Literature is not simply a subject, but also a method. And it is central in developing all major aspects of language activity. It is possible to identify three different but related aspects of literature in teaching. First, literature as a method: As a teaching-learning tool, literature can make contributions to all of the purpose of teaching Korean and to other subjects. Second, literature as communication: Literature powerfully contributes to the developments of student`s communication activity. Third, literature as text: This aspects of literature has traditionally had a significant role in the Korean language and literature curriculum. The requirements for literature of this kind can, for the most part, be found in the statements of activities for reading. This essay emphaisizes that students should approach literature through the both ways of reading and writing, in other words, appreciation and creation. These three aspects of literature should be employed and developed as skills and contents of teaching Korean.