The present study discussed literature education and system of compiling textbooks. The points can be summarized as follows. First, all systems have regulations that take on strictness. Systems require a stability which can be obtained by a registration process. Hence the efforts to eradicate the strictness of the systems are required. Furthermore due to the radical changes of today, elastic control of literature education, through the system of compiling a literature textbook is required. Second, ecological and reasonable viewpoints are required in order to eradicate the strictness of the systems while maintaining the stability of the systems. Ecological viewpoints does not mean that onesided view is required, but mean that the wisdom which utilizes the related complex is required. Reasonable viewpoints mean rational thinking process in decision making. Third, literature textbook must be compiled by open textbook viewpoint to reduce inversive function of textbook systems, and authorized textbook systems have to be extended toward the liberal publication system on textbooks. Fourth, we have to cope with the situation of 21st century which is called an information-oriented society. An information-oriented society is characterized by digitization and ethical relativism. But we can subjugate such problem by releasing literature from textbook systems. So we ought to get ready for literature textbook systems which are appropriate 21st century. Fifth, the need of literature education to prepare unification of south and north Korea is on the increase. Therefore we need to think south and north Korea with metacognition and to devise new canon by rational thinking process in decision making. Sixth, separation of student`s real life literature experiences and literature experiences in classroom is going to be expanded. So literature textbook which was not regarded as canon has to be carried in literature textbook and the authorities concerned ought to support creative works of youth literature.