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영어영문학21검색

English21


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1738-4052
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 : 영어영문학(~2003)→영어영문학21(2004~)
논문제목
수록 범위 : 28권 4호 (2015)

영국 디아스포라 문학에 나타난 몸 -재디 스미스의 『하얀 이빨』을 중심으로

김연정 ( Yeon Jeong Kim )
6,300
초록보기
This paper looks at the meaning and formation of the diasporic identity using the analogy of the body in British diaspora literature. Futhermore, it examines how the body can move in any direction in order to seek a positive multi-cultural society. This paper analyzes the body of diaspora from the colonial era to the recent past through diasporic writer Zadie Smith’s White Teeth. First, the way in which the body in the Biritish colonial era is portrayed as a “suffering body”, an “imprisoned body”, and then as a “treated body” is assessed through different perspectives. Second, the voluntarily diaspora for the UK’s industrial workforce after World War II is analyzed in terms of the social and cultural conflicts of the diaspora between their home country and their assimilation into their host country. Finally the “body” of the second generation of the diaspora is portrayed. This “body” undergoes much more complex patterns of change than the first generation so the analysis of this takes into account how this complex aspect is represented by its identity, and relationships between the diasporic community and traditional societies in Smith’s work. This study furthers the understanding of the identity and problems diaspora through use of the analogy with the body and it helps provide an opportunity to recognize the value of “harmony” in the age of globalization.

사이에서 "사이 바깥"으로 -셰이머스 히니의 『산사나무』

김은영 ( Eun Young Kim )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  28권 4호, 2015 pp. 29-48 ( 총 20 pages)
6,000
초록보기
Seamus Heaney’s seventh collection, The Haw Lantern can be called the book of “in between” in many ways. The landscape of the poems in The Haw Lantern builds a bridge between Field Work and Station Island, which are mainly about encounters with dead people, and The Spirit Level, which sees the poet’s return to life in Northern Ireland. From a different angle, the poems discuss the space between the pursuit of identity about a place in North, and an expanded place toward universality in Seeing Things. The motif of “in between” and the various metaphors for space in The Haw Lantern clearly reflect the location of the poems. This paper tries to develop the motif of “in between” into “out between” through Victor Turner’s key concepts of liminality and liminoid. Especially, following the death of his mother, Heaney identified a present empty space with a presence in the past. In addition, he became aware of a space, or a gap, between presence and absence as “a bright nowhere.” Finally, his awareness makes it possible to assume the multiple identities of Northern Ireland, and visions of the future.
6,400
초록보기
This essay attempts to show that The Chronicles of Narnia is a fictional embodiment of C. S. Lewis``s unique conception of time in which the past overrides the present as the dominant referential locus of truth. To Lewis the present as opposed to the past was potentially deceptive. This deep trenched suspicion of the present with its ethos being best captured in those words “chronological snobbery” was like a life-long mantra for Lewis and is pervasive throughout many of his writings and memorably in Narnia. In order to give a solid shape to his extraordinary re-envisioning of the cherished past, Lewis integrated into the novel diverse elements of Norse and Greco-Roman mythologies, biblical stories, and some of the ancient philosophical perception of the world within an extremely complicated and confusing time-scheme. And he highlighted the strong political implication of Narnia: the present regime is wicked and thus ultimately subject to recuperation under the guidance of Aslan. The apparently radical, bewildering end of the story in which the authenticity and integrity of Narnia is declared as being eternal in its totality, regardless of its visible physical destruction, is hardly reductive. Rather, it suggests that it was a final maneuver on the part of the author not only to cut off the tiring, if not vicious, circle of corruption and restoration, wickedness and goodness but also to perpetuate the glorious past into the future, a terminal blow on the ugly face of the deceptive present.

