The purpose of this article was to explore the relation of literature education and school system. Through this process, I wanted to find out the inclination point of literature education in school system. The goals of literature education from many existing studies are five as follow: the extention of literary culture, the development of imagination ability, the holistic understanding of life and world, the fostering of aesthetic emotion, the understanding and acquirement of national identity. But, these goals have been difficult to accomplish. Because our school system has heterogenous property on this goals. The property of school system is summarized as follow: ① School system emphasizes the value of respect, ② School system emphasizes the obiligation, ③ School system emphasizes sexual distinction. In addition, I intended to indicate the problems in process of canon selection and reading methods. The selection of canon has gone after susceptibly hegemonic discourse. So student could not acquire a critical view. Also New Criticism make student to read literary text with passive and conservative methods. Finally, I suggested literature education specialists should have interest in following points. 1. We must diversify and modernize literary texts so that canon may not be stagnant. 2. We must manage literature education curriculum from the viewpoint of emphasis on learners. 3. We must reinforce interaction among learners in instructional context. In brief this study focuses on the relation of literature education and school system. These prerequisites should be overcome and more effort is needed on more approachs from different points of view.