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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

영어영문학21검색

English21


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1738-4052
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 : 영어영문학(~2003)→영어영문학21(2004~)
논문제목
수록 범위 : 32권 1호 (2019)
6,500
초록보기
Southern lady codes, which were combined with capitalism, racism, patriarchal system and religion and so forth, forbade Southern women to satisfy their desire. However, women characters in this novel de-code southern lady codes so as to persue their own personality and identities. Deleuze and Guattari emphasized the importance of ‘becoming-woman’ by criticizing the privileged position of women. De-territorialization as a concept of philosophy can be used for minorities to fight against fascist positions. Deleuze and Guattari explained that becoming woman is sought not by imitating or assuming the female form, but by producing particles made up of the concept of molecular woman. Although the story is narrated by the male characters, the three generations of Compson women could be looked upon as the novel’s core. Mrs. Compson refuses to be a devoted mother and a good wife. As a result, she ‘de-territorialize’ traditional code of patriarchal system. Caddy seeks sexuality and denies serving as a virginal woman, which causes Caddy’s de-centre and De-territorialization. Caddy is excluded because she has subversive power to doxa, emitting intensive libido. Caddy serves as rhizomatic subject through ‘becoming minority’ endlessly. Miss Quentin serves as nomadic subject in order to de-territoialize from capitalism and patriarchal system. Woman’s Construction of self-identity could not be static or singular but multi-modal such as Faulkner’s expression of this novel―“still alive and still growing, changing”.

포스트 아포칼립스 서사와 몸 ―줄리애나 배곳의 _퓨어_를 중심으로

김연정 ( Yeon Jeong Kim )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  32권 1호, 2019 pp. 31-49 ( 총 19 pages)
5,900
초록보기
In apocalyptic narratives, whatever the cause of the destruction of the Earth, there is always the essential question of whether and how the human body will be represented in a post-apocalyptic society. Focusing on Julianna Baggott’s novel Pure, this article aims to investigate the problems in our society through the body in post-apocalyptic narratives, and reflects on the meaning of human identity. Comparing the body at the center with the body on the periphery, this article reveals how the body’s portrayal in the post-apocalyptic society establishes class hierarchy and represents individual identity. In addition, positive interaction of bodies is shown to not only play an important role in the formation and maintenance of a social system but also affect the existence of society itself. Further, the relationship between the body and the post-apocalyptic society is analyzed to explore the meaning of the human body in such society, as well as the ecological and ethical implications of human beings. This study illuminates the true meaning of the human body in post-apocalyptic narratives, and suggests that blind faith in science and technology, as well as human arrogance, is potentially dangerous for humanity’s future.

억압적 가족 문화와 동화적 폭력의 기원 ―마틴 맥도나의 『베개 유령』

이연환 ( Yeon Hwan Lee )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  32권 1호, 2019 pp. 51-68 ( 총 18 pages)
5,800
초록보기
Within the context of repressive family culture, this essay examines a train of fairytale violence that is submerged in Martin McDonagh’s problem play The Pillowman. This fairytale violence of the child abuse is represented by various layered storytellings via actor’s verbal performance in the play. It is true that the imbalance of power in society and family has been a chronic subject throughout human history. This principle of imbalanced power then has led to a never-ending burst of unilateral violence. Hence, McDonagh portrays drastically dark and wretched childhood story of the Katurian brothers in public. Because of the tacit secrecy or with memories of trauma, Katurian’s literary imagination is exaggerated with a disturbing Gothic fantasy in his fairytale writing. The staged violence unfolds old wounds and inveterate matters in human relations on the whole. So to speak, the lethal violence in this play asks for an urgent examination of the family and its relationship. And equally McDonagh indicates the gravity of destructiveness inherent in the politics of totalitarianism. He produces visually recursive representations of lifelike pain performance on the stage. With this, he forces us to consider issues of repression and violence within a family. At the conclusion, this essay puts meaning to review repressive family culture through tracing the fairytale violence mingled in The Pillowman.

