글로버메뉴 바로가기 본문 바로가기 하단메뉴 바로가기

논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

영미문학페미니즘검색

Feminist Stidies in English Literature


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 연3회
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1226-9689
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 4권 0호 (1997)
6,700
키워드보기
초록보기
Charlotte Bronte¨ and George Eliot create the figure of the reading woman whose readings give guidance to implied readers in Shirley and The Mill on the Floss. Caroline Helstone, Shirley Keeldar and Maggie Tulliver are the figures whose critical readings both of literary conventions and social norms are supported by the authors. When they give up living up to their readings due to the burdens of womanhood, however, the authors keep some distance from them and use the distance to impel their implied readers to face the burdens which our world imposes upon the resisting figures. Caroline`s reading of Coriolanus to educate her lover, Robert Moore, to be a benevolent employer is supported by the authorial voice and by the experiences of Robert in the course of the novel. While Caroline`s appropriative reading of Coriolanus suggests the possibility for a domestic woman to educate a mercantile man, however, the fact that she fails to reform her lover through the reading reveals her powerlessness in the world of male-centered conflicts between labor and management. Her reading of "La Jeune Captive" also confirms that she is no more than a sexually attractive object before the male gaze of Robert Moore. Hence Charlotte Bronte¨ uses Caroline`s readings as a way to establish her as a connection between the two themes of the novel--questions of class and gender. Shirley`s critical readings of images of women reveal Charlotte )Bronte¨`s subversive readings of them; particularly Shirley`s critique of Milton`s Eve reveals Bronte¨`s courageous critique of the literary patriarch. While Shirley`s own creation of Eve in front of Caroline is used as a visionary recreation of the first woman, however, her creation of Eva in "La Premie`re Femme Savante" which she has written for her tutor and lover, Louis Moore, is used as a way to reveal how even an exceptional woman like Shirley cannot but succumb to conventional images of women. Maggie`s subversive reading of The History of the Devil shows her quest for a new way to overcome the dichotomy of images of good and bad women Her subsequent way of life, however, shows difficulties both in overcoming the dichotomy and in having her own way of reading. Her reading of Thomas a` Kempis shows how a woman with a resistant spirit becomes an obedient lady-like woman through reading: she accepts his doctrine of self-renunciation and applies it to educate herself in femininity. Her reading of Corinne is used not only to show her limitation in reading the ending of the novel but also to suggest George Fliot`s way to overcome such a limitation as a reader. Though Maggie`s rejection to read the ending is based on her right guess that the novel will end according to the dichotomy of good and evil women, it is presented as resignation rather than as resistance. George Eliot, however, resists the dichotomy of the ending by placing Maggie in a situation similar to that in which Stae¨l has placed Corinne and making the conventional ending read implausibly.
6,500
키워드보기
초록보기
This article explores the first-person narrative in Agens Grey(1847) by Anne Bronte¨, focussing on the narrative technique to bring forth the reader`s sympathy. Anne Bronte¨`s purpose in writing Agnes Grey is to remind Victorian readers of an alienated group of working women by depicting a governess`s everyday life realistically. Anne Bronte¨ employs the literary genre of fictional autobiography as a crucial writing strategy in order to gain the reader`s trust in Agnes Grey`s story as a medium for presenting her own experience in the contemporary 1840s British society. Agnes Grey`s self-reflective and self-retrospective narrative technique portrays Anne Bronte¨`s experience faithfully to the reader. Anne Bronte¨`s self-representation, through the first-person narrative, is much more persuasive and appealing than Charles Dickens`s sensational social realism, because of Agnes Grey`s calm and gentle narrative tone. It is more politically effective for a woman`s writing, which exposes the real everyday life of a governess. The relationship between woman and language in the patriarchal society has influenced Anne Bronte¨`s writing style in the factual world and Agnes Crey`s speaking narrative in the fictional world. For instance, Anne Bronte¨ often uses italic letters when she expresses her love for Weston or when her own ideas are in contrast with the dominant ideology concerning Victorian femininity. In short, the first-person narrative in Agnes Grey illustrates what is the most effective narrative technique for attracting a widely sympathetic readership and how to utilize it to transform a woman`s marginalized experience into sympathy and awakening, enhancing a more humanized and egalitarian society.
5,600
키워드보기
초록보기
In England, around the middle of the 17th century society is in chaos as a result of the despair and poverty that farmers and low class people face. There are drifting beggars who seek food and shelter there. Due to the pain that they go through, they believe in the Millenium and regard Charles 1 as an anti-Christ. They follow Cromwell who promises them a new world. Light Shining in Buckinghamshire written by Caryl Churchill in 1976 focuses upon the discovery of identity that common people without power and money have acquired during and after the Civil war from 1645 to 1648 in England. This self-awakening to one`s own identity is clearly shown among poverty-stricken people. During the Civil War, women break into the manor house and burn legal papers and happen to look into a mirror for the first time. This scene bears a symbolic significance--these women discover an identity that they are never to forget. It is a moment of revelation. Buckinghamshire deals with the Putney Debates that took place in 11 October 1647. The destitute have been completely defeated at this debate because Cromwell and lreton decide to restore an old model of a feudalistic society--now a new capitalistic landowner situation is formed. Thus Star(a former leveller) encloses the land In contrast as the lowly butcher speakes to the audience, the rich get richer and a starving Brotherton must abandon her baby at the mayor`s house gate. During this despairing moment, the Ranters gather at a drinking place and share food and friendship finding God in a concrete object like an apple; and express brother- hood by sharing a coat. They depend upon each other for solace; as a result, Brotherton now allows herself to be touched and experiences her humanity. She communicates her feelings and experiences communion. At this moment they realize insight: "Sparks of glory under these ashes-Light shining from us." They realize that they are ones who must initiate the discovery of their own identity, who they are and what they want. This is the light shining in their minds.
6,200
키워드보기
초록보기
This essay aims to deconstruct Miller`s The Crucible, a tragedy which constructs the male protagonist as a noble tragic hero and reinforces stereotypes of femme fatales and cold wives in order to assert apparently universal (but patriarchal) values. The Crucible sets up John Proctor as a tragically heroic common man, a just man who are humanly tempted in a universe gone mad, while dichotomizing the female characters such as Elizabeth and Abigail into the two divided roles of angel and witch. I criticize Miller`s patriarchal way of understanding the Salem witch trial in The Crucible, not through the thematic arguments Miller the patriarchal bard demonstrates but through the tragic narrative frame of truth-seeking and confession, deeply ingrained in the Puritan creeds and practices. That is, I propose that Miller`s use of the traditional tregic genre be closely linked to his patriarchal politics. In reading up against Miller`s aesthetic paradigm which lures us into a belief that Proctor is a martyr who sacrifices his life to preserve his integrity (against outside forces to tyramize him), I am also re(dis)covering the witches/women, who are severely blamed for their sexual transgression or sexually cold attitude in the play-text, into the positive figures who provide men with nurturing or sexual love. By finding an elsewhere in Miller`s play-text, from which to re-view the female characters, I hope to contribute to demythologizing Miller`s patriarchal version of the Salem witch trial which is based on the gynophobia (fear and distrust of women) as well as paranoia. Drawing on Laura Mulvey`s theory of visual pleasure in cinema, Jill Doran`s theory of feminist spectatorship in drama, and Kathleen McLuskie`s feminist deconstruction of Shakespeare`s plays, I locate my reading in the context of recent feminist attempt to re-construct male canonical works to produce "feminine pleasure."
<< 1 2