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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

국제 워크샵검색

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  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 언어학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 기타
  • - 국내 등재 : -
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논문제목
수록 범위 : 1995권 0호 (1995)

Construction as a Theoretical Entity: An Argument Based on MandarinExistential Sentences

( Chao Ran Chen ) , ( Chu Ren Huang ) , ( Kathleen Ahrens )
한국언어정보학회|국제 워크샵  1995권 0호, 1995 pp. 91-95 ( 총 5 pages)
4,500
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The role that constructions play in a linguistic theory has changed throughout the evolution of generative theories. Construction specific rules are common when transformations are envisioned as tree to tree operations in classical TG. On the other extreme, constructions, as well as all structural properties, are regarded as derived linguistic properties predictable from various principles in recent GB theories. Since whether a construction is an autonomous linguistic entity or not has great implications for either a formal or a computational linguistic theory, we will examine the status of Mandarin existential construction based on the theory of Construction Grammar [1,2]. We will show that the Mandarin existential construction represents all unique structure-meaning pair that cannot be captured in a grammar unless the pairing is regarded as a theoretical entity in linguistics ([3]). Since constructions are shown to exist in Mandarin Chinese, we support the theoretical claims of Construction Grammar as well as the position that constructions must be taken into account in NLP.

Clitic Analyses of Korean "Little Words"

( Hee Rahk Chae )
한국언어정보학회|국제 워크샵  1995권 0호, 1995 pp. 97-101 ( 총 5 pages)
4,500
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In Korean, there are many little words that can best be analyzed as clitics: The copula i-and the adjectival ha-, as well as some nominal and verbal particles. Among others, the clitic analysis of adjectival ha-leads to a unified account of light predicate constructions.

A Cognitive Account of the Lexical Polysemy of Chinese Kai

( Flora Yu Fang Wang )
한국언어정보학회|국제 워크샵  1995권 0호, 1995 pp. 103-107 ( 총 5 pages)
4,500
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Since polysemy has multiple but related senses, finding any coherent system would seem impossible. But its senses are not random. When we look at inferences among them, it becomes clear that there must be a systematic structure of some kind. Based on the prototype theory, which views lexical items as constituting natural categories of senses, the present work aims at proposing solutions to problems resulting from the polysemy of kai. After an in-depth analysis of the polysemy kai, we find that the links between polysemy senses are defined not only by shared properties (i.e. analogy), but also by conceptual connections (e.g. metonymy or metaphor). This study suggests that polysemy reflects human``s categorization of things and can be successfully accounted for by a cognitive approach.

Automatic Sense Disambiguation for Target Word Selection

( Kwon Yang Kim ) , ( Se Young Park ) , ( Sang Jo Lee )
한국언어정보학회|국제 워크샵  1995권 0호, 1995 pp. 109-113 ( 총 5 pages)
4,500
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This paper describes a method of automatic sense disambiguation for target word selection in Korean to English machine translation. At first. we define the concept of cluster for each sense of given verb according to corresponding target word. And then. we propose a method which selects the sense combination of words as the correct sense that has the greatest number of overlaps between input case slots and the predefined clusters for the given verb.

Structual Ambiguity and Conceptural Information Retrieval

( Mathis Huey Chyun Chen ) , ( Jaso J. S. Chang )
한국언어정보학회|국제 워크샵  1995권 0호, 1995 pp. 115-119 ( 총 5 pages)
4,500
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Many researches found lexical preferences to be critical in resolving attachment ambiguity [WFB 90][FBK 82][ MP 80]. Most notably, information from Verb-Obj-Prep-Noun structures (VOPN) has been used to show that LA is very effective in the resolution of PP-attachment ambiguity [HR. 93]. We investigated extensions to the lexical association strategy. The extensions include using conceptual association and acquiring the association information from different kind of lexical relations not limited to relations in VOPN structures. We refer to this approach as DeepAttach. Thus, it is possible to take information from all kinds of syntactical structures as long as they are alternations of a common deep structure [PU93] related to that implied by the intended attachment. A collection of sense-disambiguated sentences serves as the source of conceptual relations. No pre-processing is done to find the conceptual relations in these sentences. Instead, information retrieval technique is used to retrieve conceptually most relevant sentences using the words from the ambiguous structure as query. The prepositional phrase is then attached in favor of the constituent that has more conceptual presence in the ranked retrieved sentences. An experiment was implemented to embody the idea. The result shows that 75% of pP``s in 260 VOPN structures can be attached correctly, when simple lexical relevance was considered.

