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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

법학논집검색

Ewha Law Journal


  • - 주제 : 사회과학분야 > 법학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1226-2005
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 6권 1호 (2001)

항고소송(抗告訴訟)의 대상(對象)

최승원 ( Seung Won Choi )
5,100
초록보기
In Korea wird der Gegenstand der Anfectungsklage in dem Schrifttum und in der Rechtsprechung sehr beschrankt verstanden. Im Vergleich zu Deutschland ist in Korea die Hilfsmittel nach dem Verwaltungsprozebrecht nicht weiter vielfaltig entwickelt. Aus diesem Grund sind die Gegenstande der Anfechtungsklage durch Auslegung moglichst weit zu verstehen. In der rechtsprechung und Literatur vertritt die Auffassung, dab ein betreffende Sachverhalt nur dann ein Gegenstand der Anfechtungsklage werden kann, soweit ihm eine rechtliche Interesse besteht. Begrundet ist diese Auffassung, dab obwohl die Gegenstande der Anfechtungsklage weit umfabend anerkannt sind, kann die Anfechtungsklage in dem Fall zuruckgewiesen werden, in dem rechtliche Interesse an dieser Klage verneint ist. Diese Auffasung ist jedoch nicht zu zustimmen, weil sie oft dazu fuhren kann, dab der Sachverhalt, der nach dem Verwaltungsprozeb erklart werden mub, entwer durch ein Zivilprozeb oder durch eine Verfassungsklage ersetzt wird. Dies stellt eine Aufgabe dar, bald zu uberwinden.

독일 지방자치단체의 평등담당관 제도

김수진 ( Soo Jin Kim )
5,700
초록보기
Das Ziel der Gleichstellung von Frauen und Mannern ist in der Verfassung aller Lander verankert. Um diesen Verfassungsauftrag zu erfullen, bedarf es der Gesetzesnormen und der Einrichtungen, die strukturelle Problemen zu losen. In 80er Jahren wurden die Gleichstellungsbeauftragten in Bund, Lander und Kommunen in Deutschland eingerichtet. Bemerkenswert ist die kommunale Gleichstellungsbeauftragte, weil viele Gleichstellungsfragen nur auf der ortlichen Ebene zu losen sind. Die koreanische Verfassung und einzelnen Gesetze bestimmen den Staat und Kommunen, die Selbstverwaltungsgarantie genieben, als Aufgabentrager der Gleichstellung von Frauen und Mannern. Aus dem Anlass der Einrichtung des Ministeriums der Frauen in Korea ist die hochste Zeit, die Institutionalisierung der Frauenpolitik durch die gesetzlich vorgeschriebene Einstellung der kommunalen Gleichstellungsbeauftragten in Korea einzufuhreu. Diese Darlegung der kommunalen Gleichstellungsbeauftragten in Deutschland ist ein Fingerzeig auf die kunftige Einsetzung der Einrichtung fur Gleichstellung von Frauen und Mannern in Korea, um den Interessen von Frauen in ihrem unmittelbaren Lebensbereich Geltung zu verschaffen. Diese Arbeit besteht aus funf Teilen auber Einfuhrung und Schlussfolgerung. Der erste Teil befasst sich die Einsetzungsphase der kommunalen Gleichstellungsstelle. Im zweiten Teil wird die Rechtsgrundlage der Gleichstellungsbeauftragten erlautert. Um einen Einblick in konkreten Rechtsstellung der Gleichstellungsbeauftragten zu gewinnen, wird im dritten Teil das Organisationssystem, die Berufungsmethode und die Qualifikation der Gleichstellungsbeauftragten naher dargelegt. Im vierten Teil stellt die Aufgaben und Kompetenzen der Gleichstellungsbeauftragten dar. Der funfte Teil geht es um das Verhaltnis zwischen den pflichtigen Gleichstellungsbeauftragten udn der kommunalen Selbstverwaltungsgarantie. Zum Schluss deutet es kurz an, dass die Modernisierung der Verwaltung in Bezug auf die kommunale Gleichstellungsbeauftragte zwei Bedeutung hat: eine ist die Bedrohung der Gleichstellungsbeauftragten, eine andere ist neue Chance zur Gleichstellungspolitik. Wird die kommunale Gleichstellungsbeauftragte in Korea eingesetzt, sollte die mindesten Aufgaben und Kompetenzen durch Gesetz festgeschrieben werden.

특수고용관계에 관한 입법론적 고찰

이철수 ( Cheol Soo Lee )
7,500
초록보기
As a special labor relationship expands due to the changes in industrial structure and the flexibility of the labor market, there occurs an area of issue which is hard to solve by the traditional interpretation. Since 1990, whether or not the nature of employee of newsman, tutor of study magazines, insurance solicitor and golf caddie could be recognized has been at issue. Seeing the cases which have been litigated so far, once the nature of employee of a person is denied, he/she could not be protected by the labor laws, so that the principle of all or nothing has been applied. Therefore, it is an actual condition that the advantages for the company and the labor have not been reasonably adjusted. The purpose of this essay is to help the aforementioned issue settled through the search for the solution on the basis of legislative theory. In Chapter 2, with respect to the concept of employee, will show the questionable situation that is causing a difficulty in applying the law due to the adherence to the traditional personal subordination. In Chapter 3, I will review the legislative laws governing the application of laws in the foreign countries which are introducing various approaches in accordance with the labor types and I will make suggestions for legislative improvements.

