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영어영문학21검색

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  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1738-4052
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 : 영어영문학(~2003)→영어영문학21(2004~)
논문제목
수록 범위 : 31권 1호 (2018)

스토파드 극에 나타난 영화적 기법

윤정용 ( Jeongyong Yoon )
7,000
초록보기
Tom Stoppard’s interest in cinema started long before he began writing plays, and has exercised a far-reaching influence on his playwriting. Therefore, it is very important to study the cinematic elements in his plays to examine the world of Stoppard’s works. On one hand, he brought an exact sense of sophisticated dialogue from theater into film. On the other hand, he brought an exact sense of structuring scenes from film into theater. In other words, he took good advantage of cinematic techniques to enhance his plays. Likewise, he instilled theatrical elements into his films. In short, to Stoppard, theater and film are not separate and different, but interdependent and coexistent. In Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead, Stoppard made the minor roles Rosencrantz and Guildenstern into main characters and reproduced dramatic events which are not enacted in Hamlet. Ultimately, he opposed the conventional world of Hamlet by reading and understanding the play from a different angle, and thereby questioned unquestionable universal truth. In Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead, Stoppard did not subvert Hamlet so as to destroy the dramatic narrative and point out the unjustifiable sacrifice of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern. As stated earlier, what he intended to subvert is not so much Shakespeare himself as the unquestioned cultural and political authority granted tests such as Shakespeare’s. Stoppard’s textual revisions from a different viewpoint are consistent themes of Stoppard’s works. He makes good use of cinematic techniques to represent those alternative viewpoints effectively. Arcadia, which is hailed as Stoppard’s most brilliant and fascinating play, is not only a story of two contemporary researchers who try to find out what really happened in Sidley Park, but also an intellectual discourse about a variety of scientific, mathematical, and philosophical arguments. In Arcadia, Stoppard uses two different historical periods to elaborate plots and demonstrate that it is impossible to know what happened using fragments of the past. Arcadia abounds in contrasting or symmetrical characters. Through the symmetrical characters, he does not overtly show his own opinion of “who is right” or “who is wrong.” Instead, he metaphorically describes the modern world where there exist various ideas. He not only fosters audiences’ or readers’ dramatic interest but also stimulates their intellectual curiosity through contrasting, versatile ideas. The real intention of Stoppard’s writing is not to intentionally lead audiences or readers to disorder but to show them the diversity of our world where versatile theories are mixed with confusing human relations.

버지니아 울프의 『세월들』에 나타난 ‘역사적 서술방식’ 연구

이상규 ( Sanggyu Lee )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  31권 1호, 2018 pp. 35-52 ( 총 18 pages)
5,800
초록보기
This study examines how ‘the method of historical narration’ is displayed in Virginia Woolf’s The Years. It considers two main points regarding Woolf’s views of the historical novel or historiography. First, Woolf’s book is not a history but a creative historical novel composed with Woolf’s creative method of historical narration. She combines the explanation of one family history with the characteristics of modernism like ‘consciousness’ and ‘dreams.’ No other of Woolf’s works can equal The Years with reference to ‘the method of historical narration.’ This work gives us realistic facts along with artistic achievements. Second, Woolf tries to show the background of existentialism in order to deliver the feelings and attitudes of the main characters. Especially Eleanor and Peggy have the self-awareness of their beings while they wonder what their place in the world might be. It is very valuable that these attitudes also give other characters as well as themselves the possibility of energetic activities. For this reason, Eleanor tries to keep the tradition of the Pargiters in spite of giving up the role of ‘angel of history’; Peggy wishes to develop individualism for the sake of the younger generation. Therefore, this essay argues that The Years is a superior work for inspiring readers with the artistic vision and dreams of the main characters when compared with other historical works.

영어 복합문의 시제 해석―Reichenbach 이론의 재해석

신근영 ( Keun Young Shin )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  31권 1호, 2018 pp. 55-78 ( 총 24 pages)
6,400
초록보기
This paper proposes a new account of the interpretation of tenses in English complement clauses by extending and revising Hans Reichenbach’s tense theory. English embedded tenses are not always interpreted relative to the matrix tense or the speech time, as Reichenbach originally proposed, and their interpretations are often affected by the speaker’s information and context. The seemingly-inconsistent interpretations of embedded tenses can be explained in a systematic way under the assumption that the reference time of the matrix clause is interpreted as the reference time of the embedded clause or its speech time. It is argued that the two reference times of a complex clause are not identical when the reference time of the embedded clause is determined by pragmatic factors such as previous discourse and conventional implicatures.

