This thesis focuses on the recognition to reality of literary criticism in 1960`s and observes the course how the literary theories about engagement literature, national literature, and realism-literature have taken concrete shape. The discussion about realism-criticism was almost based on “Chang-bi”(창작과비평), but this thesis bring the magazines such as “Han-yang”(한양) and “Cheong-maek”(청맥) into relief by showing those magazines` pioneering criticism. Therefore, this thesis,take displaying of general side of 1960`s literary criticism as it`s aim for study and we treat “Cheong-maek” first. “Cheong-maek”, which was published on 1964 and dis-continued on 1966 because of the event of `Unity-Revolution party`(통일혁명당), was most progressive magazine in 1960`s. the literary men in that age presented many poems, novels, and criticism by this magazine and tried to keep the view of engagement literature-ism in composition of arguing between `Pure` and `Engagement`. The publishment of “Cheongmaek” was great affected by spreading of intellectual discourse after the April`s revolution. After all, the criticism of “Cheong-maek” is the thing which materializes to the intellectuals engagement in society. First, the criticism of “Cheong-maek” focused on subjective study on literature. It prevents imprudent import of foreign literature by critical inheritance about tradition and builds up the desirable view to quest the tradition of classical literature and the continuity of modern literature. Next, It strongly insists engagement literature on the extension line of arguing between `Pure` and `Engagement` in 1960`s. This headed to realism-spirit which overcomes structural contradiction in that age and grope for internal order. This structural contradiction also headed to national literature-ism by focusing on contradiction on national literature. Ultimately, “Cheong-maek” has important issues which couldn`t be missed in history of korean criticism and be important base to extend and deepen the denotation of criticism in 1960`s which was centralized at late in the 1960`s.