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영어영문학21검색

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  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1738-4052
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 : 영어영문학(~2003)→영어영문학21(2004~)
논문제목
수록 범위 : 30권 3호 (2017)

『파리의 대학살』에 나타난 종교와 정치적 폭력

강석주 ( Seok Joo Kang )
6,300
초록보기
On the surface level, Christopher Marlowe`s The Massacre at Paris could be read as a kind of political propaganda to attack the Catholic and to defend the Protestant. But it has the other side of undermining the absolute authority of religion and political decision. It is undeniable that Marlowe portrays the representative Catholic characters Guise and Catherine as devilish, and the Protestant leader Navarre as holy and just. And it seems natural that he should consider the English audience and the contemporary ruling party who keep Protestantism. Catholic`s cruelty and corruption in the play will reinforce the Protestant audience`s antipathy against Catholicism and become the means to defend Anglican Church. However, it is worth noting that the corrupt politicians commonly take advantage of religion for their power. Even though Navarre the Protestant king is portrayed as a faithful man who prays for God`s justice, his religious faith is also questionable. The Massacre at Paris focuses on Catholic hypocrisy and corruption, which can be applied to all religions including Protestantism. Therefore religion becomes not the object of faith but the object of fear in the play. Marlowe`s audience might be confirmed how religious faith could lead them to cruel and violent disaster, and how religion could be ill used politically.
6,300
초록보기
Anglophone Caribbean woman poet Grace Nichols`s first book, i is a long memoried woman, which was awarded the Commonwealth Poetry Prize in 1983, depicts the experience of slavery in a long-poem sequence. In the book, Nichols appropriates the traditional epic style, which is mainly considered a male domain in British literary history. In her challenge to this patriarchal domain, Nichols narrates the collective identities of female slaves via multiple poetic personas, use of creolized English, and choral forms of the African oral tradition. She focuses on representing the wounded female body not only as the very site of slave memory but also as a locus of recovery. Nichols refuses and dissolves the images of slave women as miserable victims through these poetic strategies of representation. Finally, Nichols creates a new female image with her synthetic power.

「키클롭스」장에서 희생양 블룸을 통한 아일랜드 민족주의 비판

김은혜 ( Eunhey Kim )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  30권 3호, 2017 pp. 53-71 ( 총 19 pages)
5,900
초록보기
Joyce reveals and criticizes the real state of Ireland through the main character, Bloom. As Bloom exists on the border of the Dublin community, which enables him to defamiliarize the Irish culture, he can be a useful tool for Joyce to use to criticize the Irish mainstream. Irish nationalism, formed to protest against English oppression, came to oppress individuals in the same way as the mechanisms of colonial rule. Joyce criticizes the problems of Irish nationalism by using Bloom, who is made a scapegoat. The men in Barney Kiernan`s pub attack Bloom, revealing the attribute of nationalism that Joyce criticizes. Declaring the Irish patriots to be heroes and mythologizing their deaths, the men in the pub insist on the spiritual and cultural superiority of Ireland over England. They construct the concept of `authentic Ireland` and whoever is at odds with it is considered to be the enemy. As Bloom logically disputes their argument, he is branded as a `stranger` and treated like a scapegoat. Through this, the men bind together their community and reinforce their self-esteem. This exposes the qualities of nationalism, obstinacy and intolerance that result in violence. Unlike the men in the pub, Bloom continuously argues the importance of “love” to solve conflicts between nations. Through this clear contrast, Joyce suggests the qualities which Irish Nationalism should promote.

폴 오스터의 『유리의 도시』에서의 대니얼 퀸의 정체성 탐사의 시도

박윤기 ( Yunki Park )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  30권 3호, 2017 pp. 73-89 ( 총 17 pages)
5,700
초록보기
The aim of this paper is to discuss Daniel Quinn`s embarkment on a quest for identity in Paul Auster`s City of Glass. Living with the memories of his wife and son who are now dead, the protagonist, Daniel Quinn, loses his identity and cannot decide whether he is real or fictitious. Within this identity crisis he is situated in a conflict between the view of his self and of the social norms. Instead of being integrated into society, he lives in solitude. He confines himself to writing detective stories under the name of William Wilson. Max Work is the “real” detective of the stories. Therefore it can be said that Quinn takes on multiple identities. What make matters worse, the problem of his identity becomes more complex when he takes on the identity of Paul Auster, an assumed detective, and gets involved in the “Stillman case.” The Auster-character tells Quinn that he is writing an essay on the question of the authorship of Don Quixote. At this point, the question of identity that develops in City Of Glass transforms into one of the author`s identity. However, there is no means of answering the question clearly in the post-modern era.

『시간의 틈』―『겨울 이야기』 다시쓰기

서경희 ( Kyung Hee Suh )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  30권 3호, 2017 pp. 91-110 ( 총 20 pages)
6,000
초록보기
Jeanette Winterson`s The Gap of Time is the first novel in the Hogarth Shakespeare Series which imagines Shakespeare`s plays in modern settings for a 21st-century audience. As a cover version of The Winter`s Tale, The Gap of Time transplants the familiar story of a foundling to contemporary London and a fictional American city called New Bohemia. Though it is quite a faithful rendition of the original play in terms of the storyline, The Gap of Time inverts the structure of the play to focus more on the hopeful message of “whatever is lost will be found” and on the theme of forgiveness which is epitomized by Perdita, the little lost one. Also, The Gap of Time is enriched with detailed backstories which, for example, find a homoerotic charge in the relationship between Leo (Leontes), a hedge fund CEO, and Xeno (Polixenes), a gay game designer, by making them former lovers at their boarding school. Leo`s destructive jealousy becomes more convincing with these complicated backstories. Herself a modern foundling, Winterson gives the last word to Perdita who will redeem the past and live the future as an endless journey. Time can`t un-happen, but it can be un-lost.

판에겐 무슨 일이 일어났는가? ―『만조의 바다 위에서』에 재현된 루머와 신화의 탄생

이관수 ( Kwansoo Lee )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  30권 3호, 2017 pp. 111-127 ( 총 17 pages)
5,700
초록보기
This study aims to examine the creation process of a myth in the fictional community of B-Mor in Chang-rae Lee`s On Such a Full Sea by delving into the novel`s narrative structure and voice presented in the first person plural form, “we.” In pursuit of this examination, this study discusses the textual complexities and effects of the first person plural perspective to which the narrator`s unique influence on readers` interpretations of the text is attributed. This discussion also brings up the issue of the narrator`s unreliability and the reflection on rumors or words-of-mouth which proliferate in B-Mor, whose residents ceaselessly combine pieces of unverified information. This in turn creates the myth about Fan, a female fish-tank diver who leaves her home in the B-Mor settlement. These arguments converge upon how a myth about an individual is created and reiterated to the point that it becomes a completely “true” story with a narrative created by a community. This study intends to consider the formation and subsequent birth of the myth of Fan.
6,400
초록보기
In The Odyssey, Penelope is portrayed as the quintessential faithful wife, a woman known for her intelligence and constancy. And the book draws to an end with the slaughter of the suitors by Odysseus and Telemachus, the hanging of twelve maids who have been sleeping with the suitors, and the reunion of Odysseus and Penelope. Margaret Atwood`s The Penelopiad remythologizes this event drawing on material other than The Odyssey, especially for the details of Penelope`s parentage, her early life and marriage, and the scandalous rumours circulating about her. Margaret Atwood has chosen to tell the story from the perspective of Penelope and the twelve hanged maids. The maids form a chanting and singing Chorus, which focuses on two questions that arise after any close reading of The Odyssey: what led to the hanging of the maids, and what was Penelope really up to? In The Penelopiad, Penelope is always been haunted by the death of the hanged maids. The Penelopiad is gothic version of The Odyssey told through the voice of Penelope, speaking from beyond the grave as she tells her life story in the form of a confession in self-defence and self-justification. However, Penelope`s is not the only voice here her tale is frequently interrupted by the voices of her twelve hanged maids, those nameless slave girls who have nothing to say in The Odyssey. Writing against this erasure, Atwood uses her imagination to expand Homer`s text, giving voice to this group of powerless silenced women.

직유를 통하여 균열 내기―앤 섹스턴의 『변형』

조희정 ( Heejeong Cho )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  30권 3호, 2017 pp. 153-175 ( 총 23 pages)
6,300
초록보기
Anne Sexton`s Transformations attempts to re-write Grimm Brothers` fairy tales from the perspective of a “middle-aged witch,” who sustains a critical view of patriarchal society. In poems deconstructing the binary oppositions between two types of women and revealing the impossible fantasy of the idealized married life, Sexton uses similes in order to link the past and the present. Similes are effective weapons in Sexton`s writing, in that they bridge the gap between the idealized world of fairy tales and the real American society of the 1960s. Unlike metaphors, which tend to emphasize the organic nature of figures, similes display the artificial nature inherent in figurative language and lead the readers to realize the tensions between two entities connected through them. In addition to showing a critical view of patriarchy in general, Sexton also foregrounds forms of sexuality that are usually marginalized as abnormal in patriarchal society. For example, in “Rapunzel,” the relationship between the witch and Rapunzel is portrayed as that between mother and child, almost bordering on lesbianism. In “Briar Rose (Sleeping Beauty),” the sleeping princess is under the control of her father, who appears to have incestuous desire toward her own daughter. Also, Sexton emphasizes that women are often circulated as commercial goods in the patriarchal system and that this tendency is reinforced in modern American society. Through her brilliant parody of fairy tales inherited from the past, Sexton engages the readers to recognize problems both in the original texts and in their own society.

그림책에 나타난 어른의 권위와 통제의 모습 분석 ―아동기 연구에 연계하여

최재영 ( Jae-young Choi )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  30권 3호, 2017 pp. 177-197 ( 총 21 pages)
6,100
초록보기
This study analyzes English picture books for ways adult authority and control over children are portrayed in their texts. It is argued that as in any other texts, children`s literature, such as the picture book is filled with ideological messages. In the case of children`s literature the messages are created by adults intending for children. Recent theories of childhood studies argue that adult understanding of children has been very limited. Adults tend to view children as incompetent and passive beings in need of protection. Children`s rights to participate in the decision making of their own affairs are denied by adult authority and power. As a result, the majority of the messages dispensed through texts for children are intended to instruct them in the right way of growing up in the light of the adult. Issues with control are inevitable in such texts. Two picture books analyzed show authority and control immersed in seemingly happy stories for 6 and 7 year olds. Another picture book, however, reveals a different attitude. It acknowledges adults` claims of being in the know and their attempts to control children, and invites children to participate. The story recognizes children as functioning human beings and empowers them in the course, instead of belittling them for their biological immaturity. It also implies the possibility of a better adult-child relationship, one based on mutual appreciation.

관계사구문에서의 리레이블링과 스머글링 접근법에 관한 연구

강선옥 ( Sunok Kang )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  30권 3호, 2017 pp. 199-217 ( 총 19 pages)
5,900
초록보기
The purpose of this paper is to solve a relativization analysis problem which involves relabeling. Cecchetto and Donati (2015) argued that relative constructions are puzzling because they are clauses which have a nominal distribution. That is, the process from a clause to a nominal expression entails a change in labeling (i.e. re(labeling). Cecchetto and Donati (2015) also stated that the relative clauses are not CPs but NPs because the determiner of the head of the antecedent is merged with NP in the matrix clause. According to the raising analysis in relative clauses, the antecedent in the matrix originally derives from the object of the embedded verb. However, when the object of the verb in the relabeling analysis of relative clauses moves to the complement or the object position of matrix verb, it goes from A through A` and then to A position again. This movement cannot be permitted due to violating the Chain Uniformity Condition. Therefore, I argue that this movement in relabeling analysis of relative clauses has a theoretical problem. Applying Hicks` Smuggling Approach (2009) to relabeling analysis can solve this weakness in relative clauses. I show that the smuggled object with a Null OP in the relabeling analysis of relative clauses moves to the antecedent position in the matrix such as the object in Tough constructions which complies with the Chain Uniformity Condition.
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