‘생명’과 관련된 신체관용구-영어와 한국어의 ‘머리’와 ‘목’ 관련 관용구를 중심으로

최영주 ( Youngju Choi ) , 김의산 ( Euisan Kim ) , 김혜민 ( Heymin Kim ) , 정선주 ( Seonju Jeong )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  31권 1호, 2018 pp. 79-98 ( 총 20 pages)
6,000
초록보기
The fact that our body parts seem to be closely related to certain concepts has drawn a lot of attention from researchers. Therefore, body-part idioms have been scrutinized, demonstrating how a certain body part is utilized in conceptualizing several concepts. Moreover, languages have been compared to reveal variations in constructing concepts using body-part expressions. However it is not easy to find research focusing on how different languages use different body parts in conceptualization, except for concepts related to emotions such as anger, happiness, or sadness. In order to bridge the gap, this paper compares head and neck related idioms in Korean and English, observing how the two languages differently utilize the two parts in conceptualizing the concept of LIFE. It turns out that in Korean, neck alone is used to indicate the concept LIFE, while in English, both head and neck are used. In addition, this paper reveals that the same body-part idioms related to the concept of LIFE are further extended to designate CAREER, in both languages, supporting Lakoff’s claim regarding inheritance hierarchy

단기 해외 연수에 따른 한국 대학생의 문화간 민감성 변화 분석

박은정 ( Eunjung Park ) , 박매란 ( Mae-ran Park )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  31권 1호, 2018 pp. 99-120 ( 총 22 pages)
6,200
초록보기
The purpose of this article was to investigate the effect of Korean college students’ short-term study abroad on intercultural sensitivity according to their genders, grades, and experiences of living in different countries. Seventy-nine college students from various majors in P University participated in this study. They took a culture and language program in the Philippines, offered by their university, during their summer vacation. Chen and Starosta’s Intercultural Sensitivity Scale (ISS) was administered as pre- and post- questionnaires before and after studying abroad. The ISS is composed of five sections: interaction engagement, respect for cultural differences, interaction confidence, interaction enjoyment, and interaction attentiveness. Analysis of the data using t-test showed that the variables such as short-term study abroad, gender, grades, and experience of living in foreign countries have a statistically significant effect on participants’ intercultural sensitivity. The implications and limitations of this study were discussed.

Modern Asian Poets under Western Gaze: Bei Dao and Yosano Akiko in World Literature

( Jiyon Byun )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  31권 1호, 2018 pp. 121-143 ( 총 23 pages)
6,300
초록보기
Although anthologies from Norton, Longman and Bedford have begun to encompass literatures from other countries and cultures under the category of world literature, they are often criticized for their Eurocentric perspective in introducing, describing, and selecting the works in their anthologies. In this paper, I will examine the ongoing discourse on world literature, and attempt to place Asian literature, especially modern East Asian poetry in this context by looking into two anthologies. I am mainly focusing on the poetry in The Longman Anthology of World Literature (2009) and The Norton Anthology of World Literature (2012) in order to examine how they explain world history and represent East Asian poets, and finally to question the validity of that representation. Both of the anthologies guide the readers through the modern history of the world in a rather Eurocentric way, largely focusing on modernism and its movements along with two world wars. It is not surprising therefore, when modern Asian poetry is either missing or unfitting to the theme under which it is explained. The Norton especially does not include any East Asian poets in its modern poetry section, and its editors might be the reason why. Although The Longman includes two East Asian poets, Bei Dao from China and Yosano Akiko from Japan, they are squeezed into the context of modernism and war narrative not for their writing style but for their political and cultural positions. While the anthology is often acknowledged as a marketing product, it also plays significant role in guiding the students academically, reflecting and contributing to the discourse on world literature. Such characteristics of the anthology necessitate editors and anthologists to mediate and interact more with unfamiliar non-Western scholars and authors in order to avoid Eurocentrism and include literatures outside of Europe and America without the risk of misrepresentation or negligence over distinctive poetics.

The Spatialization of London’s East End and Irishness in C. S. Lewis’s The Chronicles of Narnia

( Seongeun Jin )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  31권 1호, 2018 pp. 145-160 ( 총 16 pages)
5,600
초록보기
The mythic aspects in C. S. Lewis’s The Chronicles of Narnia have mainly attracted critics to discuss Lewis’s view of theology. Nevertheless, his birth origin of Anglican Irish seems to complicate the sense of masculinity and nobleness in Narnia in relation to Englishness and gender. Hitherto, many critics have asserted that whiteness in Narnia reinforces the lost power of Christianity in England. Yet Englishness in Narnia still calls into question many cultural reflections of nationhood, class, and gender. More specifically, in this paper I explore a gendered notion of Irishness and veiled references to the excluded locality of London’s East End in The Chronicles of Narnia. Social mobility of the urban poor and neglected female positions are related to the historical site of the East End and occupational changes among Irish women during the World Wars. Thus, Lewis’s background of Northern Ireland unveils his backward or nostalgic portrayals of a utopian world in Narnia. I suggest that otherness and ambivalent Englishness should further display the long history of exclusion of Irish people and the evolving values of class and gender in English society in Lewis’s The Magician’s Nephew and The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe.