Ambiguity Resolution in Chinese Word Segmentation

( Sun Maosong )
한국언어정보학회|국제 워크샵  1995권 0호, 1995 pp. 121-126 ( 총 6 pages)
4,500
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A new method for Chinese word segmentation named Conditional F&BMM (Forward and Backward Maximal Matching) \vhich incorporates both bigram statistics (ie., mutual infonnation and difference of t-test between Chinese characters) and linguistic rules for ambiguity resolution is proposed in this paper The key characteristics of this model are the use of: (i) statistics which can be automatically derived from any raw corpus, (ii) a rule base for disambiguation with consistency and controlled size to be built up in a systematic way.

The Postprocessing of Optical Character Recognition based on Statistical Noisy channel and language model

( Jason J. S. Chang ) , ( Shun Der Chen )
한국언어정보학회|국제 워크샵  1995권 0호, 1995 pp. 127-131 ( 총 5 pages)
4,500
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The techniques of image processing have been used in optical character recognition (OCR) for a long time. The recognition method evolved from early "pattern recognition" to "feature extraction" recently. The recognition rate is raised from 70% to 90%. But the character by character recognition technique has its limitation. Using language models to assist the OCR system in improving recognition rate is the topic of many recent researches. Recently, the related research on Chinese nature language processing has improved rapidly. These improvement include the Chinese word segmentation, syntax analysis, semantic analysis, collocation analysis, statistical language models. In this paper, we will propose a new techniques for Chinese OCR postprocessing and postediting. We combine noisy channel model and the technique of natural language processing to implement an OCR postprocessing system. From the result of experiments, we found noisy channel model very effective for postprocessing. Under the approach, it is possible to recover the correct character, even when it is not in the candidate list produced by the OCR system.

A Quantitative Analysis of Word텱efinition in a Machine-Readable Dictionary

( Robert W. P. Luk ) , ( Venus M. K. Chan )
한국언어정보학회|국제 워크샵  1995권 0호, 1995 pp. 133-138 ( 총 6 pages)
4,500
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This paper investigates some of the distributional properties of word definitions in a machine?readable dictionary which was obtained from the Oxford Text Archive. Three types of dis?tributions were examined: (1) frequency-ranked distribution of words in the definitions, (2) the length distribution of word definitions and (3) the frequency distribution of the number of unique tags of an entry. In addition, the coverage characteristics of headwords over word defi?nitions are also explored. A rough-and-ready comparison of distributional properties between tokens and their morphologically decomposed ones are made. Our result shows that morpho?logical dcomposition does not change the length distribution of the word definitions nor the ranked-frequency distribution of words, significantly. However, it increases the coverage of word definitions dramatically compared with no decompositions. Furthermore, the frequency distribution of the number of unique tags per entry is approximately linear when the data is suitablely scaled (i.e. linear or logarithmic).

Metaphorical Paradoxes: A window on the conceptual system

( Kathleen Ahrens )
한국언어정보학회|국제 워크샵  1995권 0호, 1995 pp. 139-148 ( 총 10 pages)
4,500
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This paper reviews the inconsistencies surrounding the English metaphor of the Self and demonstrates that 1) similar metaphorical paradoxes concerning the Self exist in Chinese and Japanese, and 2) these paradoxes occur in English, Japanese, and Chinese because the Inner Self (our internal voice) is being compared either with the Social Self (how we interact with others) or the Physical Self (our body) Thus the paradoxes reflect what the psychologist William James referred to in 1892 as the ``spiritual me. material me. and social me``. In addition. these paradoxes mirror neurological phenomena found in brain damaged patients. In short. the linguistic and neurological findings point to a strikingly similar portrait of the Self. and argue for studying metaphorical paradoxes in greater detail in order to gain insight into other aspects of our conceptual framework.

PREDICATE-ARGUMENT STRUCTURE OF ENGLISH ADJECTIVES

( Akira Ikeya )
한국언어정보학회|국제 워크샵  1995권 0호, 1995 pp. 149-156 ( 총 8 pages)
4,500
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This paper will argue the following points. 1) What is a semantic status of prepositional phrases in such sentences as "Tom is good at tennis, " "It is wise of Tom to go there, " "This book is easy for John to read. "? 2) What is the semantic status of to infinitive (henceforth, to VP) in the following sentences : "He is honest to bring back the money," "He is sure to win." 3) Is there a semantic difference in such sentences as "It is wise of Peter to go home ", "Peter is wise to go home?" If there is any, what is it? 4) What is the predicate?argument structure of a sentence containing a predicate adjective like "John is easy for Mary to please?" Is it one-place, two-place or three-place-structure? 5) By introducing the notion of a predicate modifier we can solve these problems. 6) We conclude that adjectives are simply a one-place predicate.
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