Ⅰ. A brief historic review : the Chinese literature education began with Confucious and his long-standing tradition. China is a country with an ancient civilization, and has an age-old tradition of literature education. In the ancient China, poetry was not only the leading literature form, but also an important teaching material. As the first collection of Chinese poems, The boo of songs had once been the obligatory teaching material. Confucious, the great educator and teacher, thought highly of literature education. He had taught over 3,000 students, 72 of whom achieved greatly. It is thus obvious that as early as the 6th century BC Chinese people began to attach great importance to the literature education. Ⅱ. The present situation of literature education in Chinese schools : problems and turns for better 1. problems ⅰ. There is no independent literature course in the curriculums and literature education is always subordinate ⅱ. Putting emphasis on imparting knowledge and instrumental reason but understanding aesthetic education and cultivation of humanism ⅲ. A creative subject turning into examination - based skill learning 2. turning-points ⅰ. Literature education circles censure middle school education, bringing to the attention of the high-levels ⅱ. Language and Literature teaching reform emphasizing literary 3. The tasks of Chinese literature education ⅰ. Further perfecting Language and Literature education. ⅱ. Improving students` ability to appreciate and interpret literary works has become a task of top priority for Language and Literature teachers in middle school. ⅲ. Reforming the examination system, leading to the sound development of the literature education.