기업구조조정촉진법 비판

오수근 ( Soo Geun Oh )
6,200
초록보기
Corporate Restructuring Promotion Act (``CRPA``) was enacted on July 18, 2001. Although officially proposed by congressmen, the CRPA was in fact drafted by the Ministry of Economy and Finance (``MOEF``) to establish statutory grounds for the Workout it had alresdy enforced, thus containing provisions similar to those in the Workout Accord. According to the CRPA, firms with loans over 50 billion KW from financial institutions are required to maintain internal accounting monitoring system. Financial institutions are to check credit risks of debtor firms according to the Monitoring Standard provided by Financial Supervisory Commission and take appropriate measures, such as financial institution management, corporate reorganization, composition and winding-up, against risk-exposed firms. In order to begin financial institution management, the major creditor financial institution is to call for the Council of Creditor Financial Institutions and further more acquire more than 3/4 of claims in amount to effectively adopt the Management Normalization Plan. The Plan involves new loans as well as debt restructuring such as hair-cut and extension of payment. Additionally, any creditor financial institutions have right to sell their claims to consenting institutions. While the original version of the bill contained several provisions which were allegedly unconstitutional, provisions stipulating automatic stay upon the call of the Council, high priority of mew loans in the reorganization procedure and constraint of suits over the value of claims were deleted by the Legislation and Judiciary Commission of the National Assembly; . Government intervention in corporate exit mechanisms, in the name of industrial rationalization measures and workout has been proved inefficient. In order to establish efficient exit mechanism, it is imperative to exclude government influence and establish clear rules that will enable debtors and creditors to bargain for their own benefits. However, the CRPA stops to simply provide legitimate but undesirable opportunity for the goverment to decide the exit of big firms.

미국 약관규제법에 관한 소고

한기정 ( Ki Jeong Han )
6,100
초록보기
This article tries to explore the American law of standard term contracts. Its aim is to provide a basis for comparative law study between Korean law and American law by reference to standard term contracts. American law is analysed according to the regulations of incorporation, interpretation and contents. Firstly, the American position in the regulation of incorporation does not seem to be as favorable to the customer as the Korean position, in that the former does not imposes on the entrepreneur a general obligation to explain material standard terms to the customer. Secondly, the regulation of interpretation centers on the rules of Contra Proferentem and Reasonable Expectations, which are highly controversial issues in America. There is a hostile argument against those rules on the grounds that they sometimes go beyond the ordinary meaning of interpretation. Thirdly, the Doctrine of Unconscionability has been developed for the regulation of contents. Notably, the doctrine consists of not only substantial unconscionability but also procedural unconscionability, which is not required by Korean law.

Presumption of Collusion under Antitrust Laws : A Comparative Study

( Meong Cho Yang )
5,200
초록보기
This article analyzes the legislation and implementation of the collusion presumption provision in the Korean Monopoly Regulation and Fair Trade Act(Korean antitrust law) in comparison with U.S. court decisions concerning this problem. The author criticizes the harshness of the language in Korean antitrust statute and suggests a proper revision thereof.

Biotechnology and Legislative Policy

( Un Jong Pak )
5,000
초록보기
Biotechnology should be protected and cultivated as an invigorating source which could propel the freedom of human spirit, improve medical or economic benefits and thus promote public welfare of the hu man being. However, on the other hand, it is also necessary to formulate legal devices to regulate the risks or misuse of the scientific techniques, as it could threaten the safety and integrity of the society. Before we go into the question of whether the problems in bioethics could be regulated by law, we should consider the limit of its effectiveness in this area. But considerations of the limit of law does not mean that law should disregard the possible damages of the application of the technology. Whether, and to what extent, law should intervene depends on the characteristics of each problem raised in the area of biotechnology and thus legal response thereto should be differently devised to cope with each of them. Judicial settlement is useful to deal with the delicate conflicts in such problems - for example, those involving right to child custody in artificial insemination cases - about which it is hard to prescribe exhaustively. Administrative regulations would be appropriate for the complex and technical problems that require participation of experts in such cases like involving the research institutes. On the other hand, legislative response would be more desirable where regulating the conducts is important. And if the national consensus is required, that should be made constitutional issue of.