문학과 정보과학의 상호작용 -닐 스티븐슨의 사이버펑크 소설 『스노우 크래쉬』

송태정 ( Tae Jeong Song )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  28권 4호, 2015 pp. 73-89 ( 총 17 pages)
5,700
초록보기
This paper illustrates how Neal Stephenson``s cyberpunk fiction Snow Crash (1992) recreates the transformation from the human to the posthuman through the possibility of human and machine interface in a virtual reality, and connects this to other interdisciplinary fields to create new ideas of their interrelations through rapid technical development. I focus on the interaction between the human brain and the computer to reflect high scientific technology within the current historical moment, in which the infinity of the cyberspace is articulated through the cybernetic metaphor. I explain correlations of human acquired language and computer languages like assembly or programming language, and a hacker and a computer virus, snow crash which is a kind of computer language. The Metaverse and avatars reflect not only cybernetic technology, but also express new ideas about the human nature, science, cyberpunk culture and their respective combination in the near future. In Snow Crash characters like cyborg interact with software programs, in a three dimensional cyberspace that uses the metaphor of the real world. Stephenson in the unstoppable advances of the culture of web and internet, suggests some solutions to the problems and desires to contemplate how virtual reality systems affect our lives because nowadays, realms of our lives in a virtual reality enlarge continually.

“종결에 대한 거부”와 시인의 삶-린 헤지니언

양균원 ( Kyoon Won Yang )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  28권 4호, 2015 pp. 91-115 ( 총 25 pages)
6,500
초록보기
Lyn Hejinian played a key part in forming and leading Language poetry, the most influential avant-garde poetry since the 1970’s. She refuses to comply with main-stream poetic tradition and its hegemony, and, to realize her denial effectively, conducts a variety of linguistic experiments, and publishes critical theories, while, like most other Language poets, dealing with poetry in a wider context of politics, society, economics, and culture. However, unlike many other Language poets whose voices are often anti-confessional and anti-realistic, she makes use of autobiographical memories and daily details as essential to her poetry. She neither seeks the authoritarian subjectivity nor accepts the idea of organic closure, while not inclined to pursue nonsense or non-referentiality. She revolutionizes lyric poetry, and at the same time, stirs readers’ imagination with her unique lyricism. Her new sentence is supposed to be complete as a unit but defamiliarized with others. In this new sentence and open-ended closure, memory is not confined in a specific time and place but continues to regain its significance whenever evoked repeatedly in ever-changing life. This experimental lyricism makes Hejinian distinct from other Language poets as well as from traditional poets. This paper studies her “The Rejection of Closure”(1983) to look into her view of language, and considers her My Life as an open text where memory, growing to a realm of metaphor or metonymy, provides an implicit vision of life.

전복과 집 찾기-『딕테』의 언어 전략

임경규 ( Kyeong Kyu Im )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  28권 4호, 2015 pp. 117-141 ( 총 25 pages)
6,500
초록보기
This study aims at examining the linguistic strategy employed in Theresa Hak Kyung Cha’s Dictee. First, this paper identifies two conflicting impulses in the text: one is an impulse for home (or homing desire) and the other an impulse for non-identity and difference. The narrator of Dictee never tries to reconcile or dialectically synthesize these two impulses into a kind of third one. Rather, she leaves them coexisting, conflicting and finally driving the whole text to fall apart. However, these two impulses have one thing in common, which is the fact that they both challenge-through language-the social authority (imperialism, nationalism, patriarchy and hegemonic culture of the US) or the big Other in Lacanian sense. Therefore, language becomes a battleground in which the two conflicting impulses wage the war against the social authority. That is to say, the narrator of Dictee attempts to subvert dominant ideologies of all sorts and to tease out a possibility of finding home for Korean diasporic women from language that is imposed on her by the dominant culture.

