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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

영어영문학21검색

English21


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1738-4052
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 : 영어영문학(~2003)→영어영문학21(2004~)
논문제목
수록 범위 : 28권 3호 (2015)

『디도, 카르타고의 여왕』 과 엘리자베스 시대의 정치적 욕망

강석주 ( Seokchu Kang )
6,200
초록보기
The purpose of this paper is to analyse what political desire is embedded in the main characters`` love in Dido Queen of Carthage. Especially it will be interesting to observe how the contemporary Elizabethan English politic context is connected with the love scenes of the play. This play does not simply present the conflict between love and duty, but the conflict between Aeneas``s colonialism to rebuild Troy and Dido``s desire to attract European hero. What is important is that the conflict between African and European culture represented by the love of Dido and Aeneas does not only justify the imperial desire but reveal the injustice of the imperial desire and the disaster it causes. It is raised as Aeneas``s heroic aspects decline and Dido``s heroism rises. This play seems to emphasize the importance of gods`` will and the fortune of the country rather than individual desire. Aeneas follows Jupiter``s order and leaves Dido to found Rome. It seems to designate that his duty is much greater than the love with a woman. This view makes it possible to insist that Dido``s love is not noble but vain and foolish. Dido and her love become just a means for Aeneas to complete his noble duty. However, we can find another desire through the subversive elements in this play. It is the desire to challenge God, to suspect the monarch``s authority, and to value the individual and the other. This desire is revealed in the sense that Dido obtains the typical Malovian heroism, and in the sense that the gods are portrayed comically and absurdly. Dido becomes the symbolic means to resist the European imperialism, representing exploited Africa.

침묵당한 소수인종 서사­스카이 리의 『잔월루』

김미령 ( Miryung Kim )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  28권 3호, 2015 pp. 34-54 ( 총 21 pages)
5,600
초록보기
Multiculturalism is one of the important agendas of our age. Canada is considered as the most successful multicultural society. Furthermore, the Canadian government has suggested Canadian Multiculturalism to be the heritage of tolerance. This paper in opposition to this ideology studies the dark side of Canadian history, racial oppression through Sky Lee’s Disappearing Moon Cafe. Her work shows the silenced and hidden parts in the official Canadian public history. Lee deals with the institutional racism in Disappearing Moon Cafe. It is related to the century-long racial discrimination against and segregation of the Chinese immigrants in Vancouver. She demonstrates that Canada has been a racist country whose racism is based on white chauvinism, their fear of ‘Yellow Peril’ and Eurasians. This paper especially focuses on diaspora, institutional racism, and cultural discrimination and oppression through a bone-searching expedition and the Janet Smith Bill in this work. Canadian Multiculturalism as proposed by the Canadian government has ignored the hidden voices in the history. To become the multicultural society that is harmonious, free and egalitarian, it needs the appropriate awareness and mutual recognition about the past is necessary. Ultimately, being and shaping an authentic pluralistic society means what we can hear the formerly silenced and unheard voices.

인간과 자연­존재의 모순으로부터 관계의 모순으로

나희경 ( Heekyung Nah )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  28권 3호, 2015 pp. 55-80 ( 총 26 pages)
6,100
초록보기
This study is to explore the aspects of contradiction observed in the relationship between human and nature, or in the human attitude toward nature. All the environmental problems caused by human beings are considered to stem from the contradictory ontological condition of the human species, that is, the discrepancy between the existential and the perceptual condition inherent in humanity itself. Meanwhile, the practical inconsistencies are shown in the emotional, moral, and literary responses of human beings toward nature. Man is an inconspicuous part of nature in biological terms, while he subsumes the whole world of nature and beyond in his perceptive realm. Man discerns himself, a perceptive center, from nature, considering nature as an external environment. But his body, though a purely natural existence, can never be considered external, but it is himself. Man can never exist as a self-sufficient being completely independent of the natural environment. Nevertheless, he cannot but make a demarcation between himself and nature, and between wildness and civilization in order to survive in the given environment as well as to understand the world and the self. Human beings cannot be completely assimilated into the order of nature as the other species do, but they are a peculiar and self-contradictory species that can survive and thrive only through the act of at once demarcation from, and affiliation with, nature.

『위대한 유산』에 나타난 여성성과 남성성의 갈등

문상화 ( Sangwha Moon )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  28권 3호, 2015 pp. 81-97 ( 총 17 pages)
5,200
초록보기
Great Expectations can be interpreted from the viewpoint of the struggle between the male and the female. In the context of the Victorian culture, men were supposed to be gentlemen with education, riches and gentle manners. As the aspiration for the ascent of status was huge among the middle and lower class people. they tried to get the means for the ascent through money, education and manners. Women were not different from the cases of men. They were enforced to be the angles of home, pressing their desire to enjoy themselves. This article shows that Great Expectations is the process of the harmony of feminity and masculinity. In this novel, feminity is symbolized through the heroin, Estella who tried to control her dominator through feminine fret and sexuality which were not allowed to reveal in the Victorian society. Masculinity, also, reveals masculine power through the process of the development of Pip who symbolizes the middle or lower class people. To Pip, the masculine power means the physical power to overwhelm the other in quarrel in addition to the manners of gentleman. These two aspects are not harmonized in the story, and they are mixed through holding of two characters at the end of the story, which means Dickens implies that the struggle between has been solves in the imaginary world.

