도하개발어젠다 협상, 농업 협상, 비농산물 시장접근 협상, 선진국, 주요 개도국, 특별 세이프가드 메카니즘, 분야별 자유화, Negotiations under the DDA Round, Negotiations on Agriculture Sector, Negotiations on Non-Agricultural Market Access Sector, Developed Countries, Major Developing Countries, Special Safeguard Mechanism, Sectoral Liberalization
The World Trade Organization(WTO) has been carrying out negotiations under the Doha Development Agenda(DDA) Round for the last ten years since November 2001. In July 2008, the negotiations seemed to be finalized by making a package of provisional agreements, but the gaps between developed countries and major developing countries upon key issues of Special Safeguard Mechanism for farm products, sectoral liberalization in the Non-Agricultural Market Access(NAMA) sector etc., could not be closed. So the negotiations were broken off and has come to a state of lull until now. The fundamental reason for the failure of DDA negotiations lies in the significant gap between developed countries like the United States and the European Union and major developing countries like China, India and Brazil upon the recognition of their changed status and changed situation of the world. Among major developing countries, especially China, which has become a country with more heightened status and heavier weight in world economy, is being asked to open more its markets of industrial products of electronics, electric appliances, chemicals, machinery, etc., but she is refusing to do it. The successful negotiations for establishing a freer multilateral trade system is very important for Korea, which is heavily dependent upon foreign trade. In the DDA Round, Korea has been making a great efforts to get her benefits realized to the fullest possible, participating as a member of G-33 in the negotiations of agriculture sector to protect Korea`s weak agriculture, while taking part in other sectors of negotiations as a member of advanced countries pressing for a more open market of developing countries. The long-delayed negotiations of the DDA Round weakens the trust of multilateral trade system through WTO. The major countries of the world are making efforts to finalize the negotiations as soon as possible but the present environment of international politics and economy seems to be not so favourable for the early settlement of the DDA negotiations.