzee does not blame Dostoyevsky, as most writers inevitably use people around them for inspiration. Slow Man characterizes the individual``s self-conscious life, regardless of political or historical aspects, as in The Master of Petersburg. The main character, Paul Rayment, is an immigrant from France who has been disabled in a bicycle accident in his old age. This circumstance stresses his strangeness and Otherness as a “slow man”, the title of the novel. His situation of being disabled, however, incites him to come to accept the Other. Based on these novels’ characters, this present work analyses how the main subjects of these texts have changed as the backgrounds of these texts have shifted from South Africa to Russia and Australia. This is because it is important that the changes reflected on the new spaces have shown the author’s recreated view with his own immigration. In this context, this paper emphasizes that The Master of Petersburg and Slow Man are creative narratives which need to be extended to readings related to movement of background, to Russia and Australia, far from Coetzee’s homeland of South Africa.

사라 케인의 폭파에 나타난 폭력과 윤리적 가능성

박세원 ( Se Won Park )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  27권 2호, 2014 pp. 33-55 ( 총 23 pages)
6,300
초록보기
This essay analyses Sarah Kane``s Blasted in the theories of Antonin Artaud, Marquis De Sade, and of Gilles Deleuze. As one of the Thatcher``s children, Kane very well recognized what was placed beneath the social order of Britain in her age which was violence. Therefore in Blasted and in all of her career, trying to find new theatrical forms which called later the experimental theatre, she sought to break from the old British theatrical style which was a journalistic realism functioning as a ‘talking head’. Artaud``s theory of the theatre of cruelty tells us how Blasted worked as a play that affect audience``s emotion directly by the cruelties of the play. According to Artaud, ‘first comes the emotion, the thinking afterword`` is the way of the theatre working. Extrapolating on the basis of the theory of Sade, we are able to understand what was a hidden principle of Britain, at least her generation. Kane made an attempt to reveal it and wanted theatre-goers to notice that principle. The theory of Deleuze, expecially on Spinoza``s ethics, explains what kind of ethics possible in Blasted. It is ethics of ‘good’ and ‘bad’ rather than ‘good’ and ‘evil’. Characters in the play show how to follow good mode of being and how to deny bad mode of being by their relations to each others. Blasted is certain one of the most shocking plays in the contemporary theatre, but distinctly is the play that opens up a new ethical possibility.

섀런 올즈의 에로스의 목소리

양균원 ( Kyoon Won Yang )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  27권 2호, 2014 pp. 57-85 ( 총 29 pages)
6,900
초록보기
This article is an effort to characterize the poetical subject of Sharon Olds by examining her erotic voice. She strategically uses the most provocative language, such as cock and cunt, to shock readers, while shamelessly exposing not only sexual activities of her own but also those of her parents, sister, and children. Her popularity among general readers, apparently coming from her wide openness to sex, sometimes arouses critical response that she is sensational, repetitive, and shallow. However, Olds’s scandalous language is often successful in charming readers to listen to her inner voice, erotic as it may be, to what goes beyond sensationalism. First, Olds’s sensational verbal usage can be acknowledged as a legitimate approach to literature if only supported by her candidness, and contributable to conjuring up thematic potentialities as in “The Pope’s Penis” and “Ode to the Clitoris.” Second, her seeming repetitiveness harbors varieties and even developments as the motif of sex and love changes from about parents’ puritanical pressure to about her father on his deathbed, and to about divorced husband. Additionally, her poetry sometimes deals with other subject-matters than sexual eroticism as in “Still Life in Landscape.” Third, in her most successful poems, such as “Sex without Love” and “Stag’s Leap,” she is so versed at using multi-layered metaphors, and so complicated in responding to sex and body, as to show her sense of balance and thematic depth.

