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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

지방교육경영검색

Local Education Management


  • - 주제 : 사회과학분야 > 교육
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 연3회
  • - 국내 등재 : -
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1229-4268
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 4권 0호 (1999)

추계학술대회 / 교육수요자 중심의 학교 재구조화 실시 방안

반상진
한국지방교육경영학회|지방교육경영  4권 0호, 1999 pp. 189-214 ( 총 26 pages)
6,600
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초록보기
N/A
1,000
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N/A
4,500
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N/A

개인연구 / 대도시 공동화 현상에 따른 도심학교 통 폐합의 비용 - 수익 분석

최청일(Chong Il Tchoi),박선하(Seon Ha Park)
한국지방교육경영학회|지방교육경영  4권 0호, 1999 pp. 225-290 ( 총 66 pages)
14,100
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초록보기
In the past, urban schools in Pusan were in a superior position in terms of the number of students, school size, school facilities and equipment. Today, the situation is not as favorable as they once were due to the sudden decline in population and the extraordinary increase in downtown land prices in the late 1980s. The schools became too large for the few students that remained in the area. Hence, the number unused classrooms at the schools increased annually. A decline in student population is directly proportional to decreases in school expenditures. Therefore, a vicious cycle was created which made the financial situation more severe for the schools. It became very difficult to find the funds required to replace worn school facilities. Therefore, the degradation of schools emerged as a very severe problem for large cities such as Pusan. Today, the consolidation of primary schools in Pusan is under way. However, this raises two controversial issues. On the positive side, the consolidation improves the ability of the schools to educate students since school facilities and equipment are modernized from the funds gained through the sale of unused school sites. On the negative side, because the schools in the area are old and historic, there have been strong protest against the consolidation from the alumni. Also, some parents are against the consolidation because it increases the distance their children need to travel to attend school. They contend that the additional distance makes it more dangerous for the children. The purpose of the study is to analyze the economic and social ramifications of primary school consolidation in the downtown area. Three areas of the study were established: 1) the review of economic theories for school consolidation 2) an analysis of the benefits and costs of consolidation and 3) an analysis of social preference for the consolidation of primary schools in downtown area. A macro approach was utilized to review the related literature, articles, and government publications. Major findings from the study were as follows: 1. The social rate of return for the consolidation was 14.1%. The difference between benefit and cost indicated that the monetary value generated from the consolidation(44.5 billion won) was very high. 2. Some studies showed that the educational facilities of the downtown primary schools were too worn to be used for education. However, it should not be assumed that because modern educational facilities and equipment were insufficient, students could not study. 3. Surveys showed that the downtown schools subject to the consolidation should be sold for the modernization of school facilities. However, the plan was inconclusive, because responses for and against making consolidated schools public into parks were almost equal. 4. It can be expected that since the consolidated school facilities are new and modern, not only are the facilities very convenient for study, but facilities such as science laboratories, computer rooms, and gymnasiums are much better equipped compared to past school facilities. But it cannot be said that academic achievement and disciplinary education are also improved accordingly. 5. Attending consolidated school at a long distance was not inconvenient. Most parents preferred their children attending schools by mass transportation systems like buses or subway to on foot, since walking is dangerous for children in a big city. 6. Consolidation should be encouraged due to the positive results such as the procurement of educational finances and the modernization of school facilities. 7. The consolidation should be approached not in a one-sided way by the government but in a democratic way through public hearings.

개인연구 / 학교 훈육문제에 대한 고찰

박병량(Byung Yang Park)
한국지방교육경영학회|지방교육경영  4권 0호, 1999 pp. 291-307 ( 총 17 pages)
5,700
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Discipline problems have long been the pressing problems facing school. For effective discipline, it is prerequisite to understand the nature and reasons of discipline problem behavior - misbehavior. This paper discusses what behavior constitute discipline problem how it can be defined and perceived. The paper also discusses why students misbehavior how it can be explain and understood by examining theoretical models for behavior problems and their use. There are diverse definitions of discipline problem. Early definition focuses on student behavior that interferes with teaching. This definition is simple and narrow. More comprehensive definition that detracts from the order and safety - physical and psychological - of learning environment. The most comprehensive definition embraces student behaviors that violate rules of conducts congruent with the norms in social and work setting. Developmental trends of definitions focus on instructional, learning environment, social and situational. Concern is gradually being shown today to the more comprehensive definition - more social and situational in that a more set of discipline problems in actual fact is embraced. Our perceptions of discipline problem differ from the definitional one. In practice, how teacher perceives and interprets problem behavior are more important than what it is defined, since teacher`s perception of student`s behavior affects how teacher responds to it. Clearly a need exists for more research to be taken in order to clarify what teachers/students construe as discipline problems and to ascertain the factors which influence their perceptions. The paper examined five major theoretical models which are used to understand or explain problem behavior. The five models are the psychodynamic approach, behavioral modification, humanistic psychology, a system approach, and labelling theory. Each model takes a different standpoints. However, directional trends of the models have shown a movement from a narrow psychological perspective to a broader, contextual, sociological approach. The trends from an individua/psychological perspective to a social/sociological one emphasize institutional influences upon pupils` behavior. This implies that school and teacher can do much to reduce discipline problems. Teachers as practitioners face the choice problem among the theoretical models, each of which takes a different perspectives. However, it might be said that all of the theories may be right in their own right. Therefore, the choice problem can be resolved by practicing a eclectic approach rather than on a single theory. The eclectic approach includes : the use of some formulation which incorporate two or more of the models together within a overarching framework and the use of different members of the team electing to familiarize themselves with particular models.
7,700
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N/A

