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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

영미문학페미니즘검색

Feminist Stidies in English Literature


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 연3회
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1226-9689
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 11권 2호 (2003)

Re-gendering the Genius: Wordsworth as the New Domestic Man

( Kyung Sook Shin )
6,800
초록보기
Scholars with feminist orientations have pointed out the sexual politics of the male Romantics and their patriarchal stances in the Romantic canon. Alan Richardson has, particularly, criticized that the male Romantics including Wordsworth and Byron appropriated the traditionally feminine attributes and thus colonized the female domain of sensibility. I would extend Richardson`s thesis a step further, and argue that Wordsworth not only colonized the female domain of sensibility, but also appropriated the characteristics of the female sphere of the home in order to create a new domestic man. And Wordsworth himself represented a new domestic man of an organic agrarian community and conducted a spiritual reconstruction of Lakeland domesticity which was severely threatened to perish. By announcing himself as a proud son who has returned to his beloved home, Wordsworth in The Prelude (1805) and "Home at Grasmere" constructs himself as a redeeming son. His witnessing, however, in real life, of the suffering of the independent farmers in the Lakeland compelled him to compose poems like "Michael" and The Brothers." In his prose writing and poetic texts of the period from 1798 to 1800, Wordsworth reflects upon his relationships with the home, domesticity and larger politico-economic problems. In this process, he translates land (economic property) into something that constitutes part of moral characteristics of the independent yeoman class and reinvests the domestic sphere with male patriarchal virtues. This might, on the one hand, show his poignant criticism of the prevalent ideology that the happy English home is given under the virtuous woman`s administration. On the other hand, however, it is a subtle version of male appropriation of the female space, which contributes to creating a Wordsworthian masculine subject, whose habitus is largely different from those of both aristocratic men and the laboring poor.

Gender Trouble in Asian American Literature: David Henry Hwang`s The Sound of a Voice

( Woo Mi Seong )
6,700
초록보기
Asian American literature appears to have been productive recently and the reception of critics and mainstream American audience has been warm and positive. The issue of gender has kept coming up in relation to Asian American literature, probably because the Asian American writers themselves found their creative inspiration from Asian history, literature, arts, and films. Thus the representation of gender has been somehow trapped within the tradition. David Henry Hwang, one of the most actively writing Asian American playwrights and author of M. Butterfly, which won 1988 Tony Award, produced an opera, The Sound of a Voice, in June 2003. The production consists of two short plays, The Sound of a Voice and Hotel of Dreams, written by David Henry Hwang in 1983. Influenced by Japanese ghost stories and modern Japanese literature and films, both stories tell of the difficulty of human relationships and intimacy between two genders. The Sound of a Voice as a text invites resistant feminist reading with its complex layer of symbols. In theatre, however, gender reality is constituted by the typical binary opposition between two essentially different characters, a man and a woman, and like most melodramas, the major structure of the drama is highly reliant on the heterosexual romantic tension between the two different genders. Since the unbalanced gender reality is embedded in the language and the narrative itself, when presented to the mainstream audience, the drama does not leave much space for resistant reading. Therefore, an act of reproducing a drama highly influenced by traditional Japanese ghost stories might lend itself to a reading of gender reality that is backward and reinforces the binary. In this regard, the play follows the archetypal pattern of narrative meaning in traditional patriarchal spectacle. The surreal allegorical representation of the gender relationship is constrained by the binary structures of gender embedded in the playwright`s own fear of the feminine. The two sets of stories in The Sound of a Voice confer a false sense of legitimacy and universality to a culturally specific, and, in some contexts, culturally oppressive, version of gender identity and also contribute to the heterosexual ideal by intertwining gender identity and sexual orientation. Hwang`s narrative still dwells in the modernist sense that men and women are incommensurably different subjects.
6,400
초록보기
During the second half of the nineteenth century, Europe and America saw, with an unprecedented expansion of the marketplace, the advent of consumerist culture. Late nineteenth-century realist novels represent and react to this historical shift. This essay situates Henry James`s The American (1877) in this context of developing consumerist culture and its interaction with the literary marketplace. James`s The American is an interesting study of the male view that effects the commodification of woman and culture. Preceding Zola`s The Ladies` Paradise by a few years and Dreiser`s Sister Carrie by over a decade, The American is a relatively early representation of the consumerist impulse that was permeating the entire fields of Western culture in the last decades of the nineteenth century. However, unlike The Ladies` Paradise or Sister Carrie, James`s The American does not foreground a female character as a narrative medium that exposes and displays the capitalist social conditions of the time. Instead, The American presents a male character as a prototypical consumer, thus locating the agency of consumption in the male subject rather than the female body. This essay is an attempt to understand some changes in human relations--especially gender positions--during the period when the advent of consumerist society affected the notions of culture, art and aesthetics. At the same time, I study James`s own critical position toward the changing world-views, as represented in his The American. I place his work in comparison with those of other authors of his time, so as to bring to light his rhetorical strategies that textualize his critical stance. James`s use of a masculine gaze as the center of narrative consciousness highlights the gendered topography of commodifying, and commodified, American culture in which every capitalist subject sought to represent him/herself through various acts of consuming things as well as people.
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