어머니에서 광란의 오필리아로 -『밤으로의 긴 여로』에서 메리의 연극적 재현

임미진 ( Mee Jin Lim )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  28권 4호, 2015 pp. 143-165 ( 총 23 pages)
6,300
초록보기
O’Neill’s Long Day’s Journey into Night is in great part about feminine suffering. Throughout the play Mary recalls the happy times of her life-as a promising piano student at the convent and as a young woman who believed that she had a religious vocation but gave it all up when she married James Tyrone. The action of the play chronicles Mary’s regression. The issue of Mary’s addiction to morphine is crucial to the problem of the Tyrone family. She abandons the family during her drugged states. Her habitual injection of morphine is motivated by an emotional rather than a physiological craving. She does not have psychic capacity for empathy toward her family because of her self-centered view of reality. Mary seems to be a totally lost cause. Living in a fog which shuts out reality, she tries to find the meaning of her existence only in the past. But she is not weak but shrewdly manipulative, managing to set her three men against each other in order to avoid confronting herself with what she has become. At the final act, “The Mad Scene, Enter Ophelia!,” even though Mary claims that she never had the slightest desire to be an actress, she ironically takes center-stage, and becomes a complex and theatrically powerful stage woman. Mary, who finally changes from mother into mad Ophelia by adopting theatrical representation.

『암흑의 핵심』에 드러난 몸들의 공동체

정지은 ( Ji Eun Jeong ) , 홍옥숙 ( Ok Sook Hong )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  28권 4호, 2015 pp. 167-184 ( 총 18 pages)
5,800
초록보기
This paper explores the concept of the body and its openness suggested by Jean-Luc Nancy in Joseph Conrad’s novella, Heart of Darkness. In Corpus, Nancy suggests a unique way of thinking about the body. He explains the body as the other and suggests its openness. When he says the body as being open, it is turned toward the outside and toward the ‘touch`` with the other. Nancy’s discussion of the body can shed new light on the interpretation of Heart of Darkness. Conrad’s novella has been read as an allegorical or symbolic journey in which Marlow meets the other while he is going up the Congo river or interpreted in the context of postcolonialism. When we apply Nancy’s idea to the novella, however, Marlow’s meeting with the other is realized through the body. It is the body or the openness of the body that allows Marlow to recognize his connection with the other, either the cannibals on the ship or those Africans he encounters along the river. Moreover, Marlow understands Kurtz through the voice, a part of the human body. Thus Marlow’s journey becomes a journey toward the bodies resonating with each other in a community of bodies.

『워싱턴 스퀘어』에 나타난 심미주의와 계산된 의도의 양상

조흥근 ( Hung Kuhn Cho )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  28권 4호, 2015 pp. 185-205 ( 총 21 pages)
6,100
초록보기
This paper has an aim at analyzing the aspects of aestheticism and calculated intention in Henry James’s Washington Square. Sloper, Morris, and Mrs. Penniman, the three major characters around Catherine have a tendency to manipulate and control other people, especially Catherine, with calculated intentions to get them or her to their own advantage. Sloper and Morris compete with each other in order to control or take possession of Catherine just like a property, and Mrs. Penniman tries to meddle with the love affairs of Catherine and Morris with her own melodramatic imagination. All the intentional activities of the three persons are closely combined with their aesthetic tendencies. Being ‘natural’ and ‘sincere’ is suggested as Morris’s motto but proves to be just his pose as an aesthete. The genuine meanings of the words ‘natural’ and ‘sincere’ belong only to Catherine in Washington Square. Her sincere efforts to love both her father and Morris and to determine her fate with her own will are the genuine criticism of the above three persons, and here lies the real nature of Henry James’s social criticism of American society in Washington Square.

여행 문학과 1798년 『서정 민요집』

주혁규 ( Hyeuk Kyu Joo )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  28권 4호, 2015 pp. 207-228 ( 총 22 pages)
6,200
초록보기
It has been well-documented that Wordsworth and Coleridge, who decided not do use their names on the title page of the 1798 volume, read avidly travels and voyages in order to expand their scope of knowledge in man, nature, and human life. This paper intends to demonstrate how Lyrical Ballads of 1798 actively appropriates motifs, imagery, and scenes of travel literature. More specifically, it proposes a single traveller-narrator who practices his authorial function over the individual poems in the volume; he is a composite figure of two author of the 1798 volume. He is also an explorer who attempts to achieve his authenticity by participating, and often endangering himself, in a pedestrian journey. To prove the efficacy of the travel narrative framework in analysing the 1798 volume, this paper is carefully examining the original motives of Lyrical Ballads project, the material dimension of the volume, significant travel motifs of individual poems, and the trends of travelling industry in 1790s.
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