개인연구 / 우리나라 유아교육 공교육화 추진방안 분석 및 개선방안

손유식(Yoo Sigk Shon)
한국지방교육경영학회|지방교육경영  4권 0호, 1999 pp. 347-370 ( 총 24 pages)
6,400
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Even though we know that the early-childhood education is very important, about percent of the investment to the early-childhood education in Korea, that is the lowest rate among OECD members, reveals the worst education condition. However, nowadays the debates about public early-childhood education at both the Congress and the Ministry of Education in Korea might make us lead a new way for the foundation of public education, I think. In this respect, this paper tries to make a few suggestions for better public early-childhood education in Korea. First, one method by government policy, which the public early-childhood education has to establish a joint education with elementary school in the 7 big cities, may get negative effects on the independence of early-childhood education or make it an earlier stage of elementary school. In the long term respect, it is necessary to have own independent kindergartens or independent kindergartens of the elementary schools even they are jointed with them. Besides, it is a good way to give financial support to the private kindergartens so that they can do the early- childhood education like public education system. Second, it is desirable not only to have smaller class size than now but also to use volunteers or parents as aided teachers because there are not clear-cut distinction between regular teachers and aided teachers in terms of qualification and there might be certain conflicts between them. The conflicts may give negative effects on the education as well. Third, as for the certificate of teachers, the different qualification between junior college graduates and 4 year college graduates can`t agree to the policy about encouragement of junior college by Ministry of Education. About 80% of the kindergarten teachers who majored in early-childhood education from 82 junior colleges and undergraduate students who are studying at early childhood education departments from 82 junior colleges, all of them don`t feel proud of their position and working value, so that the kindergarten students might have negatively emotional effects. In order to solve the problem, we should take test for the certificate of teachers under national control and give the graduates who pass the test. And they have a great opportunity to have higher re-education system and chance. Last, it is better to have one-way system between kindergarten and child-care center education than two-way systems. The two way systems may get deepened wide between them rather than they can develop the education better. However, as one way system might have demonstrations or protests from child-care center owners, it is necessary to take a lot of time to study one way policy at present.

개인연구 / 한국 초등학교 교육과정개발에서 의사결정수준과 역할수행에 관한 연구

김정한(Jeung Han Kim),김종식(Jong Sik Kim)
한국지방교육경영학회|지방교육경영  4권 0호, 1999 pp. 371-392 ( 총 22 pages)
6,200
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N/A

개인연구 / 초 중등 교원보수의 동태적 분석

정재운(Jae Woon Jung)
한국지방교육경영학회|지방교육경영  4권 0호, 1999 pp. 393-407 ( 총 15 pages)
5,500
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The purpose of this study is to show a foundation of the policy for primary and secondary school teachers` wage level that should be raised the morale and the quality of teachers. The way of study are the relation model of cause and effect for teacher`s wage and simulation processing model, according to teacher`s wage levels, the average wage level of college and university graduate, the economic growth rate and the consumer price index(CPI). Operation-tool of simulation is using Dynamo-profesional simulation language considering interactive effects between variables and estimating object period is from 2000 to 2010. The result of this study are as follows; 1. There is a great difference in wage level and in increase rate between teacher and general university graduate. The average wage of 10∼12 years teacher is 1,870,000 won in 1998, 3,227,000 in 2005 and 4,764,000 won. On the other side, university graduate is 2,229,000 won in 1998, 4,627,000 won in 2005 and 7,798,000 won in 2010. 2. As compared with university graduate, the wage level of primary and secondary school teacher is still inferior. Accordingly government will make efforts to raise the wage level of teacher.

개인연구 / 방송대학 교육투자 수익률 분석

손일지(Il Ji Son)
한국지방교육경영학회|지방교육경영  4권 0호, 1999 pp. 409-431 ( 총 20 pages)
6,000
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N/A
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