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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

영어영문학21검색

English21


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1738-4052
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 : 영어영문학(~2003)→영어영문학21(2004~)
논문제목
수록 범위 : 30권 4호 (2017)

셰이머스 히니의 시에서 침묵의 역할 ―『스테이션 아일랜드』를 중심으로

김재준 ( Jae Joon Kim )
6,300
초록보기
This paper focuses on “silence” as one of the aesthetic devices in Seamus Heaney’s Station Island. There are two kinds of silences. One is the silence heard throughout the poem. This silence is like the one when an orchestra plays, a silence that becomes part of the music by emphasizing the sounds of the instruments. The other is the silence of the character who prompts the persona to develop a poetic discourse. The persona’s monologue is only one part of the poetic discourse. Readers, who take the role of the silent auditor in this monologue, should try to participate actively in developing the monologue into a dialogue. In the first part of Station Island, Heaney arranges a setting where the persona develops the discourse. This discourse is framed to recall his immature past self. Since another important person is silent while the poetic discourse is being framed, the reader should consider the view of the silent listener and the persona’s intention. In the second part, Heaney attempts to bring out the oppressed, silenced voices from his consciousness.

월터 벤야민―자서전과 도시경험에 대한 고찰

김홍기 ( Hongki Kim )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  30권 4호, 2017 pp. 29-45 ( 총 17 pages)
5,700
초록보기
In Benjamin's portrait, Baudelaire is seen for the first time as a big-city poet attempting to explore the nature of modern metropolitan experience. Benjamin's description of Baudelaire discloses that Baudelaire, standing on the cusp between traditional and modern societies, witnesses the extermination by modern industrial capitalism of the last traces of traditional life. For Benjamin, experience in a capitalist society is no longer a matter of corresponding interaction of the individual with his own environment, but is reduced instead to a fragmentary series of impressions and sensations only partially registered. The writing of modernity, Benjamin suggests, can not hinge on linear description or narration since it resists our attempt to present an integrated, coherent view of the phenomena of modernity as a whole. City experiences tend to remain isolated as accidental occurrences instead of being assimilated into an integrated stock of experience. For Benjamin the atrophy of experience is contemporaneous with the disappearance of the storyteller, and the problem of experience is central to his study of modernity.

스티븐 블랙풀의 비극―산업사회 갈등에 대한 칼라일 해법의 한계

문상화 ( Sangwha Moon )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  30권 4호, 2017 pp. 47-65 ( 총 19 pages)
5,900
초록보기
Dickens depicts an industrial city called Coketown in Hard Times. People living there suffer from conflicts between laborers representing Union and management representing Bounderby. Dickens suggests his alternative through Stephen Blackpool to solve the conflicts, but the author’s suggestion is not satisfactory. Blackpool seems to be qualified for the alternative, a mediator, but he does not behave as an able arbitrator on account of his insufficient abilities. The character of Blackpool resembles of Carlyle both in reality and in his writings. In Signs of the Times, Carlyle emphasizes on the importance of spiritual values and the importance of the editor in Sartor Resartus. It is the mediative abilities that Dickens wants to show through Blackpool to solve the problem. In spite of his qualification as a mediator, however, he fails to adjust the conflicts in the industrial city and that is because this article argues that Dickens suggests an unsatisfying suggestion to labor management conflict society.

문학연구방법론에 대한 단상―저자, 텍스트, 사회

배현 ( Hyun Pae )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  30권 4호, 2017 pp. 67-87 ( 총 21 pages)
6,100
초록보기
Russian Formalism and Marxism look, at first glance, like opposites of each other: the former is about “form,” concerned with the aesthetic value of artistic work, while the latter is about “content,” concentrating on the ideology of literature. The former tends to find the values of a work within the work itself, and the latter emphasizes a moralistic and utilitarian view of art. The difference can be summarized as intrinsic versus extrinsic. Despite these seemingly opposite standpoints in their basic attitudes, Russian Formalism and Marxism, as dueling theories under the same historical circumstance, influenced each other greatly. Throughout the history of literary criticism, members of Russian Formalism and Marxism have attempted to reconcile the former's emphasis on the artistic device with the latter’s dialectics. In this regard, Mikhail Bakhtin’s achievements in “translinguistics” or “historical poetics” were crucial to this reconciling movement.

기억의 서사를 통한 치유 ―『항복한 사람들』에 나타난 전쟁 트라우마

안아람 ( Aram Ahn )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  30권 4호, 2017 pp. 89-112 ( 총 24 pages)
6,400
초록보기
This study examines war trauma and the process of its recovery in Chang-rae Lee’s The Surrendered. The protagonists, June, Hector and Sylvie have traumatic memories from war. Their daily life is no better than those of the dead because of cruel memories, which result in their ‘psychic numbing’. Traumatic experience produces a indelible effect on the human psyche that can change the individual’s memory, self-recognition, and relational life. The protagonists strive to end the eternal cycles of trauma by working through what they had experienced. This recovery can be only possible when they confront their painful past and transform it to consistent narratives. A pilgrimage to Solferino is the core essence of working through their trauma. June and Hector have a new understanding of trauma through fragmented memory, where the symbolic figure Sylvie is restored to a narrative wholeness. Chang-rae Lee proposes in The Surrendered that trauma can be appropriated as an active and creative way through the narrative of memory.