『주홍글자』에 나타난 등장인물들의 내적갈등

이길구 ( Kil Ku Lee )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  27권 2호, 2014 pp. 87-103 ( 총 17 pages)
5,700
초록보기
Hawthorne``s Characters`` Inner Conflicts in The Scarlet Letter are characterized by his memorable themes about fate and the human free will. His fate consists of Calvinistic Providence, and Predestination. His perspectives on the human free will appear to stem form different sources: partly from Calvinism, and partly from Transcendentalism and Arminianism. When his characters`` inner conflicts are intertwined with fatalistic forces by free will and sins, he is troubled by the good. In The Scarlet Letter Hester has strong irresistible free will and resists fate, but the one is devastated by the other. Her husband Chillingworth has also the proud free will which includes evil intention to sin against Holy Spirit. That is, he lacks love and reverence for the human soul, whose evil is called “unpardonable”. He accentuates intellectual arrogance more than soul and finally he collapses, being unable to recover the Providence. In addition, he takes a posture with an inner conflicts on human relations, too.

원드러쉬 세대화, 집, 의 정치학-샘 셀본의 『모세 출세하다』와 『모세 이주이다』

이정화 ( Jung Hwa Lee )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  27권 2호, 2014 pp. 105-126 ( 총 22 pages)
6,200
초록보기
Responding to Kureishi`s call for ``a fresh way of seeing Britain,`` this essay analyzes the reconceptualization of home(land) by the Windrush generation in Sam selvon`s Moses Aseending (1975) and Moses Migrating (1983). Moses, narrator and protagonist both novels, is a whitewashed black immigrant from Trinidad, who has come to London in the 1950s like many other West Indian immigrants Known as the windrush generation. Moses Ascending begins as a success story of a black immigrant who becomes a landiord of a dilapidated London house, ensconces himself in the highest fiat, and hires a white man Friday as a servant. As the story unfolds, however, Moses`s house becomes a site where hierarchical binaries of white vs. black, master vs. servant, landlord vs. tenant, and native vs. immigrant are collapsed through a series of ``comic reversals.`` The ongoing reorganization of Moses` s house questions the racist logic behind post-1962 immigration policies and racial attacks on black immigrants. Furthermore, in Moses Migrating set in Ttinidad during the Carnical season Selvon satirizes Moses`s misled identification with the `mother country` and mocks the idea of Keeping Britain white,Read together, Moses Ascending and Moses Migrating challenge the narrow and inaccurate definition of Britain as white people`s home(land).

"아버지들"에 대해 이야기하기-샐리 모건의 『나의 자리』가 내파하는 호주 국민서사

이혜란 ( Hye Ran Lee )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  27권 2호, 2014 pp. 127-146 ( 총 20 pages)
6,000
초록보기
Sally Morgan``s My Place, a landmark of Aboriginal literature, has a great meaning in terms of its recovery of the history of Aborigine and engraving its own rightful existence in Australian society, which has been rejected intentionally by whites. In some aspects, however, the narrative of My Place has been treated as just a piece of the past which should be integrated into the formation of Australian national narrative, while the history of violence and abuse to Aboriginal people by whites is being buried into the past. The purpose of this paper is to re-read and to analyze My Place to demonstrate that it is loaded with the discomfiture which could rupture white Australian national narrative. To achieve this aim, this paper critically analyzes Bill Milory and Drake-Brockman, the two white male characters who are deeply involved in the lives of three Aboriginal women characters. Through this analysis, this paper demonstrates Bill``s pain was caused by his reminding of racial abuse to Aboriginal people in Australia from the memories of the Holocaust he witnessed at the Nazi``s concentration camp during World War II. Also, this paper shows that the silence of Daisy as a victim of white male pioneers ironically makes the existence of Drake-Brockman and his violence and exploitation to her come to the surface of the narrative. In conclusion, this paper demonstrates that My Place, by exposing discomfitures of Australian history concerning white males, ruptures and implodes the white Australian national narrative from the basis which has been fostered through passing the shameful history of violence and exploitation into oblivion.

