The purpose of this study is to verify the moderating effect of communication on structural relationships between lecture satisfaction and COVID-19 class quality (contents quality, system quality) perceived by university students. To achieve the purpose of this study, a questionnaire survey was conducted with students who took lectures in the form of distance learning (online classes) at K University located in Gyeongsangnam-do, South Korea. As for the sampling method, convenience sampling was used, and the survey was conducted for a period of about one month from May to June 2020. 210 questionnaires were distributed, and 184 copies among them were used as data for analysis. Results of analysis using the IBM SPSS Statistic 20.0 program and the AMOS 20.0 program are as follows:
First, it was found that COVID-19 class quality (contents quality, system quality) perceived by the university students had positive (+) influencing relationships with lecture satisfaction, and thus Research Question 1 and Research Question 2 were accepted. Second, it was found that communication had a moderating effect on the relationship between lecture satisfaction and contents quality perceived by the university students, and thus Research Question 3 was accepted. Lastly, as a result of analysis carried out to test whether the relationship between lecture satisfaction and system quality perceived by the university students varied according to the levels of communication, no significant difference was found between two models, and thus Research Question 4 was rejected.
From this study, it was confirmed that although among COVID-19 class quality, as for contents quality that can be controlled by the instructor, the maximum performance management is made possible by using communication between the instructor and the learner, as for system quality that cannot be controlled by the instructor, performance management is difficult despite the instructor's communication efforts. Therefore, it is stressed that at the level of education quality management, education service providers' active investment in improvement in the quality of education system as well as the persistent improvement of the system is required, and it is suggested that the instructor's ability in communication management is important particularly in such a learning environment as COVID-19.