흑인 퀴어 디아스포라의 위치 ―디온 브랜드의 『여기 아닌 또 다른 장소에서』

이현주 ( Hyunju Lee )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  32권 1호, 2019 pp. 70-96 ( 총 27 pages)
6,700
초록보기
This paper explores the location of black queer diaspora in Dionne Brand’s In Another Place, Not Here. She was born in Trinidad and emigrated to Canada in her late teens. She now lives in Toronto and is actively working in various genres, ranging from poetry, novels, nonfiction to documentary films. However, when compared with white Canadian women writers such as Alice Munro and Margaret Atwood, the position of Brand is significantly lower. This, above all, is linked to the question of how Brand herself has established her position, sense of belonging and identity as a writer. The critic Danyte argues that it is difficult for Brand to receive the correct position and appraisal as a Canadian writer because she does not want to use terms such as African Canadian or Caribbean Canadians when describing her status as a writer. Emphasizing the fact that Brand expresses herself Black rather than Canadian can be read as a gesture of rejecting assimilation into Canadian society or alliances with whites. Brand explores themes of queerness, gender, race, sexuality and feminism, white male domination, and injustices in Caribbean and Canadian societies. Her first novel, In Another Place, Not Here consists of two sections: one is told from the view of Elizete, a Caribbean peasant labor who remembers and rethinks slavery, colonial history, female bodies, and tangible realities; the other focuses on Elizete’s lover, Verlia as a revolutionist and activist for Blacks. Verlia, who left Canada for the Caribbean, tries to love and seek solidarity with Caribbean peasantry like Elizete. Their positions as queer black Caribbean women living in the Caribbean and Canada challenge questions of queerness, gender, race, colonialism, diaspora, and globalization. Elizete heads to Toronto to find her lover's trace and mourn her after Verlia's suicide during the revolution. What Brand's queer diaspora emphasizes is not to reveal abandonment of history, but to expand the horizon of new perceptions of multi-layered history based on shared experience in class, race, gender and sexuality. Finding belonging and stability in the arms of loved ones rather than physical places such as the Caribbean or Canada raises questions about more fundamental issues of home, place, space, nostalgia, and bondage.

크리스토퍼 이셔우드의 영화적 글쓰기 ―「샐리 볼스」와 도시의 피상성

정지원 ( Jeewon Jung )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  32권 1호, 2019 pp. 97-118 ( 총 22 pages)
6,200
초록보기
In Christopher Isherwood’s short story “Sally Bowles,” the narrator proclaims that he is a camera, recording quite passively what he sees. The narrator indeed shows Sally, the protagonist, singing at a cabaret in Berlin and pursuing pleasure in the restless city, showing her palpable outside reality as if the camera lens captures only the surface of things. What readers see is the superficial side of Sally, not her psychology or consciousness. Such cinematic writing―focusing on the outside, not the inside―helps Isherwood to picture Sally without contriving a melodramatic plot, which often upholds a patriarchal system. While the narrative of melodrama focuses on the internal or moral aspect of women, Isherwood’s cinematic writing neither delves into Sally’s mind nor frames her as one of the typical female characters in melodrama, such as a fallen or wronged woman or a virtuous woman. Instead of easy labeling, Isherwood’s camera-eye helps readers to “look” at Sally and her life in the city. The notion that Isherwood writes as the camera records is deeply related to early twentieth-century urban visual culture. The radical commercialization at the turn of the century changed the face of the city street. However, modern urban space was a site that attracted people to the surface of things, and the act of looking was one of their essential activities. The cinema was the epitome of urban surface culture, requiring people to see the surface of the screen. This essay reconsiders the concept of surface during the early twentieth century and examines the ways in which the superficiality of Isherwood’s cinematic writing is related to contemporary urban visual culture.

4차 산업혁명에 따른 쌍방향 인공지능을 통한 영어학습의 변화

김인석 ( In-seok Kim ) , 김봉규 ( Bong-gyu Kim )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  32권 1호, 2019 pp. 119-138 ( 총 20 pages)
6,000
초록보기
The purpose of this study is to examine innovative methods of English language learning in the era of the fourth industrial revolution. It signifies the challenges as well as measures for successful English language education. First, it explains the shift of the paradigm of English education and stipulates changes in current English education environment. Especially, it shows the need to focus on artificial intelligence-assisted language learning and expand self-directed cyber English learning. This study also shows how to apply a teaching and learning model for cyber English education. Finally, it provides examples of the development and application of artificial intelligence learning contents. Through the development of an English teaching and learning method suitable for the computer-mediated language learning age, we can strategically explore effective ways in which we can teach foreign language in the advent of fourth industrial revolution.