법학에서의 Gender 연구의 의의와 과제

김선욱 ( Sun Uk Kim )
5,500
초록보기
Die feministische Forschung in der Rechtswissenschaft findet sich heraus, wie Frauen im Rechtsleben ausgeschlossen sind, und bemuht sich, Gleichstellung der Geschlechter zu verwirklichen. Um die Chancengleichheit und Gleichstellung der Geschlechter im Ergebnis zu gewahrleisten, ist die Untersuchung erforderlich, wie sich der Geschlechterunterschied auf Recht bezieht. Wahrend "sex" ein biologisches Kennzeichnis ist, ist "Gender" ein umfassender Begriff. "Gender" bedeutet ein soziologisches Ergebnis aus Geschlecherunterschied. "Gender" im Feminismus ist ein Grundelement und fordert die Veranderung der in der Gesellschaft vorhandenen Ungleichheitssituation. Die vom Feminism erhebenden,die Unterdruckung und Ungleichstellung der Frauen, konnte mithilfe des Gesetzes losen, weil es die Kraft und Strategien zur Veranderung der Gesellschaft innehat. Daher ist die Forschung zur Gender in der Rechtswissenschaft von grober Bedeutung. Die Forschung zur Gender in der Rechtswissenschaft setzt in der Thematisierung des Verhaltnissses zwischen Recht und Gender und kritischer Uberlegungen. Sie fokussiert auf Analyse der Gender und macht die Offentlichkeit den wirklichen Zustand vertraut, dab die feministische Denkweise ignoriert, unterbewertet oder behindert worden ist. Zugleich pro testiert sie gegen solche Streotype, fixiterte Theorie, vorhandene Denkweise und allgemein anerkannte Tatsache. Alldies basiert auf Patriarchalism im Recht und die die mannlich gepragte Trennung von Offentlichkeit und Privatheit grundlegende Rollenverteilung. Die Geschlechtsneutralitat ist auf Kritik gestoben und das Leben und Erlebnis der Frauen ist im Bereich der Rechtswissenschaft einbezogen und zureorganisieren. Das Thema der Forschung zur Gender in konkreter Rechtswissenschaft konnte Familie, Vermogen, Arbeit, Straftat, Freiheit der Reproduktion, Pornographie, Prostitution, sexuelle oder hausliche Gewalt, Reprasentation in der Politik sein. Das heibt, dab sie sich auf alle Bereiche des Rechts, namlich Familien-, Vermogens-, Arbeits-, Straf-, Sozial-, Verfassng- und Verwaltungsrecht. Die Froschung zur Gender in der Rechtswissenschaft, sogenannte "feministische Rechtswissenschaft", konnte die Abhangigkeit der Frauen durch Gesetz abschaffen und die Abhangigkeit der Frauen befestigenden Rechtsnormen und Rechtsrealitat kritisieren. Zur Veranderung der strukturellen Ungelichstellung der Geschlechter sollte sie die geeigneten gesetzlichen Mabnabmen entwerfen und Emanzipation fordern. Schlieblich, sie hat zum Ziel der tatsachlichen Gleichstellung.

형사법에서의 Gender

장영민 ( Young Min Chang )
5,100
초록보기
This paper is to examine the problems of gender in the korean criminal law system. There are many gender-related problems in this area. In Korea, there are established legal regulations concerning, for example, sexual harassment, rape, sexual assaults in the domestic relationship, adultery, abortion, pornography, prostitution and so on. But the basic conception on which these regulations are based is not one and the same, but heterogeneous and even contradictory. While formerly the de-criminalization movement based on legal liberalism asserted that some immoral behavior done between the consenting adults not be treated as crime, feminist movement reversed this liberal trends and insisted that some behaviors which were not conceived as crimes should be treated as crimes(for example: domestic violence) and that must be enacted by the legislature. Based on the feminist conception of crime, the korean legislature enacted several acts against domestic violence and sexual assault. In this paper the author examines these gender-related criminal behaviors and the conceptions of regulating those kind of deeds and also the acts enacted against gender-related violence. The author, taking feminist point of view seriously, asserts that some behavior that, even though formerly not conceived as crime, has harm to the victims, should be treated as crime, but some behaviors that are only morally wrong but has no harm to others should not be treated as crime(i. e. prostitution between the consenting adults).

민사법에서의 Gender

이은영 ( Eun Young Lee )
5,500
초록보기
The purpose of family law is not to reflect customs in the society, but to change the society into achievement of sexual equality. From this perspective, Korean family law still has many problems. Current civil law is the result of negotiation for economic benefits and is based on an unequal family system. Some conservative scholars consider a system which man is center of home to be beautiful Korean customs and dissent a modification to make a more equal family system. Korean family law is formed based on the man-center- system. As a result, children must follow fathers last name and wives are subject to husbands. Feminists are trying to abolish such a family system, but they cannot find an alternative family system. Feminists contention is persuasive to the extent that various kinds of family systems should be permitted. However, to realize such an idea, more studies are needed. Therefore, it is reasonable to shrink the role of family law now until an alternative system is found. To realize sexual equality, legal professionals such as judges, lawyers, prosecutors, law professors must be feminists. When legal professionals understand that inequality of women originates not from biological sex, but from social gender, equal protection can be accomplished. Regardless of equality by law, if legal practitioners still have a traditional role model for women and apply law considering just real differences between men and women, sexual inequality will remain. As to law, equality in the real world is more important than an abstract theory. In these days, young women become conservative. Especially, this tendency is stronger among young legal practitioners. It may be inevitable for the generation enjoying the result of feminism movements not to think sexual inequality seriously. I worry that women rely on their capabilities too much resulting in narcissism. More efforts are needed to develop established abstract equality. Still we can find inequality in various places. It is a duty of young female legal professionals to correct such wrong customs.
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