This study has been done from earnest need of studying children`s literature because, in studying literature, people make the adult`s literature the prime object even though children`s literature takes great gravity in the world of literature and can give dream and hope to growing children, Therefore I analysed fairy tales of Choi Tea-ho who made an effort to give dreams and hopes to our children in 1950`s, the hard time socially. First I looked into his life and view of literature and considering them as a base, analysed his works, and in work analysis I analysed themes and thoughts, illusory characters and realistic characters, educational characters, literary characters, and interest characters. From the results, I acquired the facts as follows. First, his fairy tales picture the figures of optimistic children, basing on educational characters of efficiency. 2nd, themes of his .fairy tales are something that gives hopes that a man who has dreams and hopes and acts bravely, will accomplish them without fail, and his thoughts remain in leading them to have the activity which believes the stories shown in the themes and acts. 3rd, his fairy tales have high literature`s characters because of the combination of illusory characters with realistic characters. 4 th, he put the intention of creation to the elevation of educational characters and sublimated it into the works accompanied by literature characters, so he could sublimate the educational characters intended by himself into the high-leveled literary characters. 5 th, in his fairy tales, themes and thoughts equaled the surroundings of that times and gave interests and impressions to readers, . materials which were from children`s lives and thoughts themselves, induced the interests by enlarging the width of sym pathy through indentification phenomenon, and characters in his works and heroes, forming individual peculiarities respectively, could be the objects of identification of similar heroes with readers and induced interests and impressions. And he had great interests in linguistic description, so he elevated the interests by using fluent sentence and brief, rhythmical poetic words.