유도라 웰티의 『낙관주의자의 딸』 기억과 회상을 통한 치유의 내러티브

장경순 ( Kyong Soon Chang )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  27권 2호, 2014 pp. 147-172 ( 총 26 pages)
6,600
초록보기
Welty admits that she leads a sheltered and protected life mostly in Mississippi, growing up and that a sheltered life can be a daring life. The autobiographical elements of the writer who is an artist and a survivor are embedded in Welty``s The Optimist``s Daughter, in particular. The protagonist of this text has something in common with the writer herself. She is an artist who loses her family and is left alone in Mississippi like Welty. This study explores how the protagonist of The Optimist``s Daughter, heals her mind wounds through recollecting her mother``s death and her husband``s after her father``s funeral, and establishes her own identity as an artist who is isolated and independent in the Southern community where she grows up. The protagonist reexamines the layered relationship between her mother and father that is different from what she wants to remember. Also she tries to understand the past including her father``s remarriage with a much younger woman. She comes not only to understand her parents`` pain, but to realize her late husband``s despair. She delves into the close relationship between the past and the present, and then the future. She tries to heal the wounds of the past through remembering and recollecting memories as a survivor in the family.

담화세계의 확대/축소에 따르는 명사의 전성

박한기 ( Han Ki Park )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  27권 2호, 2014 pp. 173-195 ( 총 23 pages)
6,300
초록보기
This paper examined how proper nouns are converted to a common entity noun in a more comprehensive universe of discourse and a common entity noun to a proper noun in a more restricted universe of discourse. A proper noun, which was named in a more restricted universe of discourse, is converted to a common entity noun in a more comprehensive universe of discourse. Family names like Smith are frequently converted to a common entity noun when uttered in a larger community as in The Smith I mean is a Scottish economist. A common entity noun, which was named in a more comprehensive universe of discourse, is converted to a proper noun in a more restricted universe of discourse. President is converted to a common entity noun when uttered among people of a nation as in President made an address on TV.

TedED를 활용한 대학 교양영어 교수-학습 방안

변지현 ( Ji Hyun Byun )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  27권 2호, 2014 pp. 197-226 ( 총 30 pages)
7,000
초록보기
This research aims to incorporate TedED into general college-level English classes in South Korea. The students who participated in the research were English majors, who registered for general English classes. The TedED online site includes diverse lesson themes that are worth sharing. The site also offers unique functions such as ‘follow-up questions,’ ‘discussion questions,`` and ‘dig deeper.`` The research questions are related to learners`` perspectives toward using the TedED video clips in English reading classes and the effects of the TedED on learners`` affective factors. Throughout the classes, students watched the TedED video clips as a pre-reading activity. During the lesson, students received a lecture about the TedED video and the reading materials from the main textbook. For the team project of the course, students were required to perform a lecture demonstration like a speaker in the TedED. Since this paper is a case study, the data were collected from interviews, surveys, observations, and learners’ weekly journals in order to enhance the trustworthiness of the study. The findings of the research show several pedagogical implications regarding the incorporation of TedED into an EFL context. TedED is very useful for EFL English classes, but instructors need to select easy, varied, and interesting video clips from the TedED site so that learners may not perceive them as difficult.

지속적 묵독을 이용한 영어 읽기 교육

정수영 ( Soo Yeong Jeong )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  27권 2호, 2014 pp. 227-253 ( 총 27 pages)
6,700
초록보기
This study explores whether Silent Sustained Reading(SSR) is helpful of Korean university students to improve English reading ability. Understanding and participation on SSR, interest, confidence and willness on English were questioned before and after SSR. The data were analyzed statistically using the t-test. The result showed that the experimental group did better than the control group on English ability test. In the understanding on SSR, interest and willness on English showed statistically meaningful, but participation on SSR and confidence on English did not showed positive outcome. The findings of this study suggest SSR is effective when it is exposed during considerable long term periods and the need for further research on how to incorporate SSR into the reading curriculum.
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