“The Progress of Painting”: Leigh Hunt’s Progress of Visual Sense

( Jeongsuk Kim )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  31권 1호, 2018 pp. 163-180 ( 총 18 pages)
5,800
초록보기
This essay examines the progress of Leigh Hunt’s visual sense to reconsider his cultural identity within the wider context of the metropolitan visual culture of the Romantic era. By paying close attention to Hunt’s visual experiences, especially during his adolescence, this essay argues that the juvenile Hunt’s strong admiration for the visual certainly affected the novel attempt to realize his ekphrastic aspiration with a pictorial method, as has been actively discussed by recent critics. First, along with a close re-reading of primary sources, including Hunt’s autobiography and letters, the essay examines how the schoolboy Hunt developed his visual consciousness inside and outside of Christ’s Hospital School. Subsequently, reading Hunt’s adolescent work, “The Progress of Painting” from Juvenilia, the essay especially focuses on the aesthetic interrelationship between Hunt and West, who affected the young Hunt’s visual knowledge of art and ekphrastic interpretation. Although there are limitations in attempting to fully decipher the young Hunt’s visual sense, this essay can be a cornerstone to reconsider the aesthetic value of Hunt and his literary works in relation to Romantic visual culture.

The Absence of the Uncanny in Fanon’s the Other and Badiou’s Event

( Hyun-joo Yoo )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  31권 1호, 2018 pp. 183-203 ( 총 21 pages)
6,100
초록보기
Fanon’s black slave is the uncanny and phobic object (a problematized double) belonging to Lacan’s the real. However, in Fanon’s Black Skin, White Masks, subversive political aspects of the uncanny are absent. Fanon constantly describes the black slave as merely a victim/fetish, who always suffers an inferiority complex and a sense of alienation. Yet the black skin, unable to be completely covered with white masks, can be reappropriated as a strategy of political subversion to contaminate purity and authenticity in colonial discourses and white authority. Fanon does not seem to consider the possibility that black skin in white masks, remaining outside the signifying chain, has the revolutionary potentials to destabilize the master’s authority and colonialist discourses, and bringing about political transformation in society. In the politics of identification based on psychoanalysis, the impact that a return of the gaze of the uncanny/ambivalent Other has on the colonizer cannot be ignored, which might not be Fanon’s concern. Assuming the colonized as entirely knowable and visible, Fanon does not seem to calculate the traumatic impact of the return of the repressed. Badiou’s event, which refers to the incalculable, irreducible, surplus element (i.e., void), reveals a gap or a rupture with the symbolic order, or more specifically, exposes undemocratic political systems within a democracy. In this respect, Badiou’s void or event recalls Lacan’s “the real.” Badiou claims that a true event can bring about a dramatic and unforeseeable political change in the situation. Yet, like Fanon, in spite of the indebtedness to Lacan’s the real, the visible presence of subversive power embedded in the uncanny is also absent in Badiou’s philosophy. The uncanniness, whose political meanings are significantly dealt with in psychoanalysis, evaporates in Badiou’s political project of theorizing political revolutions and transformations. This paper raises the question about whether it is truly appropriate to refer to either the radical in Badiou’s radical reconceptualization of politics, or Fanon’s radical concept of psychological decolonization, as radical at all.

Two Types of Korean Light Verb Constructions

( Yoon-kyoung Joh )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  31권 1호, 2018 pp. 205-226 ( 총 22 pages)
6,200
초록보기
Kearns (1988) has previously proposed two types of Light Verb Constructions in English: True Light Verb Constructions and Vague Action Verb Constructions. This paper claims that the Korean Light Verb Construction without an accusative marker corresponds to the True Light Verb Construction in English, while the Korean Light Verb Construction with an accusative marker corresponds to the Vague Action Verb Construction in English. Joh (2017) has claimed that, for the former, we can apply the Type Coercion mechanism, while, for the latter, a Co-compositional process takes place. Extending this analysis, this paper claims that the two types of Korean Light Verb Constructions can be explained by the two different generative mechanisms. One of the biggest advantages of this paper is that it finds that the two types of Light Verb Construction observed in Korean is not an isolated phenomenon but provides clear and concrete evidence to the claim that there are two different types of Light Verb Constructions in natural languages by showing that they can be morphologically evidenced.
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