This paper aims to explore literature education from the view point of National Literature Criticism First of all, several points of significance are examined related to literature education in general. I argue that literature is not appropriately educated in Korea mainly because it focuses exclusively on practical criticism based on literary texts only. That is to say, students have never been taken into consideration, who must play an active role in literature education. Thus, literature education fails to build dialogic communications between teachers and students. Instead, teachers forces certain literary theories to students unilaterally, which prevents students from developing critical reading. This is practically illustrated reviewing some literary texts in this paper. I suggest an alternative in which a value-oriented consciousness has specifically to be discussed in literature education particularly from the view point of National Literature Criticism. In order to do this, misunderstanding of National Literature Criticism, first of all, should be criticized Then I have tried to suggest an instructive image of National Literature on which literature education is desirably grounded. The characteristics of National Literature are scrutinized in terms of a literature aiming to create a desirable life of the people based on particular and concrete situations of the people. The relatedness of literature to reality and interests in life are discussed in detail. In this respect, it is illustrated that a socio-historical effectiveness of literature should be embodied in literature education by discussing literary texts. In particular, the cognitive aspect of language and its emotional affect is stressed in order to make a literature education total education of emotion discussing topics in humanities, society and history. The crisis of literature is openly debated at the present time. Therefore, a total reconsideration of literature education itself is strongly demanded at the moment, a partial response to the crisis is not enough at all. I have tried to build new literature education methodology to cope with the period of literature crisis in this paper.