Bruno Bettelheim says that "there is much of the cultural heritage in Old Fairy Tales which can be transmitted to children through books. And it is meaningful to observe the specific contributions of the Old Fairy Tales which might influence on the moral education of the children". This comment might be based on the multiple meaning of the Old Fairy Tales, and also is the background of this paper. The purpose of this paper is to compare the characteristics of the ideology which the Collection of Fairy Tales of Chosun and Korean Old Fairy Tales reproduce and in doing this, to find the mediating factors in them and finally to clarify the meaning of them. Thus, this paper deals with the 4 fairy tales("A Glass Beads in Water", "A Lump Welsh, A Lump Receipt", "The Three Glass Bead", "A Magpie which requited Favor") which are commonly included in the Collection of Fairy Tales of Chosun and Korean Old Fairy Tales. This paper deals with the following 4 issues. Firstly, "The Statue of Education of the Japanese Invasion" are compared with "The Statue of Education and `The Policy of Literature of the North Korea". Secondary, the author analyzed the background of the publication of the Collection of Fairy Tales of Chosun and Korean Old Fairy Tales. Thirdly, the main themes of the 4 Fairy Tales are analyzed, and the reproduced characteristics of the ideology through the main themes are compared each other. Conclusively, although North Korea started with anti-feudalism and anti-imperialism, soon it established "Revolutionary Chieftainship" based on "Juche Idea". This idea seems to be quite similar to the policy of the recreating the imperial subject which aimed to make the people loyal to Japanese Empire. This result might come from the "innate variability" of the Old Fairy Tales which is shared both in Japanese Empire which tried to control the people under paternal authority based on the Confucianism and the Regime of North Korea. In this sense, this might be the first research paper which clarified the relationship between the "innate variability" and regime in Collection of Fairy Tales of Chosun and Korean Old Fairy Tales.