학습포트폴리오 발표활동이 대학생의 학업성취와 학업효능감에 미치는 영향

윤희정 ( Yoon Hee Jeong )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  32권 1호, 2019 pp. 139-161 ( 총 23 pages)
6,300
초록보기
The purpose of this study is to look into the effects of presenting learning portfolios on college students’ academic achievement and academic efficacy. For this study, twelve college students were chosen as the participants and asked to make learning portfolios and to present every other week for one semester. The data collected consisted of pre-and post-TOEIC test results, and academic efficacy questionnaires. The following results have been obtained in this study. First, there was academical improvement in students’ listening and reading comprehension ability after presenting learning portfolios. Second, there were positive changes in academic efficacy as shown in questionnaire responses. In particular, presenting learning portfolios contributed to raising the students’ task difficulty preference, self-regulatory efficacy, and self-confidence toward academic achievement. Further studies are needed to investigate the effect of presenting learning portfolios on larger numbers of participants and over longer periods.

교생실습에 대한 예비 영어교사들의 인식 분석과 개선 방안 연구

조영아 ( Young Ah Cho ) , 마지현 ( Jee Hyun Ma )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  32권 1호, 2019 pp. 20-39 ( 총 20 pages)
6,000
초록보기
The current study examines pre-service English teachers’ perceptions about and proposals for improving a teaching practicum in Korea. A total of twenty-one Korean college students from an English education department completed a questionnaire survey after taking part in the teaching practicum. The collected data were assessed through frequency and content analysis using the Antconc programme. The results of the study reveal that pre-service English teachers evaluated interaction with students as the most beneficial aspect while preparing lesson plans was the most difficult part of teaching practicum. The results also indicate that instructional contents and activities were the most seriously considered in terms of teaching methods. Finally, most of the pre-service teachers who were serious about their teaching careers confirmed their concrete decisions to become teachers whereas a few others made opposite decision after completing teacher practicum. Based on the findings of the study, pedagogical implications and suggestion for L2 pre-service teacher education programmes made.

Appraising Digital Texts: The Role of Images in Nineteenth-Century Electronic Editions

( Bumsoo Jon )
21세기영어영문학회|영어영문학21  32권 1호, 2019 pp. 183-199 ( 총 17 pages)
5,700
초록보기
This essay addresses the contested role of images in digital versions of nineteenth-century scholarly editions and archives. Unlike early generation projects that offered visual information as contextual material or projects that regarded digital images as a reliable, affordable reproduction of the original, recent electronic editions and archives address the status of the core text existing in varying media, and these projects regard high-resolution digital images as constructions. While the latest projects assume that all reproductions are interpretations and hence can never be completely reliable or neutral, the pro-image approach relies on a different solution to the problem of reliability as a whole, which corresponds to a distinct political model of knowledge construction: more eyes as preferable to higher abstraction. By virtue of the triumph of editorial transparency, image-based digital editions and archives have set themselves apart from paper-based critical editions, reasoning that digital reproduction of facsimile material is better than any transcription produced by a few isolated authorities who have rare exclusive access to the originals. Print editions remain a powerful analytical tool, but emerging practices in digital scholarly editing raise the level of analytical powers of scholarly editions, corresponding better to the non-hierarchical nature of the literary text that many literary scholars and students cherish.
7,000
초록보기
This paper explores how Charles Dickens’s Dombey and Son (1848) demonstrates the connection between the transformation of masculinity and the changes in the notions of vision and the observer in the early nineteenth century by focusing on its three male characters: Paul Dombey, James Carker, and Dombey’s son called little Paul. From his original status as a Cartesian subject, which is established in Dickens’s use of camera obscura images for him, Dombey degenerates into a being-as-object who is stupefied into passivity and lethargy after losing his controlling patriarchal power. I scrutinize how Dombey’s downfall is associated with the collapse of the camera obscura model of vision and subjectivity. I read Carker― e.g. his failed attempt to use his versatility and sharp eyes to subvert and steal Dombey’s social and economic power―through a changed meaning of the camera obscura in The German Ideology (1845-46) by Marx and Engels as a degenerative metaphor for procedures and forces that conceal, invert, and distort ideologies. Little Paul’s awareness of his subjectivity as being-as-object, which exists only in front of the other-as-subject, can be read as a precursor to the twentieth-century discourse on the reorganization of the visual relationship between subject and object and the decentralization of the subject-as-observer’s ruling position by Sartre. However, the early death of Paul Jr. implies that he fails to provide an alternative model of reciprocal male gazer/subject.
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