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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

영미문학페미니즘검색

Feminist Stidies in English Literature


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 연3회
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1226-9689
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 3권 0호 (1996)

과학과 여성의 희생 - 나다니엘 호손의 단편 세편을 중심으로

정혜옥(Hae Ok Chung)
6,500
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In nineteenth-century America, science was welcomed eagerly as new powerful authority to replace religous authority, which was refused by the sceptic people toward the traditional and abstract order. Though Hawthorne is ambivalent and uneasy about the dominent influence of religion on American society, he is unable to regard science as a new good order as well as an almighty tool enabling man to achieve everything he wants. Unlike the most of people in his age, he surely forsees the dangers of science and of the scientists, whose power is much more practical and mightier than that of the traditional authorities. Through the sacrifices of the women, Hawthorne presents us the concrete, harmful effects resulted from the empirical scientists` mistaken concepts, in which scientists look upon themselves as a center in their own universe. All the men in "the Birthmark," "Rappaccini`s Daughter," and "Ethan Brand," use and manipulate the women for their purpose to overcome the inherent human imperfection and weaknesses and to achieve the power of Creator, which is definitely beyond the limit of one of His creatures, a human being. As a marginal being in a patriarchal society, a woman is likely to be degraded in an object in men`s exchange and into a subject in thier experiments. Hawthorne, however, does not make us see only the fearful sacrifice of woman by the man, but the terribel hollow, meaningless life of the man and the way of finishing his life, who wasted, absorbed woman`s soul. Unlike the men who enjoy their priviliged position in the relationship between man and woman, unlike the men who disguise their scorn and disgust toward women with love, Hawthorne seems to feel guilty and responsible for the hurt on the women caused by men. By exploring the murdered women`s fate by the intelligent remoseless scientists, he clearly demonstrates the dangers of empirical science and of the power of reckless scientists. At the same time, with the problems of the women manipulated, exploited and in the end, killed by men, Hawthome extends it to suggest us the crucial situation of all the human beings who are depraved into the object without free-will in a commercial society and who feel cut off from the center of existence and so frustrated miserably at thier doom
6,000
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This paper discusses Mrs Transome`s life from a feminist perspective. At first, Mrs Transome`s life is posed not as a personal tragedy, but as women`s question of the Victorian high-class women through Mrs Transome`s marriage by the economic factor, her unhappy marriage life, her affair to Jermyn, and her endless fear and suffering of the past sin. Besides, her tragic life is related to the criticism of the governing class (including middle-class and gentry-class) through the patriarchal attitude of Jermyn and Harold, and their sexual ideology which separated men`s sphere from women`s sphere. Especially the objective description of her suffering, her rage to man, and her strong feminist statements, invokes readers` sympathy and pity with Eliot`s penetrating insight Secondly, Mrs Transome`s unhappy life influences Esther`s choice by making Esther choose Felix rather than Harold, as "a last vision" through Mrs Transome`s life makes Esther see her future to live if she would marry Harold. Consequently I confirm an assumption that women`s question is portrayed well in the moral plot evaluated as a successful part in this novel, too.

이디쓰 워튼의 가부장제 비판 : 『 여름 』의 경우

허정애(Jeong Ae Huh)
6,100
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The society that Wharton criticizes in her major works is a representation of what Thorstein Veblen called "pecuniary culture," a culture in which money is the supreme good and thus the source of power. In these worlds, men become subjects who produce wealth, and women, who can achieve wealth only through association with a male (either a father, a husband, or a lover), function as men`s ornaments or possessions. In this male-dominated capitalist economy, bourgeois and upper-class wives are constructed to function as apparently autonomous but really servile creatures whose "conspicuous consumption" signifies their husbands` wealth and power. In Summer, however, Wharton explores the fact that this dependence of women is not only the problem of bourgeois and upper-class women but also of the women of the rural poor. By the time Wharton published Summer (1917), her argument on the woman question--economic dependence, sexual repression, proprietary marriage--had fully matured. The problem of economically dependent women in male-dominated pecuniary culture that she traces in her earlier works is extended in Summer to include the level of the sexual dependence of women. Charity Royall, the most rebellious heroine of Wharton, initially revolts against her perternal guardian, who tries to dominate her economically and sexually, but she is ultimately bound in marriage to him in the end. As in her other novels, Wharton attacks the feminist optimism of the Progressive Era in America--which held that education and jobs were freeing women--this time by presenting a heroine who comes to be possessed by her `father-husband,` a man from whom she has always longed for freedom. Summer is thus a radically critical book.
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