존 파울즈 다시 읽기­박물학자의 생태적 관심

배현 ( Hyun Pae )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  28권 3호, 2015 pp. 99-117 ( 총 19 pages)
5,400
초록보기
English novel since World War II has long been regarded as “stagnation” and “regression.” The novelists who produced their major works in this period have often been criticized in that they failed to succeed the “Great Tradition” of the Victorian age and lost the glamour of their modernist predecessors. These low accomplishments of English novel in the second half of the twentieth century are generally ascribed to the English personality which is against any change or experiments and their aesthetic taste which is congenial to the realistic novels. On the contrary, there came voices, mostly from the English scholars and critics, advocating that the lack of experiments would not inevitably mean the stagnation and regression. Others presented their ideas maintaining that English novels since the 1960s did not lack innovation and experimentation. In this debate over the international status of English novel, John Fowles draws a peculiar attention from those professionals who rated high the accomplishments of modern English novelists. John Fowles is an existential thinker in his morality or vision of life. As for his art, Fowles can be well discussed in terms of both a traditional realist and an experimental metafitionist. Though the novelist himself often reveals his antipathy toward experimental modern fiction, his novels undoubtedly involve certain facets of postmodern metafictional experimentation. Ever since his first novel The Collector appeared, the works of the critics on Fowles are mostly revolving around these two themes: “exsitentialism” and “metafiction.” Starting from the mid of the 1990s, there came a new trend in the study ofFowles``s life and art. It is in general an effort to illuminate the real facet of John Fowles as a naturalist, focusing on his non-fiction writings since 1970. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the diverse and contradictory views of the critics regarding modern English novel and to examine Fowles``s position in the literary history of the twentieth century. For this purpose, the main stream of Fowles scholarship for over 30 years along with the new trend in the mid 1990s will be discussed. Biological informations about nature-friendly life style of Fowles and bibliography research will be applied.

칼레이 감독의 영화『로미오와 줄리엣』에 관한 소고

서경희 ( Kyunghee Suh )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  28권 3호, 2015 pp. 119-144 ( 총 26 pages)
6,100
초록보기
Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet might be one of the most popular plays of all time on the screen. Among these film adaptations based on Romeo and Juliet, the most important ones were George Cukor’s 1936 production of Romeo and Juliet, Franco Jeffirelli’s 1968 film Romeo and Juliet, and Baz Luhrmann’s 1996 MTV-inspired Romeo + Juliet. All of these movies faced the same challenge of translating English Renaissance play-script to a new medium and for a contemporary audience, and they became a success or a failure in their own ways. In 2013, the Italian director, Carlo Carlei, hoped to bring back this famous story of star-crossed lovers with a fresh look so that it could be more appealing and accessible to the current young generation who are fans of the Twilight Saga films. Carlei’s Romeo and Juliet was filmed in the actual locations of Verona and Mantua, and set at the time it was written, and still felt almost like a fast-paced action movie with many spectacles. But most importantly, unlike previous major film adaptations, it used the script by Julian Fellowes who not only modernized and simplified Shakespeare’s original language but also invented and reconstructed new lines, in order to ‘rewrite’ Shakespeare for a new generation. In addition, some changes were made with respect to portraying young characters and Friar Laurence. However, all in all, Carlei’s Romeo and Juliet cannot be considered to be successful in creating a genuinely new movie about young ‘forbidden’ love, out of the too well-known story of Shakespeare. We might have to wait for another new film adaptation in the future.

문화적 경계지대와 이산적 정체성­쥼파 라히리의 네임세이크

이승은 ( Seungeun Lee )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  28권 3호, 2015 pp. 145-170 ( 총 26 pages)
6,100
초록보기
This paper aims to reveal what Jhumpa Lahiri considers to be the meaningful diasporic identity, focusing on The Namesake. In describing the narratives of Ashoke and Ashima Ganguli who are the typical postcolonial diasporic subjects produced by the 1965 Immigration Law, Lahiri puts an emphasis on how they re-create their ‘home`` in the unfamiliar American society not only by maintaining their bond with their home country``s traditional culture but by forming a Bengali diasporic community. The newly recreated ‘home`` enables them to overcome their sense of loss, to keep their authentic identity and survive whole against the marginalization of American society. The narratives of Gogol and Moushumi show that the predicament of the second-generation diasporic subjects lies in their two-fold minority positions. They have difficulty keeping in touch with their Bengali culture due to their physical and mental distance from their home country. Moreover, they feel their position as ethnic minority prevents them from being completely integrated into the main stream of American society. Moushumi struggles to free herself from the stifling ethnic expectations of her parents and ethnic community by performing the role of ‘foreigner`` in the third space of France. However, the authenticity of her seemingly free life is questioned. It is revealed that the author is more supportive of Gogol``s formation of diasporic identity. Gogol who once struggled to resist his cultural roots and assimilate himself into the main society, finally ends up in fully recognizing the true meaning of his name ‘Gogol`` and the importance of maintaining the bondingwith his cultural roots.

로맨스 플롯의 좌절과 제국주의 주체의 불안감 ­로버트 사우디의 『파괴자 탈라바』

조희정 ( Heejeong Cho )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  28권 3호, 2015 pp. 171-193 ( 총 23 pages)
5,800
초록보기
This paper attempts to illuminate the ways in which the anxiety of the imperial subject in the Romantic period gets translated into gender anxiety in Robert Southey’s Thalaba the Destroyer. Critics who work on Romantic colonial discourse have emphasized that contemporary texts dealing with the unknown world are saturated with unexpected instability. As the newly discovered space is frequently gendered feminine in colonial discourse, this instability often goes hand in hand with masculine anxiety about the female in the unknown world. The narrative of Thalaba the Destroyer relies on the sympathy between its hero and readers, especially because Thalaba resembles the traditional protagonist in the medieval romance, whose fierce fights with the evil elements result ultimately in the possession of his desired woman. Yet, despite the apparent similarity, Southey deploys the generic conventions of the medieval romance only to frustrate the readerly expectation. The marriage between Thalaba and his beloved Oneiza leads to the abruptly introduced death of the bride. Along with Southey’s depiction of Oneiza as an active agent of both her own life and narrative progress, her unexpected demise points to the hero’s failure to establish a stable relationship with the heroine in the realm of the text. Instead, the failure of romance indicates the fact that the reunion between Thalaba and Oneiza is deferred beyond the domain of narrative. Moreover, Oneiza re-appears in the text in the form of a vampire, causing an abrupt change in the progress of narrative and an enormous distress in Thalaba’spsyche. The vampire woman, whose depiction highlights its difference from human beings, embodies the threat posed by the foreignness of the female in the unknown world. Also, the vampire disrupts the traditional male/female opposition, as its mouth simultaneously plays the function of the penetrating and the receptacle. In this sense, the corrective penetration performed by Moath, Oneiza’s father, appears to recover the order of patriarchy. Yet, Thalaba’s inability to take part in the murder of the vampire denotes his lack of control over his own married wife, revealing the limit of the patriarchal order established by the elimination of the vampire. Thalaba also encounters Maimuna, a sorceress disguised in the form of a beautiful damsel, and her slender golden thread arouses the hero’s desire. Yet, the thread ultimately ensnares Thalaba, conveying the uncomfortable message that materialistic desire may lead to the destruction of the imperial subject.
5,400
초록보기
By this time, there have been many studies about effective grammar teaching, and a lot of methods have been presented based on the results. Nonetheless, along with former generations, current students still have trouble when studying English grammar due to the abstractions made in grammar terminology that the students find difficult to understand. This paper aims at finding the methods of grammar presentation which can make learners approach grammar without anxieties, which grammar terminology gives to learners, especially for learners who are in the beginning courses of studying English. To reduce uneasiness of grammar terminology, I have suggested the similarities between Korean and English through contrastive analysis and used the usage of a native language in step with grammar presentation. In addition, I applied two activities, Input Enhancement and Recast, for learner``s consciousness raising. The results of this study showed that teaching gerund with the usage of a native language was more effective than teaching with grammatical terminology in a traditional method. In other words, the effects lead students to approach grammar without reluctance. This approach proved to be effective in understanding and learning grammar concepts, triggering the students’ interest at the same time. The research results suggest that this grammar teaching method could help learners approach grammar easily who previously felt grammar to be boring and difficult.

공무원 취업 준비생들의 영어 학습전략

신효수 ( Hyosoo Shin )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  28권 3호, 2015 pp. 215-248 ( 총 34 pages)
6,900
초록보기
The purpose of this study was to examine English learning strategies of public official job-seekers and to investigate differences in learning strategies in terms of the participants’ gender and their English proficiency. This research was done with 177 public official job-seekers (male 84, female 93) who were divided into groups of higher level and lower level by recent practice test. The Strategy Inventory for Language Learning (SILL) was administrated to all subjects. For analyzing the data. descriptive statistics and t-test were employed. The findings of the study indicated that compensatory strategy appeared to be the most used strategy among public official job-seekers, followed by memory, metacognitive, social, affective and cognitive strategy in that order. It was also found that both male and female public official job-seekers showed the higher mean scores on compensation strategies and memory and metacognitive strategy, except affective strategy. There appeared to be a statistically significant correlation between English higher level and the use of compensation strategy. The results showed that public official job-seekers with higher English level tended to use compensation strategy more frequently.
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