The purpose of this study is to examine the contents and characteristics of the poetic world of So-wol, (Kim Cho¨ng-shik). This investigation has a relation to our traditional poetry and to the succession of the nature of Korean tradition. The traditional studies have divided the Korean poetry into classical poetry and modern poetry, considering the period of opening the country to the west as its starting point. It has been consistently claimed that the nature of tradition in the Korean modern poetry was broken off because of the inflowing of the trend of literary thouhts of the west, and that our tradition was rubbed out under the occupation of Japan. Until now Kim So-wol has been studied in many respects and methods, So it seemed that the studies were completed in every respect, but the tradition can be hardly broken off to the changes of the history and the times. It can be only transformed gradually, but dynamically with the life of man. Accordingly, this study came to a conclusion in the relation between the poetry of Kim So-wol and the classical poetry like this : First, `love`, `seperation`, and `lamentation` were the main themes of Korean classical poetry after considering the themes between songs of Koryo¨, Korean ballads, Si-jos, a kind of lyric poems. So-wol`s poetry had nearly connected the vein of tradition to our modern poetry by expressing the emotions of love found in the Korean classical poetry in a new phase. Second, in the vernacular emotion lots of place names can be seen in the works of So-wol`s which have given an effect that causes all Koreans to feel the local emotion toward their homeland, and it is the same quality of the classical poetry. He gave the intentional marks to his works, which would inspire our national consciousness for the depressed hearts of Korean people by the occupation of Japan. Third, in the background of the lover, quite often, it is not easy to discern the true character of `lover` in classical poetry. And also in 5o-wol`s poetry, as far as `lover` is concerned, So-wol always writes poems about the sadness and the longing for `lover` who is beyond his reach. Fourth, In the structure, the rhyme of So-wol`s poetry can be the one which succeeded creatively to trifoot metre in the rhythm, in contrast to the traditional Korean poetry which has repetition difoot metre rhythem as its basic form. In the rhythm of numbers of letters, while the typical form of our poetry is three-four metre and four-four metre, So-wol attempted seven-five which is for from the form of the classical poetry. It was the very rhythm which was the most suitable for expressing the emotion of Korean people. From the viewpoint of the repetition of phrases, while the characteristics of folksongs and songs of Koryo¨ is the repetition of the phrases, So-wol`s poetry not only has repetition of phrases but also presents the repetition of letter numbers, of foot and of couplets of content. This fact implies that So-wol`s poetry has the same nature of our classicalpoetry, and that it connects the vein of tradition of 1920 th modern poetry.