옥타비아 버틀러의 『킨드레드』 ―억압된 역사의 귀환과 그 현재성

이승은 ( Seungeun Lee )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  30권 4호, 2017 pp. 113-138 ( 총 26 pages)
6,600
초록보기
This paper attempts to read Octavia Butler’s Kindred in terms of how the slavery history that was oppressed by the American public discourse finally returns and insists on its ongoing presence. In the novel, Dana Franklin, an African American woman living in the 1970’s is driven into the antebellum South through time travel. Even though she seems to be transferred to the past by Rufus in trouble, her white male ancestor, it is revealed that the repressed history of slavery calls Dana so that she can directly face the realities of slavery. The encounter with slavery leads Dana to get a profound understanding of the unspeakably grim reality of slavery in which slave women are constantly exposed to white male’s sexual violence. Butler shows how the problematic relationship of Dana and Kevin, her white husband, reflects the legacy of the oppressive relationship of Rufus and Alice. Butler attempts to cope with the racial conflicts of the American society through their changing relationship. Kindred is significant in the neo-slave narrative tradition in that it persuasively presents how slavery produces ongoing effects on the present racial contradictions of American society, and in that it suggests a solution to the conflicts through an in-depth investigation of miscegenation.

매너, 실천적 지혜, 반응적 태도―오스틴을 중심으로

허동범 ( Dongbeom Huh )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  30권 4호, 2017 pp. 139-164 ( 총 26 pages)
6,600
초록보기
Many people tend to see manners as trivial things that are outdated. This paper, challenging a possible view of manners as a bygone standard of conduct or mere hypocritical capacities to act well, argues that good manners play an essential moral role. In Part 2 of this paper, I invoke Aristotelian concept of ‘practical wisdom’ in order to make my point. Austen shows that without the capacity both to notice moral situations and to behave in a well-mannered way accordingly, we fall short of full virtue. Austen also emphasizes the fact that even those who have perceptual capacity could lack manners, especially in the important moralized sense. In Part 3, this paper, using Peter Strawson’s notion of ‘reactive attitude’, examines how people often form relationships by expressing their attitudes and emotions, as well as investigates in the name of manners that reactive attitudes inevitably involve a form of social signaling.

give 경동사 구문의 사용

정민수 ( Minsu Jeong ) , 조영순 ( Youngsoon Cho )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  30권 4호, 2017 pp. 165-187 ( 총 23 pages)
6,300
초록보기
This study examines the use of the give light-verb-construction which consists of the light verb give and a verbal noun derived from an intransitive verb. There are two types of those constructions: ditransitive GIVE1 (e.g., give him a look.) and monotranistive GIVE2 (e.g., give a laugh). Based on one of the central tenets of Construction Grammar (Goldberg 1995), and employing Gries and Stefanowitsch’s collexeme analysis and distinctive collexeme analysis, this study examines the preferential associations between the constructions and the verbal nouns. Three things were found: GIVE1 attracts the verbal nouns of visual actions and of favorable facial/bodily motions more than GIVE2 does; GIVE2 attracts the verbal nouns of bodily actions accompanied by sound and of short voluntary or involuntary gestures more than GIVE1 does; both of the constructions are used to communicate between the subject and the (specified or sometimes unspecified) object, conveying the subject’s condition or attitude to the object.

한국인 영어 학습자의 자기평가와 영어 공인점수와의 관계분석

김채은 ( Chae-eun Kim ) , 임현선 ( Hyunsun Im )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  30권 4호, 2017 pp. 189-206 ( 총 18 pages)
5,800
초록보기
In EFL education, self-evaluation-that is, learners’ judgments regarding their own learning-is considered an important evaluation tool, but previous studies have focused on the degree of discrepancy between teachers’ evaluations of students and the students’ self-evaluations. In contrast, this study investigates how EFL learners’ self-evaluations are related to their proficiency levels. Questionnaires inquiring into five areas (speaking, reading, listening, writing, and grammar) were administered to 155 Korean college students divided into three proficiency groups (high, mid, and low). The results provide three main findings: (1) of the three groups, the high-proficiency group’s self-evaluation scores were the highest in all areas except for writing; (2) all the groups evaluated their speaking and writing abilities lower than their listening and reading abilities; (3) the high-proficiency group tended to underestimate their own English capability more than the mid-proficiency group did. Overall, the findings suggest that high-proficiency Korean EFL learners tend to evaluate themselves more negatively than do mid-and low-proficiency Korean EFL learners.

사전 온라인 학습이 영어 학업성취도와 동기변화에 미치는 영향

박근태 ( Geuntae Park ) , 김해동 ( Haedong Kim )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  30권 4호, 2017 pp. 207-230 ( 총 24 pages)
6,400
초록보기
The main purpose of this study is to verify the effects of online pre-learning on high school students' English language achievement and motivation. A total of 60 high school English learners were selected and divided into experimental and control groups. This experiment was conducted over 10 weeks with 7 sessions. The results of the experiment revealed that there was a statistically significant difference in the change between the post-achievement score and the pre-achievement score of the control group and that of the experimental group, in favor of the experimental group. There was also a significant difference in the motivation of ‘globality' between the two groups. The results indicated that online pre-learning improves students' English language achievement and develops the motivation of ‘globality.' The results imply that it is necessary to conduct online pre-learning activities for the improvement of English and development of motivation of Korean high school students. This study has limitations such as the limited number of subjects and period of the experiment. Therefore, various further studies related